1 CoStar Industrial Statistics Y e a r - E n d
2 Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto Table of Contents Table of Contents A Methodology B Terms & Definitions C Market Highlights & Overview CoStar Markets Inventory & Development Analysis Inventory & Development Analysis Select Top Deliveries Select Top Under Construction Properties Figures at a Glance Figures at a Glance by Building Type & Market Historical Figures at a Glance Leasing Activity Analysis Select Top Lease Transactions Analysis of Individual CoStar Submarket Clusters Central Market East Market North Market West Market 2018 CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics A
3 Greater Toronto Year-End 2017 Methodology The CoStar Industrial Statistics calculates Industrial statistics using CoStar Group's base of existing, under construction and under renovation Industrial buildings in each given metropolitan area. All Industrial building types are included, including warehouse, flex / research & development, distribution, manufacturing, industrial showroom, and service buildings, in both single-tenant and multi-tenant buildings, including owner-occupied buildings. CoStar Group's global database includes approximately 119 billion square feet of coverage in 5.4 million properties. All rental rates reported in the CoStar Industrial Report are calculated using the quoted rental rate for each property. For information on subscribing to CoStar s other products and services, please contact us at COSTAR, or visit our web site at Copyright 2018 CoStar Group, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Although CoStar makes efforts to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the information contained herein, CoStar makes no guarantee, representation or warranty regarding the quality, accuracy, timeliness or completeness of the information. The publication is provided as is and CoStar expressly disclaims any guarantees, representations or warranties of any kind, including those of MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CoStar Group, Inc L ST NW Washington, DC (800) NASDAQ: CSGP B CoStar Industrial Statistics 2018 CoStar Group, Inc.
4 Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto Terms & Definitions Availability Rate: The ratio of available space to total rentable space, calculated by dividing the total available square feet by the total rentable square feet. Available Space: The total amount of space that is currently being marketed as available for lease in a given time period. It includes any space that is available, regardless of whether the space is vacant, occupied, available for sublease, or available at a future date. Build-to-Suit: A term describing a particular property, developed specifically for a certain tenant to occupy, with structural features, systems, or improvement work designed specifically for the needs of that tenant. A build-to-suit can be leased or owned by the tenant. In a leased build-to-suit, a tenant will usually have a long term lease on the space. Buyer: The individual, group, company, or entity that has purchased a commercial real estate asset. Cap Rate: Short for capitalization rate. The Cap Rate is a calculation that reflects the relationship between one year s net operating income and the current market value of a particular property. The Cap Rate is calculated by dividing the annual net operating income by the sales price (or asking sales price). CBD: Abbreviation for Central Business District. (See also: Central Business District) Central Business District: The designations of Central Business District (CBD) and Suburban refer to a particular geographic area within a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) describing the level of real estate development found there. The CBD is characterized by a high density, well organized core within the largest city of a given MSA. Class A: A classification used to describe buildings that generally qualify as extremely desirable investment-grade properties and command the highest rents or sale prices compared to other buildings in the same market. Such buildings are well located and provide efficient tenant layouts as well as high quality, and in some buildings, one-ofa-kind floor plans. They can be an architectural or historical landmark designed by prominent architects. These buildings contain a modern mechanical system, and have above-average maintenance and management as well as the best quality materials and workmanship in their trim and interior fittings. They are generally the most attractive and eagerly sought by investors willing to pay a premium for quality. Class B: A classification used to describe buildings that generally qualify as a more speculative investment, and as such, command lower rents or sale prices compared to Class A properties. Such buildings offer utilitarian space without special attractions, and have ordinary design, if new or fairly new; good to excellent design if an older non-landmark building. These buildings typically have average to good maintenance, management and tenants. They are less appealing to tenants than Class A properties, and may be deficient in a number of respects including floor plans, condition and facilities. They lack prestige and must depend chiefly on a lower price to attract tenants and investors. Class C: A classification used to describe buildings that generally qualify as no-frills, older buildings that offer basic space and command lower rents or sale prices compared to other buildings in the same market. Such buildings typically have below-average maintenance and management, and could have mixed or low tenant prestige, inferior elevators, and/or mechanical/electrical systems. These buildings lack prestige and must depend chiefly on a lower price to attract tenants and investors. Construction Starts: Buildings that began construction during a specific period of time. (See also: Deliveries) Contiguous