Patron: Dr Alison Alexander Fellows: Mr Neil Chick, Mr David Harris and Mrs Denise McNeice

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2 TASMANIAN FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC. formerly Genealogical Society of Tasmania PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania 7250 State Secretary: Home Page: Patron: Dr Alison Alexander Fellows: Mr Neil Chick, Mr David Harris and Mrs Denise McNeice Executive: President Mr Peter Cocker (03) Vice President Mr Ray Hyland (03) Vice President Mrs Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Executive Secretary Miss Muriel Bissett (03) Executive Treasurer Miss Betty Bissett (03) Committee: Mrs Judy Cocker Mr John Dare Mrs Rosemary Davidson Mrs Betty Fletcher Mr John Gillham Mr David Harris FTFHS Mr Alan Leighton Mrs Jill Poke Miss Beverley Richardson Mrs Anita Swan By-laws Officer Mrs Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Exchange Journal Coordinator Mrs Thelma McKay (03) Home Page (State) Webmaster Mr Peter Cocker (03) Journal Editor Mrs Rosemary Davidson (03) Journal Despatcher Mr Leo Prior (03) LWFHA Coordinator Miss Jenny Gill (03) Members Interests Compiler Mr John Gillham (03) Membership Registrar Mr John Dare (03) Projects & Publications Coord. Mrs Anne Bartlett (03) Public Officer Mrs Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Research Coordinator Mrs Kaye Stewart (03) State Sales Officer Mrs Pat Harris (03) Branches of the Society Burnie: PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania 7320 Devonport: PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania 7310 Hobart: GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania 7001 Huon: PO Box 117 Huonville Tasmania 7109 Launceston: PO Box 1290 Launceston Tasmania 7250

3 Volume 23 Number 1 June 2002 ISSN Contents Editorial President s Message Annual General Meeting Notice and Agenda Branch News Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart, Tasmania, Maree Ring Advertising Rates Luke Richard Castray, Lyn Workman New Release An Index to Early Coastal Newspapers The Tasmanian Braille Writers Association, Joy Smith Lydia Solomon , Sally Steel Do You Have a Convict from Stanford in the Vale, Oxfordshire? Mary Maria Brown, Women Publicans of Hobart Town, Part Two, Lou Daniels.. 27 New Release Cemeteries in Southern Tasmania, Vol V, Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart, Indexes to Headstones & Memorials, Part I Correction and Apology!, Women Publicans of Hobart Town, Lou Daniels Irish Origins, New service available on Origins.Net Standards for Using Records Repositories and Libraries Queries, New Members Interests and New Members Insert Supplement Insert Graves/Turnbull Families, Cec Quinnell Bishop Family, Thomas Norman Echo Bishop Recent Release My Most Interesting Ancestor The Maternity Hospital at Derby, Allison Carins Spilled Milk! Genes on Screen, Vee Maddock Tasmaniana Library, State Library of Tasmania, New Acquisitions From the Exchange Journals, Thelma McKay Reunion Notice Marsden and Stonehouse Lost, Stolen or Strayed and Found! Coming Events Library Notes Society Sales and New Branch Publications Deadline dates for contributions: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October

4 Editorial We welcome Leonie Mickleborough to the journal committee, especially to the position of editor. I hope she enjoys the challenge and gains as much as I have. Leonie and I worked together on this issue but as I still have the computer it has fallen on me to write the editorial. I would like to thank Maurice Appleyard for his work on the journal over the past six years as he has recently resigned from the committee due to other commitments within the society. Special thanks also to those people, both members and non-members, who have happily undertaken proof reading and always delivered on time. Lou Daniel s first article on Women Publicans of Hobart Town in our last issue certainly created interest. Lou has responded quickly and follows on with another article Correction and Apology! Also included is a second instalment, Mary Maria Brown, page 27. We are fortunate to be able to publish Thomas Bishop s account of his life, particularly around Osterley and the highlands of Tasmania, in the early part of the last century. Current generations will find it difficult to relate to the hardships he had to overcome but may be able to gain some insight into the way of life of many early white inhabitants, especially in the harsher areas of the state. See page 40. Don t forget to register for the State Annual General Meeting on 22 June if you require any catering. No late registrations can be accepted. Payment for catering must be received by 14 June. Rosemary Davidson Assistant Editor Journal Committee Leonie Mickleborough, Rosemary Davidson, Cynthia O Neill, Jeannine Connors, David Hodgson, Charles Hunt, Lucy Knott, Vee Maddock, Denise McNeice, Leo Prior and Kate Ramsay. Journal address PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania 7250 or Articles are welcomed in any format handwritten, typed or word processed, on disk or by . Disks and photographs will be returned on request. Deadline dates are: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October The opinions expressed in this journal are not necessarily those of the editorial committee nor of the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. Responsibility rests with the author of a submitted article and we do not intentionally print inaccurate information. The society cannot vouch for the accuracy of offers for services or goods that appear in the journal, or be responsible for the outcome of any contract entered into with an advertiser. The editor reserves the right to edit, abridge or reject material. If you wish to contact the author of an article in Tasmanian Ancestry please write care of the editor, enclosing a stamped envelope and your letter will be forwarded. The contents of Tasmanian Ancestry are subject to the provisions of the Copyright Act and may not be reproduced without written permission of the editor and author. Cover: Temple House, corner of Argyle and Liverpool Streets, Hobart. Now part of the Tasmania Police complex. See Lydia Solomon , page 23. Pencil drawing Alex Wanders TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

5 PRESIDENT S MESSAGE R ECENTLY, all branches applied for an eheritage grant that was an initiative of the State Library of Tasmania. I have much pleasure in announcing that all branches were successful in obtaining a grant. From a total of forty-eight submissions, twentynine local history organisations were chosen, including our five branches, to receive special software and training for members to support the preservation and documentation of Tasmania s history. Branches will be advised of full details of the project as it progresses. Funding for this project came from the Commonwealth Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, via the Networking the Nation Program. I would like to make another exciting announcement. Our Society has at last been able to make constructive headway with the Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages on the release/access of Tasmanian Vital Records post It is anticipated that a joint pilot program between our Society and the Registrar will be started. This will involve entering Birth, Death and Marriage information from the index books into an electronic format. The aim is to initially make available an index of BDMs up to This index will contain similar information to the microfiche that has already been released covering the period 1900 to As a member of our Society there are various benefits that you enjoy, such as four editions of Tasmanian Ancestry each year, use of Branch libraries and reciprocal rights with some other organisations. We would like to extend the range of benefits to members and one such way is to offer discounts on State and Branch publications. You will probably note that in future sales lists discounts to members will be shown, if it applies to that item. On behalf of all the members I would like to thank Rosemary Davidson for her contribution and the effort that she has put into the production of Tasmanian Ancestry in her role as Editor. Rosemary s first edition as Editor was the September 1996 Journal and her last official Journal was the March 2002 edition. During her time as Editor our Society won the coveted international FFHS Elizabeth Simpson Award for Best Family History Journal. This was for the June 1997 edition. (See article in Tasmanian Ancestry, September 1998, p. 71.) It is with pleasure that we welcome Leonie Mickleborough as the new Journal Editor. Leonie has had a long association with the Society, being a foundation member and also a previous member of the editorial panel for Tasmanian Ancestry some years ago. I am sure that Leonie will receive plenty of help and guidance from Rosie as she tackles the task of Editor of our journal. Recently I was able to attend a forum in Burnie run by our Parliamentary Ministers. I took the opportunity to arrange an interview with the Premier. I was pleasantly surprised with his knowledge and understanding of issues that we as family historians deal with. As the Bicentennial for Tasmania will be next year, he will keep our Society informed as to what celebrations are planned and how we could be involved. Peter Cocker TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

6 NOTICE OF MEETING Notice is hereby given in accordance with Rule 14, that the ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING of the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. is to be held on Saturday, 22 June 2002 at the LDS Church Hall, Young Street, East Devonport commencing at 1:30 p.m. Voting is restricted to financial members of the Society and a current membership card may be required as proof of membership. 1 Welcome 2 Apologies AGENDA 3 Presentation of the 2002 Lilian Watson Family History Award 4 Read and Confirm minutes of the 2001 AGM 5 Business Arising 6 Reports 7 Election of Office Bearers and Endorsement of Branch Delegates 8 General Business: i Notice of Motion 1: that Rule 10(f) which reads: The Authority to determine and administer the awards referred to in Rule 10(e) will be vested solely in an Awards Committee appointed annually by the President and Secretary of the society, be removed. ii iii Notice of Motion 2: That Rule 10(e), which reads, The Society may grant at the Annual General Meeting a Fellowship or a Certificate of Meritorious Service in accordance with the By-Laws of the Society, be removed. Notice of Motion 3: That a new Rule, 22, be added as follows: The Executive may grant, on behalf of the members, awards in accordance with the By-Laws of the Society. Iii Notice of Motion 4: (if necessary): That there will be no Awards. iv Notice of Motion 5: Moved David Harris, Member No. 305b, Seconded John Dare, Member 2423 that Rule 9c be amended by the addition of the words: Substitute Delegates may be notified by a Branch for a particular meeting. v Peter Cocker PRESIDENT Annual General Meeting, Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. venue. 4 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

7 BRANCH NEWS Burnie eal/burnbranch.htm President Ray Hyland (03) Secretary Judy Cocker (03) PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania The branch began the New Year with a clean and tidy in the library and completed the recataloguing of our book section, hopefully making things easier to find. Our first meeting of the year was a free library night and roll call and we welcomed several new members. Peter Cocker led a very interesting session on computer basics at the March meeting where we had a full house! In April Paul Stott returned with an informative talk after the AGM, his topic, Invite Your Ancestor to Tell Their Story. Rhonda Hamilton travelled from Launceston in May to tell us of the resources for family history at the Queen Victoria Museum. The March and April day time meetings were well attended with old and new members keen to find out more on computer basics and Family Tree Maker, thanks to Peter Cocker being on long service leave and making himself available to take these sessions. Branch member Louise Gibson passed on her knowledge on convicts at the May meeting. The branch is continuing the ongoing project with our BDM indexes from the local newspapers. The index of BDMs from the very earliest papers has been printed (see advertisement in this journal) and the Circular Head Chronicle is next in the pipeline. We are currently editing the next books in the Advocate series and these should be released later in the year. A block from 1900 to 1920, has been difficult to complete, as not all the records have been available for some of the years. We will then move on to the years , which include in excess of 30,000 names. Regular working bees are planned at our library to reorganise the myriad of newspaper clippings and variety of information gathered over the years, as well as editing of our BDM indexes. May I appeal to all members to make an effort to attend at least one of these sessions, for as well as helping your branch, you might even find some information tucked away to help with your own family research. Devonport President David Harris (03) Secretary Elaine Garwood (03) PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania Meetings for 2002 commenced with Faye Gardam talking about her most recent publication, Shifting Sands and the changes which have occurred in the Mersey estuary. In February a group of members braved the chilly conditions for a barbecue at the Arboretum and a walk to view some of the plantings. This was followed with a meeting in the Visitor Centre and a discourse about family history, but with a difference. Phil Parsons spoke most enthusiastically about some of the plant families. Marie McCulloch was the guest speaker at the March meeting and her topic of anecdotes TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

8 and local knowledge kept everyone enthralled. Family History Week was recognised in March. This year there was a change of venue and a variety of genealogical material was displayed in the Ulverstone Library. The display also featured the research facilities which are available at the Devonport Branch Library. It is proposed to hold a function to celebrate the Devonport Branch s 21 st Birthday during July. Any past and present members of the Devonport Branch who would like further information can contact the Branch Secretary. Hobart President Beverley Richardson (03) Secretary Cynthia O Neill (03) or GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania Recent improvements in our library include the installation of two large fans for warmer days, extra power points for laptops etc., altered shelving for larger books, and new blinds in the office. Our computers have now been networked, making it possible for more than one person to access the same hard drive, or an alternative printer. This is proving an invaluable asset, enabling work to be undertaken on projects etc. without causing disruption to the librarian s computer. Sincere thanks are also extended to Vee Maddock for organising two most useful training sessions aimed at library assistants and others wishing to learn more about the computers and databases available in our library. It was interesting and most gratifying to note that a very high percentage of the new members who joined our branch during March and April were a direct result of the six Beginners Classes held in our library for non-members. This was our goal and I extend bouquets, not only to the organising sub-committee, but especially to the skilled instructors Maree Ring and Dianne Snowden for their time and commitment. Sincere apologies to all who were forced to join a queue to purchase their copies of Indexes to the Headstones and Memorials at Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart: Part I, published on microfiche. Due to a mechanical breakdown at the local firm, publication of the microfiche was out-sourced to a mainland company, causing unavoidable delays in production. Our Branch was sorry to lose the services recently of two of our longstanding members who have decided to take a well-earned rest from the library roster. Joyce O Shea and Mildred Hansen have both given invaluable service in many ways over the past twenty-one years and they will be greatly missed in the library on the second Saturday of each month. Joyce and Mildred received recognition at the Branch AGM for their outstanding contribution and we wish them well in their retirement. More volunteers are urgently needed to help fill the library roster. Please phone our secretary if you can help once a month. A training session and on-the-job guidance is guaranteed. Other retiring members thanked at the AGM include Nola Ward and Pam Jensen who for many years have organised the supper at our general meetings. Anthea Bilson s work with the Library Committee has been much appreciated, and her resignation in March was accepted with 6 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

9 much regret. I take this opportunity to thank the many members who have supported me during my term as Branch President, and I extend very best wishes to the new Branch Committee. Colleen Read, Immediate Past President. General Meetings June 18 Allen Wilson: Bridging the Derwent July 16 Wendy Andrew: The Old Rokeby Trail August 20 Jonothan Davis: Lantern Slides of Early Hobart September 17 Des Hanlon: Battery Point after Knopwood. General Meetings: Rosny Library, Bligh Street, Rosny, 3 rd Tuesday (except December and January) 8:00 p.m. Computer Users Group: Branch Library 4 th Wednesday, 7:30 p.m. WISE Interest Group: Bellerive Arts Centre 1 st Sunday of February, May, August, November 2:00 p.m. Launceston launcestongensoc President: Anita Swan (03) Secretary Betty Bissett Phone/Fax (03) PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS The Launceston Branch is delighted to welcome sixteen new members in the first three months of this year, we wish them every success with their research. We were sorry to receive Jenny Gill s resignation from the Branch Executive. Jenny has served on the Executive in the capacity of secretary, vice-president and president, and will be continuing on the publications committee, aiming to publish in a few months, School Teachers an index from the Walch s Tasmanian Almanac. We have appreciated Jenny s work on behalf of the branch for the Lilian Watson Family History Award over the past years. Our branch was pleased to be included in the successful applicants for the eheritage grant. Past treasurer, Alan Leighton and his wife Bev are enjoying a time overseas and we wish them well with their research. Geoff Rapley has volunteered to be the branch representative at the City Reference Library and is available on Tuesdays from 11 a.m. 2 p.m. to assist with research. Details of the meetings for the next three months are: Tuesday 2 July 7 p.m. Jill Cassidy John Walker, Roderick O Connor and the first Cataract Mill. Tuesday 6 August 7 p.m. The History of Launceston Buildings Tuesday 13 August 2 p.m. BIG Group meet at Bryan Street Uniting Church Hall Tuesday 3 September 7 p.m. Lynette Ross Government Cottage, Launceston. Please note that the library will be closed Wednesday night during June, July and the first two weeks of August. Huon President Betty Fletcher (03) Secretary Elaine Burton (03) PO Box 117 Huonville TAS No report received. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

10 CORNELIAN BAY CEMETERY HOBART, TASMANIA 1 Maree Ring (Member No. 552) T HE Governor of Tasmania, His Excellency Charles Du CANE proclaimed the Cornelian Bay Cemetery open on 22 July The first funeral, held on 5 October 1872, was for Bridget RYAN, aged twelve years, the third daughter and fourth child of Patrick Ryan, a shoemaker of Liverpool Street and his wife, Mary née MONAGHAN. Bridget died from typhoid fever. 3 The cemetery was never consecrated but was dedicated by the first burial. 4 The cemetery is situated on hectares on a peninsula surrounded by New Town Bay to the north, the River Derwent to the east and Cornelian Bay to the south. Cornelian Bay was named for the carnelian, a semi-precious gemstone, that was found there by John HAYES, during his explorations of the Derwent River in Other Burial Grounds St Davids (Church of England) Burial Ground dates from the settlement of Sullivan s Cove in February 1804 and was not formally consecrated until 6 March 1823 when the Reverend Samuel MARSDEN travelled from Sydney for the ceremony. 6 Until this time, any burials in southern parts of the colony, Protestant and Catholic alike, were interred in this burial ground. 7 From 1828 the various religious denominations with established churches within the colony were granted land for burials. These included the Roman Catholic Church, 8 Presbyterian Church, (St Andrews) in Church Street, North Hobart, 9 and the Jewish Community off Harrington Street. 10 The Society of Friends or Quaker Community was sold land in 1834 in Mellifont Street, West Hobart. 11 The Wesleyan Church drafted regulations in regard to their burial ground bounded by Arthur Street, Queen Adelaide (now Hamilton) and Hill Streets in The Congregational Church situated in Wellesley and Congress Streets, South Hobart advertised its opening in The Baptist Church had its burial ground in Clare Street, New Town. The Church of England opened two other burial grounds within Hobart. The parish of Holy Trinity burial ground situated at the northern end of Campbell Street opened prior to January St Georges, Battery Point purchased land on the corner of Byron Street and Sandy Bay Road in When the Cornelian Bay Cemetery opened in 1872, it replaced many of these burial grounds. However, the burial grounds of Baptist, Congregational and Quaker communities were not closed at this time. Queenborough Cemetery Company Limited was incorporated on 20 June 1873, with the first burial on 3 September of that year. It was established to serve the people of the southern and southwestern suburbs of the city who found it difficult to travel to the recently opened Cornelian Bay Cemetery. The fees were lower than those of Cornelian Bay. The Cemetery was closed for all new burials from 6 September The land was sold to the Hobart City Council and 8 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

11 the company was voluntarily wound up in August The upper part of the cemetery remained in use for corpse and coffin burials until late Development of the Cornelian Bay Cemetery By 1843, a report stated that four of the church burial grounds situated within the limits of the city of Hobart Town were a source of danger to health. 16 Another twenty years elapsed before movement was made for the establishment of a public General Cemetery one removed beyond the boundaries of the city, and open for burials without denominational distinction. 17 The 1865 Cemetery Bill, based on Victorian legislation, was introduced to enable the government to construct cemeteries and provide for their management. It was passed on 27 September 1865, but did not enforce the closure of existing burial grounds. 18 The Cemeteries Bill and Cemeteries Loan Act of October 1870, enabled the 1865 Cemeteries Act to have effect, and provided for the closure of existing burial grounds three months after the opening of the new cemetery. 19 Trustees were appointed in 1866 from the political and business community to manage the Hobart Town Public Cemetery. They believed that the eighty acres of Cornelian Bay Point would be the most suitable. 20 The site was far apart from any residential area and would not become a source of infection or disease. There was some concern that the extra costs of transport to the cemetery for burial might be outside the means of the poorer classes. The cemetery was situated three miles from the centre of the city and up to five miles from some of the densely populated areas of the suburbs. The poor already found it difficult to make more than a rare and hurried visit to a graveyard and it was suggested that a visit to the more distant cemetery would be even more difficult and periodic. 21 In October 1870, 8,000 was appropriated for the establishment of the new public cemetery. 22 On 1 November 1870 a second Cemetery Trust, with half the former members retained, was formed. 23 On 3 May 1871, Henry Hunter resigned and was immediately appointed as Arbitrator and Valuer on behalf of the Trust. 24 Over the next few months land needed for the cemetery was purchased. 25 A competition was conducted by the Trustees with a prize of 20 for the design of the cemetery with curves, walks and roads subdividing it among the religious denominations. 26 Hunter was to select from the best four designs. He chose Fiat Justitia entered by Surveyor E. J. Burgess. The design was the most economical to implement and would be the most effective when completed. It was implemented with minor modifications to the proportions allotted to the several denominations. 27 One third of the cemetery was reserved for future needs. Although Henry Hunter modified the original plans, the cemetery today still reflects the original layout. By far the largest section is for the Church of England (now Anglican) followed by the Roman Catholic. Methodist (Wesleyan and Primitive Methodist), Independent or Congregational, Presbyterian, Baptist, Jewish and Quaker or Society of Friends, all have their separate areas. Hunter supervised the implementation of the design and prison labour was used to clear trees and build fences. 28 The entrance was near Risdon Road. 29 A separate area was reserved for the poor. It was divided into three sections; for the congregations of the Church of England, TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

12 the Roman Catholics and Others. It was usual for five bodies to share one grave or pit, although the number could be as many as eleven. 30 Until the closure in March 1935, approximately 5,000 people were buried in this section. 31 This area, now sown in lawn, had a memorial plaque placed on 13 May It reads: IN MEMORY OF ALL THOSE INTERRED IN THE PAUPER BURIAL AREAS --- THE GRAVE SITES ARE UNKNOWN NOVEMBER MARCH 1935 PLAQUE PLACED BY THE SOUTHERN TASMANIAN REGIONAL CEMETERY TRUST D. J. ANDERSON, CHAIRMAN MAY, 1998 The remaining areas of the cemetery are the Hobart War Graves, Hobart Garden of Remembrance, Crematorium Gardens, Cornelian Walk and Garden Crypt, the latter being opened after consultation with the Italian community in June Cremations and Crematoriums The first statute regulating cremation was the Cremation Act of 1905, but it was not until the 1930s that popular support for cremation occurred. In 1936, the State Government proposed to establish a crematorium at Cornelian Bay, 34 and by May the first cremation had taken place. 35 A new crematorium was opened on 2 February Recent reassessment of the site has led to the establishment of new garden beds and niche walls for those who are cremated. Cornelian Walk has been established as an alternative to the memorial niche walls and garden. This location is where families, who have previously scattered the ashes of their loved one elsewhere, may select a site for a memorial plaque. Where the Trust has been requested to scatter ashes on behalf of a family, this will occur adjacent to Cornelian Walk. 37 Management For nearly a century the cemetery was controlled by the Hobart Cemetery Trust, directed by government appointed trustees. 38 In 1961, the Hobart City Council took over the operation of the cemetery. In 1969, the selection of a new cemetery site was imperative. A decade later, a working party selected a site for a Lawn Cemetery at Kingston. 39 This was opened on 16 February A memorial garden dedicated to people who have died of HIV/AIDS was opened at this cemetery on 17 May The Southern Regional Cemetery Trust has continued operations since 10 March It is responsible for the operation of Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart Regional Cemetery at Kingston, south of Hobart, and the Hobart Crematorium at Cornelian Bay. The Cornelian Bay Cemetery was closed for burials (other than those in previously paid or selected sites) on 30 March After the cemetery was closed, burial sites were reassessed for any vacant sites and reopened in October There were 500 sites available for sale 42 and a further 200 sites, most at triple depth were made available in Building and Structures A mortuary chapel, designed and built by Henry Hunter 44 was situated a short distance from the entrance gate. This was built of weatherboard with a shingle roof. A portico faced the path and a vestry, for the use of visiting ministers, was attached behind the building. The paths, nineteen feet wide, were covered with gravel from a neighbouring quarry. Each denomination had oval areas reserved for chapels, 10 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

13 if they wished to have one built for their special use. The Jewish congregation was the only denomination which built its own receiving house or chapel within its own grounds. The small, gabled-roofed, weatherboard structure still stands. This chapel was also designed by Henry Hunter and is classified by the National Trust. The Jews also had their own entrance with gates of huon pine and iron which were recently found in undergrowth where they once stood. 45 The Cemetery Superintendent s residence was at the southern side of the cemetery. It was a large building with an orchard and flower garden attached. 46 The colonial cottage with a double pitch, hipped iron roof, is a single storeyed structure. Renovations of the roof several years ago, established that the chimneys were built of convict brick. It is now the offices of the Southern Regional Cemetery Trust. A shelter designed by Henry Hunter and built in was recently moved from its original location to the rear of and between the Wellington Chapel and the blacksmith s shop. National Trust has classified the Cemetery Offices, the shelter and the nearby sandstone blacksmith s shop, which dates from the 1830s. Now named the Derwent Chapel, the future of the old crematorium and chapel built of brick in 1936 is now uncertain. The new crematorium, named the Wellington Chapel stands adjacent to the Trust offices. Recently completed is a fine gateway, with a pair of wrought iron gates and new gardens welcome visitors to the cemetery. On 13 May 1998, 48 a plaque was erected stating: HOBART CEMETERY Est 1872 Re-interments Those who died after 1872 were buried in the new Cornelian Bay Cemetery and remains of some deceased family members were removed from the older cemeteries and interred with their loved one. Some, particularly for the 19 th century, appear in the Cornelian Bay burial records but without an age or address noted. The date given for burial is probably the date of reburial. As use of the old cemeteries changed, particularly those that were later subdivided for housing, playgrounds or school grounds, the cemetery was cleared and remains were transferred to Cornelian Bay Cemetery. Various religious groups have erected inscribed memorial stones recording some names of people previously buried in these old cemeteries within the relevant religious sections of the cemetery. Endnotes: 1 I would like to acknowledge the assistance of Messrs H. S. Rhee, S. Jacques, R. Stanton and Miss S. Williams and staff of the Southern Regional Cemetery Trust. 2 AOT, CSD 7/42/1872, 22 July Tasmanian Family Link and death registration Hobart, 2nd October 1874 (regd 4 October.) 4 Cemetery Board, Mercury, 9 October D. Pike, General editor, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume , A-H, Melbourne University Press, 1966, p M. Tipping, Convicts Unbound: The Story of the Calcutta Convicts and their Settlement in Australia. Viking O Neil, 1988, p L. Robson, A History of Tasmania Vol 1; Van Diemen s Land from the Earliest Times to 1855: Oxford University Press, 1983, p W. T. Southerwood, Time Line of Catholic Australia, Stella Maris Books, 1993, p.6. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

14 9 Ramble Through Old Cemeteries, Tasmanian Mail, 4 October 1902, p Archives Office of Tasmania (AOT), Colonial Secretary s Office, CSO 1/269/ W. N. Oats, The Rose and the Waratah, The Friends School Hobart , The Friends School, 1979, p.22; W. N. Oats, A Question of Survival, Quakers in Australia in the Nineteenth Century, University of Queensland Press, 1985 p R. Davidson, The Hill Street Burial Ground, Hobart Town Courier, 25 August 1844, p AOT, CSO 1/445/9929 pp.260, Ramble Through Old Cemeteries, op. cit., p S. Petrow, God s Neglected Acres: A History of Cemeteries in Tasmania, , 5th Annual Conference, Hobart, 1992, Australian Cemeteries and Crematoria Association Ltd., 1992, p Editorial, The Mercury, 20 December Journals of the House of Assembly, Paper No. 28, Correspondence between the Government and the Trustees of the Cornelian Bay Cemetery. 19 The Mercury, 3 December H. S. Rhee, Hobart Public Cemetery and Crematorium, Address to the Genealogical Society of Tasmania, Inc., 16 July Petrow, God s Neglected Acres, op. cit., p The Mercury, 3 December Hobart Town Gazette, 1 November Rhee, op. cit. 25 The Mercury, 14 June AOT, Colonial Secretary s Department, Correspondence between the Colonial Secretary and the Trustees of the Cornelian Bay Cemetery, CSD 7/42/ June Petrow, God s Neglected Acres, op. cit., p Petrow, God s Neglected Acres, op. cit. 29 The Mercury, 16 January Ramble through the Old Cemeteries The Mercury, 22 September, 1902, p Interview with S. Williams, Southern Cemetery Trust Office, 24 February Interview with B. Stanton, Southern Cemetery Trust Office, 22 May The Mercury, 7 June 2001, p Petrow, God s Neglected Acres, op. cit., p Interview with S. Williams, Southern Cemetery Trust Office, 24 February Interview with S. Jacques, Southern Cemetery Trust Office, 24 February Interview with S. Jacques, Southern Cemetery Trust Office, 24 February Petrow, God s Neglected Acres, op. cit., pp.15, Petrow, God s Neglected Acres, op. cit., p HIV/AIDS vigil, The Mercury, 14 May 1998, p Petrow, God s Neglected Acres, op. cit. 42 Interview with S. Jacques, Southern Cemetery Trust Office, 24 February The Mercury, 17 June Rhee, op. cit. 45 Stanton, op. cit. 46 The Mercury, 16 January, Information from the site. 48 Stanton, op. cit. ADVERTISING RATES All prices quoted for advertising in Tasmanian Ancestry include GST. Advertisements may be either in portrait or landscape layout. The following rates apply. FULL PAGE 11.75cm x 17.75cm $66.00 one issue $ four issues HALF PAGE 5.50cm x 17.75cm or 11.75cm x 8.25cm $44.00 one issue $ four issues QUARTER PAGE 5.50cm x 8.25cm or 11.75cm x 4.25cm $27.50 one issue $82.50 four issues SMALLER Rates on request 12 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

15 LUKE RICHARD CASTRAY Lyn Workman M Y great great grandfather, Luke Richard CASTRAY, was born in Grahamstown, South Africa about 1825, of British parents Luke Castray born about 1784 and Elizabeth Henrietta née McDOUR born about 1798 in Canada. Luke the elder was sent to South Africa with the 98th Regiment from Stirling Castle in Scotland. The 91st Regiment originally the 98th that arrived in Simon s Bay on 4 September 1795 not only took part in the capture of the Cape in 1795, but also participated later in the various Kaffir Wars and the Zululand campaign. The Regiment was raised in 1794 by the Duke of Argyll and was known as the Argyllshire Highlanders, with the first Lt Col being Duncan CAMPBELL. The regiment embarked in the East India ships, Coof, Deptford, Osterly and Warren Hastings, on 6 July The 98th Highlanders arrived at Simonstown on 3 September 1795 as part of a force some 4,500 strong under Sir Alured CLARKE. On 9 September, the regiment marched to Muizenberg to join General CRAIG. Muizenberg was described as a narrow passage between a steep mountain and the sea. His second-in-command had already forced a landing with the advance guard and had driven the Dutch off their only tenable defensive position in front of Cape Town. After a cautious, leisurely disembarkation lasting no less than ten days, Sir Alured Clarke faced the now vastly outnumbered Dutch at Wynberg. They cheated him of his great victory by running away after one ragged volley cost his army one seaman killed and seventeen soldiers wounded, four of them from the 98th. He made the best of a bad job with a general order thanking his troops for their spirited exertions and cheerful perseverance through every hardship in terms which Wellington would have thought fulsome after a major victory. So the 98th technically had their baptism of fire and settled down as the permanent garrison. They suffered some really serious casualties from the unsalubrious climate and the unsanitary conditions in Cape Castle for seven unhappy years. Eleven dead were lost in the first month and there were seldom less than 100 sick in the hospital. Much worse, however, for morale, was the order in December to adopt the standard uniform of the British Army in India. LOCHNELL had gone to TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

16 vast trouble to fit them all out with six yards each of the dark green Campbell tartan with the black stripe. For the rest, they wore the full Highland dress: scarlet coats faced with yellow for both officers and men; black socks, leather for rank and file and velvet for officers; diced hose in red and white with scarlet garters, in Highland shoes with yellow or gold oval shoe buckles, lace with black and white cotton for NCOs and men, silver for officers and officers epaulettes, when worn, were also of silver lace. All ranks wore the regulation Highland feather bonnets while officers wore their own hair, clubbed over the ears with red rosettes on each club, and the queue tied with a black bow. All this now to be abandoned for garments no more suitable for hot climates than the kilt, and drearily undistinguished. The uniform consisted of white trousers with black half-gaiters, scarlet tunics and absurd round, black, felt hats at least six inches high, with a four inch brim, curled up at the sides, with a plume over the left ear, white for the grenadier company, green for the light company and black for battalion. In this costume, deeply resented by all ranks, the 98th soldiered on as the Cape Town garrison. Luke eventually became Quartermaster of the 98th Regiment. He and his wife, Elizabeth Henrietta Castray, had eight children Luke Richard, Mary Elizabeth, Selina, Henrietta Sturgeon, Charles Cathcart, Arthur Wellesley, Thomas and Harcourt Danford. Many future generations of the Castray family had the name Wellesley added to their name after Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington. Also the name Wellesley D Urban which was given to Luke s great grandson, by the baby s father John, is possibly taken from both the Duke of Wellington and Sir Benjamin D Urban, who was a Regimental leader and fought in the Kaffir Wars. After the fifth frontier war between the Xhosa and the white settlers, in which the Xhosa were driven back across the Keiskamma River, the Cape Government decided to maintain the whole area between the Keiskamma and the Great Fish Rivers as a buffer zone. Forts were built to maintain the peace and it was for this reason that Fort Beaufort was built. It was in the circular architectural style of a Martello Tower, commonly used in coastal defense of England and France. This is where Luke served. He died at Wynberg, Cape Town on 31 October Luke s son Luke Richard was also a military man in the Commissariat. The forerunner of the Royal Corps of Transport, it was responsible for providing and paying for everything necessary for the subsistence and transport of an army. During the period of the Kaffir Wars, the Commissariat was a civilian department under the direct control of the Treasury and in the field, had custody of the Military Chest. A General Order laid down the uniform to be worn by the Commissariat Officers, from the Horse Guards, on 1 August Luke Richard is shown in the South African NAAIRS files for the first time in 1850 as Assistant Commissariat Clerk. He compiled the Authority Book of the Kaffir War, , and was responsible for: Government Notices, Scales of Allowances, General and Frontier District Orders. He was granted The South Africa 1853 Medal, for services rendered and is mentioned in the book on the medal, written by G. R. EVERSON. I have a precious piece of the ribbon, given with the medal, from the author s piece of ribbon. Luke 14 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

17 Richard Castray married Mary Ann BOOTH in Grahamstown in They had six children John Wellesley Booth, George Richard, Selina Mortimer, Luke, my great grandfather, Alice Mary and Edward Randolph Wolfe. Luke Richard served with the expedition against the insurgent Dutch Boers on the northern part of the Cape of Good Hope in 1842 and in the Kaffir Wars in 1845, 1846 and He also served at Mauritius from 1860 to During this time he was sent on a special mission to Madagascar to ascertain the resources of the island, as to supplies of cattle, grain, timber and coal. He proceeded as far as the capital, Antananarivo and received the Order of Radama from King Radama. Luke Richard served in New Zealand from and on 1 October 1864 was attached to the field force of Wanganui. On 1 December 1864, he transferred to Taranaki, the scene of operations against the rebel Maoris, where he remained until May While at Taranaki he was dispatched on a service of some danger and difficulty in a steamer with supplies,to effect a landing at the White Cliffs a distance of thirty miles from Taranaki. He effected a night landing where a detachment of the 70th Regiment, under the command of Major RALSTON, was surrounded by rebel Maoris and short of supplies. He was present in the field forwarding supplies through the Mataitawa bush in the celebrated march of the troops under the command of Major-General Sir Trevor CHUTE, KCB, from Wanganui in January He also served under Lieut General Sir Duncan A. CAMERON KCB. He again received a medal for this. At the same time that Luke Richard was in New Zealand, his son, John Wellesley Booth Castray, was an ensign in the Wanganui Militia (1865 during the Maori Wars). John s son, another Luke Richard Castray, was born in New Plymouth, New Zealand, on 7 May By 1872, Walchs Alamanac notes Luke Richard at the Control Department Office, Military Stores, New Wharf, Hobart Town Commissary In Charge, Acting Barrack Master, Military Accountant, Military Store Officer, Assistant Commissary General and Justice of the Peace. He lived in Byron Street, Hobart, for some time and died on 27 October His obituary in The Mercury on 28 October 1897 records The death occurred yesterday at his residence, Byron street of Mr. Luke Richard Castray, formerly Assistant Commissary- General late Control Department, from which position he retired some years ago. He was also a Justice of the Peace for Tasmania; having been appointed as far back as September A few years ago he left Hobart and took up his residence in Launceston, but recently returned to the metropolis, and had led the quiet unobtrusive life which his failing health needed, and which best suited his individual taste. His memory will be kept green in Hobart through his exertions in getting the Castray Esplanade constructed as a pleasant healthful place of resort for citizens, and into which work he threw his whole heart early in the seventies. Subsequently he entered with equal earnestness upon the cause of the Prisoners Aid Society, and his name is identified with much of the good work done by that most useful Institution. He was an old Army Officer, and in every respect a Gentleman. Of late he had suffered from an affliction of the heart and his demise was not altogether unexpected. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

18 An interview with his son, Edward (Ted) Randolph Wolfe Castray, appeared in the Critic, 10 August 1923, page 3, and stated: That Edward s father Luke Richard was attached to the Imperial Military Department and they resided in the military barracks. Mr. Castray Senior was a most progressive citizen, and when in control of the Ordnance branch, which was then located at the end of what is now known as Princes Wharf, it occurred to him that whole sweep of waterfront - which runs from Princes Steps to the boundary of Ross s shipyard - could be turned into a seaside boulevard, for the use and recreation of the general public. After talking the matter over with the civic authorities, Mr. Castray mapped out his plans to construct a sea wall, and secured his labour from HM Gaol. He undertook the sole supervision of the work, and the result was a spacious esplanade, seated and planted with foliage trees. So well was the work The house in Byron Street, Hobart. carried out, that to this day, it has never budged, and remains a standing monument to the memory of an esteemed and respected public man. Mary Ann Castray, his wife my great great grandmother arrived in Tasmania in 1868 on the Alfred with Alice, then 15, Edward 10 and Selina 18. Mary Ann s parents, Benjamin and Margaret Booth, were an interesting couple. Benjamin aged 32 and Margaret aged 28, were part of Sephton s Party. When England started mechanising and many people were put out of work, ideas were emerging about emigrating to South Africa where land was available. Sephton s Party was a joint-stock party consisting mainly of small tradesmen, its members united by a common religious faith. The party s original leader was Edward WYNNE of Lincoln s Inn Fields, London, a smith by trade and an active member of the Great Queen Street Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. In July 16 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

19 1819, a week after the announcement of the emigration scheme, he submitted an application on behalf of ten families of the Great Queen Street congregation. He hoped eventually to increase the number to 100, so that the party would be entitled to nominate a clergyman to accompany it, whose salary would be paid by government. All trades were represented in the group so that they would be selfsufficient bakers, bricklayers, shoemakers, china painter, labourers etc. By September, Wynne had enrolled ninety-six dissenter families wishing to emigrate, some of them from farther afield than Great Queen Street. They formed themselves into the United Wesleyan Methodist Society, with a committee responsible for the organization of the party. The selection of the clergyman was put in the hands of the committee of the General Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society. These families, with 300 other settlers, sailed from Gravesend on 15 February 1820 and arrived on 15 May at Algoa Bay (Port Elizabeth today). The conditions on the ship were so cramped that most of the men had to sleep on deck in the open. Many perished on the journey. They travelled by ox wagon for six weeks to get to Bathurst. The South African climate is similar to the Australian outback and they had to fend for themselves completely. With a tent and no water, no roads, no medical care and Grahamstoen (now Grahamstown), a fifty-mile walk away, life on arrival was very hard. South Africa is similar to the Australia climate wise. A well-known minister of religion, Henry DUGMORE, said in his memoirs: You had two options, take root or die. The new location was named Salem, meaning peace. Here, an attractive village arose (the only village founded by a settler party that still exists today) with a community notable among the settlers for the order with which its affairs were conducted, both spiritual and temporal. From the Castray File compiled by Lyn Workman née Castray, 2001 Photographs supplied by Lyn Workman. Note: Castray Esplanade runs along Princes Wharf, parallel with Salamanca Place, from Parliament Square and around Battery Point until it meets the junction of Hampden Road, Colville Street and Secheron Road. NEW RELEASE An index to EARLY COASTAL NEWSPAPERS This publication covers personal announcements from nine of the early NW Coast newspapers from There are many Birth, Death and Marriage announcements in this publication that have not been indexed before. As well as the date of the event, additional information has been transcribed, including spouse details, kin, places and age. Available from TFHS Inc. Burnie Branch PO Box 748 Burnie TAS 7320 Price $30.00 plus p&p TFHS Members $27.00 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

20 THE TASMANIAN BRAILLE WRITERS ASSOCIATION Joy Smith AS far back as the 14th century, experiments were made to teach the blind to read. Then in 1784, a Frenchman, Valentin HALLY, commenced the first printing in raised Roman letters, produced on thin sheets of cardboard pressed over lead type. He also founded in Paris the first school for the blind, which received national support from In the 1830s, other methods of reading by touch included: Roman letters modified into lines and angles; embossed ordinary Roman capitals and Dr MOON s invention, in which the main outlines of Roman letters were kept, as far as they could be felt easily, and supplemented by arbitrary symbols, like strokes and dashes. There was, however, no consistency between the different systems in their use of symbols, so the methods of reading were not easily transferable and the choice of which method to adopt remained a local decision. Moon type became widely read in the United Kingdom. While these systems of raised signs could be printed for reading by touch, they could not be handwritten. As a child, I assumed that Moon type received its name because of the appearance of the embossed page, where full moon and crescent moon shapes seemed to stand out. Eventually I realised that the various systems had been named after their inventors. So who then, was the inventor, BRAILLE? Louis Braille was born on 4 January 1809 in the village of Coupvray, France. His father was a saddler, and it was while three-year-old Louis was imitating his work with a piece of leather and a sharp knife that the knife suddenly slipped and injured an eye. When the other eye became infected, nothing could be done to save his sight; by the age of five Louis was totally blind. At the village school he had to learn his lessons by listening and remembering. To help him recognise the letters of the alphabet, his father formed them with round-headed upholstery nails driven into a piece of wood, and Louis learned them by touch. In 1819, aged ten, he was granted a scholarship to Hally s Institute for Blind Youth in Paris. In spite of the damp building, the unhealthy accommodation and the high death rate (a common description of charitable institutions in that era) and in spite of eventual tuberculosis, young Louis showed outstanding scientific and literary ability. At the Institute, in 1821 he met a retired artillery captain, Charles Barbier de la SERRE, who had invented a pattern of raised dots punched onto thin cardboard for night writing by his troops. The dots were grouped to represent sounds rather than single letters. At the age of twelve, Louis began working to iron out the problems in Barbier s method. It took him three years of intensive study to produce a system of individual letters, which could also be used for mathematics and music, made by all possible combinations of six raised dots, which could be handwritten as well as read. He was appointed to the teaching staff of the Institute, and in 1829 published the Braille system. It took another fifteen years for it to be officially 18 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

21 recognised in France, by which time Louis had given up teaching because of his illness. Louis Braille died on 6 January 1852, aged 43. A century later, France recognised his genius and paid him its highest honour, a resting place in the Pantheon, among the great. The house where he was born became a permanent memorial, maintained by the World Council for the Welfare of the Blind. Some forty years after the death of Louis Braille, in September 1896, Samuel CLEMES, Headmaster of the Friends School in Hobart joined the executive committee of the Tasmanian Society for the Blind Deaf and Dumb and soon became its secretary. As a first step, the Society opened a small shop in Bathurst Street where skills in mat and brushmaking were taught and where the rules for workers provided fines for coming late (3d. for five minutes, 6d. for fifteen minutes) and every instance of intoxication shall be visited by the severest reprehension of the Committee. In 1897, when Queen Victoria s diamond jubilee was celebrated, the Tasmanian Government selected the establishment of an institution for the blind, deaf and dumb of the colony as a fitting memorial to Her Majesty s record reign. The original building next to the old cottage and fronting onto Lewis Street was occupied in October The official opening took place in the following February, concluding with tea and strawberries and cream, a tradition still followed at the Braille Writers Christmas parties. The Launceston Committee of the Blind Society had set up its Braille Writing Society in June The Ladies Committee in Hobart formed into a Braille Society in July, and both groups were encouraged by a visit from Miss Tilly ASTON, a blind author from Victoria, who had been the driving force behind the creation of the Braille Library and the Association for the Blind in that state. Samuel Clemes credited Miss Aston with starting a Braille Writing Class in Hobart. After her visit, he called an inaugural meeting at Friends High School in August 1897 to set up the Braille Writers Association, with his wife Margaret as the first president. For several years, Braille writing activities were continued in both Launceston and Hobart. Clemes regarded the supply of good literature to blind people who could not attend the Institution as the most important part of Home Teaching and the Braille Societies as playing an essential role in increasing the existing library. From the beginning, the Braille Writers were properly taught and tested and their work was checked and corrected. Five members of the Hobart group, instructed by Mr Frank SMITH, met to produce a magazine, Meliora for blind readers. The 1898 edition contained 2 sheets on science, 2 biographical sheets, poetry, a serial story by Rudyard Kipling and curious facts. Meliora continued for the next six years. An early decision to collect books and magazines and build up the library involved the association in fundraising and obtaining equipment on-going processes for all succeeding members. In 1898 the Tasmanian Government made an initial grant of 20 and allowed free postage. This was continued by the Federal Government from 1906 onwards. Books were posted initially in tin boxes, then wicker baskets, and finally, canvas bags. Free postage was certainly needed if the work of distributing books was to continue, since it was recorded at one stage that there was only seven pence in the bank! TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

22 When the School for the Blind opened in January 1901, the Braille Writers began a close association with blind children which continued for many years. With the illness of the first teacher, Miss ISHERWOOD and her subsequent death, Mr Frank Smith was appointed teacher from The Braille Writers were then able to repay his help to them by transcribing for the school poetry, geography texts, grammars and primers, as well as music a major contribution to the quality of the children s education. By 1905, they presented prizes to the children and cakes for their Christmas break-up and in 1913, the children s Christmas outing was started. The children were entertained by the Braille Writers in their own homes, or taken on a picnic, usually at Springvale Tea Gardens or at the Sandy Bay Ozone tearoom. I remember from my early childhood being invited by Miss CLARKE to one of her picnics at Sandy Bay in the building that resembled a bush house and was lavishly decorated with manferns. Initially the Braille Writers held their meetings above the Institution s shop in Bathurst Street and later, at the Benevolent Society s rooms. At the outbreak of World War I, the Association was well established, lending over 100 volumes and 300 magazines annually. Expansion of services during this period was halted, owing to a shortage of Braille paper and the reluctance of some local firms to continue binding books without charging. As the war ended, social evenings for the blind were introduced. These were held regularly, in various school and church halls, including the kindergarten at Leslie House School, which Samuel Clemes had founded after leaving Friends. The driving force behind this aspect of the Braille Writers activities was Miss M. B. Clarke, their elected representation on the General Committee of the Blind and Deaf Society. She recognised the importance of human fellowship among the blind, and strongly supported the formation of the Braille Mutual Progress Society. This expansion into social activities, together with the growing number of library books, made a clubroom a necessity. Fund raising for the building began in October 1922, with a donation of 5 raised by a Collegiate School concert. Concerts were also given by the pupils of Mr Frank SMITH and by the girls of the Hobart Ladies College, where Miss Clarke was co-principal. After five years, the fund amounted to 461, and at this stage, the land, 25 ft fronting onto Lewis Street, with a 60 ft depth, which the previous general committee of the Blind and Deaf Society had confirmed it would make available as a gift, was handed over. The Society, now known as the Tasmanian Institute for the Blind Deaf and Dumb, was in the process of reorganising itself after a difficult period, culminating in the Royal Commission in Any good publicity that would enhance its image in the eyes of the Tasmanian public was eagerly sought and the grant of land to the Braille Writers Association provided such an opportunity. Accordingly, on 1 June 1927, the Mayor of Hobart, Ald. J. J. WIGNALL, in the absence of the Governor, who was indisposed and in the presence of a large number of important citizens, formally handed over to the Braille Writers Association possession of the block of land on which they were then gathered, and solemnly pegged it out. In acknowledging the gift, Miss Clarke outlined the work of the Braille Writers and appealed for contributions to the building fund, and her remarks were supported by Mr Frank Smith. The Mercury s detailed report took up three columns. 20 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

23 By October, plans had been drawn up by the honorary architect, Bernard WALKER, and tenders called. GILLHAM Bros began building in November, and the Braille Library was formally opened on 7 March 1928 at a cost of 726. Due to the generosity of an anonymous donor, the building was opened free of debt, a remarkable achievement by the Braille Writers. After this, the Braille Writers made the necessary financial arrangements to furnish, equip and maintain the building, with some help from the government, the Institution and the Braille Mutual Progress Society. At the same time, there appeared to be a tug-of-war between the Braille Writers and the new Board of Management of the Institution on the question of affiliation, with the Braille Writers Association resolving to maintain separate identity. This was apparently overlooked by the Board in 1933, when the Act which incorporated the Institution vested the whole of the property in the Institution itself, and made no reference to any separate title held by the Braille Writers Association. Consequently, when the complex was sold in 1987, the land on which the Braille Library stands was included in the sale. At present the Association is in the position of owning its building but not the land. In 1930 a bequest from Professor McAULAY increased the book stock by 200 volumes and put pressure on storage. As a result, the committee room at the side of the library was added. The following year, the Board of the Institution took over the welfare work from the Braille Writers. A cryptic extract from the minutes reads: Board burnt in pantry. The nature of the incinerated board was not explained. Was it an accident or a symbolic gesture? When the Talking Book Library was set up in 1938, the Braille Writers were initially responsible for it. But it, too, was eventually removed by the Board to the Welfare section. The growth in popularity of talking books led to a temporary decline in readers and writers of Braille. During 1939, arrangements were made for an exchange of books with Western Australia, the first consignment being sent in October. Two months later, it was reported they had been lost in the mail and it was another twelve months before they turned up in Western Australia. A noteworthy event in 1948 was the visit of Miss Helen KELLER, the most famous of all blind persons and her equally remarkable companion, Miss Polly THOMPSON. Their photograph hangs on the wall just above that of Louis Braille. During the 1950s and 1960s, the library made steady progress, buying new books and transcribing regularly. Braille continued to be taught and high school textbooks were transcribed for several students who obtained their Schools Board or Matriculation Certificates. The Association was able to make donations to the Talking Book Library and also to give support to the new factory and the Lord Fraser Home. Book Week displays were held annually and contact was made with similar groups in Japan, Ceylon and South Africa, as well as with the Australian National Council for the Blind and the National Library in Canberra. From 1970, the number of readers and Braille writers tapered off and as activities run by the Braille Mutual Progress Society declined, the room was lent to various other organisations for meetings. It was now possible to move the Talking Book Library back into the Braille Writers committee room, and this occurred in June TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

24 A few years later, a redevelopment of the library took place, when the stock was revised, the catalogue checked and put onto the National Union Catalogue for the Handicapped at the National Library. The Association joined the Round Table for Materials for the Print Handicapped and has participated regularly in these conferences since A Tasmanian branch of the Australian Braille Authority has been set up and operates from the Braille Library. These contacts have kept the Tasmanian Braille Writers in touch with developments elsewhere. At present, a small and dedicated team of writers continues to produce books in Braille. These are proof-read before being bound. The library has a total holding of over 1800 books. Its catalogue has been computerised and issued in Braille; through its inclusion in the national catalogue, interstate and overseas readers have access to the books. As a result of assistance received from several sources, the library is now technically well-equipped to produce its own material. So in 1997, its centenary year, we find an organisation that has not only survived to supply the literary needs of its readers, and contribute to their welfare and social life for the last 100 years, but has also kept pace with the technological developments of recent times achievements worthy of congratulations. Some of the people to be remembered are: Miss M. B. Clarke, ever ready to share her love of books and education and to help people to develop their full potential; Miss Millicent WATCHORN, a gentle cultured lady with a special interest in transcribing music into Braille; Miss Kate CROUCH and Miss Phyllis BOYES, who were so active in entertaining blind and deaf children; Miss Blanche ROWNTREE, who learned Braille to avoid going to Sunday School and who furthered the education of so many children by transcribing their text books; Mrs MOORE, an energetic little lady who conducted dancing lessons and Mr John SMITH, attending to the fire and reading his books, and so the list goes on. Braille writing must be a healthy occupation. One factor shared by most of these people is their longevity. Miss Clarke died at 91, my father, Mr Frank Smith, was 90, Miss Watchorn and Miss Rowntree were both in their late 80s. The Rev. Nat SONNERS is another worthy of mention for his positive work in explaining about Braille and promoting its use at a time when certain elements were doing their best to discourage it. Another was Miss Marjorie WEST- BROOK whose Braille contribution must be acknowledged. Earlier I mentioned that Samuel Clemes credited Miss Tilly Aston with starting the Braille Writing Class in Hobart. I would like to conclude with an extract from one of her poems, in a collection, Songs of Light, which she published in It is the closing lines of a poem called Failure, written from the point of view of a person who feels despondent because her efforts seem to be unsuccessful, then realises that the work has not been in vain. I think it can equally apply to the work of the Tasmanian Braille Writers Association during the last 100 years. For surely as I breathe and move, And as the Heaven shines above, As follows day the night, Each honest act of mercy done, Each course of loving duty run, Each aspiration launched or won, Though fruitless seems the cost, All noble things we do and dare, Must fruitful be, sometime, somewhere, And never can be lost. 22 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

