1 Heritage Matters Fall 2007 A Publication of the at Saving Pointe du Hoc The closure of the observation post due to cliff instability prevents the public from experiencing one of the most important D-Day memorials In the assault on Point du Hoc on June 6, 1944, Col. James Earl Rudder led elements of the U. S. Army s 2nd Battalion to victory in one of the greatest feats of the Normandy invasion: the perilous assault on the German gun emplacements at Point du Hoc. The site of Point du Hoc is located between Omaha and Utah beaches at the tip of a sheer chalk promontory that towers more than 100 feet above a narrow, rock-strewn beach. The Germans considered the battery site there to be unassailable, but near dawn on D-Day the Rangers scaled the cliff and killed or captured the garrison. In one of the great ironies of the invasion, the Rangers found that the artillery pieces thought to be in place at Point du Hoc were gone. Fortunately, a Ranger patrol located these missing guns arrayed in firing position in a field some distance beyond the site near the village of Cricqueville-en-Bessin. By placing thermite grenades in the firing mechanisms, the Rangers effectively rendered these guns inoperable, and by doing so ac- See POINTE du HOC, Page 7 A&M grad students make recordings of an open gun emplacement at Pointe du Hoc. An Aggie takes a moment to pause at the monument atop the Observation Post. Conserving Modernism The Ninth Annual Historic Preservation Symposium } Friday & Saturday Feb March 1, 2008 Preston Geren Auditorium College Station, Texas } Featuring: DONNA CARTER, AIA Carter Design Associates, Austin WILLIAM DUPONT, AIA UTSA GUNNY HARBOE, AIA Harboe Architects, PC Chicago ROBERT JOHNSON, AIA CRS Center NANCY MCCOY, AIA Quimby-McCoy Architects ROBERT SILLMAN, PE Robert Sillman Associates, New York } For details or to register: phone: or visit the CHC Web site at COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE T E X A S A & M U N I V E R S I T Y
2 005 Williams Administration Building 3137 TAMU College Station, TX telephone: fax: web: CHC Advisory Council Professional Members Kirby Keahey, Chair W. Lewis Barlow Elizabeth Cummings David Fischetti Steve Lucy Graham Luhn Faculty Members Joseph Bracci Richard Burt Tazim Jamal Dawn Jourdan Robert Warden, Director David Woodcock, Past Director This is the inaugural issue of our Heritage Matters newsletter as well as my inaugural month as Director for the Center of Heritage Conservation. After 14 years as Director of the Historic Resources Imaging Lab and two years as Director of the CHC, Professor David Woodcock, FAIA decided to step away from the directorship of the Center to focus on other opportunities for furthering the goals of the Center locally and nationally. He will remain a vital part of present and future research. As for my part, it will be difficult to follow David s terrific 16-year leadership of the Lab and Center. However, I am honored to have the opportunity to build on our work together. As a research component of the College of, the CHC has directives in three main areas-- teaching, research, and service. This newsletter will present the latest news of the Center s involvement in each area so our readers may find new and interesting ways of furthering the cause of heritage conservation. This past year the CHC participated in interdisciplinary explorations of our World War II heritage. The first stage of the study of the WWII battlefield site at Pointe du Hoc concluded in May. We are currently pursuing the next phase of required investigation necessary to enable remediation for this important site. From the Director Warden takes helm as director of Center welcomes six new Faculty Fellows in 2007 Kevin Glowacki, Ph.D. Visiting Our symposium in March of this year carried on with the WWII theme exploring A&M s Riverside Campus and its important contribution to the WWII effort. Our 2008 symposium theme with the 20th century as we tackle the very important issues of our modern heritage. Our conservation efforts have received new support on the technological end. The CHC has long been a leader in the development and use of technological methods of documentation, and is now continuing that trend with the acquisition of a new Riegl 390 Laser Scanner. This equipment was utilized in the research done in Normandy, providing us with cutting-edge images and information. Its use will continue at Pointe du Hoc and at the 19th-century Niblo farmstead in Texas. Both research opportunities have allowed us to familiarize ourselves with the latest in technology, while allowing us to pass valuable knowledge and skills on to the students in ARCH 647. These students represent the next generation of professionals who will carry the responsibility for heritage conservation. The last year has proven to be an eventful and productive one at the CHC, as we have experienced various transitions and involvement in multiple research efforts. As a Center, we continue to grow with each new opportunity we have. Our subject matter compels us to look at and learn from the past, but