Blocks of Space: Space within a building that is, or is able to be joined together into a single contiguous space. Deliveries: Buildings that complete construction during a specified period of time. In order for space to be considered delivered, a certificate of occupancy must have been issued for the property. Delivery Date: The date a building completes construction and receives a certificate of occupancy. Developer: The company, entity or individual that transforms raw land to improved property by use of labor, capital and entrepreneurial efforts. Direct Space: Space that is being offered for lease directly from the landlord or owner of a building, as opposed to space being offered in a building by another tenant (or broker of a tenant) trying to sublet a space that has already been leased. Existing Inventory: The square footage of buildings that have received a certificate of occupancy and are able to be occupied by tenants. It does not include space in buildings that are either planned, under construction or under renovation. Flex Building: A type of building designed to be versatile, which may be used in combination with office (corporate headquarters), research and development, quasi-retail sales, and including but not limited to industrial, warehouse, and distribution uses. A typical flex building will be one or two stories with at least half of the rentable area being used as office space, have ceiling heights of 16 feet or less, and have some type of drive-in door, even though the door may be glassed in or sealed off. Full Service Rental Rate: Rental rates that include all operating expenses such as utilities, electricity, janitorial services, taxes and insurance. Gross Absorption: The total change in occupied space over a given period of time, counting space that is occupied but not space that is vacated by tenants. Gross absorption differs from leasing Activity, which is the sum of all space leased over a certain period of time. Unless otherwise noted Gross Absorption includes direct and sublease space. Growth in Inventory: The change in size of the existing square footage in a given area over a given period of time, generally due to the construction of new buildings. Industrial Building: A type of building adapted for such uses as the assemblage, processing, and/or manufacturing of products from raw materials or fabricated parts. Additional uses include warehousing, distribution, and maintenance facilities. The primary purpose of the space is for storing, producing, assembling, or distributing product. Landlord Rep: (Landlord Representative) In a typical lease transaction between an owner/landlord and tenant, the broker that represents the interests of the owner/landlord is referred to as the Landlord Rep. Leased Space: All the space that has a financial lease obligation. It includes all leased space, regardless of whether the space is currently occupied by a tenant. Leased space also includes space being offered for sublease. Leasing Activity: The volume of square footage that is committed to and signed under a lease obligation for a specific building or market in a given period of time. It includes direct leases, subleases and renewals of existing leases. It also includes any pre-leasing activity in planned, under construction, or under renovation buildings. Market: Geographic boundaries that serve to delineate core areas that are competitive with each other and constitute a generally accepted primary competitive set of areas. Markets are building-type specific, and are non-overlapping contiguous geographic designations having a cumulative sum that matches the boundaries of the entire Region (See also: Region). Markets can be further subdivided into Submarkets. (See also: Submarkets) Multi-Tenant: Buildings that house more than one tenant at a given time. Usually, multi-tenant buildings were designed and built to accommodate many different floor plans and designs for different 2018 CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics C
5 Greater Toronto Year-End 2017 tenant needs. (See also: Tenancy). Net Absorption: The net change in occupied space over a given period of time. Unless otherwise noted Net Absorption includes direct and sublease space. Net Rental Rate: A rental rate that excludes certain expenses that a tenant could incur in occupying office space. Such expenses are expected to be paid directly by the tenant and may include janitorial costs, electricity, utilities, taxes, insurance and other related costs. New Space: Sometimes called first generation space, refers to space that has never been occupied and/or leased by a tenant. Occupied Space: Space that is physically occupied by a tenant. It does not include leased space that is not currently occupied by a tenant. Office Building: A type of commercial building used exclusively or primarily for office use (business), as opposed to manufacturing, warehousing, or other uses. Office buildings may sometimes have other associated uses within part of the building, i.e., retail sales, financial, or restaurant, usually on the ground floor. Owner: The company, entity, or individual that holds title on a given building or property. Planned/Proposed: The status of a building that has been announced for future development but not yet started construction. Preleased Space: The amount of space in a building that has been leased prior to its construction completion date, or certificate of occupancy date. Price/SF: Calculated by dividing the price of a building (either sales price or asking sales price) by the Rentable Building Area (RBA). Property Manager: The company and/or person responsible for the day-to-day operations of a building, such as cleaning, trash removal, etc. The property manager also makes sure that the various systems within the building, such as the elevators, HVAC, and electrical systems, are functioning properly. Quoted Rental Rate: The asking rate per square foot