25 LYDIA SOLOMON Sally Steel (Member No. 3919) L YDIA S father, Judah SOLOMON was the son of a London Jewish merchant. He married a widow, Esther ABRAHAMS, in January 1805, at Sheerness in Kent. They had ten children and another was expected when he was convicted with his younger brother Joseph at the Kent Assizes in 1819, for hiring burglars to repossess unpaid-for goods at Sheerness. The Jewish Community in Sheerness was established around 1790 at a time of increased activity in the dockyards due to the Napoleonic Wars. The community declined after the Napoleonic Wars and by the 1840s only five families were left. Judah and Joseph Solomon arrived in Hobart Town in 1820 and by January 1821, had commenced business in their residence in Argyle Street. In 1822, Henry DAVIS, the colony s first free Jewish immigrant, brought a subscription from the Sheerness merchants to the Solomon brothers which accelerated their business successes and enabled the building of Temple House at the corner of Liverpool and Argyle Streets. In 1823, they were among the 200 foundation subscribers of the Bank of Van Diemen s Land and becoming quite wealthy. Judah established a relationship with his housekeeper, Elizabeth HOWELL and had a son Joseph in Although he gained a ticket-of-leave soon after arrival, he never received a pardon as his English wife Esther ensured that he was denied his freedom to divorce her. In 1828 and 1829, Lydia s brothers Isaac and Michael Solomon arrived in Hobart Town. In December 1832, Lydia arrived on Palamban, with her husband Henry Samuel BENJAMIN and two small children, Benjamin and Esther, her mother Esther, and her younger sisters Sarah and Rebecca. Her parents welldocumented 1 domestic problems ensued as Esther sought to gain a share of her husband s wealth. When the Palamban brought three Jewish adults and four Jewish children to Hobart in 1832 one Van Diemen s Land newspaper reported that 75 Jews had arrived - an entire colony... to replace their brethren of the moneylending tribe about to return to England. Another newspaper asked whether the importation of Jews by the Palamban is owing to strong representation made by the bearded fraternity here to their brethren in London. The paper was glad that most of the Jews aboard the ship (about 22 of them) did not disembark at Hobart but sailed on to NSW. 2 Lydia and Henry Benjamin probably married around Little is known of Henry s family, but his parents did come to Van Diemen s Land. Soon after arriving in Hobart Town, Henry and Lydia moved to Oatlands for twelve months where he was licensee of the York and Albany Inn. He was described as a very respectable innkeeper and had a considerable run of business. In 1834, however, a Mr GRIFFITHS claimed that Benjamin had robbed him of 20. Business at the Inn then fell off considerably. The Colonial Times reported that Henry was called a bloody Jew Bastard and that little Jew Benjamin robbed me by a fellow publican. The court awarded Mr Benjamin 65 damages. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

26 Henry and Lydia then went to New South Wales and tried to establish a business there, but as the climate did not agree with Henry s health, they returned to Van Diemen s Land. It is probable that their second son, Henry, was born while they were in Sydney. From 1835 to 1839, Henry was licensee of the Old Hamilton Inn and he again ran into trouble. In September 1835, he complained to the Lieutenant Governor 3 that some spirits he was transporting to his new house for the commencement of his trade had been seized, because his licence to remove spirits had expired the day before. He claimed a right in equity of having the spirits restored to him and the local Police Magistrate supported his claim. But a Justice of the Peace and more than one of the Lieutenant Governor s advisers thought his aim had been to begin selling liquor before the licence to do so had come into operation. His petition was rejected. Later in the year, when his House was well established, he claimed to be subject to the threats of the District Constable, who operated a store, unknown up until that time to Benjamin, in a private capacity and thought Benjamin was out to undersell him. The District Constable had intimated that he, Benjamin, would be in trouble with the police if he did so; whereupon Benjamin, who had thought to do no such thing, previous to the threats being made, now decided to and the District Constable made good his promise. Benjamin complained of this, too, to the Lieutenant Governor and accused the constables of continually laying false and petty accusations in the police court against him. Whether official notice was taken of Benjamin s appeal is not recorded. In August 1837 a son, Morris, was born to Lydia at Hamilton. In March 1839 they advertised the inn for sale or to let. In offering the above property Mr Benjamin wishes to state his own reasons for so doing is, that his town business compels him to be on the spot. For further particulars inquire of J. Soloman Hobart Town or to H. S. Benjamin Hamilton Mar 21. While they were at Hamilton Lydia s sisters, Rachel and Louise, arrived in Hobart Town with their families from London. In August 1839 a fourth son, Samuel, was born to Mrs H. S. Benjamin at Hamilton. The Benjamins then moved to Hobart, where Henry was licensee of the Grapes Hotel at the corner of Elizabeth and Liverpool Streets in October 1839 and October In 1840, he was an auctioneer and commission agent at 49 Elizabeth Street when he established a boarding house, the Macquarie Hotel, at 50 Elizabeth Street 4. In June 1841, Henry wrote indignantly to the newspaper of an unparalleled act of oppression of a British subject, referring to his treatment in a case concerning his brother-in-law John Davis of Brighton. On 27 May 1842, he was advertised as an insolvent, but he was licensee of the Ferry House Inn at New Norfolk on 7 October Lydia had a second daughter Eve around On 21 January 1846, the Hobart Town Courier described how a Mr MOONEY had been fined ten shillings for having kicked Morris Benjamin, an eight-yearold Jewish boy and sung at the same time that well known ditty, If I had a piece of pork, I d stick it on a fork and give it to a Jew boy, Jew. In 1847, Henry was licensee of the King George Hotel at New Wharf, Hobart 24 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

27 Town. He was however, described as a fruiterer on his death certificate in 1852 and a draper on his younger daughter s death certificate in Henry died aged 42, from rheumatism in March 1852, while on the vessel Swordfish en route to Melbourne and was buried at Swan Island off the north eastern tip of Tasmania. 5 His youngest son, Samuel, of Murray Street, Hobart, registered his death the following month. Later that year he was re-interred at the Jewish cemetery with Eve who died in July 1852 aged 68, relict of Benjamin Benjamin. It seems likely that she was his mother. A headstone transcript from the Old Jewish Cemetery records that Benjamin Benjamin died on 12 September 1837, aged 62 years. In November 1855, Lydia married Lewis COHEN, professor of dancing and about five years younger, at the Synagogue in Argyle Street, Hobart. Her older daughter Esther had married Abraham MYERS, an emancipist, in 1854 and gone to Sydney. Her son Henry had also married in 1854 in Melbourne and it was likely that Benjamin and Morris were also on the mainland. Samuel, and probably his older brothers, learned commerce under the guidance of the Solomons at Temple House from 1852 until their mercantile interests wound up. He then went into a shoe manufacturing business with other members of the Solomon family. Eve went to Melbourne in Esther was there around this time, so it is likely that Lydia and Lewis Cohen also went to the mainland. How did Lydia and her siblings relate to the marital problems of their parents? Lydia was living in a house at 39 Macquarie Street, adjoining the English French and American Hotel in December 1855, when her father left the property in trust to her in his will. Her step-brother Joseph was his sole executor, major beneficiary and trustee for his daughters Sarah and Lydia. Judah was living with his son Joseph and de facto Elizabeth at Vaucluse in Macquarie Street when he died the following year. Louisa was living at Pontville with her husband John Davis, who was licensee of the Blacksmith s Arms. Her mother Esther was at Brighton, possibly living with them, when in 1842, she wrote to the Colonial Secretary about her marriage with Judah. When Judah died in 1856 he left the Inn and ten acres of land adjoining it to his son Joseph in trust for his daughter Sarah. John Davis remained the licensee until Louisa s sister Rachel BARNETT moved to Victoria around Samuel Barnett of Collins Street was present at Esther Benjamin s marriage to Abraham Myers in Hobart Town in Isaac was in partnership with his stepbrother Joseph at Temple House and inherited it from his father. Joseph later bought it at auction in 1863 when Isaac left Tasmania. Michael burgled his brother-in-law H. S. Benjamin in 1846 and was convicted. He divorced his wife Sarah Solomon in 1854 and remarried in He had been a storekeeper at some time. Rebecca married James COOK in 1839 in Tasmania. She died in 1874 in Bathurst, New South Wales. Sarah and her husband, Joseph Solomon, were early settlers in Melbourne. They had returned to Tasmania by 1856 when Judah bequeathed her The Tasmanian Hotel at Pontville, a house on the corner of Murray Street and Bathurst Street and TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

28 a water flour mill near Macquarie Street in Hobart. Their mother, Esther Solomon, died of old age at her home in New Town in 1861 when she was 90 years old, deeply regretted by a large circle of friends. 6 The informant on her death certificate was H. Abrahams, a friend, of Liverpool Street Hobart. Lydia died in January 1880, at 337 Hackney Road, London, the home of her son Benjamin, when she was 68 years old. Benjamin, a shoe manufacturer, had married there in Her daughter, Esther, had returned to London to live about Henry was in Melbourne, Morris was in West Maitland and Samuel was also a shoe manufacturer in Hackney in Joseph Solomon left Temple House to his nephew Samuel Benjamin when he died in Samuel and his family returned to Tasmania from overseas and became prominent citizens. References: 1 Judah Solomon papers re marriage with Esther CSO 16/6/203; 22/68/ Chosen - the Jews in Australia by Hilary Rubinstein 1987 p.67 3 CSO1/828/ See his advertisement 16 June Hobart Town Courier 10 April Hobart Town Advertiser 30, also Mercury 25 September 1861 p.2, c.2 Research by Sandra Motteram, Beverley Dinn, Vicki Brown, Vanessa Blair, Sally Steel and others. DO YOU HAVE A CONVICT FROM STANFORD IN THE VALE OXFORDSHIRE? P HILIP MORRIS, editor of a new English publication, The Stanford Historian, is trying to find a connection between the name of the street in which he lives and Van Diemens Land. He writes that there were many instances of field names associated with Van Diemens Land in England which must have a special meaning in their respective localities in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Was it as a warning that if you were caught poaching, you would end your days in this strangely named place so far away, or was the name given after a local person went there either as a felon or a legitimate settler, and perhaps returned to the village? If you can provide any names or clues please contact Philip Morris. Initially, Phil hopes to publish two issues a year and that it will become a useful tool for recording the history of Stanford and neighbouring villages, particularly Goosey and Hatford. Although Stanford is now in the county of Oxfordshire, it was in Berkshire prior to the boundary changes made in Philip Morris 71 Van Diemans Stanford in the Vale Oxon SN7 8HW ENGLAND or Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. STATE ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING DEVONPORT Saturday, 22 June 2002 LDS Church Hall, East Devonport Contact: Branch Secretary PO Box 587 Devonport TAS 7310 Please register before 14 June if you require any catering. 26 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

29 MARY MARIA BROWN WOMEN PUBLICANS OF HOBART TOWN PART TWO Lou Daniels (Member No. 3646) M ARY MARIA BROWN was the wife of Thomas Brown, who arrived as a convict on board the Coromandel on 26 October On 23 September 1844, in St David s Cathedral, aged 36, he married Mary BULLOCK, a 22 year old spinster and they began their family of at least nine children, although there were possibly earlier children not registered. In May 1849, Thomas began his career as a publican at the Canterbury Inn in Hobart, secured by transfer from John HOLLAND. He held a series of licenses over the next 24 years, with his wife beside him. In December 1860, Thomas Brown applied for the London Wine Vaults. Chairman of the Bench HAMILTON referred to three convictions and to a refusal by Mary Brown to admit the detectives when they came in search of thieves. Lawyer CRISP, for the applicant, considered that the convictions were trivial and the offences had been expiated. With respect to not admitting the detectives, Thomas Brown was ill in bed and Mary Brown was afraid that some drunken soldiers wished to gain admission. Detective McGUIRE stated that Mrs Brown knew him quite well and had slammed the door in his face. The votes were tied five all, so the license was refused with power to appeal. The appeal succeeded, for in December 1861, Thomas had the license renewed. Brown was not highly regarded by some members of the Bench and was regularly convicted of minor infringements of the Act. He usually faced a fight to gain his licenses, but somehow succeeded, often on appeal. A curious attempt to prosecute Henry OLIVER of the Canterbury Inn was reported on 5 October 1870 in the Mercury: BREACH OF THE LICENSING ACT Propsting v Oliver. Henry Oliver was charged by Superintendant Propsting with having on the 24 th day of September committed a breach of the Licensing Act. Plea: Not guilty. Mr Sargent appeared for the defendant. Sub-Inspector Dorsett said he knew the defendant who was a licensed victualler and kept the Canterbury Inn Elizabeth Street. Remembered the 24 th of September. On that day he saw Mrs Brown serving behind the bar of the Inn. (A woman who gave the name of Mary Maria Brown here came into court, and was recognized by the witness as the person known to him as Priscilla Brown.) The defendant lived in a house in Warwick Street. Witness knew that Mr Oliver lived there, because his dog was chained up there, and from several other circumstances. Witnesses saw a lot of boxes belonging to Mrs Brown being taken into the Canterbury Inn some time since, and he had seen Mr Oliver s furniture removed therefrom. Cross examined by Mr Sargent: I have seen Mr Oliver go into the house in Warwick Street at ten o clock at night, and I have seen him come out at five o clock in the morning. Superintendant Propsting said that on the 24 September he saw the person who in court had given the name of Mary Maria Brown serving behind the bar of the Canterbury Inn. No permission had been granted for a TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

30 transfer of the license of the hotel from Mr Oliver to Mrs Brown. This closed the case for the prosecution. Mr Sargent then addressed the Bench, and contended that the charge should have been instituted under a different section of the Act. He knew for a fact that there were many houses in Hobart Town much worse conducted than was the Canterbury Inn, which escaped altogether. Mary Maria Brown, sworn, said she was the wife of Thomas Brown. She, with her family, occupied five rooms in the Canterbury Inn, on condition that she cooked and kept the place clean for Mr Oliver, his daughter being away. Mr Oliver still lived at the hotel, but he sometimes went out. He slept at the inn and not in Warwick Street. Witness served in the hotel simply as a servant, and only went in the bar when Mr Oliver was away. John Appleby, a building surveyor, sworn, said he knew the Canterbury Inn in Elizabeth Street. He had been working next door to the Canterbury Inn during the last six weeks, and had been in the habit of going into the inn every day. During the six weeks he had only known Mr Oliver to be away once. He had gone into the inn on several occasions in the evening and he had always seen Mr Oliver there. Sometimes Mr Oliver served him, and sometimes Mrs Brown did so. The Bench at the conclusion of this witness s evidence said they did not consider it necessary to go on any further with the case, and dismissed it. In December 1870, Henry Oliver transferred the house to Thomas Brown. Superintendent PROPSTING made explanation with respect to the licenses held by this applicant, and the number of penalties incurred by him, and especially alluded to his not having rendered assistance to the police when required on one occasion at the Black Swan. Mr SERGEANT supported the application. He told the bench that Brown was 70 years old, and paralysed. He also had a large family to support. The only means to do this was by a public house or going into the Brickfields Invalid Depot. After a few remarks by the Chairman, who said the Bench had taken into consideration Mr Brown s large family, the license was allowed. It is clear that Mary was the real landlord. In February 1872, Thomas became the licensee of the St Patrick on the corner of Goulburn and Barrack Streets. He died there from acute pneumonia on 21 April 1873, aged 73 and was buried in the Congregational Cemetery. Mary Maria was granted permission to sell under the license granted to her late husband when the next quarterly meeting came round in August When at the annual meeting in December 1874 Mary Maria Brown s renewal came up, Superintendent Propsting said there was no objection by the police. Alderman BROWNELL opposed the renewal, mentioning that on a recent occasion he had seen several children in the bar of the house. On questioning them as to their business in such a place, they replied that they had been attending at a raffle. The Rev d C. P. GREENE of St John s presented a petition against the license on behalf of himself and fellow worker the Rev d J. GRAY. He said that nothing pained him more than to have to perform such a duty a kind of work which should be done by the police. The Superintendent replied that there was no objection on the part of the police to the granting of the license. What had been mentioned was all hearsay. Alderman Brownell told the Bench, I witnessed the facts as I stated them. The 28 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

31 Superintendent continued to say that the neighbourhood was a populous one, so that children would consequently be seen in the vicinity of the house. It seemed monstrous that a woman and a mother of a family would permit children to take part, or be in any way interested in a raffle. Mr GRAVES, Mary s lawyer, said that by taking away the license on the grounds of mere hearsay statements, the bench would be depriving the applicant of her only means of obtaining her daily bread. The bench should not listen to the cant and chatter of outside talk. The grounds of opposition should be made known to the individual holding the license, and when brought before the bench the case should be adjourned for a week for the purpose of examining the grounds of objection. On 3 December 1874, The Mercury published a letter from R. BENTLEY, the butcher, of Goulburn Street: To the editor: Sir, In the cause of justice pray insert the following. In your report of the proceedings of the Bench of magistrates yesterday I find that my neighbour s (Mrs Brown) license was opposed by Alderman Brownell, who stated that on questioning some boys who congregated about the door he was informed that a raffle had taken place, and that the landlady was treating shandygaff, &c. The truth is simply this. I had a ham in my shop weighing some 22 lbs, and was induced by one or two of my neighbours to dispose of it by raffle, my neighbour Mrs Brown making a member at my solicitation. Her little son threw for her at my house, and happened to win it. He proceeded in triumph with it to his mother s house, accompanied by several other boys, his schoolmates. Mrs Brown, naturally pleased with her success, did motherly like invite the boys, or some of them, to gingerbeer and peppermint only, and for which she did not charge or receive a penny. No shandygaff or beer was served. It was distinctly stated in the raffle list that no extra charge should be made to the winner. Although fully endorsing the sentiments of our worthy Police Magistrate and others, I trust that the license will be granted at the next hearing, and that a really deserving woman, who has a large family to support, will not suffer for a crime (if crime it be) committed by your obliging servant, R BENTLEY, butcher, Goulburn Street. At the adjourned meeting, Superintendent Propsting stated that on 22 January last, the applicant had been fined 10 shillings and costs. Mr ADAMS, Clerk of the Peace, read the petition against from the Rev ds C. P. Greene and J. Gray. Mr Crisp, appearing for the applicant, produced a counter petition, signed by a number of persons living in the neighbourhood. He said that at the last meeting the application was adjourned to enquire into a statement made by Mr Brownell that a quantity of shandygaff had been distributed by Mrs Brown to a number of children. He would draw attention to the fact that Mr Bentley had written to The Mercury explaining the facts. Mrs Brown was not interested in the raffle except as a stakeholder, and having the winning ticket. She, no doubt being a little elated by her success, did give a few boys some ginger beer, but there was no beer in it. Mr Bentley had substantiated these facts. In the face of the petition, signed by nearly fifty residents in the neighbourhood, would the bench refuse to grant this woman her license? She was a widow, and as far as possible, earned an honest livelihood. This was an old licensed house, and the landlord had a vested interest in the premises. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

32 The petition was read, and was to the effect that the house had been conducted in a proper manner. Mr Brownell said that it was with very great regret that he had to mention unpleasant facts in this case or in others, and it was only a sense of duty, which impelled him to do so. He was anxious to uphold the respectable publicans. He thought it only right to protect the respectable public houses from those that were conducted in the reverse way and from all he had heard since last licensing day, he felt it only due in opposing this license, to make some observations. Although he would deeply regret to deprive this woman of her license, yet he would vote against it in the interests of the public and those who kept respectable houses. The applicant had conducted the house in by no means a respectable way, but it would be very difficult to bring direct evidence of that. Mr Swan thought he could suggest a way to get over the difficulty, and that was that some magistrate move that Mr Greene could be heard in support of the petition. While giving Mr Brownell all credit for his actions in this matter, he thought that gentleman had allowed his temperance sympathies somewhat to outrun his discretion. The facts that had come to him and their sources were perfectly reliable, was that this house was conducted in an exceptionally favourable manner. The landlady was bringing up her family in a most respectable manner, and what would perhaps carry more weight, two of her sons were shining lights among the Good Templars. The Rev d Mr Greene said he was taken by surprise in being asked to speak. He had not been in the habit of frequenting the house, and therefore he could hardly speak to facts. He could bring a number of witnesses to speak to facts, but there was no power to compel them to come. He had no statements to make of facts, which had come under his own personal observation. Would it be hearsay if he were to mention how a wife had taken bread to this house in exchange for drink and that her husband had told him so? Expressions of dissent were heard in the court. Well, he felt in a very awkward position. Mr Brownell said that one child had told him that Mrs Brown had treated them to shandygaff. The boy looked as if he had something stronger than gingerbeer and even offered to drink again if Mr Brownell would furnish him with the means to do so. Laughter in the court followed this. Mr Swan thought that if the Superintendent was not fit for his position it was a reflection on the municipal body that employed him. With respect to the children drinking shandygaff, he should like to have the matter cleared up, because he had heard most distinct statements that gingerbeer alone was given. The license was granted. But Mary Maria s troubles were not over. In December 1875, Phillip T. SMITH, a temperance zealot on the bench with a vendetta against Police Superintendent Propsting, said that he felt it his duty to oppose the renewal. The stories he had heard of the conduct of the house were quite shocking. It was conducted in a most shameful manner, not only on weekdays, but on Sundays. He had heard of a constable named CONNOR, living in the neighbourhood, sending thither for beer. Only the other day a woman was seen in a state of beastly drunkenness lying under the window of the house. The place was frequented by a number of prostitutes, many of whom lived in the immediate neighbourhood. Instead of 30 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

33 being conducted in a respectable manner, as was alleged last year, he did not think there was a much worse conducted house in the town. He never acted the part of a detective, but with the least possible trouble he could have found enough to secure a conviction on several occasions. He knew very little about the house of his own knowledge, but he believed the testimony he had received was unexceptionable. The house ought to lose its license for its encouragement of not only Sunday drinking and drunkenness, but of prostitution. On a division, nine justices voted for, and six against. The application was therefore granted. At the quarterly meeting the following May, Mary Maria Brown transferred the license to Edward THORNTON, senior. Mary had decided to move to the country, perhaps for the sake of her health. At the same meeting she was granted a transfer from Richard Vale RODDA for the Black Snake Inn near the Bridgewater Causeway. Clearly she was ill at the time, for only a fortnight later, on 19 May 1876, she died from heart disease, aged 48 at the home of her son, Julian George Brown, at New Norfolk. Mary Maria Brown struggled to raise a large family and support an ailing elderly husband by running a series of pubs. She also struggled against the gathering forces of the temperance crusaders and their willingness to use any gossip or innuendo against a vulnerable publican. Lou Daniels is compiling a database on publicans of Hobart Town and welcomes any additions, corrections or information. He intends to publish the database. NEW RELEASE CEMETERIES IN SOUTHERN TASMANIA VOL V CORNELIAN BAY CEMETERY, HOBART Indexes to Headstones & Memorials Part I Although Cornelian Bay Cemetery did not open until 1872, many names inscribed on the headstones and memorials have much earlier death dates, suggesting that details have been added to family tombstones as memorials to loved ones long departed. Other headstones and memorials are dedicated to people who were originally interred in one of Hobart s early churchyards, but whose remains were later removed to Cornelian Bay Cemetery. Some headstones are in memory of servicemen who died on active service overseas. Consequently, there are many names in these new indexes not listed in the burial records published by the Southern Regional Cemetery Trust. As yet, the many plaques to be found in the gardens and walls associated with the crematorium, have not been transcribed. The first index consists of over 40,000+ names arranged alphabetically and includes where available, other details such as death date, age, name of spouse and plot reference. The second index is arranged by plot reference, thus listing together all people noted on each headstone. Also, it is in this index that any parents names are listed. Microfiche Price on application Available from the Librarian TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch GPO Box 640 Hobart TAS 7001 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

34 CORRECTION AND APOLOGY! WOMEN PUBLICANS OF HOBART TOWN Lou Daniels (Member No. 3646) M Y apologies for two errors in the article, Women Publicans of Hobart Town, published in the last issue, March 2002, page 229. I have been gently but firmly taken to task for confusing two of our founding mothers. In the second paragraph I have married the wrong lady to Thomas STOCKER. Maria SERGEANT was certainly the pioneer lady licensee of Hobart, but she did not marry Stocker. That was Mary HAYES, the mother of BOWEN s partner Martha, and wife of Henry. The Calcutta Inn in Argyle Street was among the first public houses licensed in 1818, but dropped off the list the next year. It reappeared briefly and then was closed in 1834 or In October 1818, Maria Sergeant was granted the license, and in September 1834, it was John BODRY. What happened in between I am not sure. On 22 August 1834 the People s Horn Boy carried this advertisement: Calcutta Hotel, corner of Argyle and Brisbane Streets. By Mr T. Y. Lowes on the premises, on Friday 12 th September next, at 12 o clock, by order of the Mortgagees and Trustees, positively without the least reserve. Those truly eligible premises The Calcutta Hotel, comprising a large Dining-room, 16 by 30, three large parlors, bedroom, bar, handsomely fitted up, and Pantry, on the first floor: eight bedrooms on the second, and six on the third; together with a large Tap room and Kitchen, Wash house, Stabling for five horses, and loft over, Cellars, Storerooms, and other convenient out-offices, occupying a frontage of 233 feet. The premises, built expressly for the purpose, are arranged on a plan far superior to any establishment on the island, combining every comfort a sojourner in Town can require the best proof of which is the increased patronage it receives from the most influential and respectable classes of the community. Its position affords a ready communication to all parts of the town; and being open to the sea breeze, its situation is rendered particularly healthy. Further advertisements for its sale appeared over the next three years, finally appearing on 15 December 1837, in the Hobart Town Courier, when it was to be auctioned on 29 December. Thomas Stocker married Mary Hayes ( ) on 17 June She was a widow who had conducted the Derwent Hotel from about 1808, according to Marjorie TIPPING. 1 Mary Hayes, formerly DENIGHT, was the licensee of the Bell Inn in the notorious Red Lion Market in Whitecross Street, London. She and her husband, Henry were tried on 26 May 1801, at the Old Bailey for receiving stolen goods from Thomas COLLETT. John FAWKNER, who came out on the Calcutta, was tried on 1 July 1801, for receiving the goods from Mary Hayes. She had helped Collett upstairs with a red trunk containing jewellery valued at 1200, a huge amount, belonging to a wealthy Jamaican planter, that he had taken from a cart while the owner was looking for lodgings. He persuaded Mary to buy most of the goods from him for six guineas and a pound in halfpennies, and to introduce him to a refiner to dispose of 32 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

35 the rest. John Fawkner lived across Whitecross Street and he took Collett with him to his refinery, where they melted down the gold. A servant of the Hayes family reported them after a reward of 150 guineas was offered. Henry was acquitted, Mary was sentenced to 14 years transportation, Fawkner the same and Collett only seven. Mary came out on the Glatton with her daughter Martha, arriving some months before the Calcutta, on which Henry sailed, having applied to Lord Hobart for permission to sail as a settler. They were reunited at Port Phillip. The family settled at New Town, and Martha Hayes became the mistress of Lieutenant Bowen. At some stage Mary opened the Derwent Inn, and when Henry Hayes died, she set her sights on a most eligible man, William Stocker. Marjory Tipping describes her as a nimble-tongued business woman. Her daughter married Andrew WHITEHEAD, having already had two daughters to Bowen. Mary ran the hotel for many years, as well as the farm, but everything was transferred into Stocker s name. Although he had the license, she ran the pub. Mary Stocker died on 12 January 1843, in Hobart, aged 82. What I cannot understand is that in my database the two women are not confused, and I can only plead a senior s moment when putting the article together. I apologise to those who have written to me about the error and thank them for their encouragement on my project and courtesy in correcting me so gently. I guess Mary Hayes can claim the title as the first woman publican, while Maria Sergeant was the pioneer lady licensed victualler, as the first licenses were granted in 1818, after Mary Hayes had married Stocker in 1816, and he was granted the license in The other error comes on page 233, first column. Elizabeth VINCE s mother was Sarah, not Mary Ann. Her father was William Vince. He was born in 1807 at Attleborough, halfway between Thetford and Norwich, in Norfolk, son of Allen Vince and Susannah ADAMS. He married Sarah Culling SYMONDS on 22 November 1824, at Norwich. William and Sarah Vince arrived in Hobart on the Sarah from England in February They brought two children with them, one of whom was Elizabeth Maria born in 1827, who became a significant publican as Mrs POINTON in later years. The other was Robert Stebbin Vince, born in William and his family settled at Lower Sandy Bay, at Porter Hill, and prospered. Amy ROWNTREE wrote about him in her book about Sandy Bay: In 1852 William Vince a farmer purchased most of the property of Andrew Crombie, and in 1858 opened a inn, the Porter Hill Inn, on a block lower down Brown s River Road. In 1869 he was a farmer and one of the buildings on his land was the Inn. In 1873 all of William Vince s Sandy Bay estate was offered for sale in lots. Later he was licensee of the Cornish Mount. The first portion to sell included the inn. It was bought by Charles Scott and he renamed the inn the River View Hotel. Under that name Hobart citizens have always known it. William Vince in 1858 owned the Porter Hill. It stood on the Brown s River Road beside the gentle rise leading up from the Grange. It was an advance post for travellers journeying towards the town. That it was a successful and well- TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

36 conducted venture we know from the fact that Vince retained the license for a dozen years and was able during that time to pay off the mortgage on his estate. When in 1873 he offered his property for sale the first block to sell was the one on which the inn stood. It was bought by Charles Scott who changed the name to the River View. (Rowntree, 1959) Several children were born to them in Tasmania Hannah in 1830, Emma in 1833, John Symons in 1836, Edward in 1837, Henry Morris born 1838, Julia Ann in 1840, who died in 1853, aged 13, Alice in 1842, and Emma Rebecca in 1844, who died the same year. Henry Morris Vince also became a publican and died aged only 27. William received a license for the Porter Hill Hotel in December 1857, and for ten years was its landlord. It was later resigned as the River View Hotel and is still a landmark in Lower Sandy Bay. In December 1868, he transferred the house to Charles SCOTT. Sarah Vince died on 13 May 1864, from kidney disease aged 58. On 8 December that year William remarried. His second wife was a widow, Sarah WARD, née BOTT, aged 34. They were married at William s home, Porter Hill, with Alice Vince and Robert HOWARD as witnesses. Three children followed Sarah Julia in 1866, William Henry in 1868, and Ada Louisa in 1871, the last two of whom who died as infants. The new Mrs Vince was a businesswoman in her own right. In July 1865, a fire destroyed a boot and shoe warehouse in Liverpool Street, owned by Mrs Vince. The account of the Inquest held at the Criterion Hotel, published in the Mercury on 21 May, gives considerable detail of her business and family. She deposed that she lived with her husband in the Porter Hill Inn on the Brown s River Road. She had kept the warehouse before her marriage, while a widow. It was rented from Mr GRAHAM. Her assistant was Cecilia BULLOCK. Alice Vince was in charge of the premises at night, and the six Ward children and their governess slept there. After a break from the trade, William applied for a transfer in December 1871, from Margaret McLAUGHLAN for the Duchess of Kent Hotel on the Collins and Murray Streets corner. Mr FYSH said he was sorry to see this applicant, as he must vote against granting a license, as it was only twenty yards from the Wiggin s Hotel. The Chairman said the house was in good repair. The transfer was granted. However Vince passed the pub to his daughter Elizabeth Maria Pointon in August In August 1872, William applied for the Cornish Mount on the corner of Barrack and Collins Street, by transfer from Mary Ann ROBERTS. He was there only one year, again transferring to his daughter, in August He died on 22 November 1874, at St Kilda in Melbourne aged 79. Meanwhile I plug on with my self-imposed task of identifying all those who held licenses between 1818 and Any contributions are very welcome. I am also happy to share what I have gleaned from the newspapers of the time with other researchers, especially if genealogical material is sent in return. Reference: 1 Convicts Unbound, pp I can be contacted by 34 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

37 IRISH ORIGINS NEW SERVICE AVAILABLE ON ORIGINS.NET O RIGINS.NET ( the major source of key Scottish and English genealogical data on the web, is pleased to announce a new, free service, allowing users to search their Irish ancestors on Irish Origins ( One of the major problems in beginning Irish family history research, is knowing where to look for material, as many Irish records were lost in the 1922 fire at Four Courts in Dublin. There are a number of sites on the net containing highly valuable datasets such as birth, marriage, death records etc. but knowing where to look for sites containing this data is often a difficult task for family history researchers. Irish Origins allows users to search free across 17,000 Irish genealogy web pages, containing 1.5 million names, including census data, Griffith s valuations, ships passenger lists, church records, convict records and more. Also included on Irish Origins are links on how to find useful information including Irish source archives, discussion group, with articles and tutorials to follow shortly. By entering in a surname, and any other relevant information such as year, place of birth, residence, our search engine will link you directly to sites where that name and information appears. Access to Irish Origins is entirely free as we do not hold any primary data ourselves, but a comprehensive searchable index to data from other sites. The suggest a site feature allows visitors to add any Irish genealogy sites to our search facility and enable Irish Origins to become The first point of reference for Irish researchers. About Origins.net Pay-per-view genealogical databases were the brainchild of Ian Galbraith, CEO of Origins.net. Scots Origins was the first pay-per-view web service of any kind in the world, as well as one of the earliest, if not the earliest, e-commerce sites in government. Founded in 1997, Origins.net is the pioneer of pay-per-view web databases, and hosts one of the most comprehensive genealogy sites on the Web. Since 1998, Origins.net has been home to Scots Origins, providing exclusive on line access to the General Register Office for Scotland s birth and marriage records from , death records for 1855 to 1925, and the 1881, 1891 and now 1901 census records. Early 2001 saw the launch of English Origins, with Origins.net working alongside the Society of Genealogists to provide access to key English records. (Please see for cost and navigation information.) For further information about any of the material found on Origins.net please visit the site, or contact Contact: Jane Hewitt 12 Greenhill Rents Farringdon London EC1M 6BN Tel: +44(0) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

38 STANDARDS FOR USING RECORDS REPOSITORIES AND LIBRARIES Recommended by the National Genealogical Society R ECOGNIZING that how they use unique original records and fragile publications will affect other users, both current and future, family history researchers habitually are courteous to research facility personnel and other researchers, and respect the staff s other daily tasks, not expecting the records custodian to listen to their family histories nor provide constant or immediate attention. dress appropriately, converse with others in a low voice, and supervise children appropriately. do their homework in advance, know what is available and what they need, and avoid ever asking for everything on their ancestors. use only designated work space areas, respect off-limit areas, and request permission before using photocopy or microfilm equipment, asking for assistance if needed. treat original records at all times with great respect and work with only a few records at a time, recognising that they are irreplaceable and that each user must help preserve them for future use. treat books with care, never forcing their spines, and handle photographs properly, preferably wearing archival gloves. never mark, mutilate, rearrange, relocate, or remove from the repository any original, printed, microfilm, or electronic document or artifact. use only procedures prescribed by the repository for noting corrections to any errors or omissions found in published works, never marking the work itself. keep note-taking paper or other objects from covering records or books, and avoid placing any pressure upon them, particularly with a pencil or pen. use only the method specifically designed for identifying records for duplication, avoiding use of paper clips, adhesive notes, or other means not approved by the facility. Unless instructed otherwise, replace volumes and files in their proper locations. Before departure, thank the records custodians for their courtesy in making the material available. follow the rules of the records repository without protest, even if they have changed since a previous visit or differ from those of another facility. Copyright 1997 by National Genealogical Society; includes material Copyright 1995 by Joy C. Reisinger, CGRS. Both copyright owners grant permission to copy or publish these standards, provided they are reproduced in their entirety, including this notice. See Tasmanian Ancestry, Vol.22 No.3, page 197, December 2001 for the first in this series Standards for Sound Genealogical Research. 36 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

39 GRAVES/TURNBULL FAMILIES Cec Quinnell M Y great great grandfather, John Alexander GRAVES, was born in George Town, Tasmania, most likely in August He was the fourth child of Robert Graves and Sophia MORGAN. Robert was the Keeper of the Female Factory there until his dismissal on 17 September The cause of this was his allegedly drunken behaviour. This may well be so, but I m sure there were extenuating circumstances. Letters from him to the officials in Georgetown show his desperation and the very hard life he and his wife were sharing. John was a brother to Richard, George and Georgiana (twins). Not long after John s birth, his father passed away while the family was aboard the Speculator which was moored at Georgetown, awaiting its departure for Hobart Town. His body was returned to the town and interred. No record exists to show the cause of his death or his final resting place. Robert was 31 years old. The twins were the only members of the family to have their births registered. They also were born in Georgetown. Sophia continued on her voyage to Hobart where her family was living. Her father, Richard, had sold his farm at Kangaroo Point and was now residing at Possibly John Alexander Graves Clarence Plains. Her brothers and some sisters were still around Kangaroo Point. She remarried on 21 February 1835, her new husband being Peter BUCHANAN. She was to have two children to him: Susannah Sophia and Peter Archibald. They were to reside in Kangaroo Point. Her eldest son, Richard, vanishes completely from this point but she and Peter raised her other three children from her first marriage to Robert Graves. George Graves went on to become a very successful ship owner and business man. He married Rebecca GAYLOR. Her father was Charles Gaylor, the proprietor of the Customs House Hotel and her mother was Phylis BLYTHE. They were to have eight children. George unfortunately drowned in 1875, while his ship was moored on the Yarra River. He fell overboard. It is interesting to note the gap between the date of his drowning, 6 February, and the date of his funeral, a good two weeks after the event. I do wonder why. Georgiana married Edward Hungerford LUTTRELL and they had twelve children. Edward passed away on 23 February 1886 and Georgiana on 4 October My great great grandfather, John Alexander Graves, certainly was a TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

40 mystery man. As mentioned previously his birth was not registered and to further complicate things neither was his death. John married Elizabeth TURNBULL on 2 December 1863, in the manse of St Johns, Hobart. Elizabeth was the daughter of Jacob Turnbull, blacksmith and publican, of Kangaroo Point. John was 34 and Elizabeth 22. He, like his brother George, took to the sailing ships to earn his bread and butter. He worked for his brother apart from skippering his own ships. John and Elizabeth were to have two children whilst living in Hobart Sophia and John. Sophia was born on 9 August 1864 and John on 25 December 1866, both in Battery Point. Around this time the family moved to Sydney. Elizabeth already had some family living there. John soon learned his way around the Harbour and obtained a pilot s certificate in They were to have a further five children whilst living here. Alice Cecilia, born 1869 and died 1870, Cecilia Annie, (my grandmother) born 1871, died 1946, Lillian Janet, born 1876, death date unknown, Georgina May, born 1879 and died 1926, Robert Henderson, born 1881 and died As the time went on John decided on making his fortune in the pearling game. He hired a schooner, the Osprey, found some backers and set off in 1886 for the pearling grounds of Western Australia. His eldest boy, John, joined him in this venture. Apparently they were doing quite well until 21 April 1887, when a cyclone struck. The fleet was in the vicinity of Eighty Mile Beach, south of Broome. The storm came up out of the blue and nine ships and 140 men were lost, including John and his son. It was not until 11 June that the family was finally notified that their husband, father and brother were dead. A letter from a Captain LARKHAM who was anchored next to John when the storm struck makes very sad reading as do the letters between his family and the family of his brother George in Tasmania. The bodies of John and his son were never found and so no death certificate could be issued. The reports of this disaster in the West Australian papers and the letters passing Possibly Elizabeth Turnbull, wife of John Alexander Graves between the families are the only acknowledgment of their demise. A memorial has now been erected in the Caravan Park on Eighty Mile Beach commemorating the death of both John and his son. As stated before, it was a difficult task verifying that this man was my great great grandfather. I had my doubts but the birth certificates of his daughters and son born in Sydney verify that he was indeed born in 1829, in Georgetown, Tasmania and the letters in the possession of the great great grandaughter of his brother, George, back up his relationship to Robert Graves and Sophia Morgan. Life went on and Elizabeth lived until 25 March She died in the Mater 38 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

41 Misericordiae Hospital in North Sydney. She was buried in Gore Hill Cemetery and with her lie her daughter Georgina and her grandson, Robert. She has a lovely grave site that has now been restored and is perpetually maintained. HELP WANTED TO IDENTIFY PHOTOGRAPHS Cec Quinnell has sent over thirty original photographs, thought to be connected with the Graves and Turnbull families. Most were taken in Sydney, including the two on previous pages and a few in Hobart. Unfortunately space does not allow us to reproduce them all. They will be at the Hobart Branch Library for a time and Cec would appreciate help in identifying them. Above: Taken by Carl Zeilinger, Sydney. Top right: Taken by J. Bishop-Osborne, 68 Murray Street, Hobart, who was there Right: Taken by Alfred Winter, Hobart Town. c TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

42 BISHOP FAMILY Thomas Norman Echo Bishop This has been published with permission of Trevor N. Bishop and has been reproduced as written by Thomas Norman Echo Bishop without any corrections being made Ed. T HIS story is being ritten by Thomas Norman Echo Bishop now of Western Australia late of Tasmania. My fathers name was Thomas William Bishop of Bothwell. Son of Thomas and Amy. My mother was Hilda Cashion daughter of William Cashion of Glenrowan Victoria Valley. As far back as I can remember was round My mothers two brothers Allan and Frank Cashion joined the Army and went away to the first Worlds War in Befor they left they came up to say good bye to us We were living then in a very old house at a place called the five mile, belong to my grand father William Cashion, they were riding grandfathers two horses. one was a quarter bred black mare named Cressey and the other was a hack mare named Jinnie also black. They were dressed in there uniforms and had there rifles and ammunision with them. They gave my father a few shots out of there rifles at a big gum tree that stood about two hundred yards away he missed the tree with a few shots and us kids us to go up there thinking we may find the bullets. Our only way of living those days was snaring Kangaroos & Wallabys and possims and trapping rabbits While we lived at the five mile my father bought 500 acres of land about three miles away. Known then as Warratah ford but later known as Bishop Court. our only means of transport thoes days was an old bay mare named Quiver which everything relied on. round 1917 my father got crippled up and could not walk without the ade of two walking sticks. So that meant that Quiver was his only way of getting around About 1917 my father and mother set out to build a three roomed house at Bishop Court. We use to walk dowen every morning. Split timber all day and walk back at night. Our family was three at that time. My sister Merle was the eldest then me. Then another sister Dot. Frank my brother came later. Going to Bishop Court and back each day. My father us to ride Quiver Mum Merle and I use to walk. My father use to carry Dot on front of him on the saddle. Some times Merle or I use to get a ride on the back. Some times mum would go down early of a morning with my father and bring the old mare back, so she could take us down later. One trip mum was leading old Quiver with us three Kidds on her back with no saddle, going through a creek about four feet deep, we all slipped down over her tail into the water. Mum had to get into it and fish us out. Splitting enough timber for the house took a long time and very hard work. From the splitting tree to the house site was about one mile, and the only way we had of getting the timber there was carry it on our backs. Quiver carried a lot of it strapped to her back. The timber we had to split and carry to the house site were known as slabs for the floor and walls Shingles for the roof. Rafters and battens to nail the shingles to and pailing to break the joins around the walls. We had to build the house about two feet above the ground on logs we pulled to gether with Quiver, as the house was built only a few 40 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

43 yards from the edge of a creek called Warratah ford and at flood times the water would come right to the flooring boards and us kids would have to stay in side till the flood went down 1918 The chimney was made from stones we gathered up around the house site. And we were only able to build it about four ft high. And when the snow came it use to come down the chimney put our fire out and lay thick in the fire place. When every thing was completed we had the hard job of shifting our bit of furniture down to the new house there were no road only a track to walk and ride a horse along. My father made two boxes out of the timber that they split and tied them across the old mares back and stacked our few things in them. then got on top him self. Our furniture consited of a table a dressor and a few chairs. We had to pull the table and dresser to pieces and rebuild them when we got there. We had two beds one double and one single, which were made of iron and could be easley pulled to pieces My father was a very nasty tempered man at the best of times and was very hard to live with some time in 1916 something came over him and he got the staggers and couldn t walk with out the aid of two walking sticks. after this he was unable to do much of any thing, and that left mum to do the lot. Many a time in one of his tempers he would load his shot gun and thretton to shoot us all Mum would grab us kidds and run with us, with him standing out side the door with the gun aimed at us, and mum pleading with him not to shoot In the finish things got that bad mum had to take the gun away and plant it from him. I have seen him walk up behing mum and hit her as hard as he could over the head with his walking stick The five mile was a bad place for snow and we use to get three and four falls every year. Mum use to have to carry fire wood in her arms for very long distancs to keep us kids warm 1919 When we got settled into our new home my father bought a few sheep and turned them on to Bishop Court, the only fences that we had was boundery fences and some of them was what we called dead wood fences and the sheep had very little trouble in getting over them. Bishop Court was very heavely timbered and there were places you could bearly walk through much more ride a horse. the only dog we had was and old black sheep dog called sweep. he had been a good one in his day but my father hit and kicked him that many times, he wouldn t do any thing for him, so the sheep was almost a dead loss. Food and warm clothing was our biggest problem. We lived mainly on Kangarees and Wallebys. Mum and I use to walk to grand fathers farm once a week about 4 miles away and carry back what meat grand father Cashion was able to give us Mainly sheeps heads and livers. if he had reasonly killed a beast he would give us the head tripe and the 4 feet. Mum had to clean them and cook them for us. She use to bake the bread in a camp oven over an open fire place. her and I use to cut and carry all the wood that was used. Some times in snow up to our knees. Our closeest nabour was Mr Herb Kitchin two and a half miles away. some times he would come up with his old half bred mare and drag us in a few logs, then the hard job was cutting them into fire lengths. I was to little and they were to hard for mum. Round this time my brother Frank had arrived and mum was rearing a young baby and doing all this work, how she did it no one will ever know. My father would wait till till she TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

44 was giving to give the baby a drink from her breast when he would come up behind and hit her over the head with his walking stick. He got that bad in the finish that it was imposible to carry on. Us kidds were frightened of him. Mum was afraid to go to sleep of a night in case he would murder us all while we slept 1920 So one day mum turned on him and gave him a bit of his own back. She took the walking stick off him and gave him a very hard hit over the arms he kept singing out youve broke my arm. He came inside and locked the door leaving mum out side Merle was about six at the time and he had her hotting water and bathing his arm. From then on mum had to plant every thing away from him the he would use to kill us with. A short time later a fairly big fall of snow came and we had very little wood. He got out of bed about 7 or 8 oclock put on his best clothes had a bit to eat. Caught and saddled the old mare Quiver, took the old dog Sweep and rode away and that was the last we saw of him. Next we heard that he had arrived in Bothwell where his mother and father lived We never saw him or the old mare and the old dog again. Grand father Cashion saw him ride past his farm and guest what was on. Which he said was the best thing that could have happened. We were all very much afraid of a night that he would arrive back with a gun and shoot us all. After the snow had melted a bit Grand father Cashion came up to see how we were. When he saw the conditions we were living under he told mum the best thing for us to do was to leave Bishop Court and go and live with him on the farm. Which we did. Every thing went fairly well for a few months. our grandmother Cashion was only a step grand mother and things started to go wrong. So mum set out to look for a home for us. About two miles from the farm was an old log homestead call Dan Blackwells old place. Which was on a farm owned by Mr Jim Lane. So mum went and saw him and ask him if we could live in it which he agreed to. It was in very bad condition but grand father and uncle Mick Cashion split some timber and did it up for us 1921 After it was done up it was still not fit to live in It use to leak in the Winter and we were pested with snakes in the summer, but it was much better than what we have been use to. When Merle and I became school age, the only school in the district was at Osterly five miles away. Mum was friendly with a family that lived at Osterly, so they made an arangments to board Merle and I so we could go to school, that went on for quite a few months and we got to like school very much. The people we were boarding with were Mr & Mrs Walter Triffitt, but they dicded to move from there and Merle & I had to return back home. So then the only thing left for us to do was walk all the way to Osterly from home, that was ten miles we had to walk with a big long hill known as Osterley Tier about three miles long to walk up coming home. We didnt learn very much there as the long walk took to much out of us. After a few months Osterly school closed down for lack of funs and believe me us kids were not sorry. Then mum started learning us through post, which was the only thing left and we did fairly well. The police station in the district was at Victoria Valley two miles away, the policemans name was J J Lambert, the Government built a new police station. So they alowed the people of the district the old police station for a school. Mrs Lambert sister Miss Beckam got the job 42 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

45 of school teacher. By this time Dot and Frank had reached school age and the four of us walked to the Valley to school which was very good for us. We carried on going to school there for round about 7 or 8 years. I use to go to school in the summer months and get exempted for the winter so I could go snaring Kangaroos and Walabys and Pussums and trap rabbits during the winter to help keep the wolf from the door 1923 When I was 15 years of age I was given a run of rabbit trapping on a place known as Cloverdale, managed by Echo Cashion my uncle and owned by Brock brothers, This was a lift up for us, as it was close to home and mum was able to trap a lot of rabbits. The year I turned 16 years of age I went to camp on the run. As there was a lot of rabbits about and I was getting ready to make a big cheque this winter. But one day old Claurd Brock came up and had a look over the run and saw a lot of rabbits, so he took the run away from me and gave it to Harry Bannister and put me on a run that had very few rabbits on it known as the cow run. So that put a stop to my big cheque that year. I had to shift to Cloverdale home stead and camp in the old house and work from there. That put a stop to mums trapping as the cow run was too far away from home So one day mum and I set off to see Mr Brock about what he had done. When we told him that the cow run was too far away for mum to walk he aranged with Harry Bannister to give mum part of his run and that I could give him part of the cow run in replace. Which worked out fairly well. Mum use to walk 2 miles every morning to Mr Herb Kitchins place and milk two cows and seperate the milk and make enough butter to keep our home going. Frank was beginning to grow up a bit at this time and was able to help her skin the rabbits & peg the skins out this was round about Early in 1928 I received word one day to say that mum had been killed by a horse at Mr Kitchins place. Mr Kitchin owned a young filly ready to be broken in to ride so he made arangments with Mr Bill Saunders to do the job. this morning they came to get her and take her away and break her in. they put in a fairly big yard and tried to rope her but they knocked the fence down and got away After rebuilding the yard fence they got them in again Mum had just finished milking and went to stand by the fence on the out side, thinking they would not do the same thing again while she was standing there but they came at the fence again and knocked the top log down it fell on mum and killed her instantley. Frank was stand bye and saw what happened So that was the breaking up of the old homestead that we had lived in for round about ten years Merle had been engaged to be married to Ron Moore for about a year. So they got married and went to Bradys Marsh shepperding for Brocks. Frank went there with them. Dot was working at Glenmark for Mrs Frank Dickson and I carried on trapping at cloverdale. Dot was going with Doug McIntyre at the time and after about a year they got married and went to live at the Ouse shepperding for Brock Bros In 1928 I bought a second hand pontiac car for 124 pounds from Ron Davie, then trapping at Glenmark. I was to young to get a licence and had to wait a few months till I turned 17 years One Friday Ron and I went to the ouse for the week end. On Saturday afternoon my uncle Charlie Weeding arrived on the bus from Hobart he had no way of getting home to Bashan where he live. So Ron and I decided to drive him home in the old TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

46 pontiac. Uncle Charlie was driving. When we got to what was known as Boggie Marsh Creek, there was a few inches of snow on the ground at the time, and going down a fairly long hill the old car slipped off the road and rolled over three times down the hill We walked to Bashan and stayed the night Next day we got her back on the road and Bill Iles drover her to the ouse. It was not badley damage , 28 The worse part about our new home was the snakes they were every where and some lived in the old house you could hear them of a night catching rats and mice in the walls. one very hot day Mick Cashion called and had dinner with us When he was leaving he hadnt gone far when he walked on a snake and killed it. Mum had just gone over to a small well about one hundred yards from the house to get some water. When she got there there was a five and half ft snaking drinking mum sang out to Mick and he ran up and killed it. Next day mum went for some more water and there another big black one was drinking, she came back and got a fairly long stick and went back to kill it. The ground around the well was very soft and spongie. she wasn t strong enough to break his back when she hit him and he went into the well. All we could do was wait for him to come out every time he put his big head up over the side mum would hit him finaly she managed poke the piece of rail that she had through his skin and pull him out on the bank and hold him while I bashed his head in with a stick he was a few inches over six foot. One day Mr Kitchin came down with his horse and cart to cart us some fire wood. After dinner when we went out to start work, Dot and Frank were only small at the time. We put them up in the cart to have a ride, when the horse took fright at Dots red dress and bolted with Dot and Frank in the cart. After it had gone about 100 yards the cart turned over throughing them out there wasnt much damage done but we had to stand and watch it, there wasnt anything we could do. I thought they would bothe be killed 1930 I carried on at Cloverdale for about two years after mums death Claud Brock gave me the sack and again gave Harry Bannister my job. I was out of work for a few weeks till I was given a job on the Hamilton Council under over seerer Ernie Holsworth and started work at a place called Ballys Peak. I stayed with the Council for a few months and worked our way from Ballys Peak down through Bronte and down the West Coast road to the Dee. Winter time was coming on and I was looking out for a run to trap for the winter. I wrote to Claud Brock and ask him if he had a run he could let me have He sent back and told me I could go to the point if I liked. So I left the Council and went to the point trapping When the winter was over I wrote and ask Claud Brock if he would give me a job in the shearing shed which was to start in October. He sent word back to say he had booked me up as a shed hand The sheering ended just befor Christmas So again I ask Claud Brock if he had a job for. This time he gave me a job trapping rabbits at Bradys Marsh. My sister Merle lived there and her husband Ron Moore was the shepperd. I worked there for about two years. By this time my sister Dot and her Husband had shifted to Marlborough as shepperd. One day in 1932 I saw Doug and ask him for a run to trap on Marlborough. he gave me one and I left Bradys Marsh. Things 44 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