our endeavors to reach Center goals in teaching, research, and service propel us toward progress and a promising year in the future. Forster Ndubisi, Ph.D. Professor, Department Head Landscape and Urban Planning Uniting to conserve Texas World War II heritage WWII symposium shows dedication, passion of preservation community The s Eighth Annual Symposium took place March 2-3, 2007, examining the importance of Conserving Texas WWII Heritage. The two-day symposium introduced guest lectures from around the state, who are actively involved in studying and saving Texas World War II heritage. Symposium participants demonstrated the dedication and passion of the preservation community while sharing techniques and approaches that are broadly applicable to heritage conservation. The events began Friday morning where visitors arrived to the Riverside Campus in Bryan, Texas. Beautiful weather added to the enjoyment of the day, but the setting at the Old Chapel was a stark reminder of the symposium theme. What is now the Riverside Campus was built in 1943 as the Bryan Army Air Base. Its history as the first pilot training facility to perfect instrument flying was told by historian Kerry Chandler of Texas State University. His research in his specific area of interest, the effect of military base closures on small communities, allowed him to relate the air base s life, mission, and interaction with the local community. Subsequent lectures focused on Developing a Historic Structure Report (HSR) and Long-span Timber Construction. David Woodcock, FAIA, Director of the Center and Pat Sparks, P.E., President of Sparks Engineering in Austin, gave a workshop on Historic Structure Reports and Condition Assessments, using the NPS Preservation Briefs 17, 18 and 43 as guides for such work. Woodcock referred to the output of a fall 2006 graduate class at the that developed case studies of three buildings on 1969 Aerial Photo of Bryan Army Airforce Base. the Riverside Campus. Sparks, a licensed professional engineer with a national reputation in preservation practice, discussed a series of case studies in the investigation, analysis, and rehabilitation of existing structures. Prior to the lunch break, Brent Mullins, a former Marine and President of the Museum of the American G.I. in College Station, described his twenty-five year involvement in restoring military vehicles recovered from both WWI and WWII, and displayed a fully-restored amphibious Willis Jeep from the Museum. faculty members Drs. Vallie Miranda and Julie Rogers have used the 45-acre museum site for student design projects, and the growing collection has international significance. The afternoon session opened with a workshop on Long Span Wood Structures presented by David Fischetti, P.E. from Cary, NC, another national leader in preservation engineering, best known for his leadership in moving the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse. This was followed by an opportunity to see Historic Structure Reports and Condition Assessments put into practice on the Base, through guided tours of three buildings from WWII and the Korean War. Traveling by bus across the sprawling former military base, the visitors were greeted by a team of graduate students who introduced the buildings, their history, and current conditions. Each participant received a book which included the detailed student historic structure reports for each of the buildings. Two of these, the Flight Engineers Hangar and a 1950s Warehouse, utilized timber long span structures. The third was a typical WWII barrack, one of the few remaining on the base. A Friday night dinner featured Dr. Tom Hatfield of the University of Texas at Austin, and offical biographer of Lt. Col. James Earl Rudder, spoke of Rudder s WWII experiences. Immediately prior to the D-Day landing on 6 June 1944, Rudder was given the assignment to lead his Ranger group up the cliffs at Pointe du Hoc, Normandy in order to destroy a series of guns that commanded the beaches. These would become known as Omaha and Utah beaches. Rudder, who later became President of, was an A&M graduate and one of thousands who came from Texas to serve in WWII. Attending the dinner were several members of the Rudder family, as well as Dr. Robert Reid, Professor Emeritus of Oceanography See WWII SYMPOSIUM, Page 4 CHC Staff Robert B. Warden, RA Director David G. Woodcock, FAIA, FSA, FAPT Past Director Nancy Klein, Ph.D. Shannon Van Zandt, Ph.D. Landscape and Urban Planning Faith Torres Assistant to the Director Larissa Santoro Graduate Assistant Anne Nichols, Ph.D. Susan Stabile, Ph.D. Associate Professor English A World War II amphibious Jeep sits in front of the Old Chapel. The WWII Air Mechanics Shop and Hangar. 2 Heritage Matters: Fall