for a particular building or unit of space by a broker or property owner. Quoted rental rates may differ from the actual rates paid by tenants following the negotiation of all terms and conditions in a specific lease. RBA: Abbreviation for Rentable Building Area. (See also: Rentable Building Area) Region: Core areas containing a large population nucleus, that together with adjacent communities have a high degree of economic and social integration. Regions are further divided into market areas, called Markets. (See also: Markets) Relet Space: Sometimes called second generation or direct space, refers to existing space that has previously been occupied by another tenant. Rentable Building Area: (RBA) The total square footage of a building that can be occupied by, or assigned to a tenant for the purpose of determining a tenant s rental obligation. Generally RBA includes a percentage of common areas including all hallways, main lobbies, bathrooms, and telephone closets. Rental Rates: The annual costs of occupancy for a particular space quoted on a per square foot basis. Sales Price: The total dollar amount paid for a particular property at a particular point in time. Sales Volume: The sum of sales prices for a given group of buildings in a given time period. Seller: The individual, group, company, or entity that sells a particular commercial real estate asset. SF: Abbreviation for Square Feet. Single-Tenant: Buildings that are occupied, or intended to be occupied by a single tenant. (See also: Build-to-suit and Tenancy) Sublease Space: Space that has been leased by a tenant and is being offered for lease back to the market by the tenant with the lease obligation. Sublease space is sometimes referred to as sublet space. Submarkets: Specific geographic boundaries that serve to delineate a core group of buildings that are competitive with each other and constitute a generally accepted primary competitive set, or peer group. Submarkets are building type specific (office, industrial, retail, etc.), with distinct boundaries dependent on different factors relevant to each building type. Submarkets are non-overlapping, contiguous geographic designations having a cumulative sum that matches the boundaries of the Market they are located within (See also: Market). Suburban: The Suburban and Central Business District (CBD) designations refer to a particular geographic area within a metropolitan statistical area (MSA). Suburban is defined as including all office inventory not located in the CBD. (See also: CBD) Tenancy: A term used to indicate whether or not a building is occupied by multiple tenants (See also: Multi-tenant) or a single tenant. (See also: Single-tenant) Tenant Rep: Tenant Rep stands for Tenant Representative. In a typical lease transaction between an owner/landlord and tenant, the broker that represents the interests of the tenant is referred to as a Tenant Rep. Time On Market: A measure of how long a currently available space has been marketed for lease, regardless of whether it is vacant or occupied. Under Construction: Buildings in a state of construction, up until they receive their certificate of occupancy. In order for CoStar to consider a building under construction, the site must have a concrete foundation in place. Abbreviated UC. Vacancy Rate: A measurement expressed as a percentage of the total amount of physically vacant space divided by the total amount of existing inventory. Under construction space generally is not included in vacancy calculations. Vacant Space: Space that is not currently occupied by a tenant, regardless of any lease obligation that may be on the space. Vacant space could be space that is either available or not available. For example, sublease space that is currently being paid for by a tenant but not occupied by that tenant, would be considered vacant space. Likewise, space that has been leased but not yet occupied because of finish work being done, would also be considered vacant space. Weighted Average Rental Rate: Rental rates that are calculated by factoring in, or weighting, the square footage associated with each particular rental rate. This has the effect of causing rental rates on larger spaces to affect the average more than that of smaller spaces. The weighted average rental rate is calculated by taking the ratio of the square footage associated with the rental rate on each individual available space to the square footage associated with rental rates on all available spaces, multiplying the rental rate by that ratio, and then adding together all the resulting numbers. Unless specifically specified otherwise, rental rate averages include both Direct and Sublet available spaces. Year Built: The year in which a building completed construction and was issued a certificate of occupancy. YTD: Abbreviation for Year-to-Date. Describes statistics that are cumulative from the beginning of a calendar year through whatever time period is being studied. D CoStar Industrial Statistics 2018 CoStar Group, Inc.
6 Overview Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto Greater Toronto s Vacancy Decreases to 3.3% Net Absorption Positive 2,720,262 SF in the Quarter The Greater Toronto Industrial market ended the fourth quarter 2017 with a vacancy rate of 3.3%. The vacancy rate was down over the previous quarter, with net absorption totaling positive 2,720,262 square feet in the fourth quarter. Vacant sublease space decreased in the quarter, ending at 2,128,106 square feet. Net asking rental rates ended the fourth quarter at $6.98 per square foot, an increase over the previous quarter. A total of four buildings delivered to the market in the quarter totaling 823,494 square feet, with 5,036,351 square feet still under construction at the end of the quarter. Absorption Net absorption for the overall Greater Toronto Area Industrial market was positive 2,720,262 square feet in the fourth quarter That compares to negative (263,452) square