47 went fairly well for about two years till Hydro moved into the Clarance river to start on the road into Tarraleah. So I left Marlbourough and got a job on the Hydro I left Marlborough to work on the Hydro in October 1934 We started on the new Tarraleah road where it leaves the West Coast Hyway under ganger Arther Holmes and constructed 4 1/ 2 miles of the 14 miles in to Tarraleah which took round about 4 months after that I worked on the pipe line road and then on the power house road. I had a barnie with one of the bosses and ask Mr Holmes to move me from there. Lou Parker was a ganger widening the 14 mile road so he gave me a job with him as a leading hand this was just befor the winter of Tarraleah was a very bad place to work in the winter as it snowed and raine most of the time and we didnt get paid for wet days, if it was too wet to work. One day I wrote Mr Holmes a letter and ask him if he would give me a better job. One day he came out to see me and gave me a gangers job on the Transmission line to the West Coast. He gave me seven men and my job was to make road to transport the towers from the main road on to the line. some places was not far, but other places it was a long way Where you couldnt get horse vehicles. We had to carry the towers on our backs. our first camp was where the transmission line crosses the Derwent river a few miles down the river from the Derwent bridge Hotel. our next camp was on Mount Arrowsmith where we had to man handle all the towers and cable that was neaded there which was a very hard job indeed. When we finished Mount Arrowsmith we move on to the Franklin river and then on to the Collingwood river and from there on they didn t nead any roads as the power line followed fairly close to the main road. So they put me and my gang on constructing the Telephone line. Which follows the transmission line all the way Our next shift from the Collingwood river was between Queenstown and Rosebery, a Site known as bally hill north of Lake Margret. After we had completed pitching our tents and was ready to start work, they informed me that my gang was to be broken up and I was put back to a leading hand. I got wild and told them where to put the job. I went back to Queenstown and got a job on the public works at the Cardigan flats about 24 miles from Queenstown. Almost back to where I had just came from the Collingwood River I worked there for about 4 months. When it closed down and we were all put off the boss was Doug Hedlam from Hobart. While I was out of work in Queenstown I receeved a letter from Doug McIntyre telling me that there was a job at Marlborough for me if I wanted it. Trapping rabbits. So I shifted in strait away. As the 1936 winter was was in sight, I did fairly well that winter and after I sold my skins I went to Hobart and bought a Willies Motor Car. I left Marlborough shortly after that and was out of work for quite a long time staying at Cloverdale with Echo Cashion. When I didnt look like getting a job around that distric. I packed me gear in the old car and headed West to Queenstown again. this time I got a job in the Mines and worked at the Comstock Mine. This was getting on towards Christmas in I left the Mine to take a job down the Kelly Bacin getting pine blocks for house building in Queenstown. The blocks that I had to get was six inches square and from 3ft to 9ft in length. I got two shillings each for them and had to one TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

48 shilling each to get them carted into Queenstown. Pine was very hard to get and had to be carried on my back to the Road over very Rough country. After a few weeks I found I was unable to do much good on my own. I got a mate of mine from Queenstown to go in with me 1936 His name was Jack Brettcliff from the Unon Valley I had the old Willies car down there and we use to come into Queenstown every Friday night and go back on Monday Morning, take enough food to do us a week. One Friday afternoon our food had run out and we went out to start the old car and found the battery was flat We pushed it up and down the road trying to start it but no luck. Round the road was about 30 miles, but to go across country was round about 20. So we decided to walk across country. But for got that we had the King river to cross which was in flood at the time. We got to the King river about dark on the Friday evening When we saw it was so high we decided to follow it down but that was to rough and decided to make a fire and wait till daylight. during the night it came on to rain and the only few matches that we had got wet. We walked all the next day and finished at night completely lost. We had no Matches to make a fire that night, so decided to keep walking, by this time we were getting very hungry and tyard, the scrub was that thick we had a job to scramble through about seven oclock the next morning we came to a bit of a clearing in the thick bush and luck happened we saw a hut. It was an old German prspector. We were in a fairly bad way and thank him for saving our lives, he gave us some smokes and breakfast and put us on the track to Queenstown, but we still had 11 miles to walk and there was a foot bridge over the King river. We got to Queenstown about midday and went strait into the bar of Jim Kelly Hotel. our faces were black and our clothes were torn to threads. After having a big dinner ad our bellys full of beer we went to bed and didnt wake till late next day We were that fed up with our job we went back and carried out what timber we had cut and aranged for a truck to come and get it. then left the job for good. We out of work for a few days and one evening we decided to go out on the Strahan road and try our luck. Jim Cooper was the boss out there and we ask him for a job and he gave us on. I worked on the Strahan Road till some time in May 1937 when I decided to leave and go back to Bishop Court snaring game for the winter. I put the winter there but didnt go any good. The price of game skins was very poor that year. I caught quite a log of game but didnt get much for them. While I was snaring on Bishop Court I loned my old car to my brother Frank a Marlboraugh One day the gear box broken and he put it in George Berrys garange at osterley and that s where I left it. I hadnt finished paying for it and they on my back for the money that was owing. For awhile I worked with stick Berry of Victoria Valley cutting wood on Osterly Tier. I went to a dance at Osterley one night and Jim Coopers daughter Grace was there he had sent word by her to tell me that my job on the Strahan road was till there if I wanted it. So I packed up my gear and went west again. I wasnt there very long when the people that financed me for the old car got on my track, so it was time for me to move on. There was still owing on the car and I had no hope off paying that. So I went from there to Rosebery 46 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

49 and got a job in the mine under a different name till tings blew over. this was in October When war started I changed back to my corect name and whent to the war December 1938 During 1938 Doug McIntyre had joined the police forse and had shifted to Triabunna. Dot my sister wrote to me and told me where they were and ask me down for Christmas. It was during that 1938 Christmas that I met Myrtle which was laiter my wife. I went down again at Easter time and got engaged. And went down again for the 1939 Christmas and got married. I had been given a house at Rosebery by the E.Z. Company and had it ready to go into after the wedding. We carried on at Rosebery till the 12 th June 1940 when I joined the AIF and went into Brighton Millitary Camp. Myrtle went back to live with family at Triabunna I remained in Brighton Camp till October when we were shifted to South Australia to a Camp at Warradale. We were there about 5 months. Then was shifted to Woodside about 26 miles from Adelaide. On January 1 st 1941 My eldest daughter Norma was born. I was given leave home for Christmas and was able to see her when she was very young. My unit was C Company 2/3 Machine gun Bn. We carried on at Woodside till April, when we went by train to Sydney to board the troop shop Ile De France and sail to the Middle East. We pulled out of Sydney harbour on good Friday morning Apil 11 th 1941 and traveled to Fremantle via Bass strait. We were in Fremantle a few days to take on supplys and some of our men came aboard. After we left Fremantle our next stop was Cylon. Where we spent about 10 days. they changed the colour of our ship there from black to Grey. We were tied up in Columbo and was given shaw leave every day. Our next port of call was port Kuvic at the top end of the red sea. Where we left the ship and traveled by train to Hill 95 in Palistine May We started moving of the ships at 5AM and finaly got ashaw at 11AM. Our midday meal that day was hot corned beef, no bread and very salty I was fairly hungery and had a second helping round about 2PM We boarded a train to take us through Egept along the Suage canel where we ran into a very bad dust storm. every thing went very dark and we had to close all the train windows and put the lights on. We had nothing to drink and after the very salty meat we had for dinner I can tell you we were in a bad way We left that train round about midnight and crossed the cannel by punt and got on another train which took us to Hill 95 in Palestine. We camped at hill 95 for round about a month and was issued with a fleet of new Vehicles mine was a one and a half ton truck Ford V8, had only done 160 miles. Round about the middle of June 1941 we left Hill 95 by convoy to travel into Syria When we got a few miles off the Syrian boarder we pulled into a eria expecting to camp there for a few days, but evening after we had finished our tea a Enghish soldier on a motor byke came with order for us to move into Syria that night. It was round about 10PM when we pulled out and had to drive without lights all night, and the night was very dark. We crossed the boarder into Syria in the early hours of the morning and traveled to the Jordon river where we took up our positions along the high ground. about 14 miles away on the other side of the river there was a fairly big war going on between the poms and the French. We TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

50 held our positions all the next day and when night came we moved over the river an traveled under the cover of darkness till we came to the out scerts of a town called Kanitra, where the war was raging. We joined up with the poms and that night took Kanitra back from the French We stayed in Kanitra for a few days and then moved to the out skurts of Damaskus. We took Damaskus a few day later then moved to a place called El Kantara, and that s where we were when the Syrian war finished We then moved north to a big town called Homs. We camped there for a few months on top of a cidadel in the centre of the town. We then moved to an earia along the coast near Tripply We only there for a short time and we moved to a village in the hills about 14 miles from the Coast named Fih. Where we settled in for the winter. We had our 1941 Christmas dinner there. And were there when the Japs entered the war. After Christmas we got orders to come back south again, orders came one day that we had to leave Syria. So we packed all our gear on our trucks and headed back to palistine. after a few days traveling we arrived at a camp in palistine called Hill 65 We stayed there about two weeks. When all Vichicles driver receeved orders to be ready to move and drive our vehicles all the way to Egept. It was a very long drive and we camped one night in the Sinee desert and had a very big dust storm. After being driving for about a week We finished up at Port Kuvic at the top end of the Red sea. After crossing the suage Cannell. We had all of our guns and gear packed on our trucks and all the other boys apart from drivers traveled from Hill 65 to port Kuvic by train. Shortly after our arrival at port Kuvic we started loading our vihicles on the ships. 48 After each ship was loaded it would pull out and head for Cylon. Where all the 14 Cargo ships met up and prepared for the next move We had only two days in Columber harour 1942 One morning our 19 ship convoy pulled out of Columbo harbour and sailed for Jarva, where all of our unit apart from us drivers had landed We were told when we left that it would take five days to get to Jarva. After sailing 4 1/ 2 days a plane flew over us and sent a message to tell us to go back that the Japs had taken Jarva. So we sailed back to Columber again, another 4 1/ 2 days. We stayed in Columbo long enough to take on a few supplys which was beginning to run out after leaving Columbo we set sail for Australia along the African Coast a non stop trip to Adelaide. It was some time in April 1942 when we arrived in port Adelaide and shifted to Sandy Creek to Camp. It was some time in May when they gave us our first lot of leave home, which was seven days. After our leave we moved to Victoria, a camp called Balcomb about 30 miles from Melbourne. We remained in Balcomb Camp for most of 1942 winter which was cold After leaving Balcomb we drove our trucks to Ingleburne Camp in N.S.W. where we reformed our 2/3 M.G. Btn. Most of our re Inforsement came from New south Wales. We only stayed in Ingleburne Camp a few week. And we moved to Cowra about 200 miles inland from Sydney. Where we camped for 9 months Our next shift from there was to Desepion Bay about 3 miles north of Brisbane. Where we camped for about six months. Which 4 of them was spent on Morton Island. Our next move from there was to North Queensland and Camped at a place call Wondecla. Where we stayed for about 18 months. We TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

51 traveled from Desheption Bay to Inisvail by train. And on to Wondecla by our own convoy. Where they releaved us of all our Vihicles and made us walk [date illegible] We left Wandecla to go to New Guinea in November 1944 traveled by train to Cairns and boarded an American ship name the Bangalina and traveled to Atape on the eastern side of New Guinea. Where we had our 1944 Christmas dinner. For all that year we pushed our way down the New Guinea Coast. And when the war ended in September 1945 we had reached Brandy plantation about 30 miles south of WeWak. I left there in December on the Duntroon and got home to Tasmania on the Air Craft Carrier Port Vendex which arrived in Hobart / on Christmas eave Where the war ended for me When I stepped off the port Vendex air Craft Carrier in Hobart at 8AM on December 24 th the only relations that came to meet me was uncle Allan and Auntie Else Cashion. I was finaly discharged form the Army on the Went to work on the orchard at Triabunna for a short while and then shifted back to Rosebery where I inlisted from onth 11 June 1940 I was given a guarantee when I left Rosebery to go to the war that I would come back the same as I left. They gave me a house strait away, the only one available at the time. My mate George Hampton was ready to leave. So I ask for his house and they gave it to me Everything went along fairly well and I 1950 they made me a shift boss in the mine The same year I bought my self a new Holden car the only one in Rosebery at the time In 1954 they gave me another rise, this time an astant forman. I carried that rank till I left the field in January In december 1958 I on my way back from Triabunna to Rosebery, when I rolled my car over the Franklin bridge into the river I was in a very bad way financially. My old first model Holden was a rite off and was not insured. I was working at Rosebery and my home at Triabunna with no car, and not enough money to buy another. I had had a look at a few cars at Queenstown that was for sale but could not see my self clear to buy one. Max Arnol a car salesman for G.M.H. came round to where I was living one evening, After he had heard that I had smashed my car up. He said do you want to buy a car Tom. I said Yess Max but I cant aford one I was buying my house at the time and a wife and eight children to keep. he said would you be interested in Tommy Clarks car. It was a F.J. Holden it from the day he bought new. I said I would love to have it, but I cant see my self clear. He if you want it say the word and your can have it, the cash price was eight hundred pounds. So I put my time in at the mine and left but I was a very worried man with all that hanging over my head. I got a job shortly after that putting a tunnel through a hill up near Launceston for the public works. I was working for a company known as Hourstrap C/o It was a very hard job but I did fairly well. The length of the tunnel was 620 feet on the propery known as Watery Plains. it to me 8 months to put it through. When I had completed the tunnel I got a job with Gordon Gangell of Campanyer as forman making roads and put in a pipe line to take the water from the tunnel in to Launceston This job lasted two years. From here I shifted to Hobart putting a six ft pipe through the Rubbish tip into prince of wales Bay. this job lasted six months. I was still working for Gordon Gangell TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

52 While I was working at prince of Wales bay I lived with Gordon Gangell at Campania and traveled to work each day by car. Gangells finished up by going broke befor the job was finished, so we were all put off. I went home Triabunna and got a job in Albert Thompsons fish shed. This was just befor 1961 Christmas. After Christmas I got a job on Roy Higges fishing boat and we did most of our fishing up round the eastern shaw. I stayed with Roy for about five months and then left and went to Rossarden Mine. The made me a shift boss shortly after I got there. This job was a fairly good one and stay there for two years. I left because the mine became very unsafe and I went close to loosing two men. in 1963 I left Rossarden and went to Queenstown to in mine. I stayed there about 3 months and left at 1963 Christmas. After Christmas I got a job on the orchard at Triabunna fruit picking When the picking finished in May 1964 I went back Queenstown again. this time for only a few weeks I left it to go working for Mr John Hood on Lisdillon estate. I worked there for about three months and there to work for the Spring bay council I started on the Council about the middle of 1964 as overseer. I stayed with the Council till When I left to go to the Triabunna chip mill. I stayed there till When I retired on the 7 th May 1976 after I turned 65 years of age Myrtle my wife and I went on a tour of Indonesier aboard the ship call the Fairstar. We flew from Hobart to Sydney Where we boarded the ship and pulled out at 8pm that night. Our first stop was Brisbane and our next stop was Port Morsby where we went by buss over the Owen Stanely ranges. Our next stop was Ambon where my wife past away wile in port at midday on the RECENT RELEASE MY MOST INTERESTING ANCESTOR A collection of short stories submitted for the TFHS Inc. Manuscript Award 2001 Contents Colour Sergeant John Aughey George Godfrey Becker Elizabeth Carey Henry Mylam Cockerill William Coventry Captain Fane Edge Elizabeth Elliott Charles Marshall Foster Sarah Gould or Gilbert? Edward George Innes Catherine Lonergan William Thompson MacMichael Hugh McGuinness William Orchard and Louisa Dale Henry Francis Piesse alias William Piesse Dr James Ross The Shore Family Garnet Heber Smith Mary Ann Stanfield Edited by Rosemary Davidson Published by Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. A4 72 pages including index $9.00 plus packing and postage $3.00 Available from State Sales Officer TFHS Inc. PO Box 191 Launceston TAS TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

53 THE MATERNITY HOSPITAL AT DERBY Allison Carins (Member No. 668) D RIVING through Derby one day we noticed that a piece of history had been removed the old cottage hospital had gone. It had been a private home for over sixty years, and certainly it was derelict. Now, around the remains of the foundations, there was a wondrous display of dahlias in full bloom. However, Peter (my husband) complained, They ve pulled down the place where I was born... without consulting me! This establishment had been provided sometime before 1917, by Dr VON SEE, who served the district from and had built the imposing two-storied doctor s residence. Gerda WARREN (née Von See) has written about her childhood and she recalls this hospital. Father started his own cottage hospital, mainly for maternity cases, but other patients were cared for too, and sometimes employed two nurses. One of these was Elsie Stephenson. The meals were provided from our house as the hospital was two doors down the main road. The midday dinner was sent over in a carrier a tiered enamel edifice with hot water at the bottom. One baby was so small they called it the tea-cup baby. Father, tried to keep up with the times and bought an incubator for premature babies, but I don t know if it was ever used. I would think he was ahead of his time my mother lost a prem baby at a cottage hospital at Devonport in 1938 simply for the lack of an incubator, or humicrib. Dr Von See left Derby in 1921 because of ill health. He was so highly regarded that the grateful residents of the district gave him a purse of 500 sovereigns a very large amount for those times. He died in Launceston in 1923, aged only 54. He had served the whole district from Boobyalla, Eddystone, Weldborough, Lottah, Ringarooma and Alberton, and as far as the Camp Hotel (Tullendenah). He never turned down a call, and often had to walk through the bush. He performed some remarkable operations, sometimes in primitive conditions and unusual situations. His successor was Dr POWELL who sold the practice to Dr JONES in Dr Jones spent thirty years there. The house was rented, later sold, but unfortunately was burnt down and the present Doctor s residence and surgery built below the original house. The nursing home continued with Matron STEPHENSON in charge. She later established a similar home in Legerwood, possibly about Her obituary in 1937 states that this happened 18 years ago but it may have been only 8 years, as she was in Derby in 1924 at least. She was described as a talented nurse, passing her studies with honours, and carrying out her duties well and faithfully. Failing health caused her to relinquish the hospital, but she carried on with private work and later on retired to Branxholm. She died in Hobart in a private hospital. In November 1924, two babies were born at Derby in Matron Stephenson s little hospital. Max (Murphy) SIMMONDS and Thomas David (Peter) CARINS. Peter s mother (from Winnaleah) had originally planned to go to Scottsdale, but this baby was in a hurry to come into the world and she just made it to Derby! TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

54 Agnes Carins was in hospital ten days, and her husband s diary records that he went to Derby to pay the bill. Evidently the meals were now provided on the premises as the matron had ordered two bags of potatoes at 5/- each. Tom Carins paid the bill six guineas ( 6/6/0) less two bags of potatoes at 5/-, total 5/16/0. So Peter cost 5/16/0 and two bags of spuds! There is a postscript. There has always been rivalry between Winnaleah and Derby (rather like North v. South). One day, after some problems with something obtained from Derby, Peter declared, It came from Derby nothing any good came out of Derby! I quickly reminded him, Dear, you were born there! So Peter accepted the demise of the place of his birth and went to visit the owner who had done the deed, told him the history of the place and admired his dahlias. He was later given some tubers, which have flourished, at our place a little compensation! Notes Nurse Elsie Stephenson was the daughter of Martin Stephenson and Eleanor (née Brewer of Bowood, Bridport) who lived at Barnbougle, near Bridport. She had several sisters. Annie Bertha married Mr Alfred COLLINS ( ), of Legerwood and they had two daughters, Bertha and Sybil. Sadly Annie died in 1908, when the girls were very young. Alfred Collins then married her sister, Rose and she became mother to her sister s small daughters. Alfred Collins was Warden of Ringarooma Council ( ) and lived at Ringarooma, Legerwood and for a time at Pleasant Banks, Derby. Bertha Collins married prominent farmer and councillor, Alan BESWICK of Legerwood. Their family: Kath ALEXANDER, Colin, Douglas and Graeme. Sybil Collins married Aubrey LETHBORG and they lived at Ulverstone (children: Rose FREEMAN and Geoffrey). Footnote A memento of Dr Von See, treasured by the Beswick family is the beautiful Renardi piano purchased by Alfred Collins for his daughter Bertha, now belonging to her son, Graeme Beswick. SPILLED MILK! IT WOULD MAKE YOU CRY COLLISION. About six o clock last Saturday evening a serious collision occurred in High-street between Mr. J. R. Smith s milk cart, which was proceeding to Longstanton Station, and Mr. George Ingle s butcher s cart, which was returning home from Cambridge. Both carts were overturned and both drivers thrown out. The noise of the smash quickly brought men upon the scene. Mr. John Jeeps, the driver of the milk cart, was dragged from under the milk cans, unconscious and saturated with milk. He was taken into a house close by, and later removed home. The doctor was summoned, but pending his arrival the parish nurse did all she could for the relief of the sufferer. Mr. Jeeps sustained a severe cut on the back of his head, and his leg was injured, but fortunately no bones were broken. Mr. Ingle was more fortunate. He was dazed and badly shaken, but was soon able to walk home, leading his horse and cart. Neither of the horses were injured, but both carts were damaged, Mr. Smith s the more seriously. The whole of the milk was spilled, and ran along the streets into the drains. Submitted by Betty Marshall from an unknown English newspaper, early 1900s, probably in Cambridgeshire. [Our headline Ed.] 52 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

55 GENES ON SCREEN Vee Maddock (Member No. 3972) 1881 British Census Is your ancestor still lost in the 1881 British census wilderness? I think I ve finally discovered why so many of these people couldn t be found before. There is no standard for entries in the census. None at all. Households are entered as they were enumerated, whether or not the enumerator could spell (for example the several schulmistresses who resided in one parish). This lack of standardisation in the transcription might be OK if you are looking for great uncle Ebenezer Fortescue and the enumerator could spell, but it s not much help when you re looking for John someone born in Birmingham when Birmingham is variously entered as Birmm, Birmingham, B ham, Bham and Birmingham Warwick, all within the space of a few records. Folio Views is the advanced form of the search engine that comes with the 1881 census. The original viewer (version 3) would search only locations and names. If you purchase a more recent CD-Rom publication by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints you may get version 4 of their search engine. This is a big improvement as it enables searches of neighbours and widens the search criteria. However the full Folio Views software has several advantages, even over version 4, one being the ability to search the entire census database at once. Using Folio Views (available in the Hobart Branch Library) it is also possible to view every word entered in the 1881 census in each region. Go to advanced search and there they are, all listed down the side of the search box. By watching as I typed, I found one of my jewellers entered as a jewleller. He would never have turned up in a search. Folio Views considers each 1881 Census household to be a record. Therefore, a search for any words, such as Smith and labourer in the same record will find all the households containing a person with the name Smith and anyone who is a labourer, also those where the occupation was listed as something smith. (e.g. gold smith). The addition of inverted commas around a search will make it look for the exact text together. For example, searching William Smith would find every household containing a Smith, and a William. Searching William Smith would find only those records containing William Smith. It would not, however, find William J. Smith or William S. Smith, etc. In order to search efficiently it becomes necessary to understand the format of the census records. Each individual is entered thus: Given name / (initial?) / Surname / marital status / age / sex / birth parish, county, country. As has already been shown the birth place may or may not contain all the details above. By searching within inverted commas, and using the format of each entry as above and wildcards for unknowns it is possible to force the census to show only those individuals who meet our criteria. If, for example, you know her name was Eva something and she was 23 and born in Bradford, then search eva * * 23 F Bradford TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

56 Each * stands for a word or group of characters in the line. So, we are searching for Eva of unknown surname, and unknown marital status, who was 23 and female and born in Bradford. And it returns one hit, the household of Walter PEEL Status: M Age: 28 Sex: M Birthplace: Leeds, York, England Rel: Head Occ: Telegraph Clerk (Civil Serve) Eva PEEL Status: M Age: 23 Sex: F Birth place: Bradford, York, England Rel: Wife Occ: Telegraph Clerk Wife Also try the same search with an additional * after the christian name in case she was Eva E. or some other initial or second name. Unfortunately you must try both searches because only some people had second names/initials entered. Mysteries are being solved, ancestors are found and generations completed as people delve deeper into the 1881 census. Often something as simple as a spelling error has kept families apart. Of course it s only other people who are finding answers. All I ve found so far are more questions, but they are such interesting questions. Sites of Interest This database contains catalogues of archives, submitted to A2A from all over England covering records from the twelfth to the twentieth century. It is regularly updated, so revisit often for newly-included catalogues of English archives. Read the information for family historians at the bottom of the page before proceeding to the search button. Allow yourself several hours as fascinating things can turn up. The A2A database does not include information about the holdings of the Public Record Office. For those see hdog.htm I ve mentioned the Genealogical Web Site Watchdog before, but it s worth a reminder. Keep an eye out and don t get conned. Just because it says so on the web doesn t make it true. Sites mentioned in this column this issue and in previous issues are available as links on goslinks.htm Site suggestions are always welcomed. me at LIVING AND WORKING IN HOBART HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES The Professional Historians Association Tasmania is organising a conference in conjunction with the Hobart City Council to be held at the Centre for the Arts University of Tasmania Sunday 20 October 2002 Offers of papers to be presented are being sought from historians, students, heritage professionals and others with an interest and knowledge of Hobart s history. Submissions and enquiries to Dianne Snowden 8 Henry Street Richmond TAS or Kathy Evans PO Box 306 Moonah TAS TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

57 TASMANIANA LIBRARY, STATE LIBRARY OF TASMANIA NEW ACQUISITIONS This is a select list of books on history and genealogy which have been added to the Tasmaniana Library between January and March, They are mostly, but not all, new publications; the Tasmaniana Library often acquires older works which relate to Tasmania and which it does not already hold. The list has been kept as brief as possible; normally only author, title and the Tasmaniana Library s reference number are given. If you would like further information about any of the books listed, please contact the Tasmaniana Library at 91 Murray Street, Hobart 7000 or by telephone on (03) , by fax on (03) , and by at Further information is also available on TALIS, the State Library s on-line information system. TALIS is available in city and branch libraries throughout Tasmania and through the World Wide Web; its URL is Please note that, while all of these books are available for reference in the Tasmaniana Library, they are not available for loan (although copies of some of them may be available at city and branch libraries). Adams, Brian, Flowering of the Pacific: Banks Florilegium. [Video] (TL VC FLO) The art of giving: celebrating 20 years of the Cultural Gifts Program. (TLQ ART) Barter, Susan, Winspear: history and recollections (TLQ WIN) Beard, Trevor C et al, Eradication in our lifetime: a log book of the Tasmanian hydatid control programs, (TLQ BEA) Bick, Ralph, Colloquial Australian: contributions from Yiddish. (TL BIC) Bonyhady, Tim, The colonial earth. (TLQ BON) Bonyhady, Tim and Tom Griffiths (eds.) Words for country: landscape and language in Australia. [Includes The blasted hills by P R Hay (on Queenstown); The graveyard of a century by Brigid Hains (on Douglas Mawson s perception of the coast of Tasmania) and So much for a name by Tim Bonyhady (on names of caves in the Franklin River region)] (TL WOR) Browning, Tas, Operational deployments of HMAS Melbourne [R21] (TLP BRO) Cabalzar, Reg, Original manuscripts and photos of his books Futuristic fishing, The practical fly fisherman, Tricking bigger trout and Trout! My latest theories. (TLQ CAB) Canden, Chas J, Walk in my shoes: from Ashley boy to altar boy. (TL CAN) Carr Villa Memorial Park burial and cremation records. [CDROM] (TLCDROMS CAR) Clarke, Frank, The Clarke clan in Australia. (TL CLA) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

58 Connoisseurs in paintings: George Frankland and the Aborigines of Van Diemen's Land. (TL Q FRA) Davenport, Arthur, Report upon Parochial Schools within the Archdeaconry of Hobart Town. [1851] (TLPQ DAV) De La Mare, A J, Joseph Hatch and the loss of the Kakanui. (TL DEL) Dennison, C. J., A tour to Port Arthur. (TLP DEN) De Vries, Susanna, Great Australian women: from federation to freedom. (TL DEV) Dugard, Martin, Farther than any man: the rise and fall of Captain James Cook. (TL COO) Duggan, Laurie, Ghost nation: imagined space and Australian visual culture (TL DUG) Ellis, Shauna (ed.), Bothwell revisited: a history: foundation, Federation and the Millennium. (TL BOT) Ely, Richard, James Warden abd MG Haward (eds.), A living force: Andrew Inglis Clark and the ideal of commonwealth. (TL CLA) Evans, J A., Frederick Matthias Alexander: a family history. (TLQ ALE) For the term of his natural life : adapted from Marcus Clarke s immortal story. [Comprises Vandiemenism debated: the filming of For the term of his natural life by Michael Roe and Filming The Term : the filming of the [sic] For the term of his natural life by Brian Ruisset] (TLPQ FOR) Frost, Lucy and Hamish Maxwell-Stewart, Chain letters: narrating convict lives. (TL CHA) Gardam, Faye, Shifting sands: a history of the Mersey River, Devonport. (TL GAR) Gee, Helen, For the forests: a history of the Tasmanian forest campaigns. (TLQ GEE) Gilbert, Allen, All about apples. (TL GIL) Graeme-Evans, Alex, Brewsters: a short history of Brewster Ltd (TLQ ) Halligan, Marion (ed.), Storykeepers. (TL 820.8A STO) Harwood, Gwen, A steady storm of correspondence: selected letters of Gwen Harwood (TL 821.3A HAR) Howie-Willis, Ian, A century for Australia: St John Ambulance in Australia (TL HOW) Huntsman, Leone, Sand in our souls: the beach in Australian history. (TL HUN) Hutton, P N, How a Tasmanian-born tennis meteor almost disappeared without trace. [Harry Barclay] (TLPQ BAR) Jolly, David, The river runs on: the boyhood memories of David Jolly: born and bred on the banks of the Huon River : stories of family, events and experiences from 1931 to (TLQ JOL) 56 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

59 Junction Lake Hut: plan of management. (TLQ AUS) King Island Arts Council, From federation to centenary: an island perspective. (TLCD KIN) Kelly, Heather, A tribute to Keith Fuller, his ancestors and descendants. (TLQ FUL) Lawson, Julie, Tarraleah School: down the years (TLQ TAR) Lester, Stuart, Of coastlines and crayfish: recollections of a Tasmanian lobster fisherman, (TLQ LES) Ludeke, Michael A, Tasmania s Maria Island: a comprehensive history and visitor s guide. (TLQ LUD) Lund, Judith N, Whaling masters and whaling voyages sailing from American ports: a compilation of sources. (CRO LUN) Mallett, Molly, My past - their future: stories from Cape Barren Island. (TL MAL) Markham, Clements R, The Arctic navy list (TL MAR) Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish and S. Hood, Pack of thieves? 52 Port Arthur lives. (TL MAX) McGonigal, David and Lynn Woodworth, Antarctica: the complete story. (TLQ MCG) Morris, R O, Charts and surveys in peace and war: the history of the Royal Navy s hydrographic service (CROQ MOR) Neasey, F M and L J Neasey, Andrew Inglis Clark. (TLQ CLA) Old waterfall valley hut: plan of management. (TLQ AUS) Options paper: Cornelian Bay Boatsheds. (TLQ HOB) Orient Line R.M.S.: "Orford" Easter cruise to Tasmania April 1938, first class: list of passengers and general information. (TLP ORI) Paterson, Jim, A King Island settler's tale. (TL PAT) Reed, John, I wouldn t have missed it for quids: memorabilia and memoirs of John Reed. (TLQ REE) Richardson, Peter (ed.), On the tide: stories of the Tamar. (TLQ ONT) Robin, Libby, The flight of the emu: a hundred years of Australian ornithology (TLQ ROB) Roe, Michael, The state of Tasmania: identity at federation time. (TL ROE) Sharples, Chris (ed.), Lake Pedder: values and restoration. (TLQ ) Smith, James Montagu, Send the boy to sea: the memoirs of a sailor on the goldfields. (TL SMI) Stoward, John (ed.), Australian Rules football in Tasmania (TLQ AUS) Supplement to the Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times, 1890 [Sketches at Port Arthur, Tasmania] (TLE ILL) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

60 Tasmanian Heritage Council. Heritage Register October 2001 [electronic resource] (TL CDROMS TAS) Taylor, John, Let s talk about place names. (TLP LAU) Tilley, Raymond F, A background to freedoms and justice in Van Diemans (sic.) Land: highlights in the history of the Honorary Justices Association of Tasmania, (TLP TIL) The tragedy and myth of the Tasmanian tiger [electronic resource] (TL CD ROMS TRA) Trappers hut: plan of management. (TLQ AUS) A tribute: Paul Davies , Ben Davies , Jack Davies [Audio Cassette] (TL DAV) Wilson, J W, A review of some events & personalities in Launceston and Tasmania. (TL WIL) Young, David, From Vistula to Derwent: the story of the Polish community in Hobart. (TL YOU) 58 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

61 FROM THE EXCHANGE JOURNALS Thelma McKay (Member No. 598) Locating Records of the late Colonial Period in South Australia by Graham Jaunay in The South Australian Genealogist, the journal of the South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society August 2001, Vol.28, No.3, pp A very informative article regarding research in SA, it details the information included on BDM certificates; how to find a death date if not in the indexes; hospital and asylum records; wills; inquests; shipping; newspapers; plus where these records are held. Latin Names are listed in Lachlan Valley Gold the Forbes Family History Group newsletter No.62, Spring 2001, p.4. A list of common Christian or given names showing their English and Latin versions which may help in researching old documents. Guild of Freemen in Berwick upon Tweed by Linda Bankier, archivist at the Berwick Record Office. The journal of the Northumberland and Durham Family History Society, September 2001, Vol.26, No.3, pp Membership to the Guild of Freemen was for males only, originally by birthright ie. the eldest son of a member on reaching the age of 21 years. By 1783, this was changed and all sons of members could be admitted; and from 1996, even grandsons through the male line. An apprenticeship for a younger son enabled him to be admitted to a guild on completion of his seven-year term. Unlike other cities, Berwick had only one guild which encompassed all trades. Its records are held by the local Record Office and include Guild Books , Admission Books , and Printed Freemen s Rolls Also held is a database of all admissions , which includes date of the father s admission and any other available genealogical information. Two articles found in the journal of the Society of Genealogists September 2001, Vol.27, No.3, Genealogists Magazine. 1 Anglo-Indian Ancestry by G. L. Charles, pp Britons born before 1833 and brought up in India probably had Anglo-Indian ancestry. This article defines the term Anglo- Indian, details where to find useful records, and how to identify Anglo- Indians from information contained in the records. Includes Baptism, Burial and Marriage records; Army and Chaplain returns (many into the 20 th century); listings of Civil Servants; Wills; etc. 2 London Probate Matters pp Dr David Wright has indexed all the smaller probate court wills and administrations in London between 1750 and He describes these records, the nine courts (listed) with the dates included in his database, and the problems encountered in interpreting the handwriting. The Problem of Smith by Leon W. Smith in The Explorers Tree the journal of the Blue Mountains Family History Society September 2001, No.57, pp Thomas (Walworth) Smith arrived in Tasmania with the 96 th Regiment per Canton in His army records show he was born in Coleorton near Ashby de la Zouch, Leicestershire, England. In his quest to find the birth of Thomas Smith TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

62 who died at Oatlands, Tasmania in June 1858 aged 53 years, the author noted five baptisms listed on the IGI between He then compared the parents names with the children of Thomas and his wife Harriet (born Scotland), in the hope of finding a naming pattern. Mary Ann Beddow felon/convict The End by Bruce E. Beddow in the Glamorgan Family History Society journal No.63, September 2001, pp An article appeared in the June issue of the Glamorgan journal on Mary Ann Beddow. The author continues Mary s story with his research in VDL; her arrival as a convict per Royal Admiral in 1842, her time in the Cascade Female Factory in Hobart and a possible death in Two articles were found in the Hertfordshire Family and Population History Society journal Hertfordshire People for September 2001, No Wills Before 1858 by Anthony Camp pp.7 9. This very informative article outlines the making of wills from the earliest times to present day. Last will and testament refers to two types of bequests will deals with the land and buildings, whereas the personal belongings (chattels) come under testament. Also included is where to search for a will, plus who could make a will and/or testament eg. children over the age of consent (14 for boys, 12 for girls); widows and spinsters who often named more relatives than the men. 2 From Hertford to Hobart by Janet Tillem, pp John Edwards alias Racker was convicted at the Lent Assizes, Hertfordshire in 1825 for stealing a horse on the morning of his marriage to Mary Knight the previous December. He was transported to VDL per Woodman in Notes written by the vicar of St Mary s church in Therfield record John s illegitimate birth, and detail how he stole a horse, was tried and transported he was never heard of again. A daughter Eliza was born in Mary Knight then cohabited with a John Rainer, by whom she had many children; they married in On arrival in VDL John Edwards was assigned to William Effington Lawrence, of Launceston. A possible death is recorded here in The Population of Shetland by Alan Beattie in Cootin Kin the Shetland Family History Society journal No.40, Autumn 2001, pp The first census was taken in 1801 and continued every ten years, with the exception of 1941 owing to the war. This article includes several tables showing the population for various areas of Shetland from and offers reasons for the variations in numbers. The questions asked by the enumerator in 1811 are also featured. The Wiltshire Wills Project by Lucy Jefferis in the Berkshire Family Historian the journal of the Berkshire Family History Society Vol.25, No.1, September 2001, pp The Salisbury Diocesan Probate collection contains 90,000 wills covering not only Wiltshire but also other areas including Berkshire. Listed under several headings are details on Making a will ; Deathbed wills ; and Women and wills etc. A principal aim of the Wiltshire Wills Project, is to catalogue all probate documents onto a searchable database, with internet access. Completion by April 2003, is anticipated. With a Little Bit of Luck by Bob Grace in the journal of the Bristol and Avon Family History Society September 2001, No.105, pp While researching his Quaker family at Friends House in London, the administrative 60 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

63 centre of the Religious Society of Friends, the author discovered letters written by his ancestors Daniel Abraham and Rachel Fell in 1681; they married two years later. The society holds BDMs from , plus typed biographical notes on almost 2,000 past Friends and their families. Quakers registered all those who attended their meetings as members. Before a marriage took place, enquiries were made about both the bride and the groom. Does Your Family Boast of a Gunmaker by Stan Cook in The Genealogist, the journal of the Australian Institute of Genealogical Studies Vol.10, No.3, September 2001, pp Many of London s gunmakers lived in the Tower Hamlets area, especially Whitechapel. Both the Gunmakers and Joiners Company records are held at the Guildhall Library in London, but the author also lists several other repositories in London where supplementary records for gunmakers may be located. Using PictureAustralia to Find Images of Ships and Migration The Ancestral Searcher, the journal of Heraldry and Genealogy Society of Canberra September 2001, Vol.24, No.3, pp PictureAustralia was launched in September 2000 by the National Library of Australia at to provide access on the internet of all images of ships, whether they be convict ships, ocean liners or war ships. This article deals with how to use and locate these digital images, listing the twelve agencies (ie. archives, libraries, museums and galleries) that have participated. Many different industries are included such as whaling, shipbuilding and lighthouses. Images can be printed or saved to a file for personal use, but permission by the agency involved is needed for reproduction for publication. The Westminster and Central Middlesex Family History Society has been incorporated into the London and North Middlesex Family History Society. The last Greentrees journal is Vol.21, No.3 for July New exchange journals The Maranoa Enquirer, Roma and District Family History Society, QLD The Chronicle, Lake Macquarie Family History Group, NSW Ag Lab Chronicles, Fenland Family History Society, UK Tunbridge Wells, Kent UK REUNION A gathering for descendants of JOHN MARSDEN his son JOHN and daughter JANE STONEHOUSE will be held to celebrate the 190th anniversary of his arrival in Tasmania to be held in Launceston 19 October 2002 A book, Early Launceston: the Marsden Story will be launched at this time. Their children married into the families of CAREY, WILLIAMS, SHARP, HARRIS, SUTTON, SMITH, NUNN, WOOD Surnames of descendants include OSMOND, McLEOD, JOHNSTON, OLDING, SUTCLIFFE, STEPHENS, WARD, HEASMAN, RUNDLE, WADE, LEE, WEEKS, McLAREN, BROWN, KERRISON, ATKINSON, KIRKWOO, CLANCE, McCONNELL, WALTER. Contact Mrs Kath Lewis, 14 Pendine Street, Carine, WA 6020 (08) or Mrs Lisa Cairns (03) Mrs Betty Broomhall (03) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

64 Lost, Stolen or Strayed and Found! Richard Legge of Edinburgh, Scotland, writes When I worked in Ulverstone in the 1960s there was no such thing as your FHS and I had no interest in family history anyway. In retirement, with the internet, things are much more exciting and I have just found your journal in the library of the Scottish Genealogical Society. The article on the subject of this branch of the Legge family in Burke s Colonial Gentry (1891) intrigues me, as I too have Dartmouth ancestors through my mother! We are hoping to re-visit Tasmania later in the year and would love to know a little more about Break o Day River. Can you give me some leads? The Warwickshire County Record Office is undertaking major building works which will continue until at least May Anyone wishing to visit is advised to ring ahead on or contact the Warwickshire Record Office at Priory Park, Cape Road, Warwick CV34 4JS UK If you missed the Back to Cygnet exhibition the information is available in the Museum. They would love to hear from people who are descended from convicts who spent time at any of the Probation Stations in the Huon, particularly Lymington, Port Cygnet and Nichol s Rivulet. The Museum has also begun collecting family trees and has some school attendance lists which may be of interest. Contact Katrina Pickering at the Cygnet Living History Museum Inc., 51 Mary Street, Cygnet TAS 7112 Cornish Business Systems who produced the census CD have also started collecting GEDCOM files from people with Cornish ancestry. Their aim is to 62 collect as many as possible and to make one large database on CD-Rom which can be searched. CBS are now up to their third version of their GEDCOM with over 130,000 records in 100 family trees. The database and associated GEDCOM may be purchased for 5 but they are giving free copies to everyone who contributes a GEDCOM file. For further information contact Laurence Wright at CBS House Albany Road, Redruth Cornwall, UK or The Melbourne Herald Sun, in association with Cold North Wind Inc., reports it is making Australian history by publishing part of the Port Phillip Herald archive on the internet, in its original form, fully searchable by date or word phrase. The published portion of the archive covers the period from 3 January 1840 until 31 December First published by George Cavenagh, it was the forbear of today s Melbourne Herald Sun. Information regarding subscription to the database is available at com Another website re old newspapers and periodicals including The Melbourne Weekly Courier of 6 January 1844, has also been brought to our attention at This allows you to print the pages and read the Shipping Intelligence. Noted was the departure on 5 January 1844 of the Rajah for London with passengers Sir John, Lady, and Miss Franklin and two servants, Mrs Ferguson, Miss Craycroft, Miss Williamson, Miss Forbes and Dr. Browning; W. M. Bell and John Porter Esquires. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

65 TASMANIA Unless otherwise notified, all Tasmanian Historical Research Association (THRA) meetings take place on the second Tuesday of the month in the Royal Society Room, Custom House, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Macquarie Street, Hobart, starting at 8:00 p.m June 2002 Islands of Vanishment. The Port Arthur Historic Site in conjunction with the University of Tasmania, the Tasman Institute of Conservation and Convict Studies and Australia ICOMOS will host this conference. Visit their website at See next page. 11 June 2002 THRA Why William Smith Could NOT Have Produced The Map That Changed the World in Tasmania, Dr David Leaman. 22 June 2002 State AGM for the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. at Devonport. This will be held at The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints at East Devonport. For further information contact the secretary at PO Box 587, Devonport, TAS 7310, or (03) July 2002 THRA Early Medicine in Hobart, Dr Philip Thomson. 13 August 2002 THRA Hobart s Heritage: a Review of Local Government Initiatives, Mr Brendan Lennard. COMING EVENTS 10 September 2002 THRA A Political Memoir, Hon. Sir Max Bingham. 8 October 2002 THRA Morton Allport and Lake St Clair, Mrs Gilliam Winter. 20 October 2002 Living and Working in Hobart, Historical Perspectives Conference organised by the Professional Historians Association Tasmania in conjunction with Hobart City Council at Centre for the Arts. See page November 2002 The Biennial Conference of the George Town & Districts Historical Society at George Town. There will be an emphasis on various aspects of Shipwrecks in Northern Tasmania/Bass Strait. 12 November 2002 THRA Ideas Which Shaped Hobart, , Dr Alison Alexander. 23 and 24 November 2002 Burgess Reunion at Parkham, Tasmania. 160 th Anniversary of the arrival of George Burgess and Ann Haines. Any enquiries to Annette Banks, 104 Branscombe Road Claremont TAS 7011 (03) or See Reunions notice Vol.22 No.1 June December 2002 THRA Members Night Charles Whitham Some Anecdotes, Mr Lindsay Whitham; Some Tasmanian Events and Their Ephemera, Mr Graham Vertigan and Aspects of Export Fruit Shipping from TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

66 Southern Tasmania in the Post war Period, Mr David Hodgson. 21 February 2004 Descendants Day, St Davids Park, Hobart, Tasmania. Organised by the Hobart Town (1804) First Settlers Association. Contact Mrs Freda Gray (03) or Mrs Margaret Andersen, (03) March 2004 Beams Family Gathering, Sunday, 7 March 2004 at the Village Green, Westbury, Tasmania. Contact Marjorie Porter, Acacia Park, RMB 1425 Boards Road, Strathmerton, VIC 3641 or (03) INTERSTATE AND OVERSEAS 8 June 2002 Family Tree Day at the Oxfordshire Record Office hosted by the Oxfordshire Record Office in conjuction with the Oxfordshire Family History Society. 29 June th Yorkshire Family History Fair at York Racecourse, a.m. to 4.30 p.m. Contact Mr A. Sampson, 1 Oxgang Close, Redcar, Cleveland TS10 4ND England. April th Australasian Congress on Genealogy and Heraldry, Discovery 2003, to be held in Melbourne April To register interest, write to Discovery 2003, Conference Consultants Australia, Level 1, York Street South Melbourne VIC 3205 or Bev Williamson (03) ISLANDS OF VANISHMENT 8 10 June 2002 The Port Arthur Historic Site, in conjunction with the University of Tasmania, the Tasman Institute of Conservation and Convict Studies, and Australia ICOMOS will host this major international conference with the theme of exploring, conserving and interpreting heritage places which commemorate painful or ambivalent themes in the history of our societies. The conference will provide a focus for exploring the nuances of meaning and memory of such heritage places. They tell us much about our origins, history and past way of life. They also resonate with strong emotional themes of tragedy, injustice, endurance and sometimes redemption, for these reasons society may have an ambivalent attitude to such places and may even seek their disappearance. CONFERENCE STRUCTURE The conference invites us to confront these issues through the discussion of themes and values, the examination of case studies, and an analysis of the everyday issues facing those responsible for the conservation and management of these sites. The primary themes for the conference will be significance, conservation, community and cultural tourism. ICOMOS The Islands of Vanishment conference will be an adjunct to the meeting of the International Bureau of ICOMOS, which will be held on 5 7 June 2002, at Port Arthur. VENUE Port Arthur, a remote establishment to which the rejects of society were sent and expected to disappear, and which has played a complex and ambivalent role in Australia s evolving identity, is an appropriate and stimulating venue for the Islands of Vanishment conference. SPEAKERS Emeritus Professor David Lowenthal, Thomas Keneally, Dr James Semple Kerr, Professor Henry Reynolds, Dr Barry Jones AO, Dr Margaret Scott, Dr Grace Karskens. 64 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

67 LIBRARY NOTES State Microfiche Roster 20/5/ /8/ /11/ /2/ /5/ /8/ /11/ /2/ /5/ /8/2003 Burnie Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Devonport Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Hobart Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Huon Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Launceston Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Set 1 GRO BDMs Index Set 2 Griffith s Valuation for Ireland Series GRO Consular Records Index Old Parochial Records and 1891 Census Indexes for Scotland Set 3 GRO BDMs Index and AGCI Set 4 National Probate Calendars Set 5 GRO BDMs Index Exchange journals Members Interests and One Name Studies Index BURNIE Accessions Books * British Family History on CD, by Stuart A. Raymond Chatwin 6 Generations in Tasmania, researched and compiled by D. Chatwin, B. Pendry and V. Scarcella From County Wicklow to Deloraine: The Irish Hardings , compiled etc by Harding family members * James Fenton of Forth, edited and compiled by Paul Fenton The Descendants of George Winwood and Dinah Haywood , compiled by Joy and Trevor Winwood and Julie Richards Walch s Almanacs Tasmania, 22 volumes assorted dates from Accessions CD-Roms A Parish Finder for England Cornwall Phillamore Parish registers (Marriages) Vols.1 27 (set of 9 CDs) English Parish Records (Gloucestershire, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Oxford and Worcestershire) English Parish Records, Yorkshire (West Riding) and Nottinghamshire Accessions Microfiche * Ayrshire Place Names Index , compiled by J. and E. W. Steel * Indicates items donated TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

68 HOBART Accessions Books The 1787/1788 First Fleet Marines at Port Jackson, on NI and in VDL. The 1787/1790 Lady Juliana Convicts; John W. Given. *Australia and Immigration ; Dept I.L.G. & E.A. *An Australian Family from Botany Bay to 2000; Cecil W. A. Quinnell. * Burnt Eucalyptus Bark (Early Settlers of the Far Western Districts of Victoria); Nancie Edgar. * Cattle King of Van Diemen s Land William Field ( ); Claudia M. Dean. * The Chambers Letters; Janet Marion Epps. * Crockford s Clerical Directories, , , ; [Anglican Church Directories] * Dictionary of Australian History; Brian Murphy. * The Dunkleys The History of a Family; Elvie Bowring. * Dunne, Patrick Langton Dunne. * First Fleet Families of Australia; C. J. Smee. * The History of Burke; Bourke & District HS. Vol. X 1985 Vol. XI 1988 A History of Mount Stuart; D. H. Metcalfe. * The Hamlyn Pocket Gazetteer of the World; Hamlyn. * Honoured Grave Hector Charles Long DCM; Roger V. McNeice. * The Macquarie Book of Events; Bryce Fraser, ed. * In Search of the Forlorn Hope, volumes 1 and 2; John M. Kitzmiller, II. * My Most Interesting Ancestor; TFHS Inc. * A Pictorial History of Bushrangers; T. Prior, B. Wannan, H. Nunn. * Queensland Sources; Qld FHS. The Royal Marines at Port Phillip, New South Wales and Settlers of Hobart Town, Van Diemen s Land ; Hobart Town First Settlers Assoc. Staffordshire 1851 Census, Surname Index; Birmingham & Midland SGH. Vol. 5 Stoke-on-Trent Vol. 6 & 7 Leek and Cheadle Districts. Tassie s Fighting Pay Corps , 75 Years of Tasmanian History with RAA Pay Corps; Peter Bruce OAM. Surrey and Sussex Parish Registers Monumental Inscriptions and Wills; Stuart A. Raymond. Tracing Scottish Ancestors; Simon Fowler. * Tracing Your Ancestors, Step-by-Step Guide to; D. M. Field. * The Wheel Rolls On & On; Arnold W. C. Reardon. Wise s Tasmanian Post Office Directory ; H. Wise & Co. Pty Ltd. * Woven Threads of Ancestry; Allison Carins. * Using Libraries, Workshops for Family Historians; Stuart A. Raymond. Accessions CD-Roms Military Courts ; Family History Indexes. Sheerness Dockyard Church, Bap , Mar. 1744, Bur ; The Family History Shop. Staffordshire 1851 Census, Master Surname Index; Birmingham & Midland SGH. Surrey Poor Law Index & Calendar; West Surrey FHS. 66 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