3 WWII SYMPOSIUM Continued from previous page and of Civil Engineering, who landed with the troops on 7 June 1944 to advise on weather and water conditions. Saturday s lectures were held in the Geren Auditorium at the, and continued with conservation themes focusing on technology related to Texas in the Second World War. Guest lecturers included William McWhorter of the Texas Historical Commission and Heather Goodson of the Texas Department of Transportation. Both discussed their agencies active military sites programs and initiatives towards preserving Texas WWII heritage at the local level. The discussion of Texas WWII history at a local level continued as anthropologist Dr. Michael Waters and local historian Cathy Lazarus gave a presentation titled The Lone Star Stalag: The German POW Camp at Hearne, Texas. They talked about prisoners relationships with locals and their efforts to entertain themselves with artwork and theatrical performances, as well as the darker side of prison life demonstrated by the murder of a prisoner identified as an informer. Professor Robert Warden, then Associate Director, and Dr. Richard Burt of the Construction Science faculty presented on the Center s project at Point du Hoc in Normandy, France. They have been studying and surveying Pointe du Hoc since 2004, but this presentation focused on the 2006 Cliff Stability Study funded by the American Battle Monuments Commission. The Cliff Stability Study is charged with discovering the factors contributing to cliff erosion at Pointe du Hoc and methods of remediation. David Woodcock speaks on the construction details of a Korean War warehouse Lectures covered the issues of history and conservation technology related to Texas in the Second World War Barry Ward of the Battleship Texas Foundation spoke of the restoration and preservation issues that are currently affecting the battleship, now berthed in the Houston Ship Channel at San Jacinto. The ship, built for WWI, is the last surviving dreadnought battleship, and its existence is severely threatened by the fact that it remains afloat. Ward reviewed the conceptual and fiscal options for balancing protection of the vessel while allowing for maximum interpretation of this unique example of American naval heritage. The symposium ended with a presentation on Randolph Air Force Base: From Cotton Fields to National Historic Landmark. Often referred to as The West Point of the Air, the base was begun in 1926 with a unique plan based on the English Garden Cities movement. It comprised over 350 buildings, the most famous being the headquarters building at the center of the base known as the Taj Mahal. Base Historian Dr. Bruce Ashcroft presented the National Historic Landmark with powerful images and a compelling history of the base. The two-day conference attracted over 80 participants, including many architects taking advantage of AIA Continuing Education credits, community members, and students and faculty from six universities. The symposium identified Texas many significant contributions during WWII as well as the state s efforts to remember and preserve that heritage recipients of Historic Preservation Certificates To earn a Graduate Certificate in Historic Preservations, students must take at least 15 hours of graduate credit in historic preservation and complete a professional study, thesis, or dissertation with an historic preservation focus. The following students, listed with their research titles, have earned certificates: August 2006 David Mark Dubbelde, Ph.D. () Influence of Culture, Faith, Environment, and Building Technology on the Built Form: The Case of 19th C. Catholic Churches in Galveston, Texas December 2006 Rama Ibrahim Al Rabady, Ph.D. () Historic Preservation and Heritage Tourism in Texas: An Integrated Approach to Sustainable Heritage Management Rhonda Thayer Dunn, Ph.D. (Computing Science) The Griot Prototype Amrit Singh, MSLD Sustainable Master Planned Communities: Create Value & Lower Costs May 2007 Jill Renee Atkinson, M. Arch Sweet Perfection on SoFlo: Co-housing in a Historical Context Jennifer Bettiol, M. Arch College Station Integrated Learning Center Shanna LaRea Daniel, M. Anth A Mammoth of a Project: The Conservation of a Columbian Mammoth Alexander D. Hazlett, Ph.D. (Anthropology) The Nao of the Livro Nautico: The Textual Excavation of a Portuguese Indiaman Jennifer Krenek, M. Arch A Permanent Home for the Texas Rodeo Cowboy Hall of Fame in Belton, Texas Jessica M. Thiebout, M. Arch An Addition to the Spertus Institute of Jewish Studies, Michigan Avenue, Chicago Jocelyn Widmer, MLA The Pohnpei Botanical Garden, Micronesia: A Rehabilitative Master Plan Following NPS Historical Preservation Guidelines Discovering the Sharrock-Niblo farmstead When the Niblo property was recently sold for housing development, the city of Dallas required that the limestone escarpment it was built upon be retained as city land, and thus was able to protect the buildings remaining on the site. These buildings may well be two of the oldest on their original sites within the city: a twocrib log barn and a one-room log house with an associated hand-dug well and root cellar, both believed to date to the 1850s. In addition, the site is the home of a 1920s plank barn. As to the origins of the farmstead, the Peters Colony land grant from the Republic of Texas was made in 1837, when Everhard Sharrock, Jr. and three family