feet in the third quarter 2017, positive 3,002,147 square feet in the second quarter 2017, and positive 1,128,721 square feet in the first quarter Tenants moving out of large blocks of space in 2017 include: Unilever Canada moving out of (744,992) square feet at 7900 Airport Rd in Brampton, Sobeys moving out of (563,431) square feet at 2701 Highpoint Dr, and Sears Canada Inc moving out of (416,262) square feet at 21 Rexdale Blvd. Tenants moving into large blocks of space in 2017 include: Maritime-Ontario moving into 359,341 square feet at 8495 Goreway Dr, B2B Global Inc moving into 336,045 square feet at 6500 Silver Dart Dr and Investments Hardware Ltd moving into 321,572 square feet at 250 Rowntree Dairy Rd. The Flex building market recorded net absorption of negative (228,897) square feet in the fourth quarter 2017, compared to positive 259,378 square feet in the third quarter 2017, positive 341,234 in the second quarter 2017, and positive 107,506 in the first quarter The Warehouse building market recorded net absorption of positive 2,949,159 square feet in the fourth quarter 2017 compared to negative (522,830) square feet in the third quarter 2017, positive 2,660,913 in the second quarter 2017, and positive 1,021,215 in the first quarter Vacancy The Industrial vacancy rate in the Greater Toronto Area market decreased to 3.3% at the end of the fourth quarter The vacancy rate was 3.5% at the end of the third quarter 2017, 3.3% at the end of the second quarter 2017, and 3.3% at the end of the first quarter Flex projects reported a vacancy rate of 3.5% at the end of the fourth quarter 2017, 3.3% at the end of the third quarter 2017, 3.3% at the end of the second quarter 2017, and 3.6% at the end of the first quarter Warehouse projects reported a vacancy rate of 3.3% at the end of the fourth quarter 2017, 3.5% at the end of third quarter 2017, 3.3% at the end of the second quarter 2017, and 3.3% at the end of the first quarter Largest Lease Signings The largest lease signings occurring in 2017 included: the 774,614-square-foot lease signed by Kraft Canada Inc at th Line - Plan 1 Building A in the West market; the 770,000- square-foot deal signed by Wayfair at 2020 Logistics Dr in the West market; and the 359,341-square-foot lease signed by Vacancy Rates by Building Type % Flex Warehouse Total Market 5% 4% 4% Vacancy Rate 3% 3% 2% 2% 1% 1% 0% q q q 2018 CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics 1
7 Greater Toronto Year-End 2017 Overview Maritime-Ontario at 8495 Goreway Dr in the West market. Sublease Vacancy The amount of vacant sublease space in the Greater Toronto Area market decreased to 2,128,106 square feet by the end of the fourth quarter 2017, from 2,304,829 square feet at the end of the third quarter There was 1,928,141 square feet vacant at the end of the second quarter 2017 and 2,591,552 square feet at the end of the first quarter The Greater Toronto Area s Flex projects reported vacant sublease space of 152,253 square feet at the end of fourth quarter 2017, down from the 197,443 square feet reported at the end of the third quarter There were 176,981 square feet of sublease space vacant at the end of the second quarter 2017, and 174,709 square feet at the end of the first quarter Warehouse projects reported decreased vacant sublease space from the third quarter 2017 to the fourth quarter Sublease vacancy went from 2,107,386 square feet to 1,975,853 square feet during that time. There was 1,751,160 square feet at the end of the second quarter 2017, and 2,416,843 square feet at the end of the first quarter Rental Rates The average quoted net asking rental rate for available Industrial space was $6.98 per square foot per year at the end of the fourth quarter 2017 in the Greater Toronto Area market. This represented a 4.3% increase in quoted rental rates from the end of the third quarter 2017, when rents were reported at $6.69 per square foot. The average quoted rate within the Flex sector was $12.88 per square foot at the end of the fourth quarter 2017, while Warehouse rates stood at $6.63. At the end of the third quarter 2017, Flex rates were $12.20 per square foot, and Warehouse rates were $6.37. Deliveries and Construction During the fourth quarter 2017, four buildings totaling 823,494 square feet were completed in the Greater Toronto market area. This compares to six buildings totaling 1,233,167 square feet that were completed in the third quarter 2017, nine buildings totaling 3,070,652 square feet completed in the second quarter 2017, and 2,638,591 square feet in 15 buildings completed in the first quarter There was 5,036,351 square feet of Industrial space under construction at the end of the fourth quarter Some of the notable 2017 deliveries include: Canadian Tire Distribution Centre, a 1,400,000-square-foot facility that delivered in second quarter 2017 and is now 100% occupied, and Plan 1 Building A at th Line, a 774,614-square-foot building that delivered in third quarter 2017 and is now 100% occupied. The largest projects underway at the end of fourth quarter 2017 were 200 Trade Valley Dr, a 697,800-square-foot building with 36% of its space pre-leased, and 220 Hunter s Valley Rd, a 697,800-square-foot facility that is 100% pre-leased. Inventory Total Industrial inventory in the Greater Toronto Area market amounted to 815,407,143 square feet in 16,982 buildings as of the end of the fourth quarter The Flex sector consisted of 93,633,438 square feet in 2,197 projects. The Warehouse sector consisted of 721,773,705 square feet in 14,785 buildings. Within the Industrial market there were 340 owner-occupied buildings accounting for 50,028,060 square feet of Industrial space. Reports compiled by: Roelof van Dijk, CoStar Senior Research Manager U.S. Vacancy Comparison Past 10 Quarters 7.0% Greater Toronto United States 6.0% 5.0% Vacancy Rate 4.0% 3.0% 2.0% 1.0% 0.0% q q q q q 2 CoStar Industrial Statistics 2018 CoStar Group, Inc.