69 Accessions Microfiche *In Search of the Forlorn Hope, indexes that compliment the two-volume book; John M. Kitzmiller, II. Staffordshire 1851 Census Indexes,Vols 4 5, 13 15; Birmingham & Midland SGH. Surrey 1851 Census Index, Southwark; West Surrey FHS. Surrey Non-Conformists Registers; West Surrey FHS. * Thornton Bell Chapel Indexes, Marriages & Baptisms ; Bradford FHS. * Indicates items donated LAUNCESTON Accessions Books * 1851 Census Index in the County of Northamptonshire, Northampton FHS Barefoot and Pregnant? Volume 2, Trevor McClaughlin * The Book of Tilley with Family Register and Pedigree Book, Shirley Foster * Bothwell Council Cemetery Records, Bothwell Council British Family History on CD, Stuart A. Raymond * The Essex Record Office at Chelmsford, Essex County Council The Family and Local History Handbook, Robert Blatchford The Forgotten Chaplain - John Youl, Philip Charles Blake * From London to the Bush, Jean Turner * The Heritage of England in Colour, A. F. Kersting & John Bledlow * Home And A Range (Hean Family), L. W. Dimmick The Medical Professions and Their Archives, Peter C. Amsden * My Most Interesting Ancestor, Rosemary Davidson, (Ed) Point Puer Boy Convicts Establishment Van Diemen s Land (Tasmania), Peter MacFie & Nigel Hargraves * A Story on a Branch of a Tree (Hammersley Family), George J. Hammersley * Surrey and Sussex Family Histories and Pedigrees, Stuart A. Raymond Accessions Microfiche * 1851 Census Numbers for Greater London & Liverpool * Death Index, South Australia, Accessions CD-Roms Marine Births, Deaths and Marriages Victoria Universal British Directory 1791 * Indicates items donated TASMANIAN FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC. HOBART BRANCH are investigating a further publication combining the previously published Whitton and O Shea Mercury indexes (Births, Deaths & Marriages) If you know of any errors or omissions in these books could you please notify the Hobart Branch Publications Committee at GPO Box 640 Hobart TAS 7001 before 31 July 2002 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

70 SOCIETY SALES The Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. (formerly the GST) has published the following items which are all (except the microfiche) available from branch libraries. All mail orders should be forwarded to the State Sales Officer PO Box 191 Launceston TAS # Items marked are available to members for a discount of 10% Microfiche # TAMIOT 2nd edition (inc. postage) $ # 1998/99 and 1999/2000 Members Interests (inc. postage) $5.50 # The Tasmanian War Memorials Data base, comp. Fred Thornett, (22 fiche) (p&h $2.00) $66.00 Books # My Most Interesting Ancestor, Manuscript Award 2001 (p&p $3.00).... $9.00 # Van Diemens Land Heritage Index, Vol. 2 (p&p $4.20) $11.00 # Van Diemens Land Heritage Index, Vol. 3 (p&p $4.20) $17.60 # Van Diemens Land Heritage Index, Vol. 4 (p&p $4.20) $27.50 # Tasmanian Ancestry, current volume $9.90 # Tasmanian Ancestry, last volume $8.25 # Tasmanian Ancestry, second last volume $5.50 Prices from State Branch include GST. BRANCH SALES Please note that items advertised are only available from the branches as listed and must be ordered from the address given. BURNIE BRANCH SALES Postage: Orders less than $25.00 add $5.00 Orders over $25.00 please add $7.10 PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania 7320 # Branch publications marked are available to members for a discount of 10% # Early Coastal Newspapers , Index to Announcements..... $30.00 # Index of BD&M notices in the Advocate, Tasmania, # $30.00 # $30.00 # $30.00 # $30.00 # $30.00 Family History for Beginners and Beyond $15.00 Family History Research Manager $15.00 # Generations of Recipes $8.00 Web Sites for Genealogists, Cora Num $17.50 # The Zeehan and Dundas Herald Births, Deaths and Marriages Index # $30.00 # $ TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

71 Computer Software Family Tree Maker $88.00 Family Tree Maker Upgrade to ver. 8 from any version $66.00 Brothers Keeper ver. 6 (Full registered Version on CD plus Manual)..... $95.00 DEVONPORT BRANCH SALES Postage: 1 copy $5.00, 2 4 copies $8.00 PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania 7310 An Index to the Advocate, Tasmania, Personal Announcements Vol. 1 Engagements, Marriages, Anniversaries $25.00 Vol. 2 Births, Birthdays, Thanks $30.00 Vol. 3 Deaths, In Memoriams $25.00 Vol. 4 Personal Announcements $15.00 Vol. 5 Personal Announcements $15.00 Vol. 6 Personal Announcements $15.00 Vol. 8 Personal Announcements $15.00 North West Post Index , Tasmania Vol $20.00 Vol $15.00 Vol $20.00 A Transcription of the Public Cemetery, Ulverstone, Tasmania $35.00 A Transcription of the Cemeteries of Sassafras, Tasmania $8.00 The General Cemetery Devonport, Tasmania $35.00 LAUNCESTON BRANCH SALES The Launceston Branch has the following items available for sale at its branch library. Mail orders should be forwarded to the Publications Officer PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS Branch Publications Index to Births, Deaths & Marriages from the Examiner newspaper:- Vol. 1 ( ) $20.00 Vol. 2 ( ) $25.00 Vol. 3 ( ) $18.00 Vol. 4 ( ) $18.00 Vol. 5 ( ) $25.00 Vol. 6 ( ) $30.00 Vol. 7 ( Births) $30.00 Vol. 8 ( Deaths) $30.00 Vol. 9 ( Marriages) $30.00 Vols $80.00 Vol. 10 ( ) Births $25.00 Vol. 11 ( ) Births $30.00 Vol. 12 Deaths ( ) $28.00 Vol. 13 Deaths ( ) $30.00 Vol. 14 Marriages ( ) $28.00 p&p for up to 4 volumes $7.30 The Cornwall Chronicle: Directory of Births, Deaths and Marriages, $22.00 Index to The Examiner Obituaries & Funerals, $25.00 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

72 Carr Villa Memorial Park Burial Records on microfiche (p&p $2.00)..... $33.00 Gone but not forgotten : St Andrews Church and Cemetery Carrick..... $25.00 Lilydale and Nabowla Cemetery on microfiche (p&p $2.00) $18.70 Index to Passenger Arrivals and Departures from early Launceston newspapers, on microfiche (includes postage) $55.00 Vol $60.50 Vol $60.50 Index to Walch s Tasmanian Almanacs Coroners & Registrars of Births, Deaths & Marriages /80... $15.00 Ecclesiastical $30.00 Magistrates and Justices of the Peace Vol $20.00 Vol / $20.00 Magistracy and Police Department $20.00 Postmasters and Postmistresses Vol $25.00 Vol $15.00 CD-Rom Carr Villa Memorial Park & Crematorium Records $50.00 Other Publications Engraved in Memory, Jenny Gill $20.00 Index to Births Deaths and Marriages from early Hobart Town newspapers Vol $25.00 Vol $30.00 Index of Obituaries from Walch s Tasmanian Almanacs The Red Books /80, Sandra Duck $18.00 Lilydale: Conflict or Unity, Marita Bardenhagen $17.00 The Jordans of the Three Isles, Alma Ranson $35.00 HOBART BRANCH SALES An abridged list of publications available for purchase from the Hobart Branch Library. Mail orders should be sent to Hobart Branch Library, GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania 7001 Branch Publications Whitton Index to The Mercury BDM, Vol. set $49.90 O Shea Index to The Mercury BDM, Vol. Set (Companion index to Whitton Index) $85.10 O Shea Index to The Mercury Births $16.50 O Shea Index to The Mercury Deaths $28.80 O Shea Index to The Mercury Marriages $31.90 O Shea Index to The Mercury Births $21.00 O Shea Index to The Mercury Deaths $34.00 O Shea Index to The Mercury Marriages $29.15 O Shea Index to The Mercury Births $26.40 O Shea Index to The Mercury Deaths $47.00 O Shea Index to The Mercury Marriages $26.40 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 1, Woodbridge $ TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

73 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 2, Congregational cemeteries of Bagdad, Brighton/Pontville, Broadmarsh, Green Ponds/Kempton, Hunting Ground & Wattle Hill and Melton Mowbray $16.50 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 3, Queenborough Cemetery, Hobart, 5 microfiche $27.50 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 3, Queenborough Cemetery, Hobart, A-J $37.95 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 3, Queenborough Cemetery, Hobart, K-Z $37.95 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 4, Richmond cemeteries including Cambridge Uniting $41.80 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 4, Part 1, Richmond Anglican $22.00 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 4, Part 2, Richmond Roman Catholic $18.50 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 4, Part 3, Richmond Congregational, including Cambridge $13.20 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. 5, Part 1, Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart. Indexes to Headstones and Memorials Microfiche poa Convict Applications to bring out families to VDL (also NSW, VIC & WA) Index , compiled by Coralie Mesecke $33.00 Microform Holdings Brochure, Hobart Branch $5.00 St Marys Hospital Hobart, Index to Registers comp. J. Purtscher... $13.20 The Star suburban newspapers of Hobart Index to Birth Notices comp. Wally Short $19.80 Undertakers of Hobart Vol. 1 Index to Pierce J Keating Funeral Records with gaps. $25.00 Other Publications Abbreviations & Acronyms in Tasmanian Genealogy, M. Ring $5.50 Applications for Queen s Orphanage Hobart, J. Purtscher $15.40 Apprentices & Absconders from the Queen s Orphanage , J. Purtscher.. $20.35 Children in Queen s Orphanage, Hobart , J. Purtscher $15.40 Convict Records of VDL, M. Ring $6.60 Christopher Calvert and his Descendants, E. M. Robb $11.00 Exiled Three Times Over, I. Schaffer and T. McKay $27.50 Father Murphy s Saddlebag Records Catholic Baptisms in Huon , J. Purtscher $8.80 German Immigrants Arriving in Tasmania per America 1855, Pat Harris and I. Schaffer $25.30 Hill Street Burial Ground , R. Davidson $24.20 Hobart Town Land and Stock 1827, I. Schaffer $8.25 How to Find Occupational Records in Australia, Cora Num $16.50 How to Find Shipping and Immigration Records in Australia, Cora Num.... $13.20 Index to Early Land Grants , T. McKay $13.75 Index to News Items, Obituaries & Photos of WWII Servicemen & Women in Tasmanian Papers The Examiner , W. Knolle $11.00 The Examiner 1941, W. Knolle $13.75 The Examiner Jan 1942 to June 1943, W. Knolle $19.80 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June

74 Index to News Items & Obituaries of WWI Servicemen and Women in Tasmanian Weekly Magazines Vol. 1 Tasmanian Mail, W. Knolle $13.20 Vol. 2 Weekly Courier, W. Knolle $30.80 Index to Photographs of WWI Servicemen and Women in Tasmanian Weekly Magazines Vol. 1 Weekly Courier, 2nd Edition W. Knolle $27.50 Vol. 2 Tasmanian Mail, W. Knolle $22.00 Infants in Queen s Orphanage, Hobart , Joyce Purtscher..... $8.25 Juveniles Requiring Education in Van Diemen s Land, , Thelma McKay. $8.25 Land Musters and Stock Lists in VDL , Irene Schaffer $44.00 More References for Tasmanian Children in Care , J. Purtscher.... $18.15 On Bruny Island Weekly Courier 1914 by Cradoc, K. Duncombe..... $13.75 Register of Land Grants VDL , T. McKay $13.75 Sherriff Free Passage to VDL, L. Woods $11.00 Sick and the Poor in Tasmania, J. Purtscher & I. Schaffer $15.40 Tasmanian Children Boarded (Fostered) out 1865, J. Purtscher $13.20 Tasmanian Industrial Schools and Reformatories, J. Purtscher $15.40 Unnamed Irish Boys on Convict Ships sent to Queen s Orphanage Hobart VDL, J. Purtscher $6.05 VDL Early Marriages , T. McKay $18.15 VDL Early Marriages , T. McKay $24.75 Web Sites for Genealogists, 5th edition, Cora Num $15.40 Postage and packing extra Prices from Hobart Branch include 10% GST. 72 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

75 BRANCH LIBRARY ADDRESSES, TIMES AND MEETING DETAILS BURNIE Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library 62 Bass Highway, Cooee (above Bass Bakery) Tuesday 11:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Saturday 1:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. The library is open at 7:00 p.m. prior to meetings. Meeting Branch Library, 62 Bass Highway, Cooee 7:30 p.m. on 3rd Tuesday of each month, except January and December. Day Meeting 1st Monday of the month at 10:30 except January and February. DEVONPORT Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library Rooms 9, 10 & 11, Days Building, Cnr Best & Rooke Sts, Devonport Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. Wednesday 10:00 a.m. 1:00 p.m. Thursday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. Meeting Branch Library, First Floor, Days Building Cnr Best & Rooke Sts, Devonport at 7:30 p.m. on last Thursday of each month, except December. HOBART Phone: (03) or (Branch Secretary) Library 19 Cambridge Road, Bellerive Tuesday 12:30 p.m. 3:30 p.m. Wednesday 9:30 a.m. 12:30 p.m. Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:30 p.m. Meeting Rosny Library, Bligh Street, Rosny Park, at 8:00 p.m. on 3rd Tuesday of each month except January and December. HUON Library Meeting Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Soldiers Memorial Hall, Marguerite Street, Ranelagh Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. 1st Wed. of month 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Branch Library, Ranelagh, at 7:30 p.m. on 2nd Monday of each month except January. Please check Branch Report for any changes. LAUNCESTON Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library 2 Taylor Street, Invermay, Launceston Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Wednesday 7:00 p.m. 8:30 p.m. Closed Wednesday night during June, July and first two weeks of August. Saturday 2:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Meeting Branch Library 2 Taylor Street, Invermay on 1st Tuesday of each month except January at 7:30 p.m. or 3:00 p.m. on alternate months. Please check Branch Report for the time each month.

76 MEMBERSHIP OF THE TASMANIAN FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC. Membership of the TFHS Inc. is open to all interested in genealogy and family history, whether resident in Tasmania or not. Assistance is given to help trace overseas ancestry as well as Tasmanian. Dues are payable each year by 1 April. Subscriptions for are as follows:- Ordinary member $39.60 inc. GST Joint members (2 people at one address) $52.80 inc. GST Australian Concession $26.40 inc. GST Australian Joint Concession $39.60 inc. GST Membership Entitlements: All members receive copies of the society s journal Tasmanian Ancestry, published quarterly in June, September, December and March. Members are entitled to free access to the society s libraries. Access to libraries of some other societies has been arranged on a reciprocal basis. Application for Membership: Application forms may be obtained from the TFHS Inc. State Secretary, or any branch and be returned with appropriate dues to a branch treasurer or sent direct to the TFHS Inc. Treasurer, PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania Dues are also accepted at libraries and branch meetings. Donations: Donations to the Library Fund ($2.00 and over) are tax deductible. Gifts of family records, maps, photographs, etc. are most welcome. Research Queries: Research is handled on a voluntary basis in each branch for members and nonmembers. Rates for research are available from each branch and a stamped, self addressed, business size envelope should accompany all queries. Members should quote their membership number. A list of members willing to undertake record searching on a private basis can be obtained from the society. The society takes no responsibility for such private arrangements. Advertising: Advertising for Tasmanian Ancestry is accepted with pre-payment of $27.50 per quarter page in one issue or $82.50 for four issues including 10% GST. Further information can be obtained by writing to the journal committee at PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania ISSN Printed by Franklin Press Pty Ltd Hobart Tasmania Print Broking Terry Brophy and Associates

77 QUERIES ALLEN/HUETT/WALKER Charles ALLEN, born England c.1816 died Hobart, 1893 was the father of Ann (born 1859) who married William HUETT in Hobart (29 January1898). Ann and William s daughter May married Girvan WALKER and lived down the channel. Can anyone please produce the missing piece of the puzzle from whence and how (convict or free) did he come to Australia? His photograph does not match any of the descriptions of convicts of that name. Family lore suggests his family may have lived in northern Tasmania but his addresses when his eight children were registered, baptised etc. were in the Port Esperance area. When I found the grave and gravestone for Charles, wife Caroline, Ann and William at Cornelian Bay several years ago, I formed the impression that someone was caring for it. I live in hope of finding a descendant with the knowledge of how Charles came to be in Tasmania and something about his background. Margaret Gregory, 50 Wairakei Road, Wamberal, NSW 2260 ATKINSON/GOODSPEED John ATKINSON born c.1798 England, died 21 December 1839, Tasmania, married Sarah GOODSPEED born c1799, England died 1842, Hobart. Issue: Sarah Emma baptised 1829 London married William PEET 19 March 1845, Hobart; John Frederick baptised 1829 London; Eliza baptised 1829 London; Emily Harriet born 11 June 1832 Hobart; Mary Katherine Goodspeed born 17 April 1834, Richmond, Tasmania died 1922 New Zealand married John TURNBULL 1853 Hobart; Lucy Elliott born 1837 Hobart, died 1838, Hobart. Birth and death notices in the Hobart Town Courier and the Cornwall Chronicle refer to John Atkinson as a lieutenant in 48th and 73rd Regiments (one said 78th). The obituary for Mary Katherine Goodspeed states that she was the youngest daughter of the late Captain (?) John Atkinson of the Indian Army. Did he come to Tasmania with the Army or had he retired? Any information about this family would be appreciated and contact with descendants sought. Elizabeth Vercoe, PO Box 3380 North Nowra, NSW 2541 COLEMAN Seeking contact with and information of descendants of Sarah Annie and Moses (George) COLEMAN who arrived in Tasmania Teresa Larkin, 3/106 Kiora Road, Miranda, NSW 2228 FREEMAN Alice Maria FREEMAN, daughter of Thomas Freeman and Mary Ann née MARSH. Birth registered at Fingal. Married Robert GARDNER on 19 April 1897 registered at Fingal. Two children of this marriage baptised at St Thomas Church of England, Avoca. Ronald Robert born 12 April 1898, baptised 22 May 1898; Dorothy May born 22 January 1900 and baptised 24 March On 16 December 1932, at the Launceston Register Office, Alice Maria Gardner married Charles HACKWELL. A search of the RGD microfiche to 1919 and the Examiner index failed to show the death of Robert Gardner. It is thought that he may have died in WW1. Please can anyone help? T Grunnell 43 Salisbury Crescent Launceston TAS or TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002 i

78 HAINES Harry and Susan (formerly FRY) I am searching for descendants of Harry and Susan HAINES who arrived in Tasmania in June 1873, please reply to Teresa Larkin, 3/106 Kiora Road, Miranda NSW 2228 ROBERT JACOMB Robert JACOMB (ex naval officer) and his wife Catherine Wright ELWALL and their children, Robert Elwall ( ), Henry (1830) and Catherine (1832) arrived in Tasmania in They had five more children, Jane ( ), Virginia ( ), George ( ), John Newton ( ) and Rupert ( , died in NZ). The family lived in Hobart, Richmond and New Town. Robert was a staunch anti-transportationist. Catherine s sister, Clara, married 1845, William Porden KAY (government architect) and her brother Charles Elwall married Anne BENNISON in Robert Jacomb and his family moved to Port Phillip (Melbourne) in I am interested to hear from anyone connected to the family with the hope of holding a family reunion in Melbourne, 16 October 2003, the 150th anniversary of Robert s death. Bernadette Bell, 7 Merindah Street, Howrah TAS 7018 KING/FOX Jane Ann KING born 1849, Launceston, daughter of William and Mary Ann King née WILLIAMS, married in 1880, at Waratah to Joseph FOX, born One known child Arthur William Enoch Fox, born 1882, at Launceston. There may have also been a daughter Caroline. It is thought they went to South Australia. Any information would be appreciated. Mrs Nancy Wise, 200 Wises Road, Myalla TAS 7325 (03) LILLIE/BURNETT Reverend Dr John LILLIE born 1806, died 1866, married Mary Gascoigne BURNETT, daughter of John Burnett, Colonial Secretary 1838, Hobart. Issue: Penelope born 1840 Hobart; Isabella Anne born 1843 Hobart; James Charles Francis born 1845, Hobart; Mary Elizabeth born 1847, Hobart; Georgina Henrietta born 1849, Hobart; John Gascoigne born 1851, Hobart. Contact with descendants would be appreciated in an endeavour to establish the relationship to John Turnbull born 1836, died Elizabeth Vercoe, PO Box 3380 North Nowra, NSW 2541 LUCAS/GRIGGS/DIXON/PHELPS James Hunt LUCAS, NSW Corp., and Sandra GRIGGS, convict 2nd Fleet Neptune Norfolk Island, late 1790s and Sydney. I would like to hear from any descendants of children: Sarah Jnr (father John TOWNSON), James Hunt Jnr, (married Margaret O KEEFE, Tasmania) and Mary Ann. Also seeking descendants of Thomas DIXON (VDL 1812) and Charlotte Sarah PHELPS, married Portsmouth, UK. Please write to Miss Gai Lucas, PO Box 792, Moss Vale NSW 2577 NILE CHAPEL DEDDINGTON Seeking assistance in locating a leather-bound Minute Book, donated to The Nile Chapel, Deddington c1840. The minutes were recorded by John Richardson GLOVER, son of the colonial artist John Glover, from c1840 to the time of his death in Access to this volume, extant in the 1970s, reportedly containing the minutes of ii TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

79 some seventy years of the activities of the early Trustees of the Chapel, would, together with any other early documents associated with the Deddington area, prove of invaluable assistance in my compilation of the early history of the area. Extensive enquiry over recent years has failed to establish the present whereabouts of the volume and your assistance in this matter would be greatly appreciated. Terence T. Talbot, PO Box 48, Evandale, TAS 7212 (03) or RENNIE I am seeking information on Margaret RENNIE. Margaret married Robert Campion GRUBB on 4 May 1871 at Hobart. They had eight children all born in Hobart, eventually they settled on the west coast. I believe Margaret died on 13 October 1924 and was buried in the Queenborough Cemetery, Sandy Bay. I have been unable to locate any records for Margaret. Any information concerning her and her family would be appreciated. Ralph Grubb, 2 Kyne Court, Berriedale TAS 7011 ROGERS ROGERS Family History Group as mentioned on plaque 1987 at Port Arthur Cemetery on grave of Charles ROGERS, late of Oakwood, , and his first wife Mary Ann (WALKER), second wife Annie (JONES). Desire to contact members of Group and/or descendants with a view to exchanging information. My husband, David WILSON, descended from Isabella, half-sister of Mary Ann WALKER. Janet Wilson, PO Box 205, Somers VIC (03) TURNBULL/NASH/ATKINSON John TURNBULL born 1836 Berwickshire Scotland, died 1908 New Zealand, married 1: Mary NASH 1848 Hobart; married 2: Mary Katherine Goodspeed ATKINSON 1853 Hobart. Issue: (from marriage 2) John Lillie born 8 February 1856, Hobart; Edith Lillie born 1859, Heidelberg Victoria; Kate Elizabeth Maud born 27 July 1863, New Zealand. John Turnbull emigrated to Tasmania 1846, on the advice of a relative then settled in that Colony, Dr LILLIE, a distinguished Presbyterian divine of the Established Church of Scotland and entered the service of Mr. George Washington WALKER of the Hobart Savings Bank until 1852, when he commenced business as a merchant on his own account under the name of John Turnbull & Co until 1857 when he went to Melbourne and later to New Zealand in 1861 Any information on the HOBART SAVINGS BANK and the firm of John Turnbull & Co. would be appreciated. Elizabeth Vercoe, PO Box 3380, North Nowra, NSW 2541 Queries are published free for members of the TFHS Inc. (provided membership number is quoted) and at a cost of $11.00 (inc. GST) per query to non-members. Members are entitled to three free queries per year. All additional queries will be published at a cost of $ Only one query per member per issue will be published unless space permits otherwise. Queries should be limited to 100 words and forwarded to The Editor, Tasmanian Ancestry PO Box 191 Launceston TAS 7250 or TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002 iii

80 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME PLACE/AREA TIME ABRAHAM Thomas Twyford HAM ENG c BARKER Harriett ENG/TAS c BARNES Mary Hobart TAS AUS c BEALE Thomas & Eliza LND c BENNETTO Emily Annie Lyttleton NZ b BLAIR Charles Fingal TAS c BLAKE Emma ENG BOGUE Mary Launceston TAS BOYD Alice ENG/TAS BOWERMAN James Witney OXF ENG c BRIDGES William Fulbrook OXF ENG c BROWN George AYR SCT c BRYARS Robert New Norfolk TAS c BUCK Elizabeth ENG/TAS BUCK Richard ENG/TAS BUNN Richard LND ENG c BURGESS George David Launceston TAS c CAMPBELL Ada Southern TAS AUS CLARK Anne Brighton VIC AUS c CLARK John Devonport TAS AUS CLARK John Brighton VIC AUS c COLLINS Margaret Clondegad CLA IRL c COMMANE Michael Hobart TAS c COSTELLO Elizabeth née SHERMAN 1855? 5685 COSTELLO Thomas Frederick IRL DAW(E) Benjamin Warbleton East SSX ENG c DELA-FONTAIN Prudence VIC or Sydney AUS DODD James Hobart TAS AUS c DOWD Alexander Melbourne/Launceston b c DOXIE Mary ENG b DOYLE Sarah Rens WEX IRL b DRANSFIELD TAS/SCT/ENG DUNN Mary New Norfolk TAS AUS c ELLIOTT Agnes Edinburgh SCT 5666 EVERETT James IRL 1850s 5659 FEHRE Amalie née RHODE Fordon bei Bromberg GER FEHRE Philipp Ex Grossenhain GER FEHRE Philipp Sandy Bay TAS FERRALL Ernest Henry Launceston TAS FERRALL Herbert Arthur Launceston TAS c FITTER/FETTER Sheffield YKS ENG FORWOOD Charles R VIC or Sydney AUS FRAZIER John Aberdeen SCT FREELAND James ENG GASQUOINE James McDonald Norwood SA/Brighton VIC AUS 1830s 1900s 5677 GEAR Frances Murtle Hobart TAS AUS GEAR Gladys Gwendoline Hobart TAS AUS GIBSON Emmeline Brisbane QLD AUS GILLIE TAS/SCT/ENG GOOCH George Lonsdale TAS pre GRANGE Thomas TAS c GUEST Harry MDX ENG HAMMOND Elijah ENG/TAS HAMMOND Reuben John ENG/TAS HAMMOND William ENG/TAS HARPER George Livingstone Scotstown ABD SCT HEDGE James New Norfolk TAS AUS c HINTON Mary Ann Southampton HAM ENG c HOLDAWAY Bessie Walberton HAM ENG c HOPPER Edward Hart COR IRL 1720s HOWIE David TAS/VIC HUDSON Frederick Horton Strahan/Burnie TAS c HUGHES Sarah Anne IBOTTSON Sheffield YKS ENG iv TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

81 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME PLACE/AREA TIME JOHNSTON Andrew A Outram West Taieri NZ b LACHAL Leonie VIC or Sydney AUS LANDERS James Ennis CLA IRL c LANDERS Margaret Ross Westland NZ LASKEY Mariane/Marnie Hobart? LEE Sheffield YKS ENG LEE Edith Lefroy/Mathinna TAS LEE James Lefroy/Mathinna TAS LEE John William ENG LEE Thomas Leslie Lefroy/Mathinna TAS LEE Thomas William Lefroy/Mathinna TAS LIGHTFOOT New Norfolk TAS MacLENNAN 5679 MAGGS Henry Bristol GLS ENG b MAGGS John Wotton-under-edge GLS ENG McCHEANE James Charles DD St Finbars Cathedral COR IRL 1820s 1900s 5677 McGIVEREN Anne TAS AUS c McGIVEREN Anne Brighton VIC AUS c McLEAN William WIG SCT c McLOSKEY Eliz. Amelia Fraser Greenoch SCT/Invercargill NZ McLOUGHLIN John (A Seaman) TAS AUS McNAMARA Maryanne MILLS Julia ENG 5678 MOGG Black TAS/VIC MULLEN Gervase Heyfield VIC AUS MUNDAY Ann née BAKER c O HALLORAN Catherine IRE/TAS O NEAL Alexander Sorell Creek TAS AUS c O NEAL Robert TAS AUS OLDHAM Mary ENG c ORD Ellen ENG/TAS PARKER Sheffield YKS ENG PAYNE John ENG b PINKER Eliza Temple Bristol b POLLARD 5679 PORTHOUSE Lyell Hobart TAS PORTHOUSE William Hobart TAS PUDDUCK William Basingstoke HAM ENG c RANSON Sheffield YKS ENG ROBERTSON John Hamilton TAS ROWLEY Samuel ENG c SHEPHERD 5678 SHERWIN James STS ENG SHERWIN Peter Macclesfield CHS ENG b SKELTON Sheffield YKS ENG SLY Benjamin IRL b SLY William Ferns WEX IRL b SOUTHWORTH James Hobart TAS AUS SPRATT James W Hull ENG STAPLES George Chichester SSX ENG STEVENS TAS/SCT/ENG TOMKINSON William Smallthorne STS ENG c VANPUYVELDE Antwerp BEL 1800s 5681 WALL John Joseph Cheltenham GLS ENG WARREN Robert Castle Warren Ringaskiddy COR IRL WARREN Thomas Philip Paul Baker Ringaskiddy COR IRL WATSON Archibald Edinburgh SCT b WAY David Shoreditch LND ENG WELLINGTON William ENG/Richmond NSW WIGMORE Mary Elizabeth NZ/Hobart WILSHIRE Catherine Upper Richmond NSW WILSON William Launceston TAS/Collingwood VIC YOUNG James Smith Hurst BRK ENG TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002 v

82 If you find a name in which you are interested, please note the membership number and check the New Members listing for the appropriate name and address. Please enclose a stamped addressed envelope and don t forget to reply if you receive a SSAE. NEW MEMBERS On behalf of the society, a warm welcome is extended to the following new members HAMMOND Mrs Patricia 28 George Street LATROBE TAS HAMMOND Mr Ivan 28 George Street LATROBE TAS SAUNDERS Mrs Iris 69/177 Penquite Road LAUNCESTON TAS HODGSON Ms Wendy J Rear 6 Lyle Street BACCHUS MARSH VIC OLIVER Ms Lynne I Unit 3/5North Street RICHMOND VIC LARKIN Mrs Lyn 8 Roseland Road WODONGA VIC BOWDEN Mrs Joan M 24 View Street BLACKMANS BAY TAS FOSTER Mrs Carolyn J 17 Lighton Way LENAH VALLEY TAS FROST Prof. Lucy 76 Old Station Road LOWER SNUG TAS McLEAN Mr Douglas M PO Box 522 SANDY BAY TAS WHITING Mrs Maree 19 Erin Close BRIGHTON TAS LEE Mr John G G 21 Summerdale Grove SUMMERHILL TAS NICHOLS Ms Dawn 26 Garden Grove LAUNCESTON TAS SLY Mr Joseph C 4 Thelma Street NEWSTEAD TAS SMITH Ms Alice M 17 Oaktree Road YOUNGTOWN TAS VINEY Ms Beryl T 13 Oaktree Road YOUNGTOWN TAS WALTERS Mrs Jennifer 268 Priestleys Lane BIRRALEE TAS LUYENDYK Mrs Rosemary 26 Netherby Rise SUNRISE BEACH QLD BLAIR Mrs Pnena F 13 Wateredge Court LAUDERDALE TAS BOWERMAN Mr Kerry D 10 Tabor Road ACTON PARK TAS BOWERMAN Mrs Wendy G 10 Tabor Road ACTON PARK TAS BUTLER Mr Brian D 6 Molloy Court CLAREMONT TAS CLARKE Mr Robert T 210 Carella Street HOWRAH TAS FEHRE Mrs Stephany E 22 Tilanbi Street HOWRAH TAS FEHRE Mr David 22 Tilanbi Street HOWRAH TAS FRAZER Mr Kevin J 190 Derwent Avenue LINDISFARNE TAS DAVIS Miss Michelle L 1/262 Lenah Valley Road LENAH VALLEY TAS GREGSON Mrs Andrea PO Box 30 MOONAH TAS MA Mrs Margaret E 188 Goulburn Street WEST HOBART TAS MAZUR Mr Todd PO Box 51 BLACKMANS BAY TAS RANSON Mr Don PO Box 635 HOBART TAS ROBINSON Mrs Debra J PO Box 331 SORELL TAS SKILLINGTON Ms Kay C PO Box 16 KETTERING TAS 7155 vi TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

83 NEW MEMBERS 5677 WARREN Ms Anne L 8 Kelvedon Road TAROONA TAS BROWN Mr David R 224 Browns Road LILYDALE TAS BROWN Mrs Jessie E 224 Browns Road LILYDALE TAS COOMBE Mrs Sylvia A 11B Lincoln Street KINGS MEADOWS TAS CRONLY Mrs Paula 45 Beach Road LEGANA TAS RUTHERFORD Mrs Melinda J 486 West Tamar Road RIVERSIDE TAS SUMMERS Ms June L 6/10 Frederick Street LAUNCESTON TAS HUDSON Ms Mary C 198 Old Surrey Road BURNIE TAS FISHER Mr Neville G 198 Old Surrey Road BURNIE TAS STOTT Mr Paul E 5 Noel Street BURNIE TAS STOTT Mrs Roslyn R 5 Noel Street BURNIE TAS 7320 All names remain the property of the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. and will not be sold on in a data base. CHANGE OF ADDRESS 1083 LÜDEKE Alan 6 Boatta Road LINDISFARNE TAS BRADSHAW Penelope PO Box 1051 SANDY BAY TAS SMITH Margaret and Eric Post Office17 Mackey St LONGWARRY VIC LUCAS Sandra-Gai PO Box 792 MOSS VALE NSW 2577 Why does the Menzies Centre need family trees? Family trees are the key to researching genetic diseases in Tasmania. They help us link together people involved in a Menzies Centre study. Researchers can then establish a disease history through multiple generations, and examine how a disease is inherited. As well as information provided by the participants themselves, we collect family histories from other sources. This helps us build up a reference library of Tasmanian families. We have been particularly encouraged by many generous donations of individuals family trees in the past. Donated family histories and ongoing genealogical studies continue to increase the Menzies Centre s advantages for conducting this important medical research. The Menzies Centre s genealogist, Annette Banks, would appreciate the donation of your family history, whether in printed or computerised format. Any information received will be treated in the strictest of confidence and will not be published. If the Menzies Centre converts your printed family tree into a computerised format, we can supply a copy for your own use. Menzies Centre for Population Health Research 17 Liverpool Street Hobart Tasmania 7000 (03) Toll free: TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002 vii

84 viii TASMANIAN ANCESTRY June 2002

85 Supplement to Journal of the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. (formerly the Genealogical Society of Tasmania) Vol.23 No.1 June 2002 Home page: State Postal address: PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania 7250 Journal Branch Postal Addresses for correspondence Burnie: PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania 7320 Devonport: PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania 7310 Hobart: GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania 7001 Huon: PO Box 117 Huonville Tasmania 7109 Launceston: PO Box 1290 Launceston Tasmania 7250 Branch Library Addresses Burnie: 62 Bass Highway Cooee Tasmania 7320 Devonport: First Floor Days Building Best Street Devonport Tasmania 7310 Hobart: 19 Cambridge Road Bellerive Tasmania 7018 Huon: Soldiers Memorial Hall Marguerite Street Ranelagh Tasmania 7109 Launceston: 2 Taylor Street Invermay Tasmania 7250 Deadline dates for contributions: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October TASMANIAN ANCESTRY Supplement June

86 BRANCH COMMITTEE MEMBERS FOR Burnie President Vernice Dudman (03) Secretary Peter Holloway (03) Branch addresses PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania 7320 Devonport President David Harris (03) Secretary Elaine Garwood (03) Branch addresses PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania President Miss Vernice Dudman Vice President Mr Peter Cocker Correspondence Secretary Mr Peter Holloway Minute Secretary Mrs Marj Margetts Treasurer Mrs Jill Poke Library Coordinators Mrs Judy Cocker Mrs Elaine Murray Research Mrs Sybil Russell Committee Mrs Dawn Collins Mrs Dot Corbett Mr Ray Hyland State Delegates Mrs Judy Cocker Mr Peter Holloway Alternate Delegate Mrs Dawn Collins President Mr David Harris Vice President Mrs Sue McCreghan Secretary Mrs Elaine Garwood Treasurer Mr John Dare Librarian Mrs Glenice Brauman Mr John Dare Mrs Isobel Harris Research Mrs Elaine Garwood TAMIOT Mr Adrian Loone Committee Members Mrs Rosie Marshall Mrs Glenice Brauman Mrs Diana Grant Mrs Isobel Harris Mr Mike Smith Mr Levi Stebbins Mrs Kaye Stewart State Delegates Mr David Harris Mrs Isobel Harris Alternate Delegate Mr John Dare TASMANIAN ANCESTRY Supplement June 2002

87 BRANCH COMMITTEE MEMBERS FOR Hobart President Beverley Richardson (03) Secretary Cynthia O Neill (03) or Branch addresses GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania Huon President Betty Fletcher (03) Secretary Libby Gillham (03) Fax (03) Branch addresses PO Box 117 Huonville TAS 7109 President Miss Beverley Richardson Vice President Mr Brian Hortle Secretary Mrs Cynthia O Neill Minute Secretary Ms Vee Maddock Treasurer Mr Tony Potter Librarian Mr Maurice Appleyard Committee Mrs Rosemary Davidson Mrs Ann Hay Mrs Thelma McKay Mrs Denise McNeice Mr Leo Prior Mr Leslie Young State Delegates Mrs Rosemary Davidson Miss Beverley Richardson Alternate Delegate Mr Maurice Appleyard President Mrs Betty Fletcher Vice President Mrs Elaine Burton Secretary Mrs Libby Gillham Treasurer Mr R John Gillham Librarian Mrs Coralie Mesecke Assistant Librarian Mrs Amanda Cavenett Research Mrs Rosalie Riley Publicity Mrs Libby Gillham State Delegates Mrs Libby Gillham Mr John Gillham Alternate Delegate Mrs Betty Fletcher TASMANIAN ANCESTRY Supplement June

88 BRANCH COMMITTEE MEMBERS FOR Launceston President Anita Swan (03) Secretary Muriel Bissett (03) Branch address PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS launcestongensoc President Mrs Anita Swan Vice President Mrs Alma Ranson Secretary Miss Muriel Bissett Ph/Fax Treasurer Miss Betty Bissett Ph/Fax Committee Members Mrs Betty Calverley Mr Robert Cook Sales & Publicity Mrs Judith de Jong Mr Alan Leighton Mr Geoff Rapley Mr Barrie Robinson Membership Sec./Mailbox Officer Miss Helen Stuart Exchange Journals Mrs Judith Whish-Wilson Publications 8 Member Committee, Chaired by President State Delegates Mr Alan Leighton Miss Helen Stuart Alternate Delegate Mrs Judith Whish-Wilson LIBRARY HOURS BURNIE Phone: (03) (Branch Sec.) Library 62 Bass Highway, Cooee Tuesday 11:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Saturday 1:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. The library is open at 7:00 p.m. prior to meetings. DEVONPORT Phone: (03) (Branch Sec.) Library Rooms 9 11, Days Building, Cnr Best & Rooke Sts, Devonport Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. Wednesday 10:00 a.m. 1:00 p.m. Thursday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. HOBART Phone: (03) (Branch Sec.) Library 19 Cambridge Road, Bellerive Tuesday 12:30 p.m. 3:30 p.m. Wednesday 9:30 a.m. 12:30 p.m. Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:30 p.m. HUON Phone: (03) (Branch Sec.) Library Soldiers Memorial Hall, Marguerite Street, Ranelagh Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. 1st Wed. of mth 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. LAUNCESTON Phone: (03) (Branch Sec.) Library 2 Taylor St., Invermay, L ton Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Wednesday 7:00 p.m. 8:30 p.m. Closed Wednesday night during June, July and the first two weeks of August. Saturday 2:00 p.m. 4;00 p.m. 4 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY Supplement June 2002

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90 TASMANIAN FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC. formerly Genealogical Society of Tasmania PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania 7250 State Secretary: Home Page: Patron: Dr Alison Alexander Fellows: Mr Neil Chick, Mr David Harris and Mrs Denise McNeice Executive: President Mr Peter Cocker (03) Vice President Mrs Anita Swan (03) Vice President Mrs Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Executive Secretary Miss Muriel Bissett (03) Executive Treasurer Miss Betty Bissett (03) Committee: Mrs Judy Cocker Rosemary Davidson Mr David Harris FTFHS Mrs Isobel Harris Mr John Gillham Mrs Libby Gillham Mr Peter Holloway Mr Alan Leighton Beverley Richardson Miss Helen Stuart By-laws Officer Mrs Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Exchange Journal Coordinator Mrs Thelma McKay (03) Home Page (State) Webmaster Mr Peter Cocker (03) Journal Editor Leonie Mickleborough (03) Journal Despatcher Mr Leo Prior (03) LWFHA Coordinator Mrs Anita Swan (03) Members Interests Compiler Mr John Gillham (03) Membership Registrar Mrs Judy Cocker (03) Projects & Publications Coord. Mrs Anne Bartlett (03) Public Officer Mrs Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Research Coordinator Mrs Kaye Stewart (03) State Sales Officer Mrs Pat Harris (03) Branches of the Society Burnie: PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania 7320 Devonport: PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania 7310 Hobart: GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania 7001 Huon: PO Box 117 Huonville Tasmania 7109 Launceston: PO Box 1290 Launceston Tasmania 7250

91 Volume 23 Number 2 September 2002 ISSN Contents Editorial President s Message Lilian Watson Family History Award Branch News Vale Lucy M. Knott Thomas Walter Orchard, Allison Carins Huon Pubs, Chick s Perch and a stray Family Bible, Neil Chick FTFHS The Home Guard of Queenstown, Max Frost Pensioners Houses Westbury, drawings by Janet Allen Irish Military Pensioners at Westbury, Max Frost and Gwen Scott The Battlers of Hell s Kitchen, Max Frost My Great Great Granny was a Convict was yours?, Kate Carlisle From Grangegorman to VDL, Irish women convicts to Tasmania in the 1840s, Marianne Davis New Release An Index to Early Coastal Newspapers Patriarch and Pilot, Isaac Hardcastle Palfreyman and Arthur Leonard Long, Lou Daniels New Release In Loving Memory, A transcript of the Chudleigh & Mole Creek Cemeteries, Tasmania News from National Archives of Australia, Ross Latham Queries, New Members Interests and New Members Insert Annual General Report Insert Death of a Fireman, Sharon Foskett New Release The North West Post ( ) An Index for family historians Edward Monaghan, Kevin Green Early Childhood Days at Somerset, from the diaries of Sister Agnes Clara Mackenzie MBE ( ), Ross Mackenzie New Release Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol VI, Hobart s early churchyards and other monuments. Part 1 Congregational Cemeteries Where have you been all these days Billy Boy?, Jennifer Hinch Traveller s Rest, the Goulds Country Hotel, Peter Woolley New Release An Index to The Advocate Tasmania, Personal Announcements Standards for Sharing Information with others Lost, Stolen or Strayed and Found! Tasmaniana Library, State Library of Tasmania, New Acquisitions From the Exchange Journals, Thelma McKay Book Reviews Coming Events Library Notes Society Sales and New Branch Publications Deadline dates for contributions: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October

92 Editorial As your new journal editor, I found the method of production of this issue a steep learning curve after my previous experience with the journal, which was as a member of Audrey Hudspeth s team between 1981 and During that time our main method of production, once the articles had been typed, was one of cutting and pasting them onto consecutively numbered pages and gluing on a Letraset heading. Hopefully the appearance of the page was straight! The journal has grown, the number of pages having more than doubled. I thank Rosemary for all her help and willingness to share her methods of formatting such a well-structured and impressive journal. I hope that I can maintain the high standard. I thank Max Frost from the Westbury Historical Society for his interest in sending three articles and photographs, making a feature for this issue. Also for permission to use the drawings by Janet Allen. We always welcome articles and ideas, as the journal can only be interesting and successful as a result of the material we receive. Feel free to contact me with any comments and suggestions about what you would like in the journal. An issue with a sporting theme has already been suggested. Leonie Mickleborough Journal Committee Leonie Mickleborough Rosemary Davidson, Jeannine Connors, David Hodgson, Charles Hunt, Vee Maddock, Denise McNeice, Cynthia O Neill, Leo Prior, Kate Ramsay and Colleen Read. Journal address PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania 7250 or Articles are welcomed in any format handwritten, typed or word processed, on disk or by . Disks and photographs will be returned on request. Deadline dates are: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October The opinions expressed in this journal are not necessarily those of the editorial committee nor of the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. Responsibility rests with the author of a submitted article and we do not intentionally print inaccurate information. The society cannot vouch for the accuracy of offers for services or goods that appear in the journal, or be responsible for the outcome of any contract entered into with an advertiser. The editor reserves the right to edit, abridge or reject material. If you wish to contact the author of an article in Tasmanian Ancestry please write care of the editor, enclosing a stamped envelope and your letter will be forwarded. The contents of Tasmanian Ancestry are subject to the provisions of the Copyright Act and may not be reproduced without written permission of the editor and author. Cover: Lot III Pensioners Row, Westbury granted to George Comboy. See Irish Military Pensioners at Westbury pages Drawing Janet Allen 74 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

93 PRESIDENT S MESSAGE C ONGRATULATIONS to the Devonport Branch for their hospitality in hosting the Annual General Meeting on Saturday, 22 June. The venue for the meeting was most appropriate, being the Latter Day Saints Church and Family History Centre at East Devonport. After registration and morning tea, we were entertained by a pictorial presentation on Devonport s past with commentary by Faye Gardam. Following this presentation, Faye gave the meeting a very informative talk on the Mersey Region. Faye s passion about history in general and the Mersey region in particular certainly was evident, well done Faye. During the Annual General Meeting our Patron, Dr Alison Alexander, presented the Lilian Watson Family History Award to Paul Fenton for his entry. This was a book on the history and family of James Fenton, one of Tasmania s early pioneers. It was pleasing to note the number and quality of entries for the 2001 Awards. I would like to offer my thanks to all the members of the executive committee who served as delegates or elected officers during my first term as President. For those who did not seek re appointment, I wish you well. To members of our new executive I am looking forward to working with you all and trust that we can advance our Society to achieve the outcomes we desire. One never knows when you may come across information about your ancestors. It has happened several times to me recently. In some cases the information was already known, in others I was not aware of it. I was pleasantly surprised on reading our last journal that Allison Carins had written an article about the Maternity Hospital at Derby. The Dr von See mentioned in her article was my maternal grandfather. Although he died before my mother married, I have been told many stories about him both from my mother and my Aunt. Dr von See originally came out to Australia as the personal physician to my grandmother s elderly wealthy cousin who lived in Victoria. The family story is that the doctor and the old cousin had a difference of opinion and after leaving her employment he came to Tasmania as the first Medical Officer with the then new Company, The Emu Bay Railway. After spending a couple of years with the Emu Bay Railway, he started a practice at Derby in For those of you who seem to have many brick walls in your research, don t despair; one day when you least expect it you will find what you have been looking for. Researching your ancestors has a parallel to inventing. Inventors spent years and years exploring all the permutations and possibilities to produce one item. If we have a brick wall, hundreds of documents and different sources must be examined and read before we may be lucky enough to find the key that we are searching for. For many of us it is the researching and the journey we take with our research that is exciting. When we find what we are looking for often it is not as exciting as the anticipation or the expectation of finding it. Peter Cocker TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

94 LILIAN WATSON FAMILY HISTORY AWARD T HERE were twelve entries in this year s Award. The books represent a wonderful amount of research and dedication to family history. The judges have enjoyed their work over the past few years. In past reports to State Executive I have suggested that the Society should look into another, separate competition for our own stories; our autobiographies. This is a wonderful new range of family histories that is emerging and now needs recognition. Our society is in an ideal position to give that recognition. I have enjoyed my time as Coordinator and have found all the books submitted over the years very interesting. The 2001 entries were: Winspear History and Recollections, by Susan Barter [Devonport Branch] The Book of Tilley, by Shirley Foster [Hobart Branch] The Johnsons of Castle Hill, by Edith Calvert [dec d] & Lois Calvert [Launceston Branch] James Fenton of Forth, by Paul Fenton [Launceston Branch] The Clarke Family of Tasmania, by Kim O Brien [Devonport Branch] Strongest Hand Uppermost, by Kath Lonergan [Hobart Branch] The Merchant of Van Diemen s Land, by James Bruce Merchant [Huon Branch] When Camp Creek Flowed Free, by Cyril G. Dixon [Burnie Branch] Born in the Great Depression, by G. A. Able. Brennen Family History, by Joan Brennan Dixon [Huon Branch] Anecdotes and Family Trees, by Marjorie Porter [Launceston Branch] A Salute to Their Courage, by Margaret May Muir [Devonport Branch] The award was presented at the AGM by our Patron, Dr Alison Alexander, to the winning entrant, Mr Paul Fenton, for his work James Fenton of Forth a Tasmanian Pioneer, Lois Calvert received a Highly Commended for her work, The Johnsons of Castle Hill The Story of a Tasmanian Family. Jenny Gill Paul Fenton s book James Fenton of Forth a Tasmanian Pioneer, was the recent winner of the Lilian Watson Family History Award for This is a beautifully produced, large format book with excellent illustrations, which tells of the life and times of James Fenton. Fenton was the first to settle in the Forth district, near todays Devonport, and after overcoming many difficulties he prospered there. Later he retired to Launceston, where he wrote his well-known History of Tasmania (1884). He also wrote Bush Life, a collection of newspaper articles which vividly described life in the bush in the 1870s and 1880s. Paul Fenton s book includes three contemporary autobiographical notices about Fenton, many of his articles, and articles by various writers about aspects of his life, and his colleagues, such as the Rev. Charles Price of Launceston and James Philosopher Smith. One set of articles was intended for publication as a book but were not published in Fenton s lifetime, and this is the first time they have been published together. The whole makes a most interesting book, and the excellent production makes it a pleasure to handle. Alison Alexander 76 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

95 BRANCH NEWS Burnie eal/burnbranch.htm President Vernice Dudman (03) Secretary Peter Holloway (03) PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania The Burnie Branch s latest publication, An Index to Early Coastal Newspapers was launched at our June meeting by the Reference Librarian at the Burnie Public Library, Sue Macdonald. Our July meeting was held at the Hillside in Burnie where members enjoyed a counter meal before the meeting. Our guest speaker was local MHR Sid Sidebottom who spoke on Co-incidences in History. Our night meetings 17 September, 15 October and 19 November will include sessions on computer use, visit to the Burnie Pioneer Village Museum (for a meeting) and our November meeting will be back at the Hillside for a meal and meeting. Our day meetings are proving to be very popular with good attendance at these meetings which are held on the 1 st Monday of each month commencing at 10:30 a.m., at our Branch Library. Our computer set up from the eheritage grant has arrived in our library and we look forward to beginning work on the filming of the headstones in our area. The branch has purchased three full size computer desks and this will give us more room in that section of the library, as we had an assortment of odd desks and tables. Our representative Judy Cocker continues to provide excellent assistance at the Burnie Public Library every second Wednesday. Judy helps people access the family history records available at both the Public Library and our Branch Library. We have recommenced our monthly working bees and it is pleasing to see the good attendance by members who are willing to assist our branch. Devonport President David Harris (03) Secretary Elaine Garwood (03) PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania The Branch had the pleasure of hosting the AGM on 22 June. Our thanks go to the various members who organised the day s activities at the Church of the Latter Day Saints at East Devonport and for the morning and afternoon teas and lunch which were provided. It was a privilege to welcome Dr Alison Alexander to her first function since becoming Patron of the Society. The speaker for the morning session was Faye Gardam who delivered two very interesting talks. She gave a slide presentation entitled Devonport A Pictorial Past and this was followed with a talk about Recollections of the Mersey Region. The latest volume dealing with the year 1908 in the North West Post series was also launched. The day was followed by a very enjoyable dinner at the RSL Club. Some keen researchers also took the opportunity to visit the Branch Library on the Sunday. The 21 st Anniversary of the Branch was celebrated with a Buffet Dinner at the Devonport Bowls and Croquet Club on 23 July. It was a time for reminiscing and meeting up with former members. It was also an opportunity to launch another book in the In Loving Memory series entitled A Transcription of the Chudleigh & Mole TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