members received land grants. In December 1850, their property in the colony was surveyed and recorded at 640 acres. The land was later sold to Thomas Young in 1853, and remained in the Young family until 1934, when it was sold to Grady Niblo. In an effort to conserve this piece of history, Quimby McCoy Preservation was commissioned by the city of Dallas to undertake a master plan for the land. The (CHC) was asked to support this work by recording the buildings and features according to Historic American Buildings Survey standards. Field note of a section of the log barn. Filipa Godinho, Jeff Daulton, and David Woodcock record measurements of the 1850s log barn. Conserving Modernism: The Ninth Annual CHC Historic Preservation Symposium Feb March 1, 2008 Preston Geren Auditorium For details or to register: phone: or visit Principal Investigator David Woodcock, with Bob Warden and Mcel Quimby, FAIA, made an intensive preliminary survey in December 2006 and a contract was negotiated through the Research Foundation. Field work began in March 2007 using CHC graduate students. The farmstead was the subject of the ARCH 647 Recording Historic Buildings class in summer 2007, marking the 13th year such classwork has been offered by the Department of. The summer student team involved architecture graduate and undergraduate students and two graduate students from Texas A&M s nautical archeology program. Recording continued through June, using a combination of hand drawing and measuring, digital photography, total station surveying and the center s 3-D laser scanner. This tool was especially valuable at the severely deteriorated plank barn, where hand measuring was difficult and hazardous. Architect Marcel Quimby is working with structural engineer Steve Lucy, a CHC Professional Fellow, to devise stabilization for one crib of the 1850s barn where logs have fallen, and to add support to one side of the log house in danger of collapse. The complete set of drawings will include a site plan, as well as plans, sections and elevations of each of the three buildings, and is to be completed by December This project demonstrates the center s ability to work with professional firms in support of preservation projects while also enhances the university s academic program. 4 Heritage Matters Fall 2007 Newsletter Center For Heritage Conservation 5
4 CHC momentum continues to build after 30 years The history of the begins in 1977 with the first ARCH 647 course, named Recording Historic Buildings. Taught by David Woodcock, this was Texas A&M s earliest preservation-related course. Course objectives included familiarizing architecture students with construction techniques and materials through hands-on contact, producing HABS standard drawings, and developing vitally important team experiences. In the nearly thirty years since that date, A&M student teams have received more national Charles E. Peterson prize awards than any other university. In the 1980s, Dr. Vivian Paul s research into the construction of French medieval architecture was supported by Bob Warden and advanced the use of computer drawings and digital data storage. The college formed the Historic Resources Imaging Laboratory (HRIL) in 1991 with the intention of further advancing the use of computer technology in the recording process. With the assistance of Professor Warden and support from the National Park Service, the HRIL developed the first national guidelines for HABS CAD drawings. By 1997, all A&M summer projects were CADdrawn, with increasing use of photogrammetry and total station surveying for large scale sites. The academic program expanded with the support of Professors David Pugh and Nancy This year has proven to be a productive one for the Fellows of the CHC. Several Fellows have kept us updated on their work, and as vital components of the Center, the CHC considers their accomplishments and endeavors newsworthy. Nancy Volkman, ASLA, of the Department of Landscape and Urban Planning at A&M, led a graduate student group from a LAND 621 course in a site planning project in Beaumont. This project aimed to help attain the grants necessary to rebuild the public housing community of Magnolia Gardens, a Beaumont, Texas Housing Authority property that was damaged by Hurricane Rita. The ten final solutions were well received by the Beaumont community when presented earlier this year. The Magnolia Gardens Redevelopment project is expected to be followed by many more projects in the Partnership for Community Outreach program. John Whitaker, a Professional Fellow with the center, spent 2006 working on the renovation of two Ambassador s residences. One residence is for Belgium, the other for Australia. CHC Fellows News Bulletin Dawn Jourdan, Ph.D., J.D., a member of the Historic Landmarks Commission in Bryan, made a mark in Hearne in She served as an investigator for the Preserve America Grant and Intergenerational History Project in Hearne, in which she conducted an oral history of the lives of local residents. She was also awarded the Student Project Award for Historic Preservation