8 Markets Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto CoStar Submarkets In analyzing metropolitan areas, CoStar has developed geographic designations to help group properties together, called Markets, Submarket Clusters and Submarkets. Markets are the equivalent of metropolitan areas, or areas containing a large population nucleus, that together with adjacent communities have a high degree of economic and social integration. Markets are then divided into Submarket Clusters, which are core areas within a metropolitan area that are known to be competitive with each other in terms of attracting and keeping tenants. Markets are then further subdivided into smaller units called Submarkets, which serve to delineate a core group of buildings that are competitive with each other and constitute a generally accepted competitive set, or peer group. Submarket Clusters Central Ind East Ind North Ind West Ind 2018 CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics 3
9 Greater Toronto Year-End 2017 Inventory & development Historical Deliveries Deliveries 44.3 Average Delivered SF Millions of SF * Future deliveries based on current under construction buildings. Construction Activity Markets Ranked by Under Construction RBA Under Construction Inventory Average Bldg Size Market # Bldgs Total RBA Preleased SF Preleased % All Existing U/C North Ind 11 2,469, , % 48, ,529 West Ind 19 2,251, , % 55, ,515 Central Ind 6 314,740 80, % 39,474 52,457 East Ind % 48,690 0 Totals 36 5,036,351 1,679, % 48, ,899 Recent Deliveries Leased & Un-Leased SF in Deliveries Since 2013 Future Deliveries Preleased & Un-Leased SF in Properties Scheduled to Deliver 9.0 Leased Un-Leased 1,600 Preleased Un-Leased 8.0 1, ,200 Millions of SF Thousands of SF 1, q q 4 CoStar Industrial Statistics 2018 CoStar Group, Inc.
10 Inventory & development Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto Historical Construction Starts & Deliveries Square Footage Per Quarter Starting and Completing Construction 5.0 Construction Starts Deliveries Millions of SF (1.0) q q q q (0.5) Recent Deliveries by Project Size Breakdown of Year-to-Date Development Based on RBA of Project Building Size # Bldgs RBA SF Leased % Leased Avg Rate Single-Tenant Multi-Tenant < 50,000 SF , , % $ , ,060 50,000 SF - 99,999 SF 6 430, , % $ , ,000 SF - 249,999 SF 8 1,286,461 1,216, % $ , , ,000 SF - 499,999 SF 5 1,988,658 1,542, % $ ,000 1,688,658 >= 500,000 SF 5 4,249,659 2,944, % $6.56 1,414,453 2,835,206 Recent Development by Tenancy Existing Inventory Comparison Based on RBA Developed for Single & Multi-Tenant Use Based on Total RBA 2017 Deliveries Currently Under Construction By Building Type By Tenancy Type 30% 1% 89% 11% 54% 46% 70% 99% Multi Single Multi Single Flex Warehouse Multi Single 2018 CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics 5
11 Greater Toronto Year-End 2017 Inventory & development 6 CoStar Industrial Statistics 2018 CoStar Group, Inc.
12 Inventory & development Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto 2018 CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics 7
13 Greater Toronto Year-End 2017 Figures at a Glance Flex Market Statistics Year-End 2017 Existing Inventory Vacancy YTD Net YTD Under Quoted Market # Blds Total RBA Direct SF Total SF Vac % Absorption Deliveries Const SF Rates Central Ind ,640,950 1,080,771 1,083, % (206,378) 147,391 0 $13.42 East Ind 95 3,505, , , % (12,086) 0 0 $8.77 North Ind ,775, , , % 279, ,000 27,625 $12.36 West Ind ,711,776 1,337,729 1,430, % 417,906 10,000 0 $13.29 Totals 2,197 93,633,438 3,141,455 3,293, % 479, ,391 27,625 $12.88 Warehouse Market Statistics Year-End 2017 Existing Inventory Vacancy YTD Net YTD Under Quoted Market # Blds Total RBA Direct SF Total SF Vac % Absorption Deliveries Const SF Rates Central Ind 5, ,085,541 4,846,414 5,106, % (934,519) 454, ,740 $6.74 East Ind ,079,718 1,206,165 1,235, % (190,894) 23,291 0 $5.73 North Ind 2, ,829,508 3,102,196 3,721, % 881, ,293 2,442,193 $6.86 West Ind 5, ,778,938 12,391,500 13,458, % 6,352,145 6,287,593 2,251,793 $6.60 Totals 14, ,773,705 21,546,275 23,522, % 6,108,457 7,508,513 5,008,726 $6.63 Total Industrial Market Statistics Year-End 2017 Existing Inventory Vacancy YTD Net YTD Under Quoted Market # Blds Total RBA Direct SF Total SF Vac % Absorption Deliveries Const SF Rates Central Ind 5, ,726,491 5,927,185 6,190, % (1,140,897) 601, ,740 $7.12 East Ind 1,080 52,585,371 1,354,695 1,383, % (202,980) 23,291 0 $5.87 North Ind 3, ,604,567 3,676,621 4,352, % 1,161, ,293 2,469,818 $7.25 West Ind 6, ,490,714 13,729,229 14,889, % 6,770,051 6,297,593 2,251,793 $6.94 Totals 16, ,407,143 24,687,730 26,815, % 6,587,678 7,765,904 5,036,351 $ CoStar Industrial Statistics 2018 CoStar Group, Inc.