96 Creek Cemeteries. The birthday cake was made by Sue McCreghan and decorated by Gloria Bowden. Fundraising activities have continued with several successful sausage sizzles being conducted at the Coles KMart complex and the last for this year is scheduled for 14 September. Members have continued to compile information for further publications with the result that another book is ready for sale. This latest work is the 1998 An Index to the Advocate. Hobart President Beverley Richardson (03) Secretary Cynthia O Neill (03) or GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania Our Branch volunteers have continued their busy schedule, completing the Cornelian Bay microfiche (a frustrating and difficult process), and working on Early Hobart Cemeteries Vol. 6 and the Alex Clarke Funeral Books. Several new projects are being investigated and we are preparing for the eheritge project. Colleen Read has organised the volunteer programs at the State and Glenorchy Libraries. Julie Kapeller, Irene Schaffer and Chris Woods are the volunteers with Colleen filling in where necessary. The volunteers will assist the public with general problems and promote Branch activities. They will work at the Glenorchy Library the first Wednesday in the month from 10 a.m. to 12 noon and at the State Library the fourth Wednesday in the month from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. We have been involved with the National History Project. Joyce Purtscher has talked to a group of teachers about our society and Marjorie Jacklyn showed ten of these teachers around the Library. They were amazed at the extent of our resources but of concern was the fact that none of them was aware of our existence. To assist our excellent researchers, and to save them valuable time, researchers kits have been established. General Meetings 17 September Des Hanlon: Battery Point after Knopwood 15 October Maree Ring: Early Hobart Cemeteries 19 November Liz Parkes: A Northern Tasmanian Pioneer Family Day Meetings Trial day meetings for those who cannot attend night meetings have been organised. All welcome. 3 October at Branch Library, Bellerive Brian Rieusset: Hangings in Hobart. 5 December at Glenorchy. Computer Users Group: Branch Library 4 th Wednesday, 7.30 p.m. WISE Interest Group: Branch Library 1 st Sunday of February, May, August, November 2.00 p.m. Huon President Betty Fletcher (03) Secretary Elaine Burton (03) PO Box 117 Huonville TAS The annual elections saw little change in the Branch Committee for the new year. One wonders if this is due to the supreme confidence by the members in the running of Branch affairs by the existing committee members, or a lack of time to take on additional activity in the branch. Probably a little of both. It was decided at the June meeting to change the day and time of the monthly meetings. They have changed from Monday evenings to Saturday afternoons: see details on inside back page of this journal. It was 78 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

97 considered that this change might encourage a better attendance by the general membership. The eheritage computer has arrived and members are keen to get on with the project. Cataloguing of the Library is now complete this will assist significantly with the data entry for the eheritage project. Launceston launcestongensoc President Anita Swan (03) Secretary Betty Bissett Phone/Fax (03) PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS Over the past months we have enjoyed excellent presentations from various speakers. Anne McLaughlin entertained with her intriguing stories of the pioneer ladies who kept the home fires burning while their husbands enjoyed a more public life. Dr Jan Critchett provided insights into the interaction between the settlers in Van Diemen s Land and the Portland and hinterland areas of Victoria, whilst Craig Saunders brought us up-to-date on the history and everyday activities some comic and some very grave tales at the Carr Villa Memorial Park. Geoff Rapley is continuing his helpful contact with researchers at the City Reference Library and is able to refer researchers on to our library. Alma Ranson is leading the Launceston Branch eheritage team, together with Russell Watson and Robert Cook, and we are looking forward to seeing the results of their efforts. Our Branch President (and State Vice President) Anita Swan and her committee are coordinating the Lilian Watson Family History Award for Entry forms and details are available from our Branch libraries. Congratulations to the Devonport Branch for providing the facilities and interesting program for the State Annual General Meeting, which was held on Saturday, 22 June at the LDS Church Hall, East Devonport. Launceston Branch committee is in the throes of enthusiastic planning for this event to be held in our area in Watch this space! Details of coming events: Tuesday 1 October. at 7.00 p.m. Workshop: Scanning with Robert Cook and Dating Photos, with Helen Stuart Tuesday 8 October: at 2 p.m. BIG Group meet at Bryan Street former Uniting Church Hall Tuesday 5 Novemvber: at 3.20 p.m. sharp visit to the Museum at the Inveresk site, hosted by Rhonda Hamilton. Saturday 7 December: 12 noon for p.m. Christmas Luncheon at Abel Tasman Motor Inn, 3 course meal, $ Bookings close at Library on Tuesday, 3 December. Tuesday 10 December: BIG Group Library Break: 3.00 p.m. Tuesday, 10 December 10 a.m. Tuesday, 21 January. VALE LUCY A KNOTT Hobart Branch members and particularly those who worked with Lucy on the Journal Committee, were saddened to hear of her passing on 25 May Lucy was one of the quiet achievers. She was responsible for the Members Interests, always preparing them in good time, even through her years of illness. She was a conscientious proof reader and often attended packing days to give us her support and share her wisdom. A remarkable lady, whose courage, strength and humanity made her a wonderful example to us all. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

98 THOMAS WALTER ORCHARD Allison Carins (Member No. 668) T HOMAS was the survivor of twins born 28 March 1874 (date in family Bible). His brother William lived only one week. In a recently acquired printout of the Pioneer Index, these births were registered on 23 March 1873, at Westbury, Tasmania. Their parents were William and Louisa (née DALE) ORCHARD. The family later moved to Launceston, Tasmania. Thomas seems to have been a colourful character. He went to Western Australia, where he made quite a lot of money at Kalgoorlie not from gold-mining, but from selling water at a shilling (1s 0d) a bucket to the miners (according to legend)! Later he went to Perth where he married Marguerite thought to have been a barmaid. They either owned or managed the Claremont Hotel, Perth. They were there in 1909, the year Thomas father died (stated in the obituary). On a visit to Launceston, to see his mother Louisa, not long before she died in 1917, Thomas was boasting of his wealth to my Grandma, Mary Orchard. She was his sister-in-law and herself the most economy-conscious lady, having reared her large family on her husband Arthur s salary of three pounds ten shillings ( 3 10s) a week. Thomas declared that he had so much money, he could afford to light his cigar with a rolled up ten pound ( 10) note and proceeded to do just that! Mary snatched the lighted note from his hand to prevent such a criminal act. (I have read of Western Australian miners doing this to show off their wealth). Thomas and Marguerite had two sons, known as Tich and Cherry, who were teenagers at the time of this visit. Nothing more was heard of Thomas after he left, supposedly to travel to New Guinea. It would be interesting to enquire further into the origins of a Mr Orchard, who had a market garden up the end of Orchard Road in Singapore, which is named after him. Who knows? It could have been our Thomas! More recently, I have received some items from the Western Australia Pioneer Index. Thomas Orchard married Margaret Irena LYONS. So her name was upgraded to Marguerite! There is a record of Thomas Edward Orchard, born Perth 1902, and the death of a Thomas Patrick Orchard in Perth 1903, aged 8 months. Later Thomas Walter Orchard, born Peak Hill, Western Australia 1904, parents Thomas Walter Orchard and M.I. Lyons. The mystery now is whether the first two mentioned were twins, and one died. After all, Thomas was a twin, and there was another pair of twins in the family. That explanation would account for two grown sons, Tich and Cherry, with Thomas being given to each child. There is no record of another birth. Are there any Orchards somewhere who may be descended from this family? It would be good to know what happened to him and his sons Tich and Cherry. My father, John Orchard, was a little boy at the time of the visit. He recalled meeting his cousins with their unusual nick-names. Acknowledgment Most of this story was told to Allison by the late Reg. Hunt whose mother, Bertha Hunt, was sister to Thomas. 80 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

99 HUON PUBS, CHICK S PERCH AND A STRAY FAMILY BIBLE Neil Chick, FTFHS (Member No. 49) W HEN I moved to Crabtree in 1997 and got out the local maps I noticed a prominent hill east of Huonville with the amusing name of Chick s Perch. All the Chicks in Tasmania are related to me, but I knew of none down the Huon till my own family moved there. Then in early June, I was made aware by Mrs Gwyn WEST of Rosetta of an Imperial Quarto Reference Bible (Oxford University Press for the British and Foreign Bible Society, 1855). Gwyn had bought it at the Salvation Army Family Store in New Town Road, some time about the year 1985, but it had no connection with her family. Its provenance is hinted at by the existence in the front of the bible on a recto page of an inscription which reads: E. RATHBONE a new year s gift from her affectionate son-in-law RICHARD CHICK Gwyn wondered if Richard was any connection of mine. The verso of this page is blank but the next page has the following data: John Rathbone and Elizabeth Boyes were married on the 13th December Henry Rathbone son of the above Parents born 26th May 1814 Mabel Rathbone daughter of the above Parents born 27th March 1816 Edmund Rathbone son of the above Parents born 6th June 1818 John Rathbone son of the above Parents born 5th August 1820 George Rathbone son of the above Parents born 26th May 1831 Elizabeth Margaret Rathbone daughter of the above Parents born 6th October 1833 Charles Rathbone son of the above Parents born 30th December 1835 John Rathbone Senior died 13th October 1847 John Rathbone Son of above died Edmund Rathbone Son of above died Henry Rathbone Son of above died 10th October 1837 Charles Rathbone Son of above died 30th December 1837 George Rathbone died 12 September 1851 Elizabeth Rathbone died 11th March 1876 The calligraphy of these inscriptions is professionally embellished with a fine steel nib. There are no other inscriptions, nor is there any mention of places in any of the entries. The entry recording the death of the bible s owner is in another hand, written in 1876 or later, after the event. There are several Richard Chicks in my ancestral families. Was the affectionate son-in law a relative of mine? An examination of the indexes to births, deaths and marriages for Tasmania and the TAMIOT index of cemetery inscriptions, together with many other files at the Archives Office of Tasmania, revealed an interesting story, but generated still more unanswered questions. John RATHBONE, a farm labourer, was born about 1793 in Knopton, Warwickshire, England, if my reading of the Colonial Secretary s file is correct. 1 According to the family bible presented to John s wife, Elizabeth, by her son-in- TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

100 law, Richard Chick in 1857, John married Elizabeth BOYES on 13 December 1812, though the place is not recorded. John was tried on 25 March 1826, at Warwick [?] for housebreaking. At the trial he stated that this was his first offence. He was sentenced to transportation for life. It is alleged that his gaol report stated that his character was bad and this opinion is repeated in the report from the hulk where he was confined awaiting transportation. 2 He arrived in Hobart Town on the first voyage of the convict transport Woodford on 22 November 1826, and was assigned as a convict servant to work on the property of Adolarius William Henry HUMPHREY, Justice of the Peace. Humphrey was one of the founding settlers of Van Diemens Land, who came, as did most of the other members of the civil establishment of Col David Collins expedition, on the ship Ocean, rather than with the convicts and marines on HMS Calcutta. He held the appointment of Government Mineralogist. Humphrey married Harriet SUTTON at St David s, Hobart Town on 28 August Rathbone worked on the Humphrey property, near New Norfolk, for four and a half years. During this time he was responsible for the capture of the bushrangers, Francis DALE and Thomas RANN, and he also apprehended a man, Richard JONES, who was subsequently convicted of robbery. On 9 February 1829, he applied to the government for free passage to Van Diemens Land for his wife and family. 4 According to Elizabeth Rathbone, 5 it was Humphrey s intention to bring John s meritorious conduct under the notice of the Government, but he was precluded therefrom by the illness of which he died on 11 May of 1829, aged A. W. H. Humphrey s funeral was held at St Matthew s, New Norfolk on 16 May and he is buried in the old Stephen Street cemetery in New Norfolk. John Rathbone remained as an assigned servant to Mrs Humphrey, after his master s death, and while there he was charged with finding and feloniously retaining a quantity of powder and shot, the property of a Mr CANNING, but was acquitted by the magistrate, Robert OFFICER, for lack of evidence. 8 Elizabeth Rathbone, formerly Boyes, arrived at Hobart Town with her two children, Henry and Mabel, on 22 April 1830 on the ship Mellish. 9 According to the family bible, Henry Rathbone was born on 26 May 1814 and so would have been nearly 16. Mabel, according to the same source, was born on 27 March 1816 and so would have been 14. The Customs Office record, which notes the arrival of Elizabeth, Henry and Mabel, makes no mention of two other sons, Edmund and John, but the family bible records the birth of Edmund Rathbone on 6 June 1818 and John Rathbone Jr on 5 August 1820, specifically stating that they were John and Elizabeth s sons. The same source also records that they were both dead by 1857, but does not give a date or place of death for either of them; we may assume that they had died in England. 10 It is also possible that between the birth of John Jr in 1820 and John Sr s trial and transportation in 1826 that other children were born to them and had also died. Mrs Humphrey (the former Harriet SUTTON) refused to employ or otherwise support Elizabeth Rathbone on her arrival in Van Diemens Land, so John Rathbone the convict applied for a transfer and was assigned to work on the property of Messrs LAMB and BELL at Ivanhoe for more than eight months. 11 It was at this point that Elizabeth sent a Memorial to the colonial authorities. She made the unusual request to John BURNETT, the Colonial Secretary, ask- 82 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

101 ing that her husband be assigned to her, stating that she was responsible for her own support through the taking in of washing and other tasks and that she was now in a forward state of pregnancy. 12 This letter has annotations by various officials which reveal that not much has changed over the centuries in the tedious and protracted working of public servants. By the time (26 November 1831) Josiah SPODE noted that Rathbone had been in the colony for five years and that Elizabeth was now pregnant, baby George Rathbone was already six months old! 13 Spode recommended John be assigned to his wife. Four days later the letter crossed the desk of the Lt Governor, George ARTHUR, who added Cannot be assigned to his wife: it ought to be avoided in all cases could not this man make a good field Police Man for the New Norfolk district until he is eligible to hold a Ticket if so, I should approve. 14 Spode put in train the usual enquiries with the police. Edward DUMARESQ, police magistrate at New Norfolk (and subsequently the founder of the prominent pastoral family in the Longford district) added his report on 12 December We cannot read the beginning of it owing to the very tight binding of the file, but he continues and that the situation of Field Police man would not be suitable and I should think not He says if he cannot be assigned to his wife nor get his Ticket of Leave, which in fact seem due and the same thing in effect, or nearly so, He is anxious to be transferred to the service of Mr Beaumont. His wife informs me first her situation at Messrs Lamb and Bell s farm very unpleasant as she is by herself among so many men and under a difficult kind of responsibility. 15 The matter dragged on until Rathbone took matters into his own hands and had a letter written to John Burnett, Colonial Secretary. In it he stated that an apprenticeship had been obtained for his son Henry with a Mr G. JARVIS of Hobart Town, and that his daughter Mabel was in service with Edward Dumaresq Esq, police magistrate at New Norfolk. 16 Also his wife has lately given birth to a third child, which circumstance has induced him, owing to your acknowledged humanity, to implore your kind interference in his behalf, with a view to obtaining for him the indulgence of a Ticket of Leave 17 In response to this report on John Rathbone, Governor Arthur was disposed to grant him the very great indulgence of a Ticket of Leave. 18 This was duly issued. One would hope that his troubles were now at an end, but not so. The family seems to have left New Norfolk about this time and to have moved to Hobart Town. Soon after, on 3 April 1833, he was charged with being drunk, and fined 5/-. 19 Then on 4 December 1833, Rathbone was convicted again of being drunk and abusing District Constable WRIGHT, for which his Ticket of Leave was suspended and he was sentenced to four days on the treadmill. 20 The next year things got worse when on 18 August 1834, he was charged with destroying 20 rods of fence, the property of John FOX and with threatening to do him bodily injury for which he was fined 1/- with costs above the sum of 30/- for the damage done and in default of payment to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour in the House of Correction for one calendar month. 21 After that threat, he seems to have had enough of trouble, for the conduct register goes on to record that on 30 February 1838, he was granted conditional pardon and on 28 July 1842 a free pardon. 22 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

102 Two further children were to be born to John and Elizabeth: Elizabeth Margaret Rathbone was born 6 October 1833 and Charles Rathbone was born 30 December 1835, 23 but died exactly two years later. 24 Between the birth of Elizabeth and Charles, the elder daughter, Mabel, was married by banns to John DAWSON at Old Trinity Church, Hobart by the diocese s Rural Dean, the Rev. P. PALMER on 25 November Elizabeth LARSON, spinster, John WILSON, shoemaker and constable at the penitentiary and D. E. MORRIS, clerk to Lt GUNN, were witnesses. At the time, John Dawson held a Ticket of Leave. 25 One suspects that the reason the records of the Registrar General contain no christening record for either Elizabeth Margaret or Charles was the departure of the rest of the family from the valley of the Derwent for the valley of the Huon, which was accessible from Hobart only by small coastal vessels. Mabel s marriage to John Dawson was to be a very short one, as at the age of only 35 he was buried on 28 March 1838, the event being recorded in the Hobart register. 26 John Dawson s occupation at the time of his death was a dyer. No cause of death is recorded. Nor is there any record of any children being born to John and Mabel Dawson. Mabel was to be a widow for five years. Then Richard Chick appears on the scene. He had arrived in Hobart Town as a free person, aged 22, on 28 January 1842, on the Sydney. He was a bookbinder by trade. 27 We have no idea how he met the widowed Mabel Dawson, nor does the record of marriage indicate their ages as other than of full age. From other evidence we can calculate that she was 26 and he three years younger when they married at the residence of the Rev William BUTTERS by Wesleyan rites on 8 February There is no record of Mabel bearing children to either of her husbands. John Rathbone Sr was not to live very long after the move to the Huon. The family bible records his death on 13 October 1847, but once again there is no record in the RGD files. There is, however, a headstone in the churchyard at the Anglican church of St John at Franklin from which the inscription has been transcribed with the date of death as 18th. (On an old headstone, 13 and 18 can so easily be confused.) His age is given as So it would appear that the extending family were living in the Huon Valley, probably from the mid 1840s. John and Elizabeth Rathbone s younger daughter, Elizabeth Margaret was only 16 when she married the Huon farmer, John WALTON, aged 25, on 28 May 1850 at the residence of the Wesleyan Methodist clergyman, Rev. J. EGGLETON, in Melville Street, Hobart. William Walton and Mary ANDERSON were witnesses. 30 John and Elizabeth Rathbone s son George, occupation given as farmer, was drowned on 11 September 1851 at the age of 19, the death being registered in Hobart by Richard Chick. 31 What did John Rathbone do in the valley? Did he too, farm? And what did the now widowed owner of the bible do? A clue is given by a sequence of entries in the Hobart Town Gazette. For fourteen years Richard Chick kept an inn at Franklin. Variously called the Ferry Inn or Ferry House Inn, 32 it was situated at Ironstone Creek, a short, steep watercourse which enters the Huon River on its east bank about a kilometre downstream from the Huonville Bridge. The crest of the ridge northeast of the old inn site is still commemorated as Chick s Perch. There is a record of Richard s activities in the 84 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

103 Minutes of the Lower Courts at Franklin, where he was required to lodge his annual applications for an inn license. This volume records his transactions from 1859 until the transfer of the license to Elizabeth Rathbone on 21 March She kept it until 1870 when she acquired the license to the Picnic Hotel at Victoria, Huon which she ran until ill health required her to transfer it to her daughter Elizabeth Margaret Walton in May of In 1878 the Picnic Hotel passed to William Robert LUCAS and in 1886 to George NICHOLSON. 33 What happened to Richard Chick after he handed over the Ferry Inn to his motherin-law? It would appear that in 1866 he became a messenger at the House of Assembly in Hobart, and thus became a public servant. 34 He and Mabel had a house in Colville Street, Battery Point where Mabel died on 2 August 1869, aged 50, of chronic rheumatic gout. Her status is recorded as messenger s wife. 35 Eighteen months later, an affidavit was issued stating that there was no lawful impediment to the marriage of the widower Richard to Ann DAVIE, spinster of Hobart Town. They were married on 13 January 1871 at Hobart, Tasmania. 36 He was nearly 50. Four children were born to Richard and Ann Chick at Battery Point. Unfortunately, no forenames are recorded for the boys, born 8 February and 25 June 1872, 38 but daughters Mabel Annie and Mary Chick were born 27 June and 21 October Richard Chick, born in England, civil servant aged 71, died at 27 Colville Street, Battery Point on 18 June 1892 of epithelioma [cancer] of the jaw. 41 Elizabeth Rathbone, widow, had already passed away on 11 March 1876 at Victoria Huon, age given as 87 and the cause of death as decay of nature. 42 What happened to her family bible between 1876 and 1985? Did it pass back to Richard Chick s family? Richard s daughter, Mabel Annie aged 23 married Henry William GREEN aged 26 at the Congregational Church at Hobart on 3 September Did the bible come down to us through their descendants? Then again, it might have passed to the descendants of Elizabeth Margaret Walton, née Rathbone, though the possible children who are listed in the RGD indexes are problematic. A John Walton, son of John and Elizabeth Walton was born 25 June 1850 at Hobart, but the mother s maiden surname is given as ROTHALL. 44 An unnamed son born 8 December 1862, at Victoria, Huon has the mother s maiden name as Elizabeth RYMOND. 45 There are no marriages recorded for either Rothall or Rymond, although RIMON is a not uncommon Huon valley surname. There are numerous Walton descendants still in the Huon. Another possibility line of transfer of the bible is through the descendants of the John Rathbone, blacksmith, who died of natural decay at Geeveston on 11 January 1892 aged This man may be John and Elizabeth Rathbone s son, born 1820, against whose name there is a blank in the list of death dates in the family bible. This John Rathbone married twice, first by banns by the Rev Frederick MILLER to Ellen TOOLE, a native of Mayo, on 26 October 1852 at Hobart s Independent s Chapel with George JONES and Louisa WELBORN as witnesses. 47 After Ellen died on 1 September 1871 at the general hospital, Hobart of gastritis, 48 he married at age 50 the widow Elizabeth HULMES or Elizabeth Betsy HUMES, aged 41, at the residence of the Congregational minister, Rev. J. M. BAYLEY, on 13 October 1874, John Wright EARP and Sarah THOMP- TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

104 SON were witnesses. 49 If you discount discrepancies of age, and take note of the consistent occupation, all events in this paragraph refer to the the same man. Elizabeth Humes s son James was the informant for the death registration of his step-father and his mother, who died aged 62 on 10 October 1895 at Geeveston of cancer of the kidneys. 50 No children are on record for either marriage, but as we have seen for the Huon Valley there were many unrecorded events. Were the Rathbones who ran the lime quarry at Lime Kiln Point near Granton for three generations until it closed in descendants of John and Elizabeth Boyes Rathbone? References 1 CSO 1/418/9373 p139. He lists this as his native place, where also his wife and two children were residing. I have not been able to find this place in the gazetteers. 2 CSO 1/418/9373 p RGD 36/ / GO 33/5 p94. 5 Letter of Elizabeth Rathbone to the Colonial Secretary, CSO 1/418/9373 p Nicholls, Mary, (ed.). The Diary of the Reverend Robert Knopwood, Hobart, Tasmanian Historical Research Association, 1977 p RGD 34/ / CON 31/34 p CUS 30 p As late as 1892 there was a John Rathbone in the Geeveston area (which is not far from Franklin where John and Elizabeth Rathbone settled). The Family Bible entry of 1857 stating that John Rathbone senior died 13 October 1847 and that the son of the same name was also dead rules out the Geeveston man as being John Rathbone Jr, son of John and Elizabeth Boyes Rathbone. 11 CSO 1/418/9373 p ibid. 13 George Rathbone was born 26 May 1831 according to the family bible, and christened at St Matthew s, New Norfolk on 30 December RGD 32/ / CSO 1/418/9373 p ibid. 16 CSO 1/418/9373 p ibid. 18 ibid. 19 CSO 1/418/9373 p CON 31/34 p ibid. 22 CON 31/34 p Family Bible. 24 Family Bible. This death, like that of so many infants in the early colony, was not registered. There is no surviving record of a funeral. 25 RGD 36/ / RGD 34/ / CSO 92/8 p39; CB 7/9 p43 and CSO 8/60/ RGD 37/ / TAMIOT Hu01/137:1. 30 RGD 37/ / RGD 35/ / Hobart Town Gazette, 23 September 1851, 5 October 1852, 27 September 1853, 12 December 1854, 15 January 1856, 13 January 1857, 12 January 1858, 11 January 1859, 10 January 1860, 8 January 1861, 7 January 1862, 3 February 1863, 12 January LC Tasmanian Government Statistical Papers, 2 March RGD 35/ / RGD 37/ / RGD 33/ / RGD 33/ / RGD 33/ / RGD 33/ / RGD 35/ / RGD 35/ / RGD 1/37/27 and RGD 37/ / RGD 33/ / RGD 33/ / RGD 35/ / RGD 37/ / RGD 35/ / RGD 37/ / RGD 35/ / The Mercury, Hobart, 27 February TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

105 THE HOME GUARD OF QUEENSTOWN Max Frost Westbury Historical Society T OWARDS the end of convict transportation, the British Government pursued a policy of settling military pensioners in the colonies in villages within a short distance of an officer and a major town. Here this group could be assembled regularly, be kept in a proper state of discipline, and be available at the shortest notice to assist in the case of an invasion or a civil uprising. These men were obligated to do twelve days military service a year after they arrived in the district. The pensioners who decided to emigrate to the colonies served as convict guards on the ships for which they received free passage. Many of the former soldiers with an Irish background took the option to participate in this scheme, as they did not wish to retire in their famine-ravaged homeland. In Van Diemen s Land, or Tasmania, the pensioners were promised a small block of land, a modest cottage, and a five shilling (5s 0d) a week pension. The home would be given to them after seven years, provided the conditions of their service were fulfilled. Westbury, in northern Tasmania, was one of several areas selected as suitable for this type of development. The town was considered particularly suitable because the land was first class quality, there were good transport facilities, ample wood supplies, adequate water supplies, three places of public worship and a resident medical man. A government school was planned to be built at a later date. The fact that there was a recently arrived Roman Catholic priest, Father Jamas HOGAN in the town may have resulted in the larger proportion of Irish military people settling there. In 1850, a military pensioner district was established at Westbury and named Queenstown. It was reputed that this name was chosen by the ex-soldiers in tribute to Queen Victoria who granted the crown land for the settlement. A large area on the eastern side of the town which is bounded by the Meander Valley Highway, Marriott, South and East Streets, was divided into 164 allotments. Nearly all the blocks were of a five acre size, although several smaller pieces of land were granted in that era. Convict labour was used to clear the allotments and plant the hawthorn hedge boundary fences. Convicts also assisted with various other jobs. Fifteen pounds ( 15) was allocated for the construction of each timber dwelling. One thousand bricks could be purchased at that time for five shillings (5s 0d) from the local brickmaker to build the chimney. Mr Robert STEPHENS, the local well-sinker, would have been kept very busy in the early 1850s. On arrival, some of the younger pensioners who still had family commitments were lucky enough to find extra work to supplement their income, but it was very difficult as the large land owners in the district always engaged free convict labour. The first and only brick structure to be built in Queenstown was constructed for Cornelius O KEEFE who arrived in the village with a detachment of the 57th Regiment Fusiliers of Foot in 1830, at the age of 21. When the first group of pensioners arrived, he was placed in TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

106 command of them. The O Keefe cottage, on allotment No. 91 in Marriott Street, still stands today and is kept in good condition. The large wooden barn, which was built in 1850 at the rear of the home and used to house recently arrived families until their cottages were completed, disappeared many decades ago. Catholic religious services were conducted in the O Keefe family cottage in the early 1850s. A very large poplar tree which was brought out from Ireland in a clay pot and planted in the back yard, still stands. Mr O Keefe died on 17 April 1893, aged 84 years, his wife Ellen died on 28 October 1896 aged 69. Their graves are situated in the nearby Catholic Cemetery. Following the gold rush in Victoria, the Victorian Governor sought the assistance from Van Diemen s Land and 131 of the military pensioners under Captain BLAMIRE of the 99th Regiment were detached. Approximately twenty veterans from Queenstown volunteered for service. Mr Robert JOHNSTONE a former sergeant Major of the 42nd Regiment from Ballycastle, Antrim, Northern Ireland, went on a tour of duty. He was the first pensioner to be granted land in Queenstown, and was also involved at the Cornelius O Keefe now famous encounter at The Eureka Stockade at Ballarat, Victoria. Mr Johnstone died on 25 July 1873 aged 69 and is buried in the Anglican and General Cemetery in Westbury, together with his wife and family. Today family descendants still own allotment No. 16 on the corner of Five Acre Row and King Street. This is the last plot still in the original owners family name. Unfortunately, the miners-style cottage was destroyed by fire in A ten acre reserve was surveyed in the new suburb to be used as a cemetery. The land was placed in the hands of the trustees of the Roman Catholic Church. The proposed burial site was situated on the corner of Marriott and South Streets. This final resting place was deemed unsuitable by the authorities, and was never used for its original purpose, as the land was situated on a low flood plain. It was also considered too great a distance for elderly mourners to walk in the funeral procession from the Church, as was the custom in that era. By the mid 1850s Mr. Nicholas Murphy was renting the now defunct cemetery site. Mr Edward MEHEGAN, a store keeper from the St Giles suburb in the town donated a nine acre block of land for a Catholic burial site close to the town centre. This land is 88 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

107 situated on the corner of Dexter and Taylor Streets and is still in use today. A parade ground was situated on the corner of Five Acre Row and Colonization Row for our Home Guard. A large shed was also provided for the old and not so old warriors to have a rest and reminisce about their former military conquests, and make plans for future engagements. There was a large town common situated to the west of this area. A reserve was granted on the corner of Five Acre Row and Dexter Streets for the construction of a government school and master s residence. The Queenstown School dwellings were later built on a smaller allotment on the eastern side of Veterans Row between Dexter Street and Colonization Row. The structures were completed by 1858 and Mr Archibald PHILLIPS was appointed the first schoolmaster. Enrollment for the school in 1858 was 130 students, with the average attendance 54. The attendance numbers varied from 122 in 1862, to 87 pupils in In 1862 the Queenstown School was granted five pounds one shilling and six pence ( 5 01s 6d) to match a local contribution of two pounds ten shillings and nine pence ( 2 10s 9d) to dig a well. Children from three religious denominations attended the school, but there was a high percentage of pupils who were of the Roman Catholic faith. Mr Phillips retired from the position of school-master in Mr M. F. DARCEY took control next, and remained there until the school closed on 1 April 1887, with the opening of a new blue-stone government school in Dexter Street. The house of learning was situated a little closer to the town centre. A Catholic School was opened by teachers from the recently established Sisters of St Joseph Convent at this time also. This school was conducted in the original wooden church in William Street. The Queenstown district slowly declined over the years as some of the original pensioners moved away. The decision to move may have been brought on by the social and economic conditions of that time. Their allotments in most cases were purchased by their former next-door neighbours. Many of the old boys lived out their time there, while others moved as far away as New Zealand. The name of the suburb was changed in 1895 to Pensioners Bush so as not to confuse people with the newly developed mining town of Queenstown on the rugged west coast of Tasmania. Today the area has reverted to a quiet, semirural, residential community. Many of the allotments are still intact and have not been subdivided. Some of the old pensioner cottages still stand today, having had various extensions carried out on them over the years. Hawthorn hedges and unmade lane ways are still visible, and small remnants of fruit tree orchards are scattered around the area. The pensioners planted many pear trees in the early days. However, many of the water wells have been filled in for safety reasons. There is a good cross section of people living in Pensioners Bush today, enjoying an idyllic lifestyle. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

108 PENSIONERS HOUSES WESTBURY Top: Lot 35 Ritchie Street Granted to John Irwin/Irvin Centre: Lot 16 Corner King Street and Five Acre Row Granted to Robert Johnstone/Johnson Bottom: Lot 4 Bass Highway Granted to Henry Fitzsimmons/Fitzsimons Drawings by Janet Allen 90 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

109 IRISH MILITARY PENSIONERS AT WESTBURY Max Frost and Gwen Scott Westbury Historical Society D URING the period it was the policy of the Imperial Government (England) to use military detachments and later military pensioners as guards on convict ships. The pensioners were promised a grant of 5 acres of land, a house, a well, and ample supplies of wood in return for 12 days military service a year and the liability of being called out to defend the colony in case of invasion or civil uprising. Some were called to serve at the Eureka Stockade. They were bound to occupy the grant for seven years. After this time many left the area. At Westbury the area bounded by the Highway, Marriott, East and South Streets were surveyed into 5 acre blocks and granted to the military pensioners. Today two families namely Murray and Johnston, still own the original blocks and have acquired others as they became available. Some of the original cottages still stand, a few the original structures, others restored and built onto. IRISH MILITARY PENSIONERS AT WESTBURY TASMANIA DETAILS FROM THE 1858 RATES VALUATION LIST OWNER ALLOTMENT NO. SITUATION AREA IN ACRES Andrews, Thomas 145 Pensioners -row 5 Barton, Henry 131 Ritchie-street 5 Barton, Henry 101 & 102 Marriott-street 10 Bond, widow 5 Westbury road 5 Boyle, Toal 116 Ritchie-street 5 Brenan, Michael 72 Veterans -row 4 Brittle, Mrs 111 Pensioners -row 5 Bruton, John 146 Veterans -row 5 Bulger, J 34 Five-acre-row 20 Calder, John 155 Ritchie-street 5 Calverly, John 46 Ritchie-street 5 Campion, Thomas 143 Marriott-street 5 Carrick, Thomas 130 Veterans -row 5 Casey, Mrs 65 Veterans -row 5 Crine, John 33 Five-acre-row 5 Cusack, John 27 Five-acre-row 5 Daley, John 136 Pensioners -row 5 Davidson, John 135 Veterans -row 5 Delaney, Mrs 1 94 Pensioners -row 5 Delanty, Michael son of 153 Ritchie-street 5 Delany, R 61 Veterans -row 5 Delany, Richard 151 Veterans -row 5 Dillon, John 140 Marriott-street 5 Donohoe, M 124 Five-acre-row 5 1 Thomas Delaney was residing on property. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

110 OWNER ALLOTMENT NO. SITUATION AREA IN ACRES Duffy, Patrick 68 Veterans -row 5 Dullanty, John 92 Pensioners -row 5 Dunbar, James 133 Veterans -row 5 Dunn, widow 7 Five-acre-row 5 Eaton, James 50 Ritchie-street 5 Effernon, Pat 13 Five-acre-row 10 Fay, John 162 Veterans -row 5 Fegan, George 134 Pensioners -row 5 Fegan, John 47 Veterans -row 5 Fisher, Mrs 88 Pensioners -row 5 Fitzsimons, Henry 4 Westbury road 5 Foy, James 17 Ritchie street 12 Good, Thomas 30 Five-acre-row 5 Gray, Mrs 70 Veterans -row 5 Halloran, widow 21 Five-acre-row 5 Hardy, James 89 Marriott-street 5 Harvey, James 112 Veterans -row 5 Hawkins, Thomas 20 Ritchie street 5 Hay, John 156 Five-acre-row 5 Healey, Patrick 19 Five-acre-row 10 Healy, James 158 Ritchie-street 5 Higgins, widow 125 Five-acre-row 5 Hogan, Margaret 84 Pensioners -row 5 Hogan, Mrs 74 Veterans -row 5 Hume, widow 15 Five-acre-row 5 Irvin, J 35 & 36 Five-acre-row 10 Isaacs, Mrs 2 8 Five-acre-row 5 Jackson, John 41 Veterans -row 5 Johnson, Edward 25 Five-acre-row 5 Johnson, Robert 16 Five-acre-row 22 Jones, Richard 66 Veterans -row 5 Keary, Edward 115 & 117 Veterans -row 10 Keele, widow 14 Ritchie street 5 Kegan, James 40 Five-acre-row 9 Keith, Quartermaster 161 Ritchie-street 5 Kennedy, Andrew 67 Pensioners -row 5 Kennedy, John 144 Pensioners -row 5 Kennedy, John 147 Pensioners -row 5 Kennedy, Patrick 18 Five-acre-row 5 King, William 98 Pensioners -row 5 Leary, Timothy 100 Pensioners -row 5 Lloyd, James 31 Five-acre-row 5 Lovelock, Thomas 129 Ritchie-street 5 Lyons, Mrs 93 Marriott-street 5 Martin, Mrs 3 85 & 86 Marriott-street 10 Matthews, Joseph 64 Veterans -row 5 McCackery, Constantine 90 Pensioners -row 5 McCann, Mrs 106 Pensioners -row 5 McCormack, John 51 Veterans -row 5 McCormick, Luke 127 Five-acre-row 5 2 Mrs Isaacs was residing at Lagoon Farm 3 Mrs Martin s property was in trust for her children. 92 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

111 OWNER ALLOTMENT NO. SITUATION AREA IN ACRES McCreedy, John 152 Ritchie-street 5 McEvoy 139 Pensioners -row 5 McFall, Charles 63 Pensioners -row 24.5 McGuire, J 148 Veterans -row 5 McKenna, Michael 99 Marriott-street 5 McLear, William 149 Veterans -row 5 McNamara, Luke 105 Marriott-street 5 MeKeag, James 128 Ritchie-street 5 Mooney, David 71 Pensioners -row 5 Mooney, Peter 12 Five-acre-row 5 Morgan, Edward 48 Ritchie-street 5 Neasey, Henry 122 Five-acre-row 5 Nelson, James 137 Pensioners -row 5 Nowlan, Dennis 6 Westbury road 7.5 Nowlan, John 37 Five-acre-row 10 O Brian, Kennedy 141 Marriott-street 5 O Keefe, Cornelius 91 Marriott-street 14.5 O Neal, William 121 Ritchie-street 5 Parsons, John 10 Five-acre-row 10 Quin, Daniel 9 Five-acre-row 10 Ramsden, Mrs 45 Veterans -row 5 Rhatigan, John 97 Marriott-street 14.5 Robinson, Charles 69 Pensioners -row 30 Robinson, widow 39 Five-acre-row 5 Rooney, John 126 Ritchie-street 5 Rooney, John 138 Marriott-street 5 Rooney, Michael 87 Marriott-street 5 Salvin, John 2 Westbury road 5 Schofield, Mrs 83 Marriott-street 5 Seavers, John 154 Five-acre-row 5 Shaw, Samuel J 44 Ritchie-street 5 Shaw, Timothy 159 Five-acre-row 5 Smith, Philip 150 Ritchie-street 5 Stanton, Phillip 23 Ritchie street 5 Starkey, Mrs 95 Marriott-street 5 Strangeway, Joseph 118 & 119 Ritchie-street 10 Sullivan, Mary Ann 43 Veterans -row 5 Tool, Mrs 114 Ritchie-street 5 Torley, Patrick 3 Westbury road 8.5 Torphy, Thomas 120 Five-acre-row 5 Tracey, Hugh 42 Ritchie street 5 Traynor, James 49 Veterans -row 5 Tynen, Andrew 38 Ritchie street 5 Tyrell, Christopher 157 Five-acre-row 5 Wild, Samuel 123 Ritchie-street 5 Williams, Patrick 142 Pensioners -row 5 Wroden, Patrick 11 Ritchie street 5 A map showing the allotments is available for purchase from Westbury Historical Society 28 Lyall Street, Westbury, Tasmania 7303 on receipt of two 45 cent stamps and a stamped self-addressed A4 sized envelope. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

112 THE BATTLERS OF HELL S KITCHEN Max Frost Westbury Historical Society I N the early Victorian era, in the military garrison village of Westbury in northern Tasmania, a poor working class district named St Giles was established. In 1840, the Reverend John BISHTON purchased an eight acre block of land in the area, and then had the ground divided into smaller allotments. Reverend Bishton then resold the land at modest prices to ticket-of-leave convicts or men holding conditional pardons to give them a fresh start in the penal colony. The recently arrived Anglican minister subdivided and sold off another block of land of similar size in A large market garden was included in the second land development scheme. Set aside from the convict hiring depot area, this small community was situated on the southern side of Shadforth Street and approximately bounded by William and Mary Streets. The suburb consisted of small worker s cottages, general stores, a butcher shop, a regulation sly grog shop and later, a hotel. In 1848 Mr Edward MEHEGAN opened a general store in Upper Adelaide Street, and by 1858, Mr James CLANCY managed a butcher shop in Shadforth Street. A small shop facing onto Adelaide Street was operated by Mr John DONALD at about this time also. Retired former Royal Navy officer Mr George SKARDON, until his death in 1850, lived at Myrtle Cottage, which was situated on the corner of Shadforth and Mary Streets,. Early local land grant recipient, Mr William LEITH, spent his twilight years living in Adelaide Street, before he passed away in An unusual incident occurred in Adelaide Street St Giles on the 10 May Mrs Alice Blackstone Leith and her two youngest daughters, Mrs Elizabeth SIMMONS and Miss Alice Leith, physically attacked Mrs Mary GODFREY who lived in Launceston, and had been visiting Westbury for the day. The Leith family members were charged with unlawfully beating and assaulting Mrs Godfrey. Mrs Alice Blackstone Leith appeared in court dressed in mourning clothes on 15 May 1852 before the Police Magistrate Mr John Peyton JONES. She was was found guilty of the crime and fined one farthing (¼d.) and costs of sixteen shillings and six pence (16s 6d). Mrs Simmons appeared in court on the same day, but this case was dismissed. Miss Alice Leith appeared in court four days later, but this case was also dismissed. In bygone days, the pious dignitaries of St Andrews Church of England in Westbury did not encourage children from this vicinity to attend Sunday School at the church because of their poor dress standard. Instead, a zealous young teacher was sent there every Sunday to give the children religious instruction in their parents homes. Uncharitable local citizens referred to the neighbourhood as Hell s Kitchen. The General Havelock Hotel was originally built as a brick cottage in the early 1840s, on the corner of Shadforth and Adelaide Streets and was first licensed on the 7 January It was reputed that this public house was named after the English general who won fame during the Indian Uprising in The 94 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

113 hotel was supplied by Mr James BUTTERWORTH, who owned a small brewery near the Quamby Brook in Arthur Street. The first proprietor and licensee of the single storey structure was Mr Henry Godfrey, who was a former convict, and bricklayer by trade. Unfortunately, the new publican died at the age of 49 years, only three weeks after he legally opened the premises. Mr Last Original building in St Giles, May 2000 John DONALD acquired the licensed house at this stage, and remained there until Mr Samuel CHAPPEL took charge of the establishment next, and was the last landlord to hold a licence for the dwelling. A tragedy happened in Hells Kitchen on the 15 July 1865, when former Point Puer juvenile convict Thomas WORDS- WORTH was found drowned in a well in the backyard of The General Havelock Hotel. Mr Wordsworth, aged 40, worked in the district as a labourer, and had been trained as a shoemaker in the 1830s at Point Puer near Port Arthur in Tasmania. With the arrival of the railway through the district in 1871 Mr Chappel leased The Western Railway and Commercial Hotel, known today as Fitzpatrick s Inn. The General Havelock Hotel ceased operation in In 1888, Mr John Mehegan, son of the late Mr Edward Mehegan opened a new store at 44 William Street, in the expanding central business part of the town. After the relocation of the Mehegan Family Store and the closure of Widow Donald s Shop, the suburb of St Giles reverted to a quiet residential locality. Today there is only one original building still standing. This brick cottage is situated on the corner of Adelaide and Shadforth Streets. The original founder of the area, the Reverend John Bishton, died of apoplexy at the age of 55 years on 15 February 1857, as a result of attempting to break up an altercation between two of his parishioners in a paddock close to the Anglican Church at Evandale, in northern Tasmania. The visionary thinking early Westbury pioneer, is buried in St Andrews Church of England cemetery at Evandale. See British Parliamentary Papers: Correspondence and papers relating to convict ships convict discipline and transportation : Crime and Punishment Transportation 7. Shannon: Irish University Press, p.37 for Reverend Bishton s account of his purchase and sub-division of the housing allotments. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

114 MY GREAT GREAT GRANNY WAS A CONVICT WAS YOURS? Kate Carlisle I am one of the lucky people who can trace my ancestry back directly to one of the first women transported to Van Diemens Land as a convict. Ann DARTER arrived in Hobart Town on the Mary on 5 October She had been married in England with two sons, whom she left behind, and a 13 month old daughter, Caroline, who died just two weeks into the voyage. Her conduct records show that she made fairly frequent visits to the Female Factory, both at Macquarie Street and Cascades. She appears to have had relatively easy assignments with people such as De GILLERN (an army officer), Dr ROSS (Govt Printer), HOPKINS (at Westella) and FRANKLAND (Surveyor- General). Her son, James Hook Darter, was born in 1829 while she was in service with J. DOW, a merchant of Argyle Street. In 1832, she absconded from P. MURDOCH Esq. to marry convict, John HOOK of the Caledonia, at Green Ponds. She died in 1836, her son was placed in the Orphan School and her husband went to Victoria. My Family History research has led me to take a greater interest in the life of convict women on the voyage to Van Diemens Land, as assigned servants, as prisoners in the House of Correction and as free settlers in early Hobart Town. So far, I have found descendants of three other women who came on the same voyage of the Mary as Ann Darter and find the profiles of their lives make fascinating comparisons and keenly look forward to finding others. The establishment of the Female Factory Historic Site Ltd and the proposed development of the site fill me with optimism that our knowledge of this aspect of our history will be enriched as the projects develop. Recently, Archaeologist, Parry Kostolou, and his assistants have uncovered exciting things. The area excavated dates back to They have exposed three cells in the southernmost ground floor of the West Wing Cell Block. Various additions uncovered dating to the late 1870s are a new drainage system for the yard and some sleeper walls which were intended to support a new floor to be built between the cell blocks but which were never constructed. The general public is invited to go and see the dig for itself. Archival material is being collected and it would be appreciated if people who can trace their ancestry to a woman convict, particularly if she spent some time in the Cascades Female Factory, could contact us with this basic information at this time: Name of convict Ship she came on The year she arrived And a contact for us to get in touch with you for further information. Phone (03) Website factory.com.au factory.com.au Fax (03) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

115 FROM GRANGEGORMAN TO VDL IRISH WOMEN CONVICTS TO TASMANIA IN THE 1840s Marianne Davis (Member No. 4400) T HE National Archives of Ireland (NAI) microfilm, Prisons 1/9/4, a Grangegorman Register of Female Convicts, is now on long term loan from Richard and Marianne Davis to the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc., Hobart Branch. The Register contains the following headings spread over two pages for each convict: CHILDREN OF CONVICTS: name, age, year, months, remarks. WHEN [convict] RECEIVED into gaol, day, hour. CONVICTS: no., names, age. CRIME: years of transportation. CONVICTED: where, when. DESCRIPTION: height, feet, inches, hair, complexion. MARRIED OR SINGLE. READ OR WRITE. RELIGION. TRADE. Whether convicted before. Disposed of: when, how. Irish women convicts continued to be transported to VDL throughout the 1840s even when transportation of males ceased for a time. Over 3,000 Irish women passed through the Grangegorman Depot in Dublin. They included those tried in Dublin and those from other parts of Ireland. The latter had usually spent some time in their local county gaol before being brought to Dublin. Some convicts stayed longer than others in the Depot, but once assigned to a convict ship, they mostly travelled on that ship to VDL. The Register is arranged chronologically by date of admittance of convicts to Grangegorman. The first few pages are confused but I have identified them as indicated on the microfilm box. Basically the Register matches the Convict Indent information in the Archives Office of Tasmania (AOT). Variations in the spelling of names and alternate names appear but the convicts can be identified by name, date and place of trial, conviction, length of sentence and convict ship. Discrepancies occur in the categories for children accompanying their mothers, the convict s age, marital status, religion, trade and whether convicted before. Most children were received into the Depot with their mothers although some arrived just before embarkation. The Surgeon on the Blackfriar remarked that, a large proportion of the children had recently arrived from the provincial workhouses, and more miserable looking objects than some could not easily be procured... One girl about 14 years of age (the mother and sister being prisoners on board) although rejected by me, was embarked barely convalescent from acute ophthalmia and in the confusion bustle of managing so many people was not observed for several days. (AOT, ADM 101/12, Reel 3189). First names for the children over one year old mostly match those in the Orphans Register in VDL (AOT, SWD 28, compiled by Joyce Purtscher) but surnames can vary with those given in VDL. Likewise with infants admitted TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

116 into the Orphanage from 1851 on (AOT, SWD 6, also compiled by Joyce Purtscher). There is often a considerable time difference between the arrival of the mothers and children in VDL and the entry of children into the orphanages. Age differences are sometimes considerable. By far the greatest variations occur in the trade or occupations information. Almost two-thirds of the women have no trade in Grangegorman and yet all have some skill or occupation on arrival in VDL. Did Grangegorman list only the trade of those in paid employment? For the most part then, the Register replicates already known Tasmanian information in a slightly different form. One case, however, may help illustrate the advantages of other sources. Mary Jane CAMPBELL, aged 23, was tried in County Londonderry on 18 March 1850, for stealing bedclothes (larceny in the Irish Transportation Records) and transported for 10 years. But Mary gained a Free Pardon in Ireland after she was received into Grangegorman on 6 September 1850; her daughter, also Mary Jane aged 4 years 6 months, was received into Grangegorman on 20 December Both mother and daughter then left Grangegorman on 9 January 1851 for the convict transport, the Blackfriar and apparently arrived in Hobart on 29 May On board this ship were 49 children and seven free settlers, see AOT, ADM 101/12, Reel Both mother and daughter appear in the Grangegorman Register, the Irish Convict Reference File 1850 C 68 and the Queens Orphanage record, AOT, SWD 28, but their names are not on the convict records AOT, CON 41/30 and AOT, CON 15/7 for the Blackfriar. However, a Campbell, M. J. is listed as a laundry maid, Queens Orphan School, in August 1851, see AOT, CSO 50/28 (1851). Furthermore, a Mary Jane Campbell (free) gained permission to marry Henry Scull (Wm Jardine 1) dated 28 October 1853, see AOT, CON 52/5. Is this Mary Jane from Londonderry? Meanwhile, the Grangegorman and Indent information has now been entered onto the Williams database of Irish convicts and makes this on-going project all the more useful. Tasmanian Ancestry, June 1999, contains a short article on The John Williams Database, compiled by Richard and Marianne Davis. It contains the names of all known convicts of Irish birth who were transported to Tasmania. NEW RELEASE An index to EARLY COASTAL NEWSPAPERS This publication covers the personal announcements from nine of the early NW Coast newspapers from There are many Birth, Death and Marriage announcements in this publication that have not been indexed before. As well as the date of the event, additional information has been transcribed including spouse details, kin, places and age. Available from TFHS Inc. Burnie Branch PO Box 748 Burnie TAS 7320 Price $30.00 plus p&p TFHS Inc. Members $ TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

117 PATRIARCH AND PILOT ISAAC HARDCASTLE PALFREYMAN and ARTHUR LEONARD LONG GRANDFATHER AND GRANDSON Lou Daniels (Member No. 3646) M ANY researchers of family history checking marriages in Hobart around the turn of the century will have found ceremonies conducted by the Rev d I. H. PALFREYMAN of the King Street Church, North Hobart. My curiosity was aroused by the fact that he married my great grandmother Amy CLEARY to three different husbands, in 1900, 1903 and in On the documents for the first two he described her as a spinster, and the third time as a widow. At least the first was correct. Then I discovered that his eldest daughter, Amy, had married the nephew of my great grandmother s grandmother, Thomas LONG. That was enough to set me off to find out more about him. Isaac Hardcastle Palfreyman was born in Hartington, Derbyshire in 1835, son of staunch Methodists, Thomas and Elizabeth Palfreyman, who lived on a farm belonging to the Duke of Devonshire. Palfreyman was educated at the Independent College, Rotherham, Yorkshire, and was ordained in the Canaan Street Church, Nottingham, by the Rev d Dr S. ANTCLIFF, in He was assistant pastor at Rotherham Primitive Methodist Chapel, and then became pastor of the Chapel at Grantham, Lincolnshire until he responded to a call to the colonies. Isaac came to Victoria from England in 1861 to be assistant pastor at the Humffray Street Primitive Methodist Mission in Ballarat. Two years later he moved to Benalla, and four years later to Longford in Tasmania, taking charge of that circuit in In 1874, he moved to the Penguin and Table Cape Circuit on the North West Coast, running a large farm at Table Cape at the same time. In 1881 Palfreyman moved to Hobart to be pastor of the Murray Street Free Methodist Church. However, he seems to have been something of a free spirit, for after two years he and some friends broke with the Free Methodists and established their own Independent Church in King Street, North Hobart, (now Upper Pitt Street). There he built a wooden Church with seating for 200, and recruited a sizeable congregation. Services were held twice each Sunday, with a large Sunday school and an active Band of Hope, a temperance movement. My grandmother Tiny ALLAN attended the Sunday school as a child, as her Bible was a prize awarded for memorising a Bible verse. The King Street Church is now a Scout Hall. The Cyclopedia of Tasmania 1 includes a feature on Isaac Palfreyman with a photographic portrait. By 1900, so it says, Palfreyman was in the decline of life, and is assisted in his Church work by efficient laymen. The author was not to know that his years of decline would last another twenty years and the number of marriages performed by him continued at a high rate until almost the end of his life. Almost all of them took place, not in the Church, but in the impressive Palfreyman home, Hardcastle, just around the corner. Many of them were couples from rural TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