Plan for Hearne, Texas Chapter of the American Planning Association. Joseph Bracci, Ph.D., P.E., led a 13 student Study Abroad Program to Spain in the summer of 2006 for seniors in Civil Engineering with emphasis in structural design and construction. Joseph has been a Fellow of the American Concrete Institute since November Elise Bright, Ph.D., led two Applied Planning classes in developing projects titled Castle Hills: State of the City and Recommendations, and A Neighborhood Revitalization Study of the Fox Avenue Corridor in Lewisville. These studies were both completed in the spring of 2006, with sections containing material on historic preservation. Volkman, and by 1995 the offered its first graduate certificate program, the Certificate in Historic Preservation. This program was open to all graduate students in the university, and now includes over 160 students in eleven different degree programs. All degree programs within the college, as well as graduates from Anthropology, Real Estate and Land Economics, Recreation Park and Tourism Sciences, and Civil Engineering have now received the certificate. Many are playing leading roles in the conservation of our built and natural heritage. In 2001, as part of the expanding role of the HRIL, an Advisory Council was formed to assist in guiding the future of the program and providing both financial and content support. In 2005, Dean Regan approved Bob Warden as Associate Director of the HRIL. There are now over 25 Faculty Fellows representing disciplines across the university, and over 25 Professional Fellows across the nation with backgrounds in architecture, engineering, urban planning and landscape architecture. The Fellows in the HRIL have played an increasingly important leadership role in preservation practice and pedagogy. They are directly represented on the American Institute of Architects Historic Resources Committee, the Historic American Buildings Survey Coordinating Committee, and the international boards of the Association for Preservation Technology International and the National Council for Preservation Education. With strong support from the college and university, the Board of Regents of the Texas A&M University System approved the establishment of the in December With the leadership of Earl Broussard, Jr., ASLA, AICP of Austin, faculty and professionals laid the groundwork for the next phase of cross-disciplinary teaching, research and service in January This culminated in a Strategic Planning Session led by the incoming Advisory Council Chair, Kirby Keahey, FAIA of Houston in March Following the seventh Historic Preservation Symposium on Preservation Education in 2006, all Texas schools were invited to name Corresponding Fellows to encourage interaction between several state programs. The Center now has a growing number of Corresponding Fellows from several universities. In May, after a total of sixteen years as Director of the HRIL and the CHC, David Woodcock stepped down from the position. Robert B. Bob Warden, RA, was announced as the new director and took over 1 June. The stage is now set for the next chapters of an innovative program that is in the best traditions of the Land Grant university, providing leadership in a cross-disciplinary field that is dedicated to making the past a significant part of the future. Dr. Sylvia Grider, Ph.D., of the Department of Anthropology at, officially retired in January Congratulations on a successful career! Michael Neuman, Ph.D., AICP, served as cochair for the International Conference on Sustainable Urbanism at in April In 2006 he began involvement in two projects as principal investigator, titled Texas Urban Triangle: Framework for Future Growth, and Creating a Multi-factor Performance Assessment Model to Test Governance Performance in Multi-scalar Large Institutional Networks. These studies will conclude later this year and next year, respectively. In 2006, his article, The Compact City Fallacy (published 2005), was recognized as fifth most cited article of the year. In 2005, he and Jose Gavinha were awarded European Planning Studies Best Article of the Year for The Planning Dialectic of Continuity and Change: The Evolution of Metropolitan Planning in Madrid. At right: A cross-section of the Pointe du Hoc cliff using geological information obtained from the six cores taken from the site. Above: 3-D laser scan of Pointe du Hoc cliffs. Below, right: 3-D resistivity tomogram with site. POINTE du HOC Continued from Page 1 complished their mission. Their ordeal was far from over, however. The Germans regrouped and subjected them to a series of brutaland tenacious counterattacks. The Rangers held out, but their victory came at a high price. In the years following the close of World War II, the French government designated Point du Hoc a Class A Historic Site in commemoration of the extraordinary military feat that occurred there. Subsequently, responsibility for care of the battlefield was transferred to the American Battle Monuments Commission. In May 2006 the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) contracted