14 Figures at a Glance Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto 2018 CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics 9
15 Greater Toronto Year-End 2017 Leasing Activity Historical Rental Rates Based on Quoted Rental Rates $14.00 Flex Warehouse Total Market $12.00 Dollars/SF/Year $10.00 $8.00 $6.00 $4.00 $2.00 $ q q Vacancy by Available Space Type Vacancy by Building Type Percent of All Vacant Space in Direct vs. Sublet Percent of All Vacant Space by Building Type Greater Toronto United States Greater Toronto United States 8% 4% 12% 14% 88% 86% 92% 96% Direct Sublet Direct Sublet Flex Warehouse Flex Warehouse U.S. Rental Rate Comparison Based on Average Quoted Rental Rates Future Space Available Space Scheduled to be Available for Occupancy* $8.00 Greater Toronto United States $ Dollars/SF/Year $6.00 $5.00 $4.00 $3.00 $2.00 $1.00 $ q q q q q Millions q q q * Includes Under Construction Space 10 CoStar Industrial Statistics 2018 CoStar Group, Inc.
16 Leasing Activity Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto Select Top Industrial Leases Based on Leased Square Footage For Deals Signed in 2017 Building Submarket SF Qtr Tenant Name Tenant Rep Company Landlord Rep Company th Line - Plan 1 Building A Halton Hills Ind 774,614 3rd Kraft Canada Inc CBRE QuadReal Property Group Brokerage; Logistics Dr Mississauga North Ind 770,000 4th Wayfair Cushman & Wakeeld Panattoni Development Company 3 86 Pillsworth Dr Caledon Ind 627,731 4th N/A N/A Colliers International Goreway Dr Brampton Ind 359,341 2nd Maritime-Ontario N/A Colliers International Belgrave Rd Mississauga North Ind 303,000 4th N/A Direct Deal Orlando Corporation Highpoint Dr Milton Ind 300,000 2nd N/A Colliers International CBRE Fifth Line N Halton Hills Ind 286,881 3rd QRC Logistics CBRE JLL Trade Valley Dr Vaughan Ind 250,000 1st State Window Corporation Colliers International Condor Properties Hunter s Valley Rd Vaughan Ind 250,000 1st N/A N/A Colliers International Walker Dr Brampton Ind 248,769 2nd Polar Pak Colliers International Bentall Kennedy 11 6 Manchester Ct Caledon Ind 235,980 1st Exel Inc JLL Panattoni Development Company Heritage Rd Brampton Ind 219,078 4th N/A N/A Orlando Corporation Meadowvale Blvd* Mississauga North Ind 218,639 1st Uline Canada Corporation N/A N/A Winston Churchill Blvd - Expansion Bldg Brampton Ind 212,883 1st N/A N/A Orlando Corporation Winston Churchill Blvd - Expansion Bldg Brampton Ind 209,885 2nd N/A N/A Orlando Corporation Harry Walker Pky S Newmarket Ind 186,912 4th N/A N/A CBRE Walker Dr* Brampton Ind 185,652 1st Uni-Select Eastern Inc N/A N/A Tapscott Rd - Bldg 3 Scarborough North Ind 158,458 1st Technicolor Canada Inc N/A CBRE Martin Grove Rd Etobicoke North Ind 152,377 1st Dominion Warehousing and Distribution N/A CBRE Keaton Cres Mississauga North Ind 