118 areas, and also many remarriages after divorce, none of whom would have been married by the mainstream churches. Many more were mixed marriages, contracted between couples avoiding the stress of either Catholic or Anglican requirements. The impression is given that many were quite perfunctory affairs, with members of the Palfreyman family standing in as witnesses. He was the minister to whom you went if your local Church was out of the question. Divorce made remarriage in church very difficult, certainly for Anglicans and Roman Catholics. The marriage records were written in various handwriting styles, so his family most likely helped out as Isaac s penmanship grew progressively more feeble. One feature of his service seems to have been an automatic notice in The Mercury soon after the event, perhaps a way of alerting friends and relatives that the deed had been done. The King Street Church seems to have faded away after its founder s death in Isaac married Martha Lucy ALBURY, granddaughter of the pioneer Primitive Methodist minister in Victoria, the Rev d John RIDE. They were married at Brighton, Victoria, on 29 March 1867 and had a family of seventeen, the first two born at Longford, Tasmania, the next two born at Brighton, in Melbourne, then five at Emu Bay (Burnie), Tasmania and the rest in Hobart after Isaac came there to minister. He died on 3 June 1921 at Hardcastle, his home in the angle of Arthur and Andrew Streets, North Hobart, aged 87. He had the house built in 1887 for his large family of fifteen children, soon to be enlarged by two more. This historic home has been restored in recent years. 2 Martha Palfreyman died 10 November 1930, aged 83. Isaac was a wealthy man, investing 500 pounds, a third of the original capital, in H. JONES & Co, and so launched the brilliant financial career of his son, Achelon. Perhaps the business acumen noted in his children was inherited from their reverend father. Many have noted the curious preference for names beginning with A in the Palfreyman family. Someone with a more literary turn of mind may be able to source the more unusual ones. [1] Martha Lucy (Amy) PALFREY- MAN, born 24 February 1868, Longford, (856), married Thomas LONG, 20 December 1893, King Street Church, North Hobart, died 28 March 1958, Tea Tree, aged 90. [2] Agnes Edna PALFREYMAN, born 26 January 1869, Longford, (824), died 5 March 1869, Longford, (244), aged one month. [3] Addison Thomas PALFREYMAN, born December 1870, Brighton, Victoria, (1870), chemist, lived 5 Boa Vista Road, New Town, died 6 November 1961, at his home, aged [4] Abelard William PALFREYMAN, born 1871, Brighton, Victoria, (7490), solicitor and notary public, Cue, W A, died 27 December 1915, Western Australia, aged 44, buried Cornelian Bay [5] Athanard Joseph PALFREYMAN, born 1873, draper, Hobart, died 18 May 1906, at his parents home, North Hobart, from pernicious anaemia, (0288), aged 33. [6] Achelon Williscroft PALFREY- MAN, born 17 January 1874, Emu Bay, (329) married Ellen Gwendoline REID, 24, 28 March 1900, King Street Church, North Hobart, partner in H Jones & Co, lived St Leonards Sydney, died TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

119 October 1967, Toorak, Melbourne, 4 aged 67. [7] Aspacia PALFREYMAN, born 21 July 1875, (345), married James William PETTERD, 24, son of James Augustus Petterd & Elizabeth Miles, 5 engineer, 24 October 1904, King Street Church, North Hobart. [8] Albany Rupert PALFREYMAN, born 19 August 1876, Emu Bay, (335), died 20 July 1966, 2 Bellevue Parade, New Town, aged 89. [9] Ayesha PALFREYMAN, born 9 February 1878, Emu Bay, (353), married Harry Carruthers FRIEND, 30, banker, 8 September 1902, King Street Church, North Hobart. [10] Myra PALFREYMAN, born 11 July 1879, Emu Bay, (843), died 8 April 1908, Hobart, (1422), aged 23. [11] Isaac Hobart PALFREYMAN, born 1882, (873), died 24 May 1883, Hobart, (873), aged one. [12] Martha Harriett PALFREYMAN, born 12 April 1883, Hobart, (810) [13] Aristides Isaac PALFREYMAN, born 1 September 1884, Hobart, (2276), married Evelyn Marguerite ANDER- SON, 20, 6 November 1909, King Street Church, North Hobart, died 4 April 1967, Hobart, aged 82. [14] Athelstan Aysene PALFREY- MAN, born 1 October 1886, Hobart, (1399), married Amy Pearl, died 25 March 1948, 2 Bellevue Parade, New Town, aged 61. Amy died 5 April [15] Olive Quintencin PALFREYMAN, born 5 June 1888, Hobart, (262) [16] Arthur Sedecin PALFREYMAN, born 13 November 1889, Hobart, (1522), died 5 September 1895, Hobart, aged five, (294) [17] Anderbon Eric PALFREYMAN, born 7 July 1892, Hobart, enlisted 17 May 1916, 2 nd Lieutenant, 3 rd Royal Flying Corps, killed in action, 23 May 1916, Belgium, aged Amy was the eldest of the family, registered as Martha L, presumably Martha Lucy, after her mother, but obviously renamed later, as another daughter was called Martha in Perhaps two Martha Lucys in one house was too confusing. She married Thomas Long, a pioneer of sheep breeding in Tasmania. He introduced purebred Shropshire sheep on his Forcett property in 1895, and when he bought Torwood at Tea Tree in 1906 he created one of Tasmania s leading studs, along with Thomas BURBURY of Jericho, and Studley Steele of Lewisham. He was a master exhibitor, famed for his meticulous preparation of his sheep, and successfully exhibited at the Hobart, Launceston and Melbourne Shows for about 40 years, often dominating the ring by gaining awards in every class. Around 1915 he joined Burbury and STEELE in exporting stud sheep to Japan, and Torwood bloodlines could be found all over Australia. He also judged several sheep breeds at Tasmanian and Melbourne Shows. He took a leading role in public life, serving an unbroken twenty-six years as a Brighton Councillor from the inception of local government in 1908 until He was chairman of Tea Tree ward, and was instrumental in having the boundaries between Brighton and Richmond revised to facilitate the more equitable distribution of maintenance funds on the roads linking the two municipalities. On 10 March 1930 he was appointed a Justice of the Peace. For many years he was a Churchwarden of St Thomas s Tea Tree. Thomas and Amy were married for sixtytwo years. He died on 1 August 1955, aged 92. Amy died 28 March 1958, at Torwood, aged 90. Their most famous son was Arthur Leonard Long, born 15 August 1896, at TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

120 Forcett (2443). He enlisted on 31 May 1915, in the 6 th Australian Flying Corps, and rose quickly to the rank of Lieutenant. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, and returned to Australia on 27 May He became a Stock and Share Broker, and married Mary McKENZIE on 8 July 1919, the daughter of Dr Forbes McKenzie, of Melbourne. Arthur Long was the first man to fly across Bass Strait, on 16 December He had joined the Royal Flying Corps soon after enlisting in 1914, as did his uncle, Anderbon Palfreyman, and flew with the rank of Captain in low-flying attacks on German positions in France. After the War ended he returned to Tasmania with a single engine Boulton and Paul P9 biplane which he had bought with deferred pay, and shipped across Bass Strait on the MV Loongana on 20 September It was trucked to Hobart for assembly. The first commercial flight made in Tasmania was on 27 October 1919, when Arthur made a return flight from Hobart to Launceston, via Deloraine, dropping souvenir copies of The Mercury and delivering the paper to the towns where he landed. His passenger was D. K. McKenzie of The Mercury. They took off from Elwick at 6.50 a.m. and dropped bundles of the paper at Pontville (7.17 a.m.), Kempton (7.30 a.m.), Melton Mowbray (7.32 a.m.), Jericho (7.42 a.m.) and Oatlands (7.49 a.m.). Encountering a cloud bank which obscured the land and with an unreliable compass, they found themselves over Maria Island, turned inland, and regained their route, dropping papers at Ross (8.50 a.m.), Campbelltown (9.01 a.m.), Longford (9.15 a.m.) and Westbury. They landed at Deloraine at 10 a.m. to transfer papers to the railway for delivery to the north-west, took off at a.m., landed at Launceston, and then returned to Hobart. 7 On 15 December 1919, he made his first attempt to cross the Strait, but strong winds forced him back. Next morning, having installed extra fuel tanks, he tried again. He died 3 November 1954, at his home Broadford, Victoria, (22765), aged 58. The Mercury obituary on 4 November 1954 tells the story: The plane was a two-seater with a 90 horsepower engine, described by aviation writers of the day as a patchwork job, a mass of struts and wires, and intolerably slow, was no bigger, and far less efficient than the De Havilland Moths used until recent years. It was capable of 85 mph, but the landing speed of between 65 mph and 70 mph was dangerously high, and it had a range of only 200 miles. Mr Long, hearing that a Melbourne airman proposed to attempt the crossing, decided to beat his rival to what was to be acclaimed as an epic flight. Despite adverse weather reports, he left Stanley on December 16, There was a chance that the engine would overheat, and to prevent this he fitted a one gallon tin of oil to tip into the sump when he pulled a cord. Flying into the teeth of a strong northwest wind, he set a direct course for Melbourne, one that took him over 200 miles of uninterrupted water. For four hours he was out of sight of land and buffeted by wind, while low clouds at times forced the little machine perilously close to the sea. His average height was between 500 feet and 1,500 feet and he did not sight King Island. Mr Long landed at Torquay, only a few miles west of Port Lonsdale, four hours after his takeoff. The cord leading to the oil can had broken during the flight, and he had to pour the precious fresh oil in by hand. Mr Long delivered a message from the Governor of Tasmania, Sir Francis 102 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

121 Newdegate, to the Governor-General, Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson. The flight was recognised by the Tasmanian and Victorian Parliaments, and Chambers of Commerce, and the Royal Society of Victoria, which erected a monument at Torquay commemorating it. In the same machine, he won the first Australian Derby, flown over 10 laps between the Epsom racecourse and a balloon suspended from Princes Bridge. Mr Long also surveyed the route for the electricity transmission line from the Great Lake to Launceston. He earned the congratulations of the Tasmanian Parliament when the Premier moved a resolution heralding a new era in aviation in Australia, and expressing gratification that the feat was accomplished by a Tasmanian. 8 The Victorian Government did likewise, and the Royal Society of Victoria erected a memorial at Torquay commemorating the event. The Tasmanian Society did the same at Stanley. 9 In 1920, he was hired by C. J. de GARIS of the Australian Dried Fruits Association to fly his plane for a month to launch a new service from Melbourne to Adelaide via Mildura. De Garis was full of praise for Long s skill as a pilot. 10 Arthur re-enlisted when the Second World War began and served with the RAAF as a Squadron Leader. Between the Wars he had put his experience to good use, making important recommendations to the Commonwealth Government regarding the development of commercial aviation. In the 20s he became a successful Stock and Share- Broker in Melbourne, and in later years was a director of a number of leading companies. In 1942 he bought two large grazing properties at Yea and Broadford, and it was at the Broadford property that he died on 3 November 1954, aged 58. He has a street, Long Place, named after him in the Canberra suburb of Scullin, where the theme for street names is aviators. 11 It must have been a great satisfaction to the old man in his declining years to see his descendants making such a significant mark on his adopted country. The Palfreyman name is a distinguished one in Tasmania, and owes much to the adventurous spirit and strong Protestant work ethic of its patriarch. References 1 Cyclopedia of Tasmania, Hobart 1900, p See Mansions, Cottages and All Saints, Walter Eastman & Audrey Holiday, Printing Authority of Tasmania, 1994, page 108, which includes a beautiful drawing of Hardcastle by Audrey Holiday. 3 It was Addison Thomas Palfreyman, who built the Chemist Shop on the corner of Burnett and Elizabeth Streets, North Hobart, still known as Palfreyman s corner. His son and grandson continued the shop. 4 Achelon Williscroft Palfreyman was a child prodigy in a financial sense, a small ordinary looking youth in this 16 th year when he became accountant of and a partner in H. Jones & Co, rising to become chairman from 1926 to 1965, during the period of great success for the IXL brand. He involved the company in the Tongkah Harbour Tin Dredging Company, headed by the Miles family. He died as one of Australia s richest men, leaving an estate worth $6,622,975. See John Reynolds, Sir Henry Jones, KB, in THRA, Papers & Proceedings 20/1, March He also has an entry in the Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume Elizabeth Ann Miles was sister of Edward Thomas Miles, founder of Tongkah Tin Dredging Co. 6 Captain A. E. Palfreyman, 27 th Squadron, Royal Flying Corps, is buried at the Ruddervoorde Communal Cemetery, Oostkamp, West Vlaanderen, Belgium. 7 Flypast, a Record of Aviation in Australia; Neville Parnell & Trevor Broughton, Canberra AGPS, TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

122 8 The Mercury, 18 December The Mercury, 29 October Parnell & Broughton, page Canberra s Suburb and Street Names; Belconnen, Origins & Meanings; Department of the Environment, Land & Planning, ACT Government, The note reads: LONG PL: Arthur L. Long ( ), aviator, served in Royal Flying Corps in World War 1, made first flight across Bass Strait in NEW RELEASE "IN LOVING MEMORY" A Transcript of the Chudleigh & Mole Creek Cemeteries Tasmania This volume gives the full transcript of all extant (2001) headstones in the Chudleigh Anglican, Chudleigh Presbyterian & Mole Creek Public Cemeteries and includes a short history of each cemetery together with a liberal sprinkling of photographs. Fully indexed. Released July 2002 $10.00 plus p&p Available from TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch PO Box 587 Devonport TAS Members discount of 10% will apply when membership number is quoted. p&p on single volume $ volumes $8.00 NEWS FROM ON THE MOVE I thought it timely to provide you with a progress report about our forthcoming move to 85 Macquarie Street, Hobart and other events related to the relocation project. Tascon Constructions Pty Ltd was awarded the contract for fit out and commenced work on 24 June Things have progressed well so far and we are on target to relocate our Reading Room, principle collection and offices to the site in early September As we will continue to lease the top floor of the second building at Rosny Park, there will not be as much movement of records interstate as earlier anticipated. Department of Veterans Affairs case files will be transferred to our offices in Sydney, some meteorology collections to Melbourne and personal records collections containing Commonwealth records to Canberra. No colonial period records will be leaving Tasmania. The tender for the physical relocation of our collection to its various destinations has been awarded with work due to comence on 23 August 2002; the collection bound for Macquarie Street will be moved last so as to have minimal, if any, impact on provision of reference services. An Archives Alert will be circulated widely when the Macquarie Street offices are closer to completion. A special open day for TFHS Inc. members will be arranged shortly after the move to present the new facility to you and make a short presentation about what we have to offer. I can be contacted on (03) or at should you wish to discuss any issues relating to the move or other matters of importance. Ross Latham Director, Hobart 104 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

123 DEATH OF A FIREMAN Sharon Foskett (Member No. 4857) I N the early hours of Tuesday, 16 December 1930, dense clouds of smoke enveloped Hobart. At 1:23 a.m. an alarm was raised at the corner of Collins and Argyle Streets. In response, Fire fighters were immediately dispatched to answer the summons that PALFREYMAN s Store (corner Liverpool and Argyle Streets) was well ablaze. The fire had started in the rear of the premises and had, from where it had penetrated, succeeded in making its way through the whole of the building. No sooner had the Hobart Fire Brigade arrived than a message was received that another fire was alight at Messrs FINDLAY Pty Ltd. A summons was sent for volunteers and the Police to assist at Findlay s. It was established that the fire at Findlay s was in fact at 253 Murray Street. Police and volunteers managed to obtain a length of hose to start fighting the blaze while they awaited further assistance. A reflection in the sky could be seen near the centre of the city alerting citizens that there were at least two other fires burning. These premises were occupied by Messrs TEMPLEMAN Pty Ltd (tailor) and F. W. COLEMAN (chemist) at 90 and 92 Liverpool Street. There were only a few civilian volunteers available to assist at the premises in question. No more than one length of hose was available until assistance was obtained from Hobart Fire Brigade engaged at Palfreyman s corner. At that point, two men were transferred and their arrival bought welcome relief and another length of hose. Staggering news was soon relayed that the warehouse of Messrs W. and G. GENDERS Pty Ltd, at 69 Liverpool Street, was also burning. An appeal was dispatched from Superintendent Trouslet (Hobart Fire Brigade) for all the assistance they could receive. The fire equipment and staff from Messrs CADBURY-FRY-PASCALL Pty Ltd at Claremont and the Electrolytic Zinc Company at Risdon were called upon to stand by and the small staff at Hobart Fire Station was called out. Many citizens of Hobart, some still wearing their pyjamas also came out to help. A length of hose working from Bathurst Street, supported by another from Liverpool Street, was centred at the Genders outbreak where it was found the fire was in a two-storey store occupied jointly by Messrs H. T. GOULD and Co., chemist. He stored supplies of eucalyptus and other oils while Mr JOHNSON used the building as a store for his toy bazaar. Between the hours of 1:55 a.m. to 3:20 a.m. no other fires were reported, a welcome relief for all concerned. At 3:20 a.m. several loud explosions were heard from the direction of North Hobart. Reports quickly followed that Mr H. STAFFORD s garage and service station, owned by Mr NICHOLS and Mr GRANT, the proprietor of the motor business which comprised the State Tourist Service, were well ablaze. Eight cars, two motorbikes and a large quantity of tyres fuelled the fire. The Cadbury s brigade had been dispatched and was soon on site to fight the new outbreak at the garage. The inferno was reduced to a smoldering heap of embers. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

124 The petrol pumps were saved stopping a major catastrophe. If the fire had reached the pumps the underground tanks may have exploded. Throughout the night the Fire Brigade, Police and volunteers slowly won the battle of bringing the fires (six in total) under control. By mid morning with the help of rain, the fires were finally extinguished. The fires, all believed to have been deliberately lit by person or persons unknown, caused an estimated 40,000 damage. Citizens of Hobart came out of their homes to see first hand what devastation had occurred while they slept. Some living close to the fires had not even been woken by the sound of sirens or yelling from fire fighters. One very sleepy person at about 6 a.m. was reported saying in a drowsy voice from his bedroom window what on earth is the matter. Has there been a fire? In the afternoon of 18 December 1930, a tragic sequel to the series of fires occurred. Fireman Charles David LONERGAN was escorting Mr Palfreyman, his secretary Mr MORGAN, Mr LESLIE (assessor of losses), the Hobart manager of Liverpool, London and Globe Insurance Company and Mr WETTENHALL, through the remains of Palfreyman s shop assessing the damage and the possibility of any salvage work. 106 Fireman Lonergan was leading the party when he was suddenly struck on the head by falling bricks, quickly covering him to the waist in a few seconds. Moments before the collapse, the other members had stopped to look at some articles saving them from being victims of the same fate as Fireman Lonergan. Attention was immediately given to Fireman Lonergan with the help of several bystanders who rushed to his assistance. He was quickly uncovered and taken to Hobart Public Hospital where he shortly succumbed to his injuries. Charles David Lonergan died, aged 43 years leaving a wife (Alice Maud LEWIS) and five children: Charles, Lennie, Vera, Elsie and Maisie (my grandmother). Charles Lonergan had served Hobart Fire Brigade for twenty-one years and had recently been awarded his Long Service Medal. An impressive funeral was given to Fireman Lonergan on Sunday, 21 December Hobart was deeply stirred by the tragic sequel to the disastrous fires on 16 December. This was indicated by the large gathering, which attended the funeral. Fireman Lonergan was accorded all the honours that his fellow members of the Hobart Fire Brigade could bestow him. The casket was draped with the Union Jack and on it rested Fireman Lonergan s TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

125 helmet, tunic, medal, axe and key. Fireman Lonergan was sent on his last call to the sound of the fire alarm, the symbolism deeply moved the gathering near the station. His fellow firemen stood to attention and marched at the head of the cortège. The cortège moved from the station to the doleful tolling of a draped bell, until a composite band took its place at the head of the procession and played music appropriate to the occasion. A strong post of two Police Sergeants and twenty Constables awaited the cortège at the Corner of Elizabeth and Brisbane Streets and it passed between two lines of men at the salute. Crowds moved to emotion, watched the solemn progress to Cornelian Bay Cemetery where an estimated 2,000 people were present at the graveside. An inquest was held into the death of Fireman Lonergan. A verdict of manslaughter was brought down as the fire had been deliberately lit. The coroner delivered a lengthy decision in which he questioned who should bear the responsibility of ensuring a building is safe after fires. The coroner s report stated: I think it would be advisable in the interests of the public generally, that there should be a provision in the Fire Brigade Act definitely casting on superintendents the duty of seeing to the safety, temporarily, of walls or other portions of the building left standing after a fire, the necessary work to be carried out at the expense of the owner of the particular building. After discussion it was resolved that in future, the City Surveyor, or his deputy, in conjunction with the Superintendent of the Fire Brigade would have the authority to declare a building safe or not. Charles David Lonergan was my great grandfather. He was born on 2 July 1882, the third child born to David Lonergan and Louisa COE of Hobart Tasmania. I have no information on Charles parents David and Louisa (née Coe) Lonergan the first time they appear in Tasmania is at their marriage on 21 May Research material The Mercury 17 December 1930 The Mercury 19 December 1930 The Mercury 20 December 1930 The Mercury 22 December 1930 Helmets and Hatchets A history of the Hobart Fire Brigade Roger V. McNeice, published 1983 RGD 37/ Any information on the family would be gratefully appreciated. Please me on or write to 9 Terrina Street, Lauderdale, TAS NEW RELEASE THE NORTH-WEST POST ( ) An Index for Family Historians Volume This publication is the next in the series from the Devonport Branch. More than an index, the volume gives a precis of many of the events of the times. Released June 2002 $20.00 plus p&p. Available from TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch PO Box 587, Devonport TAS Members discount of 10% will apply when membership number is quoted. p&p on single volume $5 2 4 volumes $8. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

126 EDWARD MONAGHAN Kevin Green E DWARD MONAGHAN was born in mid 1816, in the Parish of Donoughmore, near the town of Castlefinn, County Donegal, Ireland. At present very little is known of his early years, but examination of his service record in the Kew Record Office gives a fascinating and detailed account of his years in the British Army prior to his journey to Tasmania as a guard on the Nile, which arrived in Hobart on 3 October The British Army was, at that time engaged in protection of British interests in sugar in the West Indies, and also in maintaining the province of Canada. It is not surprising that Edward s service record includes three years and five months in the West Indies, and two years in North America. He joined (for a bounty of guineas) the 74th Highland Regiment of Foot, as soldier no The regiment was one of a number of militia regiments raised at that time, although technically, Britain was not actively at war. Monaghan s record of service shows him as a private from 27 July 1835 to 29 June 1841, then as a corporal from 30 June 1841 to 6 June After an episode of drunk and insubordinate/outrageous behaviour, his rank was reduced to that of private, and he suffered six months imprisonment, hard labour and solitary confinement. Half this sentence was remitted for good behaviour. Another episode, also at Laprairie, Canada, where he deserted on or about the 13 May 1843 for two months, led to another term of imprisonment, this time three months with hard labour. Half this term was also remitted for good behaviour. He appears 108 in the Regimental Defaulters book on eight occasions for being absent from barracks, irregular conduct and improper language, disobedience of an order etc., but these relatively minor crimes were punished by confinement to barracks and extra orderly duties. After these incidents Monaghan seems to have become a model soldier. He received an act of restoration in 1849 on the recommendation of his Colonel-in-Chief to Queen Victoria, that enabled him to leave the regiment with an honourable discharge and a good conduct character record in During the last two years of service he received two good conduct badges. Despite a clear medical record on recruitment, Monaghan suffered from varicose veins in both legs during his last three years of service. In 1849, he was granted a Chelsea Pension of 6d per day, on the grounds of being totally unfit for the active duties of a soldier. Interestingly, the medical report records a constitutional predisposition to this ailment, aggravated by the ordinary marching duties of a soldier. At the time of his discharge from service he was thirty-two years and ten months old, 6ft. 1½ tall, with dark brown hair, grey eyes and a fresh complexion. On 28 February 1865, his pension was increased to 8d per day and on 14 June 1877, he was granted another increment. A note in his record for 2 April 1903 indicates notification of his death by Edward Monaghan junior, his grandson. To summarise, a handsome fellow and a bit of a lad. Note: Edward Monaghan s son Stephen had two sons, Edward and Christopher, both of whom lived in Alexander Street, Sandy Bay. The author is a grandson of Christopher. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

127 EARLY CHILDHOOD DAYS AT SOMERSET FROM THE DIARIES OF SISTER AGNES CLARA MACKENZIE MBE ( ) Ross Mackenzie WE are very fortunate to have records kept by earlier generations of the family. A single entry in Charles Ross MACKENZIE s diary of 3 June 1899 states:- Went to Wynyard 2am for Doctor Agnes Clara had arrived, the third girl in what eventually was a family of seven. They were all born in the family home Fairhill, Somerset, built by Agnes grandfather in The mother was attended by her mother, Mrs SPER- SCHNEIDER and Dr. J. MUIR. Agnes spent a happy childhood on the farm and beach in front of the house. There was no railway and fairy penguins nested in the banks. Her father built a fishery amongst the rocks and great hauls of garfish and mullet were caught. As a point of interest, the fishery is still there to this day. Agnes comments that her first memory is of a nurse s cap and apron, a gift from her grandmother. Perhaps that was a prelude to her life s work. Education was given by governesses, shared between two or three neighbouring homes. The girls completed their education at the Methodist Ladies College, Launceston and the boys at Scotch College. Visits to Granny Sperschneider at Willow Creek, Seabrook Road, were quite an experience. She had memories of a rambling home where the kitchen had a stove in the centre and the corner of the room had a bricked floor section which was bathroom and laundry combined but no partition from the kitchen. Agnes remembers standing naked on the bricks and having warm water poured over her after first being soaped. From a well and hand pump at the northern end of the garden there was a water race down to the home where a wooden butt stood near the kitchen door. Red currant bushes lined the path. A pet magpie was the terror of the children s lives, chasing them and pecking their legs. It was always fun to ride with Aunt Margaret in a carriage with the driver s seat high up and drawn by Captain the old chestnut part draught horse. But they had to sit quietly and behave when they sat with Granny! At home, the family had a two-wheeler pagnell cart and a rubber tyred jinker which the three elder girls drove. But Agnes was never keen on horses and had a horror of being left alone holding the reins. Writing of her father, Agnes speaks of his great love of sailing. He and a cousin owned an old lifeboat with sails and auxiliary engine, named the Wanderer. The family had land on Hunters Island and Flinders Island and they would sail from Somerset to Flinders Island via Hunters Island with provisions and livestock. It could take a whole week, depending on which way the wind was blowing or not blowing and the same could apply on the return journey and it is recorded they have made the trip in twenty-four hours with a tail wind. Ships to the islands were few and far between. Sometimes communication was via a TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

128 message written on a cigarette tissue attached with a rubber band to a homing pigeon s leg. The pigeon would be released on arrival at Flinders. Agnes recalls her one trip to the island. She sat on a packing case on deck until the evening meal, then went to the cabin below, which had open space around, through which she viewed the legs of the sheep on the deck above! Grandfather, Charles John Mackenzie MHA must have been rather intimidating. He would visit Fairhill each Christmas, give each child one shilling (ten cents) and a pat on the head making them blink. When at Parliament sittings in Hobart (for which he received and annual income of fifty pounds [100 dollars]), he sent each grandchild a post card with a view of Hobart hoping each child was good! Agnes notes her first memories of Somerset. The Post Office was a grey house where the Somerset Hotel now stands. It was run by a Mrs WELLS (née Lucy WRAGG). The Temperance Hotel, now a private residence, was next to the entrance to St Barbabas Church and the earliest Police Station was down near the bank of the Cam River (also a private residence today). The Town shopping centre was known as the Cam Straight and it had native bushland on both sides of the roadway. These are just a few extracts from childhood diaries. Thank you Aunt Agnes. Ross Mackenzie is the nephew of Agnes NEW RELEASE CEMETERIES OF SOUTHERN TASMANIA VOL VI Hobart s early churchyards and other monuments Part 1 Congregational Cemeteries Included in this publication are records for the three early Congregational cemeteries in greater Hobart. The burial ground in Upper Davey Street, South Hobart was closed in 1927 and houses have since been built over the site. The Congregational cemetery situated in Main Road, New Town, has very few headstones now standing. The third cemetery is located behind the Hestercombe Congregational Chapel (later Uniting Church) at Ten-Mile Hill, between Austins Ferry and Granton. Brief histories of each cemetery are given as well as indexes which include names and dates from all available Congregational burial records, TAMIOT dates, and death dates found in the Tasmanian Pioneers Index Full transcriptions of headstones, as taken from our branch TAMIOT cards, are also included. In many instances valuable identifying family information can be found in the Other Information column. All names recorded for the three cemeteries have been combined into one index at the back of the book. A4 Book 76 pages Price on application Available from The Librarian TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch Hobart TAS TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

129 WHERE HAVE YOU BEEN ALL THESE DAYS BILLY BOY? Jennifer Hinch (Member No. 5237) F OR years I heard about my uncle, Norman Roy HARDING, nick named Billy Boy. I remember mum saying why he had this nick-name, but have since forgotten the reason. I have only the vaguest memory of him being around when I was a child, but knowing memories can be unreliable, I m not sure if what I remember about him is true. If you asked any of the oldies around Smithton, they would remember Billy Boy. Uncle Norm was an older brother of my dad. He was born in 1899 to William Henry Harding and Adeline, née WIN- WOOD, daughter and granddaughter of convicts and seventh of eleven children. But somewhere along the line things went wrong for Uncle Norm and he took to the drink and went downhill from then on. He would steal the eye out of a needle. He d pinch something from your back yard and try to sell it to you at your front door. He d steal a chook from the pub, pluck it, and sell it back to them. This is what I have heard about him all my life. As a consequence he spent sentences of varying times in prison and became the black sheep of our family. Not commendable memories, but that is what always came to light when his name was mentioned. Before dad died, an older sister and dad had been looking for Uncle Norm,. They didn t know where he was at the time, so they had gone, or were shunted, from one government department to another, coming away still not knowing his whereabouts, or even if he was alive or dead. I have wondered if my father was feeling regret for the way the family had treated Uncle Norm. When we started our Harding family tree about three years ago and his name came up, there was nothing much to put beside it. One cousin did provide the information that he had died in the Royal Derwent Hospital at New Norfolk. A sister started making inquiries and received an invitation to view his file, but for some reason she was reluctant to follow this further and rather than push her to do so, we left it. When the book was finished I decided time was available and I would try and find out more about the life of Uncle Norm. As I was more interested in his prison record, I chose to start there. I especially wanted to know what he looked like and thought his prison record would surely have a photograph of him. I contacted the Department of Corrections in Hobart first and received a reply from the Justice Department stating that, No prison record had been found for him. They did, however, confirm that he had died in 1972 at the Royal Derwent. He also seemed to have acquired another christian name along the way, and was now called Norman Roy Joseph Harding. One of our branch members suggested I contact a Darcy ERWIN from the Police Academy at Rokeby, as she thought he might be of assistance. I received a reply from him, pointing me in the direction of the Freedom of Information Unit. He suggested I first contact Inspector RICH- MAN from the Devonport Station, as he would be able to tell me how to go about this. His suggestion was to contact an Inspector Sergeant at the Freedom of Information Unit. So I sent a letter off and within a day he phoned me to say, TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

130 Sorry love, but nothing was found. By this time I was becoming very frustrated. My uncle had definitely been in gaol, so why were there no records of this? I then decided to backtrack and go to the Royal Derwent Hospital and see what I could find out from his files there. It was a timely call on my part, as they were just in the process of sending all the old records to the Archives. I was given permission to read the records and take notes, but no photocopying was to be done. I couldn t understand the difference, but went along with this anyway. My husband and I spent a couple of hours in the office at Millbrook Rise, where the records were housed, studying the sad final years of Uncle Norm s life. The office assistant was very helpful. Apart from reading about his few years at the hospital, one thing we did confirm from these records was that he did, in fact, come to them from Hayes Prison Farm. With this information I sent a letter off to the Commissioner of Police. (When all else fails, go straight to the top). I asked, What happened to old records? Were they destroyed and if so why, as they would be invaluable to researchers. When I had just about given up hope of hearing back from them, I received a reply saying, Staff have checked all records, including archived records and records with similar spellings, but to no avail. Records are not destroyed but forwarded to the State Archives and as mentioned, these records have been checked. They were at a loss to explain why no records existed for my uncle. Their suggestion was to check the local Court records. So I phoned Circular Head Council and was told to try the Burnie Courts, which I did. They said all records that old, would be at the Archives, so I called them. Ian informed me that, Yes, we do have the court records you are after ; when I went on to explain to him what I had already been through in my search for the prison records, he informed me that they had some prison records there. I gave him the dates and he said he would look for them. He later called me back to say, Yes, the years you are looking for, are here in the Archives. He even quoted reference numbers for me. What a nice man. Success at last, such relief. I am still puzzled as to why the Commissioner s office and the Justice Department couldn t find them. According to them, all old records were sent to the Archives, where they said they had checked. I, by sheer fluke and the help of Ian, had found them myself, so was I being given the run around, or was it just Government Departmental ineptitude? In hindsight I went about it all back to front, so I know where I will check first next time and hopefully, save myself a lot of time and trouble. I have since been to the Archives and read more about the sad life of Uncle Norm. Even though he was an alcoholic, and as a result became institutionalised, there were several letters in the records from people who knew him, saying some very nice things about him. Others I have spoken to say he was an extremely nice man, it was just the drink that was his trouble. So Uncle Norm, in spite of his drinking and stealing, had some redeeming qualities. There were also photos of him, so now I could put a face to this uncle whom I had been pursuing. We have also found his unmarked grave at Malbina, and have erected a small cross with his name on it. He may have been mostly forgotten during his life and been lost in the system afterwards, but we ve now put him back in the family where he belongs, no longer our black sheep, but a character a bit out of the norm, rather like his convict ancestors. 112 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

131 TRAVELLER S REST THE GOULDS COUNTRY HOTEL Peter Woolley (Member No. 1784) E ARLY HISTORY The Traveller s Rest Hotel at Goulds Country was originally built in the 1870s 2 or in the 1890s 3. It was destroyed by fire in It was then rebuilt. Some of the early incumbents were John TROWBRIDGE (1900), Peter YOST, Billy BROWN, Clement MacMICHAEL (1905), Billy BURNS, David DOWDY, Billy Brown again, Peter HODGE (1939), Harry PRESS, Bert MALLINSON, Alf HODGE, Mrs Bob SINGLINE, Arthur BAILEY and Bill GRIGG ( ). The Traveller s Rest was a favourite meeting place for miners and farmers. The Portland Council used to meet next door and lunch was always had at the Hotel. Proceedings were always more lively after lunch. While the early history of this Hotel and the incumbents would fill many pages it has sadly not been recorded with any accuracy. This is an attempt to record the history of the last incumbent of the Traveller s Rest Hotel over the period 1951 to William Bowie (Bill) Grigg William Bowe (Bill) Grigg was born 13 November 1895 at Stump Street, Maldon, Victoria, the eldest son of Robert Albert and Elizabeth Rebecca Grigg (née BOWIE). Other children were Shane, Yvonne and Christopher. During World War I Bill served, from 1914 to 1918, as a Stoker in the Royal Australian Navy. After the war, he continued working, as a stoker, on coastal shipping around Australia. On 10 April 1920, Bill married Margaret Mary COUGHLIN at St Mary s Church, North Melbourne, Victoria. They had two children, the youngest (female) born c.1923 died as an infant (unnamed), and Noel, born Bill continued working as a stoker on coastal shipping, except for a brief period with the Rosella Jam Factory, until he started working for the Victorian Railways as a stoker at the Newport Powerhouse. The family lived at Footscray, Victoria. During Christmas 1950, Margaret took Noel on a holiday to visit a friend in Devonport, Tasmania. The friend s husband (Len TREWEEK) was a Real Estate agent who had on his books the Traveller s Rest Hotel at Goulds Country, on the east coast. The hotel was at the time owned by Arthur Bailey from Goshen. Len Treweek decided to have a look at this hotel and took Margaret and Noel with him. Margaret liked the old pub and the surrounding countryside. At this stage back in Victoria the State Electricity Board of Victoria was in the process of taking over the Newport Powerhouse and Bill was in negotiation for continuing work with the SEC or perhaps taking redundancy. When Margaret arrived home, she was most enthusiastic in suggesting that perhaps being a publican at Goulds Country would be a good idea. Bill flew to Tasmania to have a look at the hotel. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

132 He sent a telegram back to Margaret saying everything was fixed, sell up and prepare to move. He returned to Melbourne, sold everything and the family moved into the hotel in 1951, having paid 2,000 for the hotel. The hotel guest book (retained by son Noel) for the hotel over the next decade plus, shows how popular the Traveller s Rest and its publican and his wife were, not only with the locals, but with the many visitors from other parts of Tasmania and other states and overseas. The 1962 floods that blocked the road over the Goshen flats probably provided the biggest one night guest list the hotel ever had. Sixty-three passengers from a tourist bus spent the night and were fed and entertained by Bill and Margaret. Other names in the guest book included members of the local families who had to be signed in as guests to meet legal requirements of travellers thus allowing them to continue drinking after the ten o clock closure. The dances at the Goulds Country Hall alongside the hotel are remembered still. The liquor consumed during the late licence period on dance night went a long way to financing the hotel during the slack periods. Sadly the hotel that showed so much promise in 1950 had, by 1964, lost the attraction to the faster cars of the passing traffic and the declining local population. Bill, now 69, decided to finally claim his war pension and closed the licence down. He and Margaret continued to live in the hotel, now a private residence. Margaret passed away in 1969 (74) following a heart attack at the hotel. Bill continued living at the hotel until late 1971 when he went to live in Melbourne with Noel and his wife Dorothy. Bill suffered a gall stone attack in 1972 and following the operation he developed hiccups so badly that another operation was required. Three days later Bill (77) died of a heart attack. Bill and Margaret are buried in the Union Church cemetery at Goulds Country. Margaret had especially requested this, often stating that if she were buried in St Helens her coffin would float. Bill and Margaret Grigg had the Traveller s Rest Hotel at Goulds Country for a short period of time in its history. During that time they were known throughout Tasmania for their generosity and friendliness to all the people who visited the hotel. I was fortunate to meet Noel and Dorothy Grigg at a caravan park in Cairns, Queensland in Noel took the time, after some persuasion, to provide this brief insight into two people who, with their openness and friendliness, were the centre of the small community of Goulds Country during the period 1951 to Long may their memory remain Onwards After 1964 the Traveller s Rest Hotel was used only as a private residence. Noel and Dorothy held on to the hotel for some time visiting from Melbourne as often as they could. Eventually, to keep the hotel in some state of repair, they rented the hotel as a residence to some young people who were less than appropriate and then the hotel stood empty for some time. Noel and Dorothy finally sold the hotel and its surrounding acreage in 1971 for the sum of $11,500. During the following years it was on-sold as a private residence for, it is believed $20,000 and 114 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

133 again for approximately $75,000 and again for $90,000 the acreage being of more value than the run down hotel. In 1990 the hotel burned down bringing to an end the story of this one time thriving hotel. The block the hotel stood on now has a private home on it. Sources 1 St. Helens to the Blue Tier in 1877 as told by a visitor and recorded in a newspaper of the time. 4 Aug 1877 In Goulds Country a public house was with some show of reason recently licenced. 2 The Centenary History of the Municipality of Portland. With the discovery of Tin quite an impetus was given to Goulds Country, and a small village, with the usual pub sprang up Trowbrige erected the first hotel at Goulds Country. 3 Then and Now 100 years of schooling in St Helens. NEW RELEASE An Index to The Advocate Tasmania Personal Announcements 1998 In the identical format of the other volumes in this series, this volume fills the gap between the previously published indexes for 1997 and 1999, and thereby completes the decade of the Nineteen Nineties. Due for release in September 2002 $15:00 plus p&p. Available from TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch PO Box 587 Devonport TAS Members discount of 10% will apply when membership number is quoted. RECENT RELEASE CEMETERIES OF SOUTHERN TASMANIA VOL V CORNELIAN BAY CEMETERY, HOBART Indexes to Headstones & Memorials Part I Although Cornelian Bay Cemetery did not open until 1872, many names inscribed on the headstones and memorials have much earlier death dates, suggesting that details have been added to family tombstones as memorials to loved ones long departed. Other headstones and memorials are dedicated to people who were originally interred in one of Hobart s early churchyards, but whose remains were later removed to Cornelian Bay Cemetery. Some headstones are in memory of servicemen who died on active service overseas. Consequently, there are many names in these new indexes not listed in the burial records published by the Southern Regional Cemetery Trust. As yet the many plaques to be found in the gardens and walls associated with the crematorium have not yet been transcribed. The first index consists of over 40,000+ names arranged alphabetically, and includes where available, other details such as death date, age, name of spouse, and plot reference. The second index is arranged by plot reference, thus listing together all people noted on each headstone. Also, it is in this index that any parents names are listed. Microfiche $55.00 plus $1.50 p&p Members discount 10% Available from the Librarian TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch GPO Box 640 Hobart TAS 7001 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

134 Don t let your family history fade away! Enlarge your old photos! made in minutes in our store! Superb photo quality. No negatives required! Your precious originals never need leave your sight Made from old sepia-tone, B/W and colour photos Enlargements can be made up to 20cm x 30cm (8 x 12 ) Substantial savings available to Tasmanian Family History Society Inc members at Moonah Camera Centre, 111 Main Road MOONAH Devonport Camera Centre, 9 Oldaker Street DEVONPORT Picture Plus, Shop 20 Meadows Mews KINGS MEADOWS Winters Camera Centre, 45 Wilson Street BURNIE TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

135 STANDARDS FOR SHARING INFORMATION WITH OTHERS Recommended by the National Genealogical Society C ONSCIOUS of the fact that sharing information or data with others, whether through speech, documents or electronic media, is essential to family history research and that it needs continuing support and encouragement, responsible family historians consistently respect the restrictions on sharing information that arises from the rights of another as an author, originator or compiler; as a living private person; or as a party to a mutual agreement. observe meticulously the legal rights of copyright owners, copying or distributing any part of their works only with their permission, or to the limited extent specifically allowed under the law s fair use exceptions. identify the sources for all ideas, information and data from others, and the form in which they were received, recognizing that the unattributed use of another s intellectual work is plagiarism. respect the authorship rights of senders of letters, electronic mail and data files, forwarding or disseminating them further only with the sender s permission. inform people who provide information about their families as to the ways it may be used, observing any conditions they impose and respecting any reservations they may express regarding the use of particular items. require some evidence of consent before assuming that living people are agreeable to further sharing of information about themselves. convey personal identifying information about living people like age, home address, occupation or activities only in ways that those concerned have expressly agreed to. recognise that legal rights of privacy may limit the extent to which information from publicly available sources may be further used, disseminated or published. communicate no information to others that is known to be false, or without making reasonable efforts to determine its truth, particularly information that may be derogatory. are sensitive to the hurt that revelations of criminal, immoral, bizarre or irresponsible behaviour may bring to family members. Copyright 2000 by National Genealogical Society. Permission is granted to copy or publish this material provided it is reproduced in its entirety, including this notice. National Genealogical Society May/June 2000, Volume 26 #3. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

136 Lost, Stolen or Strayed Over the past year there has been considerable interest in the media about the avenue of trees known as Soldiers Walk on the Domain in Hobart. A group called Friends of Soldiers Walk Inc. has been formed with Adrian Howard as President. Adrian writes Friends of Soldiers Walk has been primarily set up to restore and preserve Soldiers Walk on the Domain. This will involve replacing missing and sick trees, new plaques with more detail, better interpretation and signage and a long term management plan. At the moment we are researching the soldiers and the history of the Walk. We are also being contacted by many people who have relatives on the Walk or want to know if they have a relative s tree. In the longer term we want to develop a museum and interpretation research centre about the Walk including as much detail as can be found out about individual soldiers. Although the TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch does hold a list of names it is thought to be incomplete, so in collaboration with Adrian we will be publishing a more accurate list in a future edition of Tasmanian Ancestry. The Friends of Soldiers Walk Inc. welcome new members and information. Contact Adrian Howard at 11 Franklin Street, West Hobart TAS 7000 or phone (03) or mobile or Peter Peniket would like to contact descendants of Adam Pennicott circa 1830, Oatlands Tasmania. Please contact him at 44 Eggington Road, Wollaston, Stourbridge, West Midlands DY8 4QJ England or him at New member Sylvia Walton writes I am descended from First Fleeters Susannah Gough and Jacob Bellette and Second Fleeter Ann Harpur. My great grandmother, Agnes Elizabeth Garth ( ) married in England and never returned to Tasmania. I have just returned from a holiday on Norfolk Island and in Tasmania where I spent some time researching but so far two names have eluded me and I am hoping one of your members may be able to help. Saidie Garth I have her recipe book. dated 1913, when she gives her home address as Lower Sandy Bay. She also gives another address. Upper Norwood, Surrey, England. Saidie is not one of my great grandmother s descendants, although she must have been known to her and she obviously lived in England at some time. I have been unable to find her baptism, or any other details about her, either on the GRO indexes here or on the Tasmanian records I consulted when in Hobart. Aunt Jane Webb I have a leaflet advertising the Tasmanian Lottery 1895, when Hadley s Hotel was given as the First Prize and on it is written: This is the hotel where mother was living with Aunt Jane Webb when Mrs Yom Rome persuaded her to come to England. My great grandmother came to England for a year c.l878 with members of the Rome family, as nursemaid to their infant son, Claude Rome. I know that John Webb built Hadley s Hotel and that two of his wives were Garths. I have a photocopy of his will dated 1881, where he mentions children and grandchildren, although no female is mentioned by name. I discovered a baptism for his daughter, Esther Jane Webb, baptised 1857, who married Louis Younger Prior 118 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

137 and Found! in Hobart in Could she be my Aunt Jane Webb? I would be pleased to learn of any other Jane Webb connected with this family of around that date, also any information on the Rome family. Contact Sylvia at Ivy House, Wheelock Street, Middlewich, Cheshire CW10 9AB England or Emeritus Professor and author, Noeline Kyle writes I am about to embark on a historical project collecting and recording the life and work of midwives and/or nurses who established private maternity/ general hospitals in the period late 1890s through to 1940s on the mid north coast of NSW. The area I am interested in researching stretches from Kempsey in the south to the Brunswick Valley/Lismore/Kyogle region in the north. I am writing in the hope that you can publicise this research and also that any members of your society who have research/know of midwives from these towns/district are willing to share their research with me. Noeline s address is 8 Avocado Court, Mullumbimby NSW 2482 or her at News from the Federation of Family History Societies. Latest statement from the PRO, 8 July 2002: Update on 1901 Census Online service. The Public Record Office apologises for the length of time the testing has been taking. QinetiQ Ltd, who are responsible for the technical aspects of the service, are testing the system and the Public Record Office is also carrying out its own independent test programme. The final testing is underway and we anticipate it will be completed by the end of July. If the results of the testing programme are positive it will be possible to know whether the service is sufficiently robust for it to go live. However, the nature of testing is such that it throws up issues that need to be addressed, and on occasion requires tests to be re-done. This has meant that we cannot give a firm date for the return of the 1901 Online Service. We are aware that this has caused much frustration to our customers, frustration which we share, and for which we apologise. [I hope by the time this journal is posted the situation will have improved Assistant Ed.] Kev (Ric) Richardson ed to say his work, Gurrewa is short-listed in international ebook awards. Gurrewa tells in brutal truths the startling history of convicts facing the shame of a new nation s founding and of aborigines facing the terrible realisation that their heritage is crumbling. Visit him at richardson Visit to read the Gurrewa synopsis. Member Shirley Stevenson of Bairnsdale in Victoria sent the following to the editor. Congratulations to the Journal Committee and Editor for not editing Bishop Family Tasmanian Ancestry, June Thank you to Trevor Bishop for sharing this narrative which highlights the resilience, grit, determination and pride of a man and his life. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

138 120 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

139 TASMANIANA LIBRARY, STATE LIBRARY OF TASMANIA NEW ACQUISITIONS This is a select list of books on history and genealogy which have been added to the Tasmaniana Library between April and June, They are mostly, but not all, new publications; the Tasmaniana Library often acquires older works which relate to Tasmania and which it does not already hold. The list has been kept as brief as possible; normally only author, title and the Tasmaniana Library's reference number are given. If you would like further information about any of the books listed, please contact the Tasmaniana Library at 91 Murray Street, Hobart 7000 or by telephone on (03) , by fax on (03) , and by at Further information is also available on TALIS, the State Library s on-line information system. TALIS is available in city and branch libraries throughout Tasmania and through the World Wide Web; its URL is Please note that, while all of these books are available for reference in the Tasmaniana Library, they are not available for loan (although copies of some of them may be available at city and branch libraries Banks, Maxwell R, Research in national parks. (TLP BAN) Beechey, Norm and Dorothy Baker, A history of Dover & Port Esperance Tasmania: Vol.2: later years (TLQ BEE) Browning, Michael (ed.), Targa Tasmania: the ultimate tarmac rally : the first 10 years. (TLQ TAR) Brunton, Paul (ed.), Matthew Flinders: personal letters from an extraordinary life. (TL FLI) Brunton, Paul, Matthew Flinders: the ultimate voyage. [State Library of New South Wales national touring exhibition catalogue] (TLPQ FLI) Bye, Ismay, A shepherd and his flock: James Bye : a family history. (TLQ BYE) Camier, Wendye E, Pioneers of land and air: ups and downs. [Includes chapter on the Butcher family] (TL JOH) Carins, Allison, Woven threads of ancestry: the story of John and Elizabeth Carey and the Carey Orchard alliance. (TLQ CAR) Carnell, Jennifer, The literary lives of Mary Elizabeth Braddon: a study of her life and work. (TL BRA) Cooper, Greg, The history of the Don River Railway s locomotives, railcars & carriages. (TLPQ COO) Cracknell, Dee, Ripples on the pond named Cracknell. (TLQ CRA) Curry, Suzanne, Bruce Maslin and John Maslin, Allan Cunningham: Australian collecting localities. (TL CUR) Dammery, Sally, Walter George Arthur: a free Tasmanian? (TL ART) Davidson, Rosemary (ed.), My most interesting ancestor: a collection of stories submitted for the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. Manuscript Award (TLQ MYM) Day, Harold, Old sketchbooks & albums. [Includes illustrations from albums and sketchbooks of Harold Day, D Colbron Pearse, Kathleen Hobkirk and R Hawker] (TLQ 741 DAY) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

140 Deane, Norm, History of St. Matthews. (TLPQ STM) Downes, Max, First visitors to Heard Island. (TL ANA) Elphinstone, Judy, Digging up divots with Judy Elphinstone: (TLQ ELP) Ely, Richard, Marcus Haward and James Warden (eds.), A living force: Andrew Inglis Clark and the ideal of Commonwealth. (TL CLA) Evans, Kathryn, Claremont Army Camp ( ): commemorative walkway history project. (TLQ EVA) Fisher, Leonard C, On higher ground: a brief hstory of the Lower Wilmot Uniting Church. (TLP FIS) Fisher, Leonard C, Captain Edward Thomas Miles (TLPQ MIL) Fisher, Leonard C, The Mersey and Deloraine Railway: a miscellaneous collection of articles from various papers, principally The Mercury. (TLPQ FIS) Fisher, Leonard C, The Zeehan tram engine explosion May 16, (TLPQ FIS) Forbes, David W, Hawaiian national bibliography V.2: ; V.3: (TLQ FOR) Foster, Shirley, The book of Tilley: a family history. (TLQ TIL) Foster, Shirley, The Tasmanian Tilleys: family register and pedigree. (TLQ TIL) Freeman, George, Then till now: a lifetime of memories. (TLQ FRE) Freeman, Suzanne and Helen McKay, Beaconsfield School, TLQ BEA) From France to Freycinet: the background to the French names on the East Coast of Tasmania. (TLP FRO) Geason, Susan, Australian heroines: stories of courage and survival. [Includes chapter on Truganini.] (TL GEA) Godden Mackay Logan, A thematic history of West Hobart. (TLQ GOD) Harris, Beryl, The Burnie Eisteddfod Society (with statistics to 1990). (TLQ HAR) Hobart (Tas.) Council, Waterways tours: the rivulet tour, Hobart s hidden history. (TLP ) Holloway, Kerry E, The anchor held fast: a sesquicentenary history of Lodge of Hope No. 4 T.C (TL HOL) Hortle, Brian A, The Hortle family in Australia (TLQ HOR) Hunt, Kyla-Jane and Claire Wallace, One to one: an Australian journey. (TLE ONE) Ibbotson, John, Lighthouses of Australia: images from the end of an era. (TLQ IBB) Keesing, Ann, Caroo Court, Penguin: a little history part two. (TLP KEE) Kirkpatrick, JB, Cradle: Cradle Mountain Lake St Clair National Park. (TLQ CRA) Lockhart, Terry, 100 years of swimming: Sandy Bay Swimming Club. (TLQ ONE) Ludeke, Michael, The Sydney to Hobart yacht race (TL LUD) Lyons, Terry, The Launceston Lyons: a little story of Joshua Lyons & Patricia Sutton and their children and Joshua Lyons & Esther Brody (nee Nathan) and their children. (TLQ LYO) 122 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