with the to undertake a study of the cliff failure mechanisms of the WWII D-day battlefield site of Pointe du Hoc in Normandy, France. Situated equidistant from both Omaha and Utah Beaches, Pointe du Hoc was a key site in Hitler s Atlantic Wall defense system containing 14 bunkers and casemates as well as six open gun emplacements some 100 feet above the English Channel. The most significant structure on the site is the Forward Observation Post. Concern over recent cliff failures near the Observation Post moved the French government to close it to tourist visitation in As the Observation Post supports the national monument to the 2nd Ranger Battalion, its closure prevents the public from viewing one of the most important D-day memorials. To perform this important study, the CHC created an interdisciplinary team consisting of architects, architecture students, construction scientists, engineers, geophysicists, archaeologists, and historians to assemble data from these various disciplines in an effort to discover the basic failure mechanisms. To provide geological information around the site, six bore holes were drilled and the cores were analyzed. This analysis offered information such as rates of erosion, rock and soil composition, and material properties. Geophysicists performed resistivity studies to identify the location and role of voids and groundwater in cliff stability. Historians and Construction Scientists gathered information on bunker types and construction to better understand how the site and the bunkers related, especially in the regions of the Observation Post. The architects and architecture students provided the site and building surveys to accurately locate and orient structures in their current conditions on a site plan. To better understand the collective effects of all the testing from the various disciplines, all information was visually connected by 3-D laser scans of the cliffs. When combined with satellite imagery and WWII photographs, the scans provided a four-decade history of the cliff erosion. This history allowed the team to determine the engineering calculations for present stability, as well as probabilities for future failures. A final report was submitted in May 2007 to ABMC. The center expects to continue research efforts at Pointe du Hoc, which will focus on providing information for remediation measures and movement monitoring systems. Currently, the Monument at Pointe du Hoc remains closed to the public due to safety concerns. Through continuation of this study, it is hoped enough information will be gathered to make this testament of the Texas Rangers bravery safely accessible to all once more. Heritage Matters Fall 2007 Newsletter Center For Heritage Conservation 7
5 News from the Center for Heritage Conservation at Front Page Saving Pointe du Hoc ADDRESS SERVICE REQUESTED 3137 TAMU College Station, TX NON PROFIT ORG. U.S. POSTAGE PAID COLLEGE STATION TEXAS PERMIT NO. 215 Page Historic Preservation Symposium Page 5 Sharrock- Niblo Farmstead Save Conserving Modernism: this Don t miss the Center for date! Heritage Conservation s Ninth Annual Historic Preservation Symposium! Feb. 29 March 1, 2008 CHC grad assistant Filipa Godinho graduates, returns to Portugal Filipa Godinho The is both pleased and saddened to announce the graduation of Filipa Godinho this May. She graduated with a Masters in after three years of hard work and dedicated study. Godinho came to the at, after entering into the Career Change Program in Prior to coming to the United States, she worked for five years in an interior design firm in Lisbon, Portugal. She then decided to expand her knowledge base through architecture. Godinho has been employed by the Center for Heritage Conservation since spring She served as TA for Professor Warden s ENDS 260 class and graduate research assistant on the Pointe du Hoc Cliff Stabilization Study. Last summer she participated in the student group that traveled to Normandy, France to document the WWII memorial site. This past semester she completed her final A rendering of the La Copita Ranch EcoLodge Resort. study, which included the research and design of a sustainable ecotourism facility. She developed a program for the EcoLodge Resort at La Copita Ranch near Alice, Texas and designed it to be a comfortable, low-energy consumption building that would illustrate the culture of the region and educate visitors about the history of the area. I feel I was able to apply a lot of the knowledge from my masters program to the project, and I feel that I accomplished a lot. Godinho plans to return to Lisbon to become a professional architect, and desires to be at a firm that practices sustainable architecture. She will use both her previous experience as an interior designer and her newly acquired knowledge of architecture to develop a style unique to her cultural and academic backgrounds, as well as her creative personality. The Center wishes her the best of luck in future endeavors, and will miss her greatly. Vista view of the EcoLodge, developed by Filipa Godinho.