151,950 1st Ingram Micro JLL Orlando Corporation Martin Grove Rd Vaughan Ind 151,379 1st Woodbridge Pallet Ltd N/A CBRE Bren Rd Mississauga North Ind 141,239 1st N/A N/A CBRE Mcnabb St Markham Ind 132,022 1st N/A N/A Cushman & Wakeeld Applewood Cres Vaughan Ind 129,244 2nd Toro Aluminium Royal LePage Real Estate Services L Rentex Realty Inc Meyerside Dr Mississauga North Ind 127,376 3rd N/A Orlando Corporation Orlando Corporation Humberline Dr Etobicoke North Ind 125,000 1st N/A N/A CBRE Hogan Dr Mississauga North Ind 125,000 2nd N/A N/A Cushman & Wakeeld 28 8 Van Der Graaf Ct Brampton Ind 120,673 2nd N/A N/A Orlando Corporation Walkers Line Burlington Ind 117,997 2nd N/A N/A CBRE Derry Rd Mississauga North Ind 115,700 1st N/A N/A Lennard Commercial Realty Peddie Rd Milton Ind 112,953 4th N/A N/A CBRE Kennedy Rd* Scarborough South Ind 111,563 1st Elizabeth Grant International Savills CBRE Statesman Dr Mississauga North Ind 108,868 3rd N/A Avison Young Avison Young Cantay Cres Mississauga North Ind 106,435 1st N/A N/A Orlando Corporation Dixie Rd Mississauga South Ind 105,000 4th N/A N/A Norman Hill Realty, Inc Tranmere Dr Mississauga North Ind 100,443 3rd N/A N/A CBRE Carrier Dr Etobicoke North Ind 100,405 1st N/A N/A Colliers International Goreway Dr Brampton Ind 100,000 1st N/A N/A Di Poce Management Inc Creditstone Rd Vaughan Ind 100,000 3rd N/A N/A Metrus Properties Aimco Blvd Mississauga North Ind 94,875 3rd N/A N/A Indusite Realty Corporation * Renewal 2018 CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics 11
17 Greater Toronto Year-End 2017 Deliveries, Absorption & Vacancy C e n t r a l M a r k e t MARKET HIGHLIGHTS - Flex & Warehouse Delivered SF Absorption SF Vacancy 4.5% 4.0% 3.5% Millions SF (0.500) (1.000) 1.0% 0.5% 0.0% q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q 3.0% 2.5% 2.0% 1.5% Percent Vacant Vacant Space Quoted Rental Rates Direct SF Sublet SF $7.20 $7.00 $6.80 Millions SF Dollars/SF/Year $6.60 $6.40 $6.20 $6.00 $ $ q q q q $ q q q q Existing Inventory Vacancy Net Delivered Inventory UC Inventory Quoted Period # Bldgs Total RBA Vacant SF Vacancy % Absorption # Bldgs Total RBA # Bldgs Total RBA Rates q 5, ,726,491 6,190, % 328, ,740 $ q 5, ,726,491 6,519, % (218,202) 1 147, ,740 $ q 5, ,579,100 6,153, % (604,561) 1 158, ,131 $ q 5, ,458,774 5,428, % (646,971) 5 295, ,849 $ q 5, ,162,896 4,485, % (89,701) 2 27, ,727 $ q 5, ,196,111 4,429, % 93, , ,562 $ q 5, ,186,187 4,512, % 1,044, , ,013 $ q 5, ,165,408 5,536, % 785, , ,078 $ q 5, ,192,710 6,349, % 66, ,776 $ q 5, ,192,710 6,415, % (83,341) ,771 $ q 5, ,285,266 6,424, % 895, , ,771 $ q 5, ,131,587 7,166, % 224, ,526 $ q 5, ,131,587 7,391, % 754, ,679 $ q 5, ,131,587 8,146, % 614, $ q 5, ,131,587 8,760, % 50, $ q 5, ,131,587 8,811, % 1,215, , $ CoStar Industrial Statistics 2018 CoStar Group, Inc.