141 MacIntyre, Rosemary, Biography of Emily Susan Brimfield OAM (TLPQ BRI) McKay, Peter, A nation within a nation: the Lucas clan in Australia. (TLQ LUC) McNeice, Roger V, Honoured grave: Hector Charles Long DCM: on the Somme (TLP LON) McNeill, Barry and Leigh Woolley, Architecture from the edge: the 20 th Century in Tasmania. (TLQ MCN) Marcus, Julie, The indomitable Miss Pink: a life in anthropology. (TL PIN) Martin, Stephen, The whales journey. (CRO MAR) Mitchell, Brian, Knights on the run: a playing history of the Kingborough District Cricket Club including the team of the 20 th Century. (TLQ MIT) Moore, DT, TG Vallance and EW Groves, Nature s investigator: the diary of Robert Brown in Australia, (TLQ BRO) Mulligan, Martin and Stuart Hill, Ecological pioneers: a social history of Australian ecological thought and action. (TL MUL) Oxley, Gwenda, Alexander Wilson of The Braes and his descendants. (TLP WIL) Oxley, Gwenda, James Byers Scott and his descendants. (TLP SCO) Oxley, Gwenda, James Wilson (1756) and his descendants. (TL WIL) Oxley, Gwenda, Peter Campbell and his descendants. (TLP CAM) Oxley, Gwenda, William Byers and his descendants. (TLP BYE) Oxley, Gwenda, William Thomas Braidwood Wilson of Hillside, Mount Seymour. (TLP WIL) Penley, Lionel, Harris Scarfe Limited: history of the company (TL PEN) Phillips, Charles, Dick Baker A.O.: I raise my hat to every cow and bow to every bull. (TLQ BAK) Pink, Kerry, Edward Braddon: adventurer, farmer, statesman. (TL BRA) Quint, Bronwyn (ed.), Arrows of hope: selected convict stories. (TL ARR) Read, Fran, A history of Orford School. (TLQ ORF) Rigney, Victoria, Peace comes walking: the life of Donald Groom, Quaker peace worker. (TL GRO) Rosove, Michael H, Antarctica, : freestanding publications through (TLQ ROS) School for Seniors (Launceston, Tas.), Twenty years on : a 20 th anniversary retrospective chronicle. (TL PQ SCH) Scott, Ernest, The life of Matthew Flinders. (TL FLI) Scott, Preben Villy and Donald Arthur Woolley, The history of the church of Latter Day Saints. Tasmania (TLQ SCO) Stoward, John (ed.), Australian rules football in Tasmania. (TLQ AUS) Thomas, Richard, Listen, the old hands said: Never ever volunteer. (TL THO) Thomas, Sarah, The encounter, 1802: art of the Flinders and Baudin voyages. (TLQ THO) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

142 Terry, Ian, A thematic history of Sandy Bay. (TLQ TER) Terry, Ian, A thematic history of South Hobart. (TLQ TER) Thomas, Henry H, Out of the west: autobiography by Henry Hardstaff Thomas. (TLQ THO) Tranmere-Clarence Plains Land and Coastcare Inc., Old Rokeby historic trail. (TLP TRA) Trolley buses in Hobart. [Videorecording] (TLVC ) Ulverstone History Museum, Ulverstone sesqui-centenary celebrations souvenir (TLQ ULV) Ulverstone sesqui-centennial 150 years. (TLPQ ULV) Wagner, Jessie V., The Horne families from Bothwell. (TLQ HOR) Watson, Reg A., The life and times of Thomas Francis Meagher, Irish exile to Van Diemen s Land. (TL 920 MEA) Whitham, Lindsay, Railways, mines, pubs and people: and other historical research. [All but one chapter originally published in THRA Papers and Proceedings] (TL WHI) Wild, Sally, Eliza Forlonge: her life, her family, her vision. (TLP FOR) Yska, Redmer, An errand of mercy: Captain Jacob Eckoff and the loss of the Kakanui. (TL YSK) 124 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

143 FROM THE EXCHANGE JOURNALS Thelma McKay (Member No. 598) $30 Certificates! Researching in New Zealand what are our alternative sources? By Noeline Verheyan in The New Zealand Genealogist the journal of the New Zealand Society of Genealogists Vol.32, No.272, November-December 2001, pp With the recent price increase to $30 for New Zealand BDM certificates this article suggests other resources which may help locate details of these events e.g. Members Interests, and the Certificate and Pedigree Collections held by NZSG. Other possible sources are newspapers, church records and probate records. Family History on the Internet, A New Way to Make Old Mistakes by John Marsden in the Manchester Genealogist the journal of the Manchester and Lancashire Family History Society Vol.37, No.4, 2001, pp Although the internet is a valuable tool for family historians, this article warns of possible pitfalls and emphasises that, where possible, all information should be checked against the original source. Reminders are given to not accept anything at face value, to remember there are no primary sources on the internet, and never to make assumptions. The author suggests that with a new generation of people researching family history, people need to be educated to use the internet as a tool to get to the truth. The Pivot Tree No.71, October 2001, the journal of the Geelong Family History Group has many articles and snippets on shipping. These include passengers, crewmen and captains arriving in Geelong during the 1800s; plaques and memorials of ships and passengers; headstones; and notices of drownings. On pages12 13 is an article on the Cape Otway Lighthouse and the lighthouse keepers. Deserters and Discharged Seamen on pages 14 15, lists seamen with registration numbers, date, and name of ship deserted from. Beyond Death Records by David W. Weatherill in The Valley Genealogist Vol.14, No.3, October 2001 from the Bega Valley Genealogical Society pp.6 8. The author describes many sources to help find information on an ancestor s death. These are set out under various headings eg Published Records which lists several books on cemeteries while Specific Cemetery Records emphasises the importance of transcriptions of headstones, and burial records. Other sources covered are; Microform ; Databases ; CD-Roms ; the Internet which suggests Mailing Lists and various websites and Other Resources includes newspapers and Funeral Directors. 12 July July Years of Hobart Residency by David M Elliott in The Australian Link October 2001, in the Elliot Clan Society newsletter, pp.3 4. This article covers the Elliott family from the first members John Elliott and his wife, who arrived in Hobart Town in 1823, through to the author s family in John built the White Hart Inn on the Elizabeth and Patrick Streets corner circa His first home was in Warwick Street. In 1844 he built a two-storied shop and dwelling where he established a Produce Merchant s business which was TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

144 continued by his son. Details of later family members are recorded as well as some other unrelated Elliott families in Tasmania, plus name places such Elliot Range, Elliott Bay and Elliott Hill. Early Burials at Frankston Cemetery by Marge Knight in Peninsula Past Times, Mornington Peninsula Family History Society No.84, November 2001, pp.4 7. The earliest headstone in this cemetery is dated However, 104 burials at Frankston up to 1888, as recorded on Death Certificates, have been found. A list of fifty-three of these are featured in this article including the author s research and comments on each person, often including the parents names and siblings. A Seaman from Yorkshire and a Victim of Governor Arthur s Gallows compiled by June Hopkins in Time Line the Genealogical Society of Gladstone District Vol.7, No.8, November 2001, pp John Davis, a 31-year-old seaman from Yorkshire, who was tried in Middlesex and sentenced to transportation to VDL, arrived in He married Mary Browne, a convict, in 1822 and had four children. By 1826 he was arrested with several others for sheep stealing, condemned to death, and executed. Mary died in childbirth a few days later. Her daughter Ann Davis, born in 1824, was adopted by a wealthy landowner who left her a fortune. Ann was not advised of this until years later when she was too poor to proceed with litigation. She married twice and in 1855 became a grandmother at the age of 31. pp A list of Late Registrations giving name, date of birth and date registered were extracted from the Adelaide District records. Many births pre 1900 were not registered until many years later. The earliest noted were two males [brothers?] born 1857 and 1859 respectively but not registered until Families and the Children s Hospital by Andrea Tanner in the East Surrey Family History journal Vol.24, No.4, December 2001, pp The Hospital for Sick Children was founded by Charles West in 1852 in Great Ormond Street, with patients admitted from London and Surrey. Examples of several of the children s medical records are included in this article, plus the history of the oldest children s hospital in Britain. The admission records of the children are being computerised. Inscriptions at St Olave s, Southwark, in the journal of the East Surrey Family History Society, Vol.23, No.4, December 2000, pp An extract taken from Notes & Queries, July 19, 1924, found at the Southwark Local Studies Library, of inscriptions from gravestones in St Olave s churchyard in Southwark, recorded by G. W. Wright in A total of thirty-three headstones with full inscription. Many large vaults are included with lots of names and dates. The earliest noted are from late 1700s and they continue until late 1890s. District of Adelaide Births by Maureen Leadbeater in The South Australian Genealogist the journal of the South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society Vol.28, No.4, November 2001, 126 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

145 BOOK REVIEWS Stock Thieves and Golfers, A history of Kangaroo Bay and Rosny Farm Tasmania , by Peter MacFie. This book is A4 format, 72 pages with asoft cover and published by the Clarence Council, Bligh Street, Rosny Park Tasmania 7018 Australia, Peter MacFie is a well-known local historian and raconteur with a passion for collecting oral history and saving our past. He is a sixth generation Tasmanian and was the first President of the Professional Historians Association of Tasmania. The introduction to this book begins Each generation believes its history is unique, and adopts a mask to present itself to the later world. Sometimes subsequent generations impose a further mask out of embarrassment. The historian s role is to remove the succeeding masks, trying to unravel the real world in which our ancestors lived. Tasmanian history is shrouded in layers of masks convictism, brave settlers on the frontier and other postures. Peter uncovers the story of Rosny Farm and its historic barn, sandstone cottage and ruins of a blacksmith s shop, stables and outbuildings and documents the lives of its various owners and occupiers. The importance of the River Derwent is also covered, first with the Moomairemener people and then the early settlers. It tells of business men, stock thieves, inns, ship builders, ferries, and the growth of the port. Richard Morgan, First Fleeter, was granted land at Kangaroo Bay in 1807 in compensation for land at Norfolk Island. The property remained in the Morgan family until 1831, when it was purchased by Judge Montagu. In 1850, the farm was bought by Askin Morrison and Captain Addison. Early last century it was farmed by Alf McDermott and William Hynes until it purchased for use as the Royal Hobart Golf Club in The many photographs and illustrations help document the history of the farm up to the present day. It contains a comprehensive index and is a valuable reference book for the area. Rosemary Davidson Barefoot and Pregnant, Irish Famine Orphans in Australia volume 2 by Trevor McClaughlin, The Genealogical Society of Victoria Inc. The book is A4 soft cover of 460 pages and is available from The Genealogical Society of Victoria Inc., Level 6, 179 Queen Street, Melbourne for $49 + $9 postage (TAS). This book contains a study of 4000 or so young women who were brought to Australia from Irish workhouses between 1848 and 1851 under the Earl Grey Scheme. The first part consists of various extracts from personal journals, newspapers, workhouse registers, legislation, letters, government reports and minutes of meetings. In addition to specific information, these extracts provide an insight into the social history of the time which would be of interest to the general reader. There are several examples of how some of these unfortunate women survived hardships, raised families and became respected and productive members of their communities. The arrival of these Irish girls is documented according to the ships which transported them and the places of their disembarkation. There were eleven ships to Sydney, six to Port Phillip, three to TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

146 Adelaide and two to Hobart. Each ship is listed separately. The immigrants are listed in alphabetical order with details of name, age, native place, religion and, in some cases, extra useful information. The Hobart arrivals include name, age, workhouse and employment details. Numerous photographs are included as well as a list of suggested books for further reading. A comprehensive index completes the book which could be a valuable reference for family historians with Irish connections and for anyone interested in the effects of the Great Irish Famine. Honoured Grave, Hector Charles Long DCM by Roger V. McNeice OAM, Tasmania This booklet outlines the service career of Hector Charles Long during World War I. Sergeant Long s story is interwoven with the story of C Company, 10th Brigade of the 40th Battalion AIF. Sergeant Long trained at Claremont (Tasmania) and served at various places on the Somme from 1916 to He was awarded the DCM two days before he was killed in action. His grave is in the Heilly Military Cemetery at Mericourt-L Abbe. The booklet is soft cover A5 format of 28 pages. It contains numerous photographs relevant to the 40th Battalion taken in Tasmania, France and England. There is an index and also a list of sources on the subject of Australia s, and specifically Tasmania s, involvement in the fighting on the western front during World War I. Enquiries should be directed to the author, Roger McNeice, 8 Orana Place, Taroona, Tasmania 7053, or Jeannine Connors REUNION A TILYARD FAMILY REUNION will be held at Glenorchy, Tasmania over the Easter weekend April 2003 for descendants of THOMAS TILYARD who arrived on the convict ship Sir Godfrey Webster in 1823 Anyone interested in attending who may have information and photos for a book to be published and a CD-Rom will also be available please contact: Karen Foster (03) Ken Tilyard (03) or Rod Tilyard 128 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

147 COMING EVENTS TASMANIA Unless otherwise notified, all Tasmanian Historical Research Association (THRA) meetings take place on the second Tuesday of the month at 8:00 p.m in the Royal Society Room, Custom House, Davey Street, Hobart, (enter from the car park). 10 September 2002 THRA A Political Memoir, Hon. Sir Max Bingham. 3 October 2002 TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch Day Meeeting at the Branch Library, Bellerive, 2 p.m. The guest speaker will be Brian Rieusset with the topic, Hangings in Hobart. Please contact the Branch Secretary, Mrs O Neill for further information. (03) or or 8 October 2002 THRA Morton Allport and Lake St Clair, Mrs Gillian Winter. 20 October 2002 Living and Working in Hobart, Historical Perspectives Conference organised by the Professional Historians Association Tasmania in conjunction with Hobart City Council at Centre for the Arts. Contact Dianne Snowden, 8 Henry Street, Richmond, TAS or Kathy Evans, PO Box 306, Moonah, TAS 7009 (03) November 2002 The Biennial Conference of the George Town & Districts Historical Society at George Town. There will be an emphasis on various aspects of Shipwrecks in Northern Tasmania/Bass Strait. 12 November 2002 THRA Ideas Which Shaped Hobart, , Dr Alison Alexander. 23 and 24 November 2002 Burgess Reunion at Parkham, Tasmania. 160 th Anniversary of the arrival of George Burgess and Ann Haines. Any enquiries to Annette Banks, 104 Branscombe Road, Claremont TAS 7011 (03) or See Reunions notice Vol.22 No.1 June December 2002 Day Meeting TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch. To be held at Glenorchy. Please contact the Branch Secretary, Mrs O Neill for further information. (03) or or 10 December 2002 THRA Members Night Charles Whitham Some Anecdotes, Mr Lindsay Whitham; Some Tasmanian Events and Their Ephemera, Mr Graham Vertigan and Aspects of Export Fruit Shipping from Southern Tasmania in the Post War Period, Mr David Hodgson April 2003 A Tilyard Family Reunion will be held at Glenorchy, Tasmania, over the Easter weekend April 2003, for descendants of Thomas Tilyard who arrived on the convict ship Sir Godfrey Webster in Anyone interested in attending who may have information and photos for a book to be published (a CD- TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

148 Rom will also be available), please contact: Karen Foster (03) or Ken Tilyard (03) or Rod Tilyard 21 February 2004 Descendants Day St Davids Park, Hobart, Tasmania. Organised by the Hobart Town (1804) First Settlers Association. Contact Mrs Freda Gray (03) or Mrs Margaret Andersen, (03) March 2004 Beams Family Gathering, Sunday, 7 March 2004 at the Village Green, Westbury, Tasmania. Contact Marjorie Porter, Acacia Park, RMB 1425 Boards Road, Strathmerton, VIC 3641 or (03) INTERSTATE AND OVERSEAS April th Australasian Congress on Genealogy and Heraldry, Discovery 2003, to be held in Melbourne April To register interest, write to Discovery 2003, Conference Consultants Australia, Level 1, York Street, South Melbourne VIC 3205 or Bev Williamson (03) IMPORTANT NOTICE TFHS Inc. HOBART BRANCH Has decided to trial DAY MEETINGS for those members who cannot attend night meetings The first will be held Thursday 3 October 2002 at 2.00 p.m. in the Branch Library The speaker will be BRIAN RIEUSSET with Hangings in Hobart If successful the second is planned for 5 December 2002 at Glenorchy with the subsequent meeting to be held at Kingston Please contact the Branch Secretary for further information or comment Mrs Cynthia O Neill (03) or 130 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

149 LIBRARY NOTES State Microfiche Roster 19/8/02 18/11/02 24/2/ /5/03 18/8/03 15/11/02 21/2/03 16/5/ /8/03 21/11/03 Burnie Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Devonport Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Hobart Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Huon Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Launceston Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 GRO BDMs Index Set 2 Griffith s Valuation for Ireland Series GRO Consular Records Index Old Parochial Records and 1891 Census Indexes for Scotland Set 3 GRO BDMs Index and AGCI Set 4 National Probate Calendars Set 5 GRO BDMs Index Exchange journals Members Interests and One Name Studies Index BURNIE Accessions Books Chain Letters, Lucy Frost and Hamish Maxwell-Stewart Cooking & Looking at West Pine, Camena & Cuprona, compiled by The West Pine Community Group 2002 * Deaths in the Mersey, Port Frederick & Sheffield Districts to the year 1899, compiled by Ulverstone Local History Museum * Deaths in the Ulverstone District to the year 1899 including the entire Police District of Port Sorell to the year 1875, compiled by Ulverstone Local History Museum * Marriages in the Ulverstone District to the year 1899 including the entire Police District of Port Sorell to the year 1875, compiled by Ulverstone Local History Museum Official Family Tree Maker Version 9 Fast & Easy, The, Rhonda R. McCllure * Stories in Stone Interesting Memorial Inscriptions from South-West Lancashire, D. L. Bray Ulverstone Sesqui-Centenary Celebrations Souvenir , Ulverstone History Museum Accessions CD-Roms British Isle Vital Records, compiled by the LDS Marine Birth, Deaths and Marriages Victoria * Indicates items donated TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

150 DEVONPORT Accessions Books Barefoot and Pregnant? Volume 2, Trevor McClaughlin Early Coastal Newspapers Births, Deaths & Marriages, TFHS Inc. Burnie Genealogical Research Directory 2002, Keith A Johnson & Malcolm R Sainty Members Interests , John Gillham, Compiler North-West Post ( ) The, An Index For Family Historians, Volume 5, 1908, TFHS Inc. Devonport * Sesqui-Centenary Celebrations Souvenir , Ulverstone History Museum * Indicates items donated HOBART Accessions Books 1851 Census Index Keighley etc (West Riding, Yorkshire); Keighley & District FHS A.F.T.C. Index 2001; Australian Family Tree Connections Barefoot and Pregnant? Vol. 2 (Irish Family Orphans in Australia); Trevor McClaughlin Charles Davis 150 years; Alison Alexander Court in the Colony: Hobart Town May 1824; The Law Society of Tasmania Early Coastal Newspapers Births Deaths & Marriages; comp TFHS Inc Burnie Branch * Early Tasmanian Bridges; Roy Smith Edinburgh Theatres, Cinemas and Circuses (Contents & Index of CD); George Baird * A Genealogical History of the Higgins Family which includes the Flanagan-Deanshaw- Behrens-Bergman Families, Patrick R. Higgins & Betty J. Higgins The Historic Tamar Valley Its People, Places & Shipping ; J. G. Branagan A History of Campbell Town: The Children of Erin ; comp Geoff Duncombe Irish Church Records; ed James G. Ryan * Members Interests ; comp John Gillham TFHS Inc. Mid Sussex Poor Law Records ; Norma Pilbeam & Ian Nelson The North West Post ( ): An Index for Family Historians vol ; comp TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch * Photoprints Early Hobart ( ); Tasmanian Media Centre * The Reluctant Traveller (Edward Kimberley and Descendants in Australia); Betty Brown * Research Inquiries 1 st April March 2002, TFHS Inc. Tasman Peninsula Chronicle no 10 October 2001 published by Tasman Peninsula Hist. Soc. * A Tribute to Keith Fuller and his Ancestors and Descendants; Heather Kelly Ulverstone Sesqui-Centenary Celebrations Souvenir ; Ulverstone History Museum * The Ward Book: Our Tasmanian Heritage, Margaret Brassington Web Sites for Genealogists 2002; ed Cora Num West Gippsland: Pioneers & Settlers pre 1900 compiled by West Gippsland Gen. Soc. Inc. Accessions CD-Roms 1881 British Census Scotland Region; LDS, Sydney (replacements) City of London Lying-in-Hospital: Index to Baptisms Dorset Records (Bishops Transcripts) No 2; Terry Brain English Parish Records: Hampshire, Kent, Surrey, Sussex; Ancestry.com English Parish Records: London; Ancestry.com 132 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

151 The Fife Death Index; Fife FHS Marine Births, Deaths and Marriages, Victoria, ; VicHeritage Pallot s Baptisms Index ; Ancestry.com Pallot s Marriage Index ; Ancestry.com * The Tasmanian Pioneers Index ; Archives Office of Tasmania Accessions Microfiche 1851 Census Berkshire: vol 3 Faringdon, vol 7 Bradfield, vol 10 Cookham; Berkshire FHS 1851 Census Durham: Bishopwearmouth; Bishopwearmouth South Pt 1 Northumberland FHS 1851 Census Northumberland; Northumberland FHS Bendigo Advertiser: Index to Funerals, Inquests, Obituaries & many more ; comp. P. Hocking * Cheshire - Stockport High St Unitarian Burials ; Nth Cheshire FHS Colonial Secretary s Correspondence - Index to convicts (& others) ; comp Joan Reese * Directory of Caithness-shire 1837; Nick Vine Hall & Gwen Kingsley Emigrants from Hamburg to Australia, ; Queensland FHS Immigration to Victoria - Index to Inward Passenger Lists: Foreign Ports ; PRO VIC * Members Interests ; comp. John Gillham TFHS Inc. Northumberland Marriage Index ; Northumberland FHS Passenger Lists, Victoria Australia: Outwards to NZ Parts ; NZSG Royal Navy Marriage Certificates ; Stuart Tamblin St Dunstans, Stepney (MDX) Burials ; comp. Robert J Cottrell Suffolk 1851 Census Index vols 5 10, 12 19; Suffolk FHS West Terrace (SA) Burial Registers ; , SA Genealogy & Heraldry Society Ltd West Terrace (SA) Cremations ; SA Genealogy & Heraldry Society Ltd Wises s NZ Post Office Directory 1913 Accessions Microfilm * Richmond (Grangegorman) Female Penitentiary Register of Female Convicts; National Archives of Ireland * Indicates items donated HUON Accessions Books Ecclesiastical /80 Index to Walsh s Tasmanian Almanacs ; comp. Launceston Branch TFHS Inc. Genealogical Research Directory 2002; Sainty, M. R. & Johnson, K. A. * Honoured Grave Hector Charles Long; McNiece, Roger V. * Identifying your WWI Soldier from Badges and Photographs (English); Swinnerton, Iain FFHS * Immigrants Recruited by the Launceston Immigration Aid Society ; Green, K. A. * Irish Ancestry A Beginners Guide; Davis, Bill, 3 rd Ed. * Irish Family History on the Web A Directory; Raymond, Stuart A. * My Most Interesting Ancestor; Davidson, Rosemary, Ed.: TFHS Inc. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

152 Accessions CD-Roms Census of NSW 1828; Sainty & Johnson Eds. * Donated Items LAUNCESTON Accessions Books * 150th Anniversary Tweed Valley of Contrasts, H. W. Denning Angus Monumental Inscriptions pre 1855 Volume 3, edited by Alison Mitchell * The Changing Valley, Sullivan and Brady & Students Tweed River High School Early Coastal Newspapers , TFHS Inc. Burnie Branch * The Family Tree Dectective, Colin D. Rogers * From Tallebudgera To The Tweed, Robert Longhurst * Genealogical Research Directory Mid 1984, Johnson & Sainty Historical Images of Central Coast, (Penguin District 1919) edited by Craig R. Broadfield * Historical Manuscript of the Tweed, H. W. Denning A History of Australia Part 1, C. M. H. Clark A History of Australia Part 11, C. M. H. Clark * Index to 1851 Census Volume 20 Hatfield, West Riding, Yorkshire, Doncaster & District FHS Eng * Inverness District East (Monumental Inscriptions pre 1855), Alastair G. Beattie & Margaret H. Beattie * Members Interests , TFHS Inc. compiled by John Gillham My Past - Their Future - Stories from Cape Barren Island, Molly Mallett The North-West Post ( ) TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch Pack of Thieves? (52 Port Arthur Lives), Hamish Maxwell-Stewart & Susan Hood Presentation of Queen s and Regimental Colours, Brighton Military Camp * Research List , TFHS Inc. * Research Westell s, Shepherds Bothwell and District Tasmania, John Gordon Westell & Family Circle Sesqui-Centenary Celebrations Souvenir (Ulverstone), Ulverstone History Museum Shifting Sands, Faye Gardam Stories of Campbell Town, Susan Butler * Turnock On Tweed, T. H. Turnock * The Third Year of War in Pictures, Sun News-Pictorial * The Fourth Year of War in Pictures, Sun News-Pictorial * The Fifth Year of War in Pictures, Sun News-Pictorial * The Sixth Year of War in Pictures, Sun News-Pictorial Accessions Microfiche Australian Family Tree Connection Index, 2001 The British Army in Australia Directory of Tasmania 1834 Index Wills proved in the PCC Accessions CD-Roms Kelly s London Suburban Directory, (Northern), 1902 Kelly s London Suburban Directory, (Southern), TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

153 The Lancashire 1891 census Post Office Directory, London, 1902 * Indicates items donated SOCIETY SALES The Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. (formerly the GST) has published the following items which are available from the State Sales Officer PO Box 191 Launceston TAS Microfiche TAMIOT 2nd edition (inc. postage) $ /98 Members Interests (inc. postage) $ /99 and 1999/2000 Members Interests (inc. postage) $ Members Interests (microfiche) $5.50 The Tasmanian War Memorials Database, comp. Fred Thornett, (22 fiche) (p&h $2.00) $66.00 Books My Most Interesting Ancestor, Manuscript Award $9.00 Van Diemen s Land Heritage Index, Vol. 2 (p&p $4.20) $11.00 Van Diemen s Land Heritage Index, Vol. 3 (p&p $4.20) $17.60 Van Diemen s Land Heritage Index, Vol. 4 (p&p $4.20) $27.50 Tasmanian Ancestry, current volume $9.90 Tasmanian Ancestry, last volume $8.25 Tasmanian Ancestry, second last volume $ % discount to TFHS Inc. members. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September

154 NEW BRANCH PUBLICATIONS Please note that items advertised are only available from the branches as listed. BURNIE BRANCH TFHS Inc. Burnie Branch PO Box 748 Burnie TAS 7320 An index to Early Coastal Newspapers $30.00 TFHS Inc. Members $27.00 plus p&p DEVONPORT BRANCH TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch PO Box 587 Devonport TAS 7310 The North-West Post ( ) an Index for Family Historians volume $20.00 In Loving Memory A Transcript of the Chudleigh & Mole Creek Cemeteries, Tasmania $10.00 An Index to The Advocate - Tasmania - Personal Announcements $15:00 Members discount of 10% will apply when membership number is quoted. p&p on single volume $ volumes $8.00 HOBART BRANCH TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch GPO Box 640 Hobart TAS 7001 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol. V Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart, indexes to Headstones & Memorials Part I, Microfiche $55.00 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol. VI, Hobart s early churchyards and other monuments. Part 1 Congregational Cemeteries..... POA Members discount of 10% will apply. For a complete listing of Branch and State sales please ask your local branch for a copy of the current Sales List. State items are now only available from the State Sales Officer. 136 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

155 BRANCH LIBRARY ADDRESSES, TIMES AND MEETING DETAILS BURNIE Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library 62 Bass Highway, Cooee (above Bass Bakery) Tuesday 11:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Saturday 1:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. The library is open at 7:00 p.m. prior to meetings. Meeting Branch Library, 62 Bass Highway, Cooee 7:30 p.m. on 3rd Tuesday of each month, except January and December. Day Meeting 1st Monday of the month at 10:30 except January and February. DEVONPORT Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library Rooms 9, 10 & 11, Days Building, Cnr Best & Rooke Sts, Devonport Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. Wednesday 10:00 a.m. 1:00 p.m. Thursday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. Meeting Branch Library, First Floor, Days Building Cnr Best & Rooke Sts, Devonport at 7:30 p.m. on last Thursday of each month, except December. HOBART Phone: (03) or (Branch Secretary) Library 19 Cambridge Road, Bellerive Tuesday 12:30 p.m. 3:30 p.m. Wednesday 9:30 a.m. 12:30 p.m. Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:30 p.m. Meeting Rosny Library, Bligh Street, Rosny Park, at 8:00 p.m. on 3rd Tuesday of each month except January and December. HUON Library Meeting Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Soldiers Memorial Hall, Marguerite Street, Ranelagh Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. 1st Wed. of month 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Branch Library, Ranelagh, at 4:00 p.m. on 1st Saturday of each month except January. Please check Branch Report for any changes. LAUNCESTON Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library 2 Taylor Street, Invermay, Launceston Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Wednesday 7:00 p.m. 8:30 p.m. Closed Wednesday night during June, July and first two weeks of August. Saturday 2:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Meeting Branch Library 2 Taylor Street, Invermay on 1st Tuesday of each month except January at 7:00 p.m. or 3:00 p.m. on alternate months. Please check Branch Report for the time each month.

156 MEMBERSHIP OF THE TASMANIAN FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC. Membership of the TFHS Inc. is open to all interested in genealogy and family history, whether resident in Tasmania or not. Assistance is given to help trace overseas ancestry as well as Tasmanian. Dues are payable each year by 1 April. Subscriptions for are as follows:- Ordinary member $39.60 inc. GST Joint members (2 people at one address) $52.80 inc. GST Australian Concession $26.40 inc. GST Australian Joint Concession $39.60 inc. GST Membership Entitlements: All members receive copies of the society s journal Tasmanian Ancestry, published quarterly in June, September, December and March. Members are entitled to free access to the society s libraries. Access to libraries of some other societies has been arranged on a reciprocal basis. Application for Membership: Application forms may be obtained from the TFHS Inc. State Secretary, or any branch and be returned with appropriate dues to a branch treasurer or sent direct to the TFHS Inc. Treasurer, PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania Dues are also accepted at libraries and branch meetings. Donations: Donations to the Library Fund ($2.00 and over) are tax deductible. Gifts of family records, maps, photographs, etc. are most welcome. Research Queries: Research is handled on a voluntary basis in each branch for members and nonmembers. Rates for research are available from each branch and a stamped, self addressed, business size envelope should accompany all queries. Members should quote their membership number. A list of members willing to undertake record searching on a private basis can be obtained from the society. The society takes no responsibility for such private arrangements. Advertising: Advertising for Tasmanian Ancestry is accepted with pre-payment of $27.50 per quarter page in one issue or $82.50 for four issues including 10% GST. Further information can be obtained by writing to the journal committee at PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania ISSN Printed by The Franklin Press Pty Ltd Hobart Tasmania Print Broking Terry Brophy and Associates

157 QUERIES DODD/BARNES Between 1849 and 1866 James DODD and Mary Anne BARNES had nine children in Hobart. I have information about their children but cannot find how or when they came to Hobart or what they did after Can you help? Along the way I have collected information about several Tasmanian people called James Dodd which I can share but cannot find my James Dodd. Rosemary Luyendyk, 26 Netherby Rise, Sunrise Beach, Queensland GARLAND CHRISTINA (WILLIAMS/WYLLIE) Christina WYLLIE, born 5 November 1876, Tasmania (a daughter of James Wyllie/Euphemia SMITH, who arrived in Tasmania 1862 from Scotland). Christina married Henry James WILLIAMS in 1897 (family: Henry; Andrew; and Lindsay Williams). She also later married John GARLAND (family; unknown). Christina died 28 February 1961 at Launceston, Tasmania. Any information, or contact with descendants appreciated. Lois Wolfe (née Wyllie), 4 Whitford Street, Upper Burnie TAS 7320 (03) HARRISON Elizabeth HARRISON, daughter of Thomas Harrison shepherd, and Margaret Harrison nee VERNON (arrived per Cadet 2 January 1848) houseservant, was born at Campbell Town 30 May Elizabeth s occupation was housekeeper, and was mother of John Herbert Harrison or McKINNON, an only child born 23 August 1875 Launceston, father John McKinnon, no marriage entry found. Early 1900s Elizabeth believed to have gone to South Africa with a man she kept house for, married him and died there. Other research shows an Elizabeth Harrison a housekeeper 42 years old marrying in 1895 a Jonathan SHORE widower 47, a grocer at 26 Thistle Street Launceston died Is this the same Elizabeth Harrison? Any information and details of movements of Elizabeth Harrison please. Jan Allen, 2/18 Hayr Road, Three Kings, Auckland 4, New Zealand. HARRISON Thomas HARRISON (free) 38 years, Shepherd married Margaret VERNON (per Cadet arrived 2 January 1848) 26 years Houseservant on 5 November 1849 at St John Church, Ross. Children: Elizabeth born 30 May 1854, Thomas 18 June 1856, John 17 August 1857 (married Annie ROWLAND 1 January 1878 Hobart), James Walter 4 January 1859, all born Campbell Town, Harriett born 14 August 1864 Launceston. Margaret Harrison (Vernon) occupation dealer, died Launceston 12 March Was Thomas Harrison a free settler or free by servitude? Where did Thomas Harrison come from, ship, year, death, new occupation? Wife a dealer of what? Jan Allen, 2/18 Hayr Road, Three Kings, Auckland 4, New Zealand. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002 i

158 HEDGE/DUNN James HEDGE died at Redlands, Plenty in 1891 and was buried at New Norfolk. My great grandmother and his daughter Catherine Lucy Jane Hedge notified the authorities of his death. I can find no record of his marriage to Mary Ann DUNN nor his arrival in Tasmania. Can you help? (It was not the James Hedge born to Roger Hedge and Ellen MOLONEY in 1848 as I have just found that both he and Roger died in Creswick, Victoria in 1863). Rosemary Luyendyk, 26 Netherby Rise, Sunrise Beach, Queensland 4567 HOLMAN Seeking information of my grandfather James Craze HOLMAN when/where/how he arrived in Tasmania. He died long before I was born and he was the only member of his family to settle in Tasmania. James was born at Clunes Victoria, son of Thomas Craze Holman and Emily KNEEBONE (both born Cornwall Eng). James married Frances ARCHER in Burnie Tasmania, it stated he was aged 20, single, living in Zeehan Tasmania. So I think he may have been working at one of the local mines, as his family were miners in Cornwall, England. Please can anyone help. Maureen Deverell, 3/27 Gunn Street, Devonport TAS 7310 (03) or LEARY Seeking information on the descendants of Cornelius LEARY and Susan COOK(E), who were married at Hobart, Tasmania, 2 October Birth records located for three children: Catherine (1857), Ellen (1860), Michael (1870). Other children may include: Mary Ann (c.1856), Susan (c.1858), Dennis (c.1862), James (c.1864) and Cornelius (c.1866). Cornelius (sen.) died Westbury November 1872, and Susan remarried at Westbury on 5 June 1876 (Timothy DWYER). Family probably relocated to Port Sorell district late 1870s. Any information welcome, contact: Pauline Bygraves, 19 Ferguson Place, Flynn ACT 2615 or McKINNON John McKINNON, farmer, father of John Herbert McKinnon or HARRISON born 23 August 1875 Launceston (mother Elizabeth Harrison, housekeeper born 30 May 1854 Campbell Town, no marriage entry found). Believed to have come from an island off the coast of Scotland where the McKinnon Clan came from, occupation horse dealer, killed when he fell from a horse. No other details known. Any information appreciated. Jan Allen, 2/18 Hayr Road, Three Kings, Auckland 4, New Zealand. MICKLEBOROUGH This is further to my query in March seeking information on my late father s half-sister. Due to information from the Public Trust Office Victoria, I thought she might have been Mavis Hilda, the adopted daughter of the late Alfred JONES (formerly of New Norfolk) and his wife Edna. I successfully made contact with Mavis, but according to her original birth certificate she is not the person I am seeking. Therefore my aunt (the natural daughter of my grandfather Alfred MICKLEBOROUGH), born c1935 and employed c1953 in Hobart still remains elusive. Leonie Mickleborough, 6 Wentworth Street, South Hobart ii TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

159 PORTHOUSE Elizabeth Daisy WOOD married Joseph William George LEONARD on 17 February They had a daughter, Grace Florence, who died on 17 November 1892, two years after Joseph passed away. Elizabeth (Eliza) then married William Henry PORTHOUSE. She died in Hobart in My father, Lyell Henry Porthouse was born in Hobart on 27 December, between the years of Could he be the natural son of Eliza and William? I would be grateful for any help. Please contact Wendy J. Hodgson Rear 6 Lyle Street, Bacchus Marsh, Victoria 3340 or ROURKE/McCARTHY Searching for parents, siblings, arrival in Van Diemen s Land etc. of Mary McCARTHY, married James ROURKE (c.1790 Ireland Gypsy died 1865 Hobart, transported in 1824), at Campbell Town, Tasmania Their three daughters Sarah born 1849; Mary born 1853 married Joseph EASY 1877, had four children, only two survived to adulthood; Esther born 1855, married John HURST Any information sought on Hurst and Sarah Rourke families. Merrilyn Cooper, 5 Eliza Court, Seaford, Victoria ROURKE (McCARTHY)/KENT I am trying to find information on my great great grandmother Mary ROURKE nee McCARTHY. Mary remarried to Patrick KENT in Hobart Town on 1 January 1868, their six children: Alice born 1858 died 1921, married Francis RODGERS; Bridget born 1859 died 1940, married 1 William DUNN married 2 John HILL, John born 1861; William born 1863 married Flo DHU; Catherine born 1865 died 1949, married Edward OLSO(E) in 1882; and Ellen born 1867 died 1910, married Thomas Hill I would like to hear from family members or see photos especially of older generations. Merrilyn Cooper, 5 Eliza Court, Seaford, Victoria SWAIN and BARKER Seeking information and descendants of my great great grandfather George SWAIN born c.1845 Tasmania, died 1934, buried Bishopsbourne and wife Margaret Jane (née BARKER). They were married in 1869, Launceston. I have so far been unable to conclusively determine George s parents or birthplace. Their son Arthur was my great grandfather. Any information on them or their children would be greatly appreciated. Contact Darlene Scanlan, 11 Gayle Street, Southport QLD 4215 or at Queries are published free for members of the TFHS Inc. (provided membership number is quoted) and at a cost of $11.00 (inc. GST) per query to non-members. Members are entitled to three free queries per year. All additional queries will be published at a cost of $ Only one query per member per issue will be published unless space permits otherwise. Queries should be limited to 100 words and forwarded to The Editor, Tasmanian Ancestry PO Box 191 Launceston TAS 7250 or TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002 iii

160 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME AREA TIME M SHIP NO. A BECKETT Henry T Hobart TAS AUS ALDERSON Elizabeth Stanley TAS/Melbourne VIC 1872? 5736 ALEXANDER George TAS AUS c1815? 5712 ALLAN Lanarkshire SCT AMOS Mark ENG c1850? 5729 ARGEE Cork IRL c ATWELL SOM ENG/Deloraine TAS AUS 1800s BALE Mary Launceston TAS AUS c1800? 5716 BARR Cecelia Mary Westbury TAS/AUS BECKETT Henry Thomas Hobart TAS AUS BELL John ENG 5721 BELLETT Jacob Norfolk Island/TAS BENNETT Enniscorthy WEX IRE/TAS AUS 1700s BENNETT Richard Henry Port Sorell BISHOP William Franklin Village TAS AUS c1825? 5693 BOUTCHER Richard Westbury TAS AUS BRACKEN James Launceston TAS AUS c BUCHANAN 5732 BURNETT James A Glasgow SCT 1824? 5709 BUTWELL Mary Launceston TAS AUS 1840? 5712 CANDRICK William Abertysswg WLS CARMODY James IRL c1820? 5720 CARTER Margaret SCT CLARK 5740 CLARK/CLARKE William Derwent Valley TAS c CLARKE Eliza British Isles 1828? 5718 CLARKE Louisa Launceston TAS AUS COHEN Isaac Geelong VIC AUS 1864? 5702 COLE Edward Oatlands TAS AUS c COLLINSON Alfred Manchester ENG 1813? 5709 COOKE Bevan Penguin TAS AUS COOKE Herbert TAS AUS late 1800s 5703 COUNSEL Louth IRL COWIE Edinburgh SCT/TAS AUS 1800s 5735 CULLIMORE Berkeley GLS ENG CYSTER Mary Ann CON ENG Pre DALE Grace Irene BRK ENG c DARK/E Leonard Hobart TAS AUS 1822 c DART William Hobart TAS AUS DAVIDSON Charles British Isles & TAS AUS All 5717 DAVIS Dorcas Burnie TAS AUS c1907? 5694 DUNN Thomas Wexford Co Wicklow IRL c1800? 5718 EDWARDS Harry Oxford OXF ENG c1880? 5719 EVANS Samuel Breacon WLS FAZACKERLEY Joseph Tasman Peninsular TAS 1864? 5702 FLEMING Matthew Westbury TAS AUS FLETCHER Catherine Queens County IRL FLETCHER Thomas TAS AUS GALE LIZZIE Lincoln LIN ENG 1860s 5696 GANGELL 5740 GARTH Prudence Launceston TAS AUS 1837? 5716 GILLARD George Westbury TAS AUS 1842? 5714 GILLARD Lydia Westbury TAS AUS GORE Agnes MON WLS GRAHAM/E George Edinburgh SCT/Hobart TAS AUS GRAHAM/E William Hobart TAS AUS HALL ENG HARLEY Sophia Oatlands TAS AUS c HARRIS Oatlands TAS HARVEY Charles Joseph Hobart TAS AUS HARVEY Francis Arthur BRK ENG c iv TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

161 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME AREA TIME M SHIP NO. HARVEY James COR IRE/Ararat VIC 1849? 5736 HODGES Charles ENG 5721 HODNETT SOM ENG 1800s 5726 HOLDEN Thomas ENG 5721 HOLLOWAY 5732 HOLLOWAY John Bacup LAN ENG HOLMES 5740 HOWELL Edith Ros TAS/VIC AUS HUETT SOM ENG/Deloraine TAS AUS All 5735 HURNDELL Mark Cheddington ENG IMLACH James Keith SCT IRELAND/HYLAND Oatlands Richmond TAS JACOBS Charles ENG/Evandale Nile TAS JESSUP James Kenninghall NFK ENG JOHNSON James Bendigo VIC AUS c1860? 5719 JOLLIFFE Thomas Penryn CON ENG KEILY Mary Co Waterford IRL 1822? 5718 KENDRICK Wick CAI SCT 1800? 5711 KILLALEA Galway IRL KING Ellen Tetney area UK 1860s 5696 LANGRIDGE May Marion VIC/TAS LARKINS 5740 LAWRIE Ann VIC AUS LEGG John Francis TAS LEWIS Henry Launceston TAS LITTLE Joshua Carrick TAS AUS? LOONE Samuel John ENG? c1848? 5713 LOWE 5740 LUMSDEN Fife SCT LYNCH British Isles & TAS AUS All 5717 MAHONEY Ann Franklin Village TAS AUS c MAIN Grace L Liverpool ENG/LKS SCT MANNING Richard Moy IRL c1840/ MARTIN Irvin Southampton HAM ENG 1852? 5705 MCCONNON John Lanark SCT McCORMACK James SCT Pre McGINNISS Tasman Peninsular/Huon Valley TAS MCKENDRICK Wick CAI SCT 1800? 5711 MCKENZIE Hobart TAS AUS c MCKINEY John VIC AUS MCKINLEY Elizabeth VIC AUS/ACT AUS MCTYE Daphne Dawn TAS MELVERTON Phillip R Ilford ENG MIDDAP TAS AUS MIMIS George Sydney NSW AUS 1900s 5696 MOLINEAUX John ENG 5721 MOLLROSS Mabel Emma Hobart TAS AUS MONSON TAS AUS late 1800s 5703 MONTEITH British Isles & TAS AUS All 5717 MOORE Maryborough VIC AUS c1850? 5704 MORGAN Elizabeth Hobart & Cambridge TAS 1837 c MORGAN Richard Hobart & Cambridge TAS MORGAN Thomas Harbourton DEV ENG MOSCATT ENG? 5705 MOTT Robert TAS MOY Thomas Arthur Hobart TAS Aus? 5706 MURTAGH James Sligo IRL/TAS NEWMAN Margaret TAS NICHOLS Samuel Ufford SFK ENG c1800? 5699 NICHOLS Samuel TAS AUS TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002 v

162 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME AREA TIME M SHIP NO. NORRIS Somerset SOM ENG NORRIS George 1836? 5725 PAPLEY Laraine & Max Garfield VIC AUS 5738 PARKINSON Thomas Liverpool/Preston LAN ENG PEARSON John Harvey VIC AUS PEGLER Dursley GLS ENG PENALUNA CON ENG PENROSE CON ENG PERRINE George NSW c1806? 5724 PERRINE John NSW c1780? 5724 PRICE John British Isles c1800? 5718 PRITCHARD William B MON WLS RANSLEY George KEN ENG/TAS RANSLEY George ENG 5721 RAYNOR William ENG 5721 REYNOLDS Patrick British Isles c1830? 5718 RIDGEWAY Sale VIC AUS pre RIDGEWAY Hobart TAS AUS 1900s 5708 ROBERTSON Edinburgh Fife PER/SCT/TAS AUS All 5735 RUSSELL John ENG RUSSELL Maurice Cradoc Huon TAS RYAN Patrick Tipperary IRL SANDHURST Elsie May ENG SARGENT Victor Chester Queenstown TAS AUS SAVAGE Selina TAS c1860? 5719 SAYER James NFK ENG SCULLY John British Isles c1800? 5718 SHELTON SOM ENG 1800s 5726 SIGGINS Edward NFK ENG c1816? 5713 SMALLBON George OXF ENG c1831? 5713 SMITH Margaret Cambusnethan LKS SCT c1861? 5701 SMITH Maud Hobart TAS AUS c1880? 5719 SPAULDING Mary Jane TAS STANDLEY William ENG STEVENSON Victor T G Devonport TAS AUS STEWART Robert Cambusnethan LKS SCT c1861? 5701 STEWART Robert Winton NZ c SULLIVAN Hobart TAS TEVELEIN John Launceston TAS AUS 1837? 5716 TILLEY Edward Cambridge HTS ENG c1780? 5694 TILLEY Elizabeth ENG & TAS AUS TILLEY James Burnie TAS AUS TOMBS John OXF ENG TROTTER Stonehouse LKS SCT WADE William Lambeth SRY ENG WATTS Richard Summers Bristol GLS ENG 1830s 5696 WEIR William VIC AUS WESTLAND Catherine Aberdeen SCT/Sydney NSW AUS WHISKER William Westbury TAS AUS WHITE William Thomas ENG? c1838? 5713 WILCOX Sam TAS WILLIAMSON 5740 WINDUSS Charles Samuel Launceston TAS AUS WINDUSS John Launceston TAS AUS c1800? 5716 WING Jacob British Isles & TAS AUS All 5717 WOLFE LND ENG/TAS AUS 1850s WOOD Louis Allan Geo TAS WOODHOUSE TAS AUS WRIGHT James Red Rock Deddington TAS c ZANGLEIN Paulus Falmouth TAS AUS vi TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

163 If you find a name in which you are interested, please note the membership number and check the New Members listing for the appropriate name and address. Please enclose a stamped addressed envelope and don t forget to reply if you receive a SSAE. NEW MEMBERS On behalf of the society, a warm welcome is extended to the following new members WATSON Mrs Meryl A 19 Wylmar Avenue CRONULLA NSW WILLIAMS Mrs Ann T 1 John Hunter Court MILL PARK VIC ALLAN Mrs Hilda F PO Box 36E EAST DEVONPORT TAS MEDWIN Mrs Dorothea F PO Box 456 DEVONPORT TAS MEDWIN Mrs John W PO Box 456 DEVONPORT TAS BISHOP Mr William H 50 Licuala Drive NORTH TAMBORINE QLD JENSEN Miss Heather PO Box 1004 BURNIE TAS MURTAGH Mrs Rosemary A PO Box 385 ST HELENS TAS STATHAM Mrs Marilyn C PO Box 50 FINGAL TAS SUNDSTRUP Mr Bertel Dalrymple Vineyardroads PIPERSBROOK TAS HUGHES Mrs Leonore R 318 Skye Pt Road COAL POINT NSW EALY Miss Kay M 127 Pinner View HARROW MIDDLESEX HA 148P UK 5700 BUCHANAN Mrs Janet L 870 Cambridge Road CAMBRIDGE TAS CHRISTENSEN Mrs J M 2 Tingira Road BLACKMANS BAY TAS FRASER Mrs Sandra J 27 Sharron Drive GRANTON TAS LITTLE Mr Kevin L 120 Clarence Street BELLERIVE TAS MOORE Mrs Maureen P PO Box 537 KINGSTON TAS MOSCATT Ms Virginia PO Box 761 SANDY BAY TAS MOY Mrs Margaret 180 Carella Street HOWRAH TAS NEVIN Mrs Nita L 27 Islington Road MONTROSE TAS RIDGEWAY Mr Justin 4 Maple Avenue MOONAH TAS ROBINSON Ms Flora W 192 Tranmere Road HOWRAH TAS VON OPELN Mrs Carolyn A 5 Boonal Court BLACKMANS BAY TAS STAGGARD Mrs Mary L 14 Carter Place DEVONPORT TAS GRAHAM Mrs Debbie P 12 Hilandra Avenue WANGARATTA VIC HARVEY Mr Patrick M 44 Risby Street ULVERSTONE TAS ANDERSON Mrs Royalene 23 Treeview Place MARDI NSW WEBBER Mrs Ann M 49 Duggans Road CRADOC TAS BURNS Mr Gary B 36 Redwood Drive KINGSTON TAS CARLSON Mrs Janet L 297Back Tea Tree Road RICHMOND TAS ECKHARDT Ms Mary F 58 George Street NORTH HOBART TAS 7000 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002 vii

164 NEW MEMBERS 5719 EDWARDS Mr Dennis 46 Merindah Street HOWRAH TAS GREY Dr Michaela J M 51 Reynolds Road MIDWAY POINT TAS HODGES Mrs Janet 6A Compton Road OLD BEACH TAS HOLLOWAY Mr George E 29 Purdie Street WEST MOONAH TAS JAMIESON Mrs Barbara A 4/20 Bounty Street WARRANE TAS LOVELL Mrs Venie 33 Ormond Street BELLERIVE TAS NORRIS Mr Graeme A 162 Carella Street HOWRAH TAS SHELTON-BUNN Ms Val PO Box 635 HOBART TAS TERRY Mr Douglas A 3 Oscars Place GEILSTON BAY TAS TULIP Mr David 55 Pottery Road LENAH VALLEY TAS WADE Mr Ian C 599 Collinsvale Road. COLLINSVALE TAS WOOD Mr Graeme A PO Box 1265 BURNIE TAS WOOD Mrs Jocelyn M PO Box 1265 BURNIE TAS HOLLOWAY Mr Peter J PO Box 406 BURNIE TAS MOCKRIDGE Mr Bob PO Box 303 KINGS MEADOWS TAS PENROSE Mr Lindsay D PO Box 174 WESTBURY TAS MINOL Mrs Heather J 1 Millhouse Crescent HIGGINS ACT AITKEN Mrs Gene E 30 Boyes Street TURNERS BEACH TAS PAPLEY Mr Maxwell W 26 Jefferson Road GARFIELD VIC PAPLEY Mr Laraine A 26 Jefferson Road GARFIELD VIC FRANCIS Ms Ruth V 2/3 Whitewater Crescent KINGSTON TAS LOWE Ms Marilla PO Box 108 RICHMOND TAS MACLEOD Mrs Sylvia J 151 Tranmere Road HOWRAH TAS MARTYN Mrs Sue-Ellen 7 Waratah Street KINGSTON TAS McKENZIE Mrs Vicki M 8 Sunnyside Road LINDISFARNE TAS 7015 CORRECTION/CHANGE OF ADDRESS 5033 WILLIAMS Mrs Olive 1/482 Sandy Bay Road SANDY BAY TAS ROBINSON Mrs Debra J PO Box 331 SORELL TAS 7172 viii TASMANIAN ANCESTRY September 2002