18 Deliveries, Absorption & Vacancy E a s t M a r k e t MARKET HIGHLIGHTS - Flex & Warehouse Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto Millions SF (0.100) (0.200) (0.300) (0.400) Delivered SF Absorption SF Vacancy 6.0% 5.0% 4.0% 3.0% 2.0% 1.0% Percent Vacant (0.500) q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q 0.0% Vacant Space Quoted Rental Rates 1.60 Direct SF Sublet SF $ $5.80 Millions SF Dollars/SF/Year $5.60 $5.40 $ $ q q q q $ q q q q Existing Inventory Vacancy Net Delivered Inventory UC Inventory Quoted Period # Bldgs Total RBA Vacant SF Vacancy % Absorption # Bldgs Total RBA # Bldgs Total RBA Rates q 1,080 52,585,371 1,383, % (243,517) $ q 1,080 52,585,371 1,140, % (405,357) $ q 1,080 52,585, , % 32, $ q 1,080 52,585, , % 413, , $ q 1,079 52,562,080 1,157, % 90, , ,291 $ q 1,078 52,538,789 1,224, % 105, ,582 $ q 1,078 52,538,789 1,330, % 127, ,582 $ q 1,078 52,538,789 1,457, % 386, , $ q 1,077 52,513,789 1,819, % 120, ,000 $ q 1,077 52,513,789 1,939, % (26,027) ,000 $ q 1,077 52,513,789 1,913, % 143, , $ q 1,076 52,503,789 2,046, % 246, , ,000 $ q 1,075 52,476,830 2,266, % 165, , ,959 $ q 1,074 52,456,830 2,411, % 158, , ,959 $ q 1,072 52,425,955 2,538, % 224, , ,875 $ q 1,071 52,412,528 2,749, % 293, , ,302 $ CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics 13
19 Greater Toronto Year-End 2017 Deliveries, Absorption & Vacancy N o r t h M a r k e t MARKET HIGHLIGHTS - Flex & Warehouse Millions SF Delivered SF Absorption SF Vacancy 4.5% 4.0% 3.5% 3.0% 2.5% 2.0% 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% Percent Vacant (0.200) q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q 0.0% Vacant Space Quoted Rental Rates 6.00 Direct SF Sublet SF $7.40 $ $7.00 Millions SF Dollars/SF/Year $6.80 $6.60 $6.40 $6.20 $ q q q q $ q q q q Existing Inventory Vacancy Net Delivered Inventory UC Inventory Quoted Period # Bldgs Total RBA Vacant SF Vacancy % Absorption # Bldgs Total RBA # Bldgs Total RBA Rates q 3, ,604,567 4,352, % 291, , ,469,818 $ q 3, ,593,104 4,632, % (34,406) 2 170, ,783,481 $ q 3, ,423,092 4,428, % 484, , ,569 $ q 3, ,242,722 4,731, % 420, , ,219 $ q 3, ,799,168 4,708, % 606, , ,667 $ q 3, ,903,166 4,419, % 691, , ,482,943 $ q 3, ,815,376 5,023, % 1,137, , ,343,184 $ q 3, ,168,843 5,514, % 460, , ,869,862 $ q 3, ,906,930 5,712, % 400, , ,889,464 $ q 3, ,006,818 5,213, % 159, , ,380,458 $ q 3, ,691,878 5,058, % 214, , ,650,398 $ q 3, ,579,776 5,160, % (19,347) ,258,299 $ q 3, ,579,776 5,140, % 632, , ,374 $ q 3, ,482,402 5,675, % 953, , ,276 $ q 3, ,205,402 6,352, % 861, , ,174 $ q 3, ,834,486 6,842, % 1,656, , ,090 $ CoStar Industrial Statistics 2018 CoStar Group, Inc.
20 Deliveries, Absorption & Vacancy W e s t M a r k e t MARKET HIGHLIGHTS - Flex & Warehouse Year-End 2017 Greater Toronto Delivered SF Absorption SF Vacancy 6.0% Millions SF (1.000) 5.0% 4.0% 3.0% 2.0% 1.0% Percent Vacant (2.000) q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q 0.0% Vacant Space Quoted Rental Rates Millions SF Direct SF Sublet SF Dollars/SF/Year $7.00 $6.90 $6.80 $6.70 $6.60 $6.50 $6.40 $ $ $ q q q q $ q q q q Existing Inventory Vacancy Net Delivered Inventory UC Inventory Quoted Period # Bldgs Total RBA Vacant SF Vacancy % Absorption # Bldgs Total RBA # Bldgs Total RBA Rates q 6, ,490,714 14,889, % 2,343, , ,251,793 $ q 6, ,232,523 15,974, % 394, , ,509,984 $ q 6, ,316,759 15,453, % 3,090, ,731, ,711,109 $ q 6, ,584,935 15,811, % 941, ,837, ,756,007 $ q 6, ,746,961 14,915, % (863,828) 2 313, ,066,773 $ q 6, ,433,703 13,738, % 3,977, ,305,120 $ q 6, ,829,490 17,112, % (397,295) 6 1,103, ,119,333 $ q 6, ,798,282 15,683, % 2,919, , ,920,098 $ q 6, ,283,377 18,088, % 2,053, ,248, ,502,738 $ q 6, ,986,947 16,845, % 508, ,233,530 $ q 6, ,986,947 17,353, % (884,017) 2 116, ,559,981 $ q 6, ,757,330 16,239, % 1,632, , ,752,448 $ q 6, ,623,231 17,738, % 2,693, ,469, ,342,087 $ q 6, ,164,546 18,973, % 505, ,328, ,038,178 $ q 6, ,867,147 17,181, % 1,266, , ,943,947 $ q 6, ,616,555 19,197, % 822, , ,076,241 $ CoStar Group, Inc. CoStar Industrial Statistics 15