165 ANNUAL REPORT Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. Annual General Meeting Devonport, 22 June 2002.

166 ANNUAL REPORT 2002 L ADIES and gentlemen it is with much pleasure that I present this Annual Report for This report is not only my first report as President but also the first report under our new name as the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. It is with pride when I reflect on the previous years activities and to think of all the untold volunteer hours that members have given to ensure that our society functions properly. Many organisations such as ours rely on volunteers and I offer my sincere thanks for all those who have helped to keep our society running. I would also like to give a special thanks to Muriel and Betty Bissett for their roles as secretary and treasurer, vice presidents Ray Hyland and Denise McNeice and the branch delegates who make up our committee. Lastly but not least I would like to thank my wife Judy for her tolerance, understanding and help during the last twelve months. The study of family history and genealogy has now reached the stage where it is one of the most popular hobbies in the western world. The number of local and family history groups that have been formed in Tasmania during the last decade or so reflects this popularity. We currently have well over 100 such organisations in Tasmania. With such a number of local groups and the fact that increasingly more and more records are becoming available in the public domain in the form of CD-Rom or Internet based it is becoming harder and harder to maintain our membership numbers. The society has started to address this and we have implemented some strategies to try and reverse our falling numbers. Branch members have volunteered their time at regional State Libraries; here they have offered help and advice in the Local History sections to members of the public. Often these people are beginning their research and are not aware of what our society has to offer. The volunteers hand out wallets to these people, which includes information about our society, a membership form and in some cases a free voucher to attend a days research at their local branch library. This has resulted in several new members signing up at some of our branches. Many of our publications are now offered at a discount to members. Genealogical Societies in other states and overseas offer their members discounts on goods and services. It was thought that by our society offering similar discounts it is one way that benefits of membership can be passed on. This year we applied for and were successful in obtaining a site at Agfest. It was decided that we should have a presence there, as in excess of 60,000 people attend the three days and surely some of these may decide to join. A small committee was put together and discussions were held as to what could be displayed in a three by three meter space. Our final display consisted of:- Wall hangings showing various pedigree, descendant and ancestor charts. Two computers, one with an on going PowerPoint presentation, the other with a convict CD for look ups. Free pencils and pedigree charts Boxes of wallets containing membership forms, branch information, sales list and a free visit voucher to hand out. The volunteers who manned the site all wore burgundy tops incorporating an embroidered gold logo. Many positive 2 ANNUAL REPORT TFHS Inc. 2002

167 comments were received and over three hundred people were spoken to on an individual basis over the three days. The results of Agfest will be hard to determine, but it is hoped that by having a public presence at Agfest there will be a flow on in increasing membership numbers over time. The government has been running a series of regional forums around the state, and as a result of one of these forums we were able to arrange to have a delegation meet with the Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages. The delegation met with the registrar early this year and consisted of Colleen Read, David Harris and myself. This was a most successful meeting and the outcome was that the Registrar would like our society to work with his department to initially complete the entry of all records up to 1930 into an electronic form. This is perhaps the most significant and exciting development with our State records since the release of the Tasmanian Pioneers Index. As the department has no funds to get the entries done professionally, a volunteer organisation such as ours is their only option. Basically it means that if our society does not offer the help required then it will not get done. Colleen Read has been appointed coordinator of this project and as it approaches commencement further details will be passed onto the branches. Last year the Commonwealth Government, under the Networking The Nation initiative, allocated a sum of money to the State Library to fund Historical Societies and similar bodies, equipment and resources to allow them to preserve and document their respective heritage material. In November last year each branch of our society made an application to the State Library for funding for an eheritage grant. I am pleased to announce who each branch was successful in obtaining a grant. There were twenty-nine societies and bodies in Tasmania who were successful. The equipment that each branch received under the grant included the latest technology computer, scanner and printer, twelve months internet access, a copy of AdLib software and appropriate training for two members from each branch. The whole thrust of our applications was primarily to digitise and record images of existing headstones from cemeteries in Tasmania. The transcriptions from these have already been done but it is vital that an image of all these headstones should be preserved. I am currently discussing with the project coordinator the feasibility of loading into the AdLib program TAMIOT records. The only records from TAMIOT that will be loaded into the various branch computers will be the records which that branch originally transcribed. It will then be an easy process to link a digital image to the TAMIOT entry. When this project is finished each branch will then have its own record in an electronic form of not only cemetery transcriptions but also a digital image. The good thing about this whole eheritage project is that when it is complete we can decide what part of our records will go into the central database, which will then be available to the general public via online or similar. This will mean that up to two billion index records could be made available to the general public. This may or may not include low res images, certainly high res images would not be made available. Access to high res images or further information relating to records would only be made available by the branch which held that record and the payment of an appropriate fee. I would like to now make mention of a few changes in functions that our ANNUAL REPORT TFHS Inc. 3

168 members are responsible for. In my message in our last journal I made mention of the fact that our journal editor, Rosemary Davidson, has stepped down from this position and that Leonie Mickleborough has taken over the reins. We are indebted to Rosemary s input over the last few years and thank Leonie for accepting her new role and I am sure that all will offer their support and help to Leonie. John Dare has been our membership secretary and maintained the membership database for the last four years and has passed this onto Judy Cocker. Jenny Gill has had a long association with the running of the Lilian Watson Award and this will now be run by Anita Swan with a back up of Launceston members. It is also pleasing to note that branches continue to produce publications of indexes and other material that has been done by their members, including for the first time, an Index on CDROM. All branches have been busy with various activities during the last twelve months three of our branches celebrating their 21 st birthday. I would like to thank Neil Chick for his work on the VDL Heritage books and announce that Vol. 5 has now been completed and will be available shortly. In closing I would like to make these closing remarks. It is your Society. Offer to help in whatever way you can. You will get out of it tenfold what you put in. Many small individual efforts produce a gigantic outcome. Peter Cocker President 4 ANNUAL REPORT TFHS Inc. 2002

169 ANNUAL REPORT TFHS Inc. 5

170 TFHS Inc. State Executive General Account Statement of Receipts and Payments for the Year 1st April 2001 to 31st March / /2002 $21, Balance as per Cash Book 1/4/2001 $20, RECEIPTS 3, GST collected 4, , Membership Subscriptions - Interstate 10, , Membership Subscriptions - Branch 16, Donations , State Sales - Publication Receipts , State Sales - TAMIOT Receipts 2, , State Sales - Presentation Mugs Bank Interest - Cheque Account Sundries - Contra Refund on Subscription - AFFHO AGM 1, , Birthday Conference Sale of old equipment/ PO Box Refund 0 1, Journal Receipts 1, GST received from ATO , RECEIPTS Sub Total 37, , Trans from Fixed Term Deposit - Trust Bank 4, , TOTAL RECEIPTS 42, $69, TOTAL FUNDS AVAILABLE $62, PAYMENTS 2, GST Paid out 2, Advertising/Promotional inc AGFEST May , , Insurance 3, Cost of Sales - Publication Payments 1, Cost of Sales - TAMIOT Payments , Cost of Sales - Presentation Mugs Bank Charges - Cheque Account only Sundries - Contra , Branch Grants 2, , Birthday Conference 0 15, Journal Payments 15, Capital Purchases - 6 x Microsoft Office Professional 1, Administration Payments 11, AGM Expenses 1, Audit Fees/ Corporate Affairs , Executive Travel 3, Exchange Journal Payments Legal Costs Lilian Watson and Other Awards , Membership Expenses , Postage/Boxes & Telephone 2, , Printing and Stationery 1, Rent (Campbell Town Hall) Subscriptions , GST paid to ATO 1, , PAYMENTS Sub Total 45, , Trans to Fixed Term Deposit Bass & E Building Society 0 $49, TOTAL PAYMENTS $45, $20, BALANCE AS PER CASH BOOK 31/3/2002 $17, Represented by: $20, Balance as per Westpac Cheque Account 31/3/2002 $17, Less Cheque Unpresented $0.00 $20, $17, Interest Balance 8, Publications (- $4, to Chq A/c) , , Reserve Funds , $13, $10, ANNUAL REPORT TFHS Inc. 2002

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173 TASMANIAN FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC. formerly Genealogical Society of Tasmania PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania 7250 State Secretary: Home Page: Patron: Dr Alison Alexander Fellows: Neil Chick, David Harris and Denise McNeice Executive: President Peter Cocker (03) Vice President Anita Swan (03) Vice President Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Executive Secretary Miss Muriel Bissett (03) Executive Treasurer Miss Betty Bissett (03) Committee: Judy Cocker Rosemary Davidson David Harris FTFHS Mrs Isobel Harris John Gillham Libby Gillham Peter Holloway Mr Alan Leighton Beverley Richardson Helen Stuart By-laws Officer Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) eheritage Co-ordinator Peter Cocker (03) Exchange Journal Coordinator Thelma McKay (03) Home Page (State) Webmaster Peter Cocker (03) Journal Editor Leonie Mickleborough (03) Journal Despatcher Leo Prior (03) LWFHA Coordinator Anita Swan (03) Members Interests Compiler John Gillham (03) Membership Registrar Judy Cocker (03) Projects & Publications Coord. Rosemary Davidson (03) Public Officer Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Registrar General BDL Coord Colleen Read (03) Research Coordinator Mrs Kaye Stewart (03) State Sales Officer Mrs Pat Harris (03) Branches of the Society Burnie: PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania 7320 Devonport: PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania 7310 Hobart: GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania 7001 Huon: PO Box 117 Huonville Tasmania 7109 Launceston: PO Box 1290 Launceston Tasmania 7250

174 Volume 23 Number 3 December 2002 ISSN Contents Editorial President s Message Branch News Letter to Fran, Ross Mackenzie Letter to the Editor The Enigma of Charles St John David, Marion Sargent Correction Convict Bank Accounts Memories of Mrs Grace Alice Burke, Stephanie Jacobs An Early Settler of Van Diemen s Land: William Burt Whittle , Merle Whittle The Genealogist, Estelle Ross Standards for use of technology in genealogical research Do you recognize W. Cox? Queries, New Members Interests and New Members Insert A Beattie Family Gathering, Allison Carins Initials and Terms Explained Captain Ivor Stephen Margetts, Marjorie R. Margetts Noah s Ark Encounters the Mayflower, W. Robert Chapman New Release Victory for the AFFHO Census Lobby Twenty Years at the Drafting Table, Patricia Barth Lost, Stolen or Strayed and Found! Genes on Screen, Vee Maddock Tasmaniana Library, State Library of Tasmania, New Acquisitions From the Exchange Journals, Thelma McKay Book Reviews New Release Coming Events Library Notes Society Sales and New Branch Publications Deadline dates for contributions: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October

175 Editorial A sincere thank you to all members who have wished me well in my new position as editor. Also a big thank you to those I am able to ask for help when the computer refuses to do as I want which seems to be often! It is comforting to know you are there. I now realise there is a lot more work that goes into the publication of the journal than first appears. It was very encouraging to receive a letter to the editor expressing praise for the excellent read and the fact that Tasmanian Ancestry arrives on time. The praise is in no small way due to the former editor, Rosemary Davidson, and her dedication and perseverance in the development of the journal to what it is today. This December issue provides a variety of articles, ranging from a letter written at Somerset in 1879 by Dr Sperschneider, to an interview with one of Hobart s senior citizens, Mrs Grace Burke, and an article on one of Launceston s founding fathers, Charles St John David. The fast approaching festive season will, for many people, provide time for family research and reminiscing with relatives. If you discover anything new, from the method of searching to the discovery of new information, feel free to put pen to paper and send it in for the next issue. We welcome anything from snippets of information to more lengthy articles. Enjoy the holiday break, and happy researching. Leonie Mickleborough Journal Committee Leonie Mickleborough Rosemary Davidson, Jeannine Connors, David Hodgson, Charles Hunt, Vee Maddock, Denise McNeice, Cynthia O Neill, Leo Prior, Kate Ramsay and Colleen Read. Journal address PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania 7250 or Articles are welcomed in any format handwritten, typed or word processed, on disk or by . Disks and photographs will be returned on request. Deadline dates are: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October The opinions expressed in this journal are not necessarily those of the editorial committee nor of the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. Responsibility rests with the author of a submitted article and we do not intentionally print inaccurate information. The society cannot vouch for the accuracy of offers for services or goods that appear in the journal, or be responsible for the outcome of any contract entered into with an advertiser. The editor reserves the right to edit, abridge or reject material. If you wish to contact the author of an article in Tasmanian Ancestry please write care of the editor, enclosing a stamped envelope and your letter will be forwarded. The contents of Tasmanian Ancestry are subject to the provisions of the Copyright Act and may not be reproduced without written permission of the editor and author. Cover: Entally House, Hadspen, near Launceston, established 1820s by the Reiby family. Pencil drawing Greg Waddle 138 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

176 PRESIDENT S MESSAGE D ECEMBER is upon us again how quickly the year has gone. I would like to extend a very happy Christmas to all our members and their families. It is a time for family gatherings and a great opportunity to update your family files with new dates and names of family additions. Instead of sending your family and friends a Christmas card this year, how about a page or two explaining what your family has been doing during the last twelve months. I know of some families that have been doing this for a few years, and over a period of time it is a great way of documenting your family history. What continues to amaze me is the increasing amount of information that keeps appearing on the Internet. A word of caution though: remember that the large majority of information is not a primary source, but an index or sometimes a transcription of the original. The golden rule is always check the original source. It is now possible to have military records posted on the web as scanned documents. These can then be downloaded. This is a free service and is made possible through the National Archives web site. The information available on the Internet, is possibly one of the reasons that branches are struggling to keep high numbers of people accessing their libraries. Perhaps it is time that we offer alternate help or more information than what we currently do. I would like to express my thanks to all the members who have given so much of their time in helping with all the branch projects. It is impressive to see the quality and quantity of the publications that keep coming forth from the branches. These publications represent countless hours of transcription, data entry and editing, and continue to provide a significant source of branch income. Burnie Branch has recently moved into much more inviting premises. Those of you who have been to the old Burnie library will recall that it was upstairs at number 62 Bass Highway, Cooee. The new Library is situated at 58 Bass Highway, all on the ground floor, with no stairs to climb. The other day, browsing through some genealogy magazines, I came across an article on preservation of family records on paper. Interestingly, recent research suggests that nearly all paper produced during the last 100 years is acid based and will self-destruct. I guess this means that all the copies of birth extracts, marriages, wills and all the other plethora of information that we accumulate will gradually turn to dust. There is archival paper available that is acid free and is claimed to last for 500 years. If acid free paper is not used, our descendants will have a lot of fun, researching their ancestors and writing it up on selfdestructing material, as we do. Please take care during the holiday period, enjoy the festivities, and return in the New Year refreshed and ready for another interesting year. Peter Cocker TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

177 Burnie geneal/burnbranch.htm President: Vernice Dudman (03) Secretary: Peter Holloway (03) PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania The Burnie Branch library is situated in new premises at 58 Bass Highway, Cooee (next door to our old premises). The new library is at street level, making access easier for members now that they don t have to tackle the stairs. We have a very large book-room which is also used for meetings, an equally large room next to the reception desk/office, a computer room, micro-fiche viewing room, a members chat and tea room and several other offices. A bonus is the sole use of the adjoining car park. A very big vote of thanks to the members who helped move all our records and fixtures. During the month of October the Burnie Shines festival is held and this year we had library open days. We conducted a Cemetery Walk through Wivenhoe (Burnie) Cemetery on 19 and 20 October. Quite a lot of research went into writing pen histories of some of the early settlers of Burnie who were interred there. Many thanks to Ray Hyland for co-ordinating this event. Night meetings finished for the year and will resume on 18 February 2003 at our branch library. The final day meeting will be held on Monday 2 December and will resume 3 March The branch library will close 14 December 2002 and reopen 14 January BRANCH NEWS The Burnie Branch committee wish all members of the TFHS Inc. a happy and safe Christmas and New Year. Devonport President: David Harris (03) Secretary: Elaine Garwood (03) PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania A variety of topics has been covered during our monthly meetings. Elaine Garwood spoke about her interest in trying to find the names of people buried in the Bluff Cemetery at Devonport. As only a few headstones remain, the help of the public was sought. Relatives and friends enthusiastically gave her information and Elaine was able to relate some interesting stories about some of those who are buried in the area. The August meeting was a discussion time for some thoughts about the future of the Society and ways in which we can help to promote the Society in the community. In September, Susan Barter spoke about the highlights and some amusing incidents during restoration work at the Deloraine Folk Museum. She also touched on her experiences while writing the history of the Winspear family. It appears likely that there will be some changes in the location of our Branch library but details are yet to be confirmed. In the meantime it has become necessary to alter the venue for our monthly evening meetings. Meetings are now held in Meeting Room 2 at the Devonport Branch of the State Library of Tasmania. This arrangement will continue until further notice. 140 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

178 The major fundraiser for the year, the Christmas Hamper Raffle, has been well supported and will be drawn on 12 December. This is also the day of our final function for Members and friends will meet for a counter meal at the Devonport RSL Club. The Branch Library will close on Thursday, 12 December 2002 for the Christmas break and it will reopen on Tuesday, 14 January Hobart President: Beverley Richardson (03) Secretary Cynthia O Neill (03) or GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania It has been a busy year. The structures put in place by previous committee members and the assistance of our many wonderful volunteers have ensured the smooth operation of the Branch when many of our key personnel have been away. An upgrade of the library facilities has made working in the library more pleasant and more efficient. There has been a significant increase in our British holdings. Marjorie Jacklyn has introduced new members to the resources available to them. She has also shown groups of people from the University, Probus and schools over the library. For Seniors Week members of the Library Committee provided a tour of our facilities. There will be an afternoon tea to thank the Branch s many volunteer assistants on 1 December at the home of Vee Maddock and her mother. As a further thank you to our library helpers, Anne Hay, one of our researchers, has offered to assist library assistants over-come any brick-walls they may have encountered in their research. The Projects and Publications Committee has been very busy successfully dealing with many challenges. The Cornelian Bay Cemetery microfiche, the Early Hobart Cemeteries Vol. 6 Congregational Cemeteries and Neil Chick s Archives Office of Tasmania: A guide for family historians Research Notes no. 7 4 th ed have been completed. The Alex Clarke Funeral Books should be published by the end of the year. The speakers at our monthly meetings have introduced us to a variety of diverse topics. We are trialling day meetings in different venues for those who can not attend night meetings. If these are successful they will be continued next year and the first one will be on 13 March at Kingston. A heartfelt thank you to all those people who have helped during the year in many ways big and small and a merry Christmas to all our members. General Meetings 18 February Peter Cocker, How I found My German Ancestors. 18 March Beverley Richardson, Royal Derwent Hospital: A personal perspective. 15 April Major John McMahon, Largest Military Execution in Australian History. General Meetings: Rosny Library, Bligh Street, Rosny, 3 rd Tuesday (except December and January) 8:00 p.m. Computer Users Group: Branch Library 4 th Wednesday, 7:30 p.m. (except Dec). WISE Interest Group: Branch Library 1 st Sunday of February, May, August, November 2:00 p.m. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

179 Huon President: Betty Fletcher (03) Secretary: Libby Gillham (03) PO Box 117 Huonville TAS At the request of members it has been decided to extend the mid-week library opening to each Wednesday instead of only once a month. To date this has proved successful and looks like being continued. Four members have expressed interest in the Registrar s BDM recording project. A fund raising evening was enjoyable and very successful, raising over $500 much needed general funds for the Branch. Launceston launcestongensoc President: Anita Swan (03) Secretary Muriel Bissett Phone/Fax (03) PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS On Saturday, 7 December we are looking forward to the Branch Christmas break-up luncheon at the Abel Tasman Motor Inn. The 3-course meal, costing $18.00 will commence at 12 noon for 12:30 p.m. If you have not already booked, check at the library without delay! By mutual agreement the visit to the Museum at the Inveresk site was cancelled and we will now be visiting the Community History Museum for a guided tour on Tuesday, 25 February at 7:00 p.m. A trip to the Archives is being arranged for Saturday, 22 February check with the secretary for details. During 2003, General meetings will be held bi-monthly, on the fourth (4th) Tuesday of even months, commencing 25 February (above). Executive committee meetings will be held on the first (1st) Tuesday monthly. This changed arrangement will allow the branch to hold the AGM in April and thus better comply with journal deadlines. Our latest publication is now available Index to Launceston Examiner, Volume $30.00, plus $7.30 postage. This new series covers the Launceston Examiner from inception, 12 March 1842 to 31 December 1899, from which time the name was changed to The Examiner. The first volume is meant to be a good read in addition to bare dates and names from BD&M notices, we have picked up additional information in the notice as well as detail from Inquests, Police Reports, Executions etc., and work is well under way on the second volume. 10% discount is available to members, and orders should be addressed to the Sales Co-ordinator at the above address. Christmas Holidays: The Branch Library will be closed from Wednesday, 11 December and reopen on Tuesday, 21 January A cleanup working bee will be held on Monday, 20 January. The first Executive committee meeting for 2003 will be held on Tuesday 4 February. State AGM: Saturday 21 June: Keep the weekend free for an AGM packed with interesting speakers, bus trip with a difference, entertaining dinner speaker, and fine country food! Two days that a keen genealogist cannot afford to miss! 142 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

180 LETTER TO FRAN Ross Mackenzie (Member No. 2036) T HE following is a letter written by Dr Josiah Sperschneider to his wife Fanny Bruce Sperschneider in India, while he was in Tasmania on holiday, visiting Charles Mackenzie Jr in Fairhill Somerset, April 11th Tasmania. My Dear Fran, Here I am with Charles Mackenzie - I was just able to post you a letter from King George Sound, which told you of our journey so far. On the 20th we reached King George Sound and I went ashore, walked about with two fellow passengers till 1 o clock and then went aboard, quite charmed with the place, such a Robinson Crusoe sort of existence here. Saw several large fig trees, laden with fruit, also pear trees full of fruit, beautiful flowers European and native wild flowers. The geraniums of every variety flower most gorgeously, indeed they do so everywhere in Tasmania. Also fine grapes here, saw a lot of black fellows with waddies and boomerangs and spears of which some of the passengers bought a great lot. An old man came on board here, who had been living nearly 50 years in Perth, an Editor of a local paper there, with his wife who had never seen a railway, and was afraid to go on the railway at Melbourne. On 21st we lost sight of land again, fine cool day, sea rather rough. 22nd rather cold in evening, 23rd Service in the Saloon, Morning and Evening, it being too cold on deck. Monday 24th we arrived at Glenelg which is the port for Adelaide. About 14 people got out here, I did not go ashore, most of the young ladies left us, and the gentlemen were quite disconsolate. The day was quite warm, and some people who went on shore said it was very hot on land. I did not go ashore, it was too short a time. The town of Glenelg and the country around look quite charming from the sea, Adelaide visable (sic) at a distance. We had the most delicious grapes here I ever tasted, and have had them every day at breakfast and dinner till we arrived at Melbourne. On 26th we arrived off Melbourne, I was pursuaded by a passenger to go at once over to Launceston, as I would get my draft cashed there by any of the banks at once. 1 did so and left the Tanjori and went over to the Southern Cross which was lying close to the wharf at Sandridge? a suburb of Melbourne. It takes several hours getting up the arm of the sea to Melbourne, which we had to come back again in the afternoon. Fine scenery all along, passed Kangaroo Island. It became bitterly cold and the sea very high, and the steamer being a small one, there was a good deal of motion. Next morning the 27th we sighted land and about 11 o clock we got into the Tamar Heads, when the sea became quite calm, and all the passengers came on deck. The country on both sides of the river is very pretty, and the scenery quite striking, being as different from anything I had seen before. At 2 o clock we arrived at TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

181 the wharf at Launceston. I went to the Volunteer Hotel. No one knew of Mr. Smith, till Mr. Fraser the Hotelkeeper took me to the booksellers Walch, where a shop boy told us where Mr. Smith lived. It is a house high up on the Cataract Hill, opposite to Windmill Hill, and it was a hard pull up walking up to the house. Mrs. Smith (Susie) was at home and I introduced myself, after some time Mr Smith returned and I stayed to tea. She said she was very sorry she couldn t ask me to stay with them, as their house was so small. She told me that Nellie had been very ill with rheumatic fever, and was going for a change to Hobart Town, also that her sister Martha was married to the son of Archdeacon Davis, who was suffering from epileptic fits. They live in Hobart Town. On Friday Mr Smith came for me and we went to the bank to cash my cheque, after which we walked about the town, and accidentally met Mr Mason, your old Police Magistrate at Campbelltown, he told me he was 80 years old and for 50 years was never absent from his duties. He is as grey as myself. He remembered the Stevensons and told me that Agnes had for some time corresponded with his eldest daughter, who I believe lives with him. I dined with the Smiths and stayed with them till the evening. I gave Mrs. Smith one of your photos and showed her the childrens. They have 2 girls and 3 boys, his eldest girl died some years ago. Their eldest boy is 15 years old and a very clever boy. I decided on going to Campbelltown the next day Saturday the 29th and accordingly left by the 8.30 train. On arriving at Campbelltown. The Pitts were at the station on their way to Hobart Town, but as I did not know them, I passed on into town, and there I heard that they had started for Hobart Town. I went to Keens Hotel and had dinner there, walked down to the Pitt s house and asked their daughter who was left at home to give me their address at Hobart Town. I had the house pointed out to me where you lived, and went up to the red brick church in the churchyard of which I found your mother s and Lucy s grave. Dr. Valentine and his wife are buried close to the church. The church was open so I went in and looked over it. Mrs Pitt afterwards told me the church was still the same as when you left it except that the organ was moved to the front near the Communion Rails. Dr Valentine s house I recognised at once from the photo you have, it is close to the railway which passed below the house. Douglas Park I saw at a distance. The same afternoon at ¼ to 5 I left by the Express for Hobart Town and arrived there in the night at 8.30 it was very cold. The next day Sunday I went to the Public gardens and walked about till I was quite tired. On Monday I went down to Sandy Bay where Mrs Pitt has taken lodgings along with a Miss Davidson from Campbelltown who says she knows 144 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

182 you. Mrs Pitt was very weak just able to walk, however she is in very good spirits. Miss Davidson is an old maid. Very grey, and seems a little queer, more like a man. Mrs Pitt came in soon after. The next day Tuesday I went and spent the day with her, stayed to dinner walked down with her to the beach, where she stayed for a couple of hours. Mr Pitt stays in a hotel in town. I also called on Mrs Davis Jr. and Archdeacon Davis, but she was out, and I had no other opportunity of seeing her, so she is the only one I have not seen, and I fear there will be no other opportunity of my doing so. I gave Mrs Pitt one of your cards and showed her the children. I don t know how many children they have, but there are two girls about 16 or 17 and a little boy I saw at Campbelltown. On Wednesday 2nd April I took a trip to a township called Franklin on the Huon River, where I saw a lot of wild country, slept at Franklin and returned to town the next day. On Friday 4th April I returned to Launceston. I promised Mrs Pitt to come up to Campbelltown and stay with them, when she returns home. Of course I can only give you the bare outline of what I saw, I must reserve all particulars till I return. On Saturday 5th I went to the Girders [?] in Launceston where there was an agriculture exhibition. I saw there some splendid wools, grapes exhibited by Mr Kirmode s gardener, also very fine potatoes, bacon, cheese, butter etc. The mutton and beef here is certainly delicious, I have once or twice had baked shoulder which is the finest meat I ever tasted. At every meal they have meat. Breakfast sausages or chops and cold meat. I have eaten more meat in these last 10 days than during the whole of last year at Trevandrum. I saw the Smiths again on Monday 7th and told them I would leave next morning by steamer Devon for Emu Bay (Burnie). I wrote to Charles Mackenzie on Saturday that I would leave by the next steamer. We had very fine weather and a beautiful passage along the coast. On Tuesday we went to the river Mersey and stopped at the township of Torquay. I went on land and slept at an hotel, kept by an old jolly looking Jew, who told me he was 72 years. His father was a Polish Jew, next day I loitered about the streets, and the old man pointed out to me a house on the opposite shore where an Indian Officer, Col. Angels lives with his family. At 10 o clock we left again, as the tide only then allowed the little steamer to get out to sea. We passed the house that General Lawder has built for himself. All the homes are in such secluded positions. We then went into the Leven (river), and after discharging cargo, the Captain went off again to Emu Bay, where we landed about 3 o clock in the afternoon. Charles Mackenzie was there and we got into his conveyance and went onto his house, about 6 miles off, such roads! and he says this is a good road! We passed the river Cam on which is the township of Somerset. Arrived at his house about dusk, it is a weatherboard house. His wife is a nice lady, they have 3 fine children, a girl 13, a boy 11, and a girl 9. Yesterday forenoon I walked about with him over his clearing, in the afternoon he took me to the old place Woodburn, where I saw old Mrs Mackenzie and his brother Walter. Old Mrs Mackenzie is not above 60, and looks a little younger. Then we went onto Roderick s place who was sowing grass on his clearing. He told us his wife was out, so we did not go up to his house. In the evening he and his wife came over, they are both young and good looking, she kindly asked me to come and spend a few days with them also. These two Mrs TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

183 Mackenzies are sisters, they were Miss Shekletons. There is a Dr. Wilson who has married one of the Charles Mackenzie s sisters, and he has his clearing within the neighbourhood, and practices all around the country, and a good rider. I think I have told you pretty well all about my journey as far as. Of course there is plenty to be said which I couldn t fill the letter with. My trouble just now is, that I scarcely have enough money to last me till I get on board again in Melbourne on the 15th May. We shall get to Galle most likely on the 4th of June which is Wednesday. I shall have to wait till Friday at Galle and be at Tuticareen on Saturday morning 7th June. If I land there, I shall be at Palamcottah in the course of the day. If there was anyone there to have a transit ready for me to leave at once, I could be at Nagercoil on Sunday and at Trevandrum on Monday. I have enclosed a letter to Arhthurt & Co. to send me 50 prs to Galle, please to put it in an envelope and send it on at once. - I have been very well, although it has been sometimes very cold. I enjoy the blanket and counterpane at night to cover myself, although I sleep in my flannels. Here at the Mackenzies they have splendid milk and butter and very good meat. Mrs Charles Mackenzie has no servants, but she and her girls do everything. They bake very good bread. Mr Mackenzie looks after the cows and he has an old man that looks after the cattle. So much for the present. I should like much to know how you all are. With much love believe me. Your affectionate husband J. Sperschneider. Footnotes The Barque Southern Cross 345 tons 1851 built by John Watson, a notable builder, first at Port Arthur, then at Battery Point, Hobart. The vessel was lost off Cape Douglas, South Australia in Ref: Picture 80. Blue Gum Clippers. Captain G. Ramsay was in command, and her owners were Belbin & Dowdell of Hobart Town. At the time, the Southern Cross was on a voyage from Adelaide to Newcastle, and all hands got ashore. Dr Sperschneider was the great grandfather of Ross Mackenzie. LETTER TO THE EDITOR Dear Editor, I have been enjoying the quarterly magazine Tasmanian Ancestry for a great many years and have to say, it is without fail, an excellent read. In particular, I have always admired the fact that it arrives on time. There are in the order of 200 genealogical journals and newsletters published in this country, and many of them (including those from some of the larger societies) always seem to arrive LATE! As a long time compiler and publisher of genealogical books and an advertiser in your coming December issue, I have chosen your magazine and a couple of others around the country for three reasons. First, with some 1300 members you are in the top ten of the 263 genealogical societies in Australia. Second, your advertising rate per reader is very reasonable. Last, your December journals arrive in members letter-boxes well before Christmas, and not after it. Yours sincerely, Nick Vine Hall Genealogist & Maritime Historian Dip FHS (Hons), FSAG, FUGA Resident Genealogist, ABC Radio since TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

184 THE ENIGMA OF CHARLES ST JOHN DAVID Marion Sargent (Member No. 1927) W HEN the City Engineer Charles St John DAVID died, there was great shock and sadness amongst the citizens of Launceston, Tasmania. He succumbed to pneumonia on 17 July 1924, aged sixtyeight, while on annual leave in Sydney. 1 Mr David was respected widely as an excellent and faithful servant of the Launceston City Council. 2 He was appointed as City Engineer and Surveyor on 1 March 1892, 3 so had devoted thirtytwo years of his life to the city. This story reveals the mystery of his past. Such was the esteem in which he was held, C. St John David as he was known was given a civic funeral. His body had arrived in Launceston on the ship Koranui on the 27 July, and his funeral was held the following day. 4 As the Post Office clock finished chiming three, the casket, borne by six members of the Council staff, emerged from the Town Hall and was conveyed to the waiting hearse. The popularity of Mr David amongst the Council staff and the wider community was evident by the number of people who gathered in the streets of Launceston to watch the funeral procession wend its way through the city to the Carr Villa Cemetery. Practically all of the municipal activities, except the trams, ceased for the afternoon to enable the employees to pay their last respects to their highly regarded colleague. 5 As Mr David was responsible for the layout of Carr Villa and had designed the buildings there, the Mayor and aldermen selected a special site near the entrance as his last resting place. 6 The headstone reads as follows: ERECTED BY THE LAUNCESTON CITY COUNCIL IN MEMORY OF CHARLES ST JOHN DAVID FOR 32 YEARS CITY ENGINEER DIED 17 TH JULY 1924 Si monumentum quaeris, circumspice (Translation If you wish to see his monument, look about you) 7 The Rev. W. R. GREENWOOD, of St Aiden s Church, and the Rev. W. J. HARRIS, the Mayor s Chaplain, conducted the graveside service. Rev. Greenwood concluded the ceremony by saying Perhaps I knew him more in his private life, and whilst he was by no means a demonstrative man, I could often see and hear of his many acts of kindness and thoughtfulness for others. 8 C. St John David s major achievements with the Council were: Installation of the first hydro electric power scheme in Australia at Duck Reach, opened in 1895; Victoria Swimming and Turkish Baths, 1897; Original 1904 Alexandra Suspension Bridge at the First Basin, Cataract Gorge; TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

185 Laying out the grounds and construction of the buildings at Carr Villa Memorial Park opened in 1905; Sewerage system for East Launceston 1906; Sewerage scheme for Greater Launceston; Ravenswood, Trevallyn and West Launceston water schemes; Design and construction of the tramway track, tram sheds and offices for the first tramways in Launceston opened in 1911; Remodelling of the Town Hall offices; Extension to the Queen Victoria Museum; Designing numerous buildings and dwellings for the Council. Other achievements outside the Council were: As honorary engineer of the National Agricultural and Pastoral Society, assisted in the layout and construction of the Elphin Showgrounds; Assisted the Mowbray Turf Club in the improvement of the Mowbray Racecourse; Undertook survey work for the spawning beds for the Northern Tasmanian Fisheries Association; Advised the St Leonards Council on occasions. He also was involved with several community organisations: Committee member and on the Board of Management of the Launceston Mechanics Institute and Public Library; Committee member from and sometime vice-chairman of the Launceston Technical School; Honorary consulting engineer to the Northern Tasmanian Fisheries Association and a keen angler; Member of the Northern Tasmanian Camera Club; Foundation member of the Northern Club in 1894 and president from ; A possible connection with the A.B.C. Bowling Club. 9 Charles St John David came, highly recommended, to Launceston. He had spent eleven years in Queensland: three with the Department of Railways; and eight in a private practice in partnership with Fred. G. BROWN as engineers and architects. He designed and superintended the construction of electric tramways, wharves, drainage works, roads and various buildings in Brisbane and Booroodabin. Sixty-seven applications were received for the position of City Engineer in Launceston. When this was reduced to five the Town Clerk, C. W. ROCHER, requested information from referees regarding personal characteristics such as temperament, sobriety, industry, method and demeanour. As he hoped the appointment was to be a permanent one, he stressed that a restless man would certainly not be suitable. It seems that Charles St John David fulfilled the requirements admirably, as he was appointed with a salary of 400 a year and an expectation that he willingly would discharge his duties with energy and skill. 10 And this he did. When Charles St John David moved to Launceston he lived in boarding houses: at Park View, 7 Brisbane Street and 148 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

186 later at The Pines, 34 George Street. By 1910 he had purchased his own home at 1 Abbott Street, East Launceston. He also owned 5 Abbott Street, which was rented by metallurgist Loftus HILLS. 11 But what of his family and early life? The official documents and newspaper articles only hint at his private life. In his application for the City Engineer s position, Mr David stated that at thirtysix years of age he had had twenty years experience and a thoroughly practical education on works of all kinds. 12 This means he would have been sixteen years of age when he had begun working or training in the engineering field. Mr David did not have any family in Tasmania, but an intriguing snippet in The Examiner states that his only son and two grandchildren are now resident in England. 13 A son? Does this mean that he had a wife? David was born in Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales, about 1855, but generally that was all that was known. 14 Clues to his background were discovered in the correspondence files of the Launceston City Council. In 1930, a letter was received from Mrs Edward DUTSON of Welsh Street, Chepstow, requesting a photograph of the memorial to her brother R. T. SARGENT, known to you as St John David. She had heard of the memorial through her nephew Percy Sargent. The letter was signed S. E. Dutson. The photograph and negative were sent to her with a letter briefly describing the grave, which had been prepared by the workmen in the late City Engineer s department. 15 Eight years later the Council received another letter, this time from Mr David s son Percival G. Sargent of Erdington, Birmingham. Percival had met the former Mayor H. C. L. BARBER at a cricket match in Birmingham. He too asked for a photograph of the grave and for a final settling of his father s estate. 16 So, we have found that the illustrious City Engineer did have a son and a sister, and an assumed name! We now must travel to Wales to find more about his origins. A letter from a gentleman in Cardiff, whose interest in Welsh émigré engineers in the nineteenth century, initiated the search in Chepstow. He could not find a birth for Charles St John David anywhere and asked the State Library of Tasmania for help. On being told that he was really a Sargent, an enquiry at the Chepstow Museum soon revealed his real identity. The curator already had been researching the Sargent family and businesses. 17 Richard Thomas Sargent was born 7 August 1855 to Thomas Sargent and his wife Sarah Ely, née FRYER. He had nine brothers and sisters: Alice Prudence (born 1847), Sarah Eliza (1849), George Waters (1851), Mary Ellen (1853), Bessie Fryer (1856), Alfred Gower (1858), Ellen Jane (1860), Fanny Matilda (1861) and Ada Phoebe (1863). 18 Thomas Sargent ran the George Waters Timber and Coal Yard and Brick and Tile Works, which was located in Bridge Street, in the shadow of Chepstow Castle. It is quite probable that his son Richard worked here for four years learning the trade before setting up his own business in or near his father s yard. 19 In January 1876, at the age of twenty, Richard advertised his own new business in the local newspaper as a builder, joiner, undertaker and general contractor. 20 A destructive fire razed the carpenter s shop just a few weeks later on 8 February Richard s friends and neighbours opened a subscription list to raise funds to replace the tools lost in the fire. 21 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

187 Once re-established, the business expanded to include painting and wallpaper hanging, the installation of slate and marble chimney-pieces, chimney cowls, Barnard s slow combustion grates, slate cisterns and baths and ornamental tile floors, the construction of green and hot houses and pianoforte and furniture removal. The diverse business also included personal attendance at funerals with the coffin and hearse provided. 22 Richard advertised for one or two apprentices in carpentry and joinery in April With his business flourishing and having the support of family and friends, Richard s life must have seemed complete when he married Amy Catherine (Katie) BRANT at the Baptist Chapel, Milton Road, Wokingham, Berkshire on 23 August Katie, born 18 February 1853, was the daughter of draper John Brant and his wife Caroline. 25 Nine months later on 24 May 1878 the young couple had a son, Percival. 26 Then, for some inexplicable reason twenty-four year old Richard Sargent left his wife, child, business and home, and sailed for Australia. His baby son was just sixteen months old when Richard boarded the ship Ramsay, which left London on 20 September Nearly four months later, on 13 January 1880, the single second-class cabin passenger Charles David disembarked in Moreton Bay, Queensland. 27 This journey heralded the beginning of a new life and new identity in a new land. The stories told about this errant family member are, for his great nieces, vague and questioning. They have heard that he was known as the wild one, that his father possibly sent him away and he might have swapped his identity with someone on the voyage to Australia. 28 But why? This is the question that remains unanswered. There must be a deep dark secret that only Richard Sargent or his alias, C. St John David, could answer. Katie, with young Percival, left Chepstow and returned to her parents home in Park Villa, Wokingham. They were there at the time of the 1881 census, as also were Katie s brother Cooper and a general domestic servant Rose E. BUDD. When C. St John David wrote his Will on 20 August 1909, he bequeathed all his property to his abandoned wife Mrs Amy Catherine Sargent who was then residing at 281 High Street, Erdington, Birmingham. 29 She died on 16 April 1918, so did not benefit from this extraordinary gesture. 30 Perhaps he felt a sense of guilt or duty after all those years? His family did not forget him; they knew where he was and what he was doing. Someone transcribed newspaper articles of his funeral and sent them to the Sargent family in Chepstow. 31 So this talented, hard working and kind-hearted man was buried in his adopted home of Launceston, Tasmania, in the tranquil memorial park that he designed. His sister, Sarah Eliza DUTSON, wrote to the Town Clerk of the Launceston City Council thanking him for the photograph of her brother s grave: It has been a consolation to us all, to know he had many kind friends and we feel very grateful to you all who made it possible for him to be buried among those whom no doubt he had known that he should have died among strangers was a grief to us though it was quite unavoidable and now he rests, where no doubt he would have chosen to be TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

188 Whether he was known as Richard Thomas Sargent or Charles St. John David, the enigma of this man remains buried. The versatile engineer, surveyor and architect who began his working life as a builder, joiner and undertaker is remembered for the part he played in shaping the city of Launceston during one of its most progressive periods in history. Author s note: I have not found any connection between my Sargent forebears who came from the Hastings area in England and the Sargent family from Chepstow in Wales. Footnotes: 1 The Daily Telegraph, 18 July 1924, p.5; The Examiner, 18 July 1924, p.5; The Weekly Courier, 24 July 1924, p QVMAG LCC3:23/ LCC1:472 March 1892; The Examiner, 1 March 1892, p.2. 4 The Examiner, 26 July 1924, p.1; The Daily Telegraph, 28 July 1924, p.4. 5 The Examiner, 29 July 1924, p.4; The Daily Telegraph, 29 July 1924, p.5; The Weekly Courier, 31 July 1924, p The Examiner, 29 July 1924, p.4; The Weekly Courier, 31 July 1924, p LCC3:23/ The Examiner, 29 July 1924, p.4. 9 The Examiner, 18 July 1924, p.5; The Weekly Courier, 24 July 1924, p LCC1: State of Tasmania Electoral Roll,Division of Bass; Tasmania Post Office Directory; Tasmanian Government Gazette, Launceston Assessment Roll LCC1: The Examiner, 18 July 1924, p Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 8, pp LCC3:23/ LCC3:24/1.9. Percival lived at The Shrubbery, 57 Gravelly Hill North, Erdington. 17 Hugh Richards, Correspondence. 18 Mary Ellen Child, List of Sargent births. 19 Anne Rainsbury, Curator, Chepstow Museum, Correspondence, 10 Jan Chepstow Weekly Advertiser, 8 29 January Chepstow Weekly Advertiser, 12 February Chepstow Weekly Advertiser, 20 January 10 February 1877, 21 April 12 May 1877, 1 February 10 May 1879, 12 April 1879; Alfred Hillman, Hillman s directory of Chepstow and the parishes comprising the Chepstow Union, 1879, pp.1, Chepstow Weekly Advertiser, 21 April Chepstow Weekly Advertiser, 25 August Helen Kegie and Margaret Barton, Sargent family tree; 1881 British Census. 26 Chepstow Weekly Advertiser, 1 June Shipping list, Ramsay, Moreton Bay 1880; The Brisbane Courier, 14 January Rainsbury, Correspondence, 10 January AOT, AD960/ Kegie and Barton, Sargent family tree. 31 Rainsbury, Correspondence, 10 January LCC3:23/1.3. CORRECTION The website and addresses were incorrect in My Great Great Granny was a Convict was yours? by Kate Carlisle in Tasmanian Ancestry Vol.23:2 (September 2002) page 96, the correct addresses are: Website TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

189 CONVICT BANK ACCOUNTS A new index has been added to the suite of online resources now available on State Records website. The index to the series Warrants to pay convicts sums to their credit in the Savings Bank of New South Wales, (CGS 12221) includes over 1300 entries. This is the first part of a comprehensive index to the surviving records relating to convict bank accounts. Convict accounts were created as a result of Commissioner Bigge s recommendation that a convict should not have access to money with which to purchase a more comfortable life while undergoing punishment. The money was entrusted to the care of the Surgeon Superintendent on the voyage out from England and then deposited in the bank on arrival in Sydney. Friends or relatives could also deposit money to be held in trust or a convict could earn money for extra work or duties performed. Convicts could not access the money until they showed evidence of reform, such as receiving a ticket of leave or pardon or on completion of their sentence. Extenuating circumstances, such as the need to pay for defence in a court trial, were also taken into consideration. Application could be made to access the sums held in their credit and, if approved, a warrant was issued which authorised the money to be withdrawn. The indexed series contains the butts of warrants and gives the number and date of the warrant, convict s name, ship of arrival and condition (e.g. ticket of leave, free, dead). While the date range in the series title refers to the date of the warrant, many convicts included in the index arrived years prior to 1837 but only received the warrant on becoming free. You can order copies of documents referred to in the index via the online order form: tions/convicts/copyorder.htm Source: Vital Signs State Records NSW Issue No. 2 August 2002 Reproduced courtesy of Vital Signs magazine, State Records Authority NSW. Where in the world are YOUR Ancestors? England - Scotland - Ireland Wales - Europe - Australia and many other countries Discover over 10,000 genealogy products books - software, data CDs, microfiche - videos - maps & much more... For our full catalogue and many other benefits visit us at: GOULD GENEALOGY PO Box 675, Modbury SA 5092 Telephone (08) Fax (08) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

190 MEMORIES OF MRS GRACE ALICE BURKE INTERVIEWED BY STEPHANIE JACOBS IN OCTOBER 2001 I N 1884, my mother s mother moved to Australia and I was born 27 years later in Launceston hospital on 28 November I am an old girl, I was christened by the Reverend Bethune. He was the same man who wedded my mum and dad. I had a good childhood. My mum would never hit us. She would use the cane but never hit us. I can remember as a very young girl watching my father go off to work. That was at Strahan. He was the secretary in the office at the station. He did not have a uniform like other people. I can remember asking my mother one day after my father had left for work why he did not wear a dress to work like the other men. Now I hated school from the day I started till the day I left. I remember coming home from school for lunch on my first day. I went to my playhouse and my mother came out the back and told me I had to come out and get ready to go back. The neighbours who I walked with were leaving. I looked her in the face and I said, I m not going back there, I hate it. So she raced back into our house and ran out with the cane. I was out of there as fast as I could go. She chased me down the main street with the cane in her hand. When we got to the gate, the schoolmaster came out and took me inside. I went back to school that day and I was not at all happy. I only went to state schools because my Dad did not believe in the public school system. I mostly went to school in Fingal and Parattah. Then I moved to Colebrook and finished school there. I got to the qualifying stage I think. I didn t have any favourite subjects at school because I didn t like it. I did arithmetic, spelling and reading. I remember when I was about five going to Launceston and patting a boat called the Loongana. That boat is on the picture up on my wall there. When I had my first car ride I was about six. I was petrified. It was my uncle s car. We were not even going fast. It was just one of the most horrifying things that happened in my childhood. When I went to the country visiting, I would ride ponies and travel by horse and cart. That was good, I never minded that. It was just the car ride that scared me. Trains didn t worry me. I was at my grandmother s one day. She was doing some tatting and I was curious about how to do it. Being a little girl I lost interest very quickly. But my grandfather sat me back down and told TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

191 me that I had asked my grandmother to show me how to tat and I was going to learn there and then. It never really made sense to me. So then my grandfather took me over. He sat me down and he taught me how to do it properly. I don t know how Grandfather learned to tat. He had a great long white beard, you know. I used to tat all the lace for my undies. When I was twelve years old, I started writing to a pen friend and I still write to her. I left school the day I could. I was fourteen years old, that was the official age you could leave school in those days. I left by my own choice. I helped my mum around the house then. I can remember living in Bridgewater. That is where I learnt to swim, between the two bridges. I was a really good little swimmer. The last swim I had was when I was in Bouganville, on my honeymoon in September I had a two piece swimsuit, shorts and a brassiere! Swimming at Gazo Beach, I hit my toe on a rock and it got infected. There was no penicillin. When I came home I had to have an operation to straighten it. They took out a piece of bone. When I was a teenager I went to Technical School. God knows why. I hated school before this, but I think it was because I was doing things I wanted to do. I travelled in three times a week from Bridgewater. I learnt to do dressmaking, oil painting and I played the piano. I only have two paintings left. The others I got rid of. Two of the oil paintings I did are on the wall behind me and another is up in a museum in Port Arthur. I have never been to see it though. I cannot paint now as well as I could then, though it was a fine thing to do. I can t play the piano at all now. Maybe I could if I tried. I used to make my frocks on my mother s treadle sewing machine. I like frocks. I ve still got a big wardrobe of frocks and I make my own cardigans. I never wore high heels. I had two or three nice hats. I wear berets when I go out now. I ve still got some furs in my wardrobe, but people don t wear them anymore. After I left Technical School I decided to become a nurse. My father was not very happy about this because he thought it was a dirty, filthy job and it was not for me. He would say it all the time, It is a dirty filthy job. But I wanted to do it so I did not listen to my father. Father had had his foot run over in the railway and spent a lot of time in hospital. He nearly lost his foot. I suppose it was a dirty filthy job in those days. My general training was in Campbell Town Training Hospital. I had applied to Hobart and Launceston too, but Campbell Town accepted me first. You didn t get paid during training in those days. Then I did private nursing for eighteen months and I saved one hundred pounds, so I got on a boat, the Solandia and went to Sydney and did midwifery nursing at the Royal North Shore Hospital. In the time I did this, I delivered about two hundred babies. I had a short holiday, then did private nursing for a few months, but I felt homesick so I got on a boat and I came home. I was going back to do midwifery on staff at Royal North Shore, but then the war started. My nursing went well despite my father telling me I should not be doing it. Just before I went to nurse at the war, I was working for the Repat at Exeter, nursing a Colonel from World War I. He had been wounded at Gallipoli. I put my name down to go to the war as a working officer and I got called up in My brother was also called up around the same time I was. Before the war he was a hairdresser. 154 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

192 We travelled to the Middle East on the Queen Mary. It was a cruise ship and we, as officers, travelled first class. There were three of us in a two-bed cabin so we took turns at sleeping on the floor. The privates did not get it so good. We all had to do all the duties when we were at war. We nursed whoever was brought in. Bandages were re used. We boiled them in kerosene tins and used them all over again. We had no rubber gloves except in the operating theatres. When I worked in the Middle East, landmines were the biggest killer, along with malaria and pneumonia. We only worked in a tent. There were no hospitals to work in, but we made do. It never bothered us, not me anyway. You never really noticed. There were sixty-bed wards, thirty on each side. I nursed for the longest I think, in the Middle East in Gaza hospital. I was there for fifteen months in the 2nd 1st Military Hospital, AIF. There were trenches between the rows of tents. We had to get in there if the bombers came over, but they filled up with water when it rained. Luckily, the bombers never came over in the rain. The locals in each town were all nice. None of them had a problem with us. They knew we were there to do our job and I think they were grateful we were there. You might say hello to the locals as they walked by, but you would never become friends with them. An Egyptian boatman took us rowing on the Sea of Galilee. It was all desert but it snowed when we went to Syria. There were Bedouins in Egypt and Palestine. They lived in tents and moved around, living on scraps. They used to go through our rubbish bins. The only people who were not nice were the Arabs when you were in their way. They would come round to empty the toilet and if you were on the toilet they would shout out Get off the toilet I need to empty the bucket of shit. They were the only people who were not a very welcoming bunch. They would have a few sheep and would wander around. I don t remember worrying about danger. We had guards everywhere and I was always nursing so my mind was on the patients not on the war. During the night an armed guard would walk around our tents and keep us safe. Nothing ever happened to us though so they must have done a good job. Then the Americans came into the war, after Pearl Harbour was bombed. When they arrived, we were the first hospital to pack up and come home. It took three months to come home. We left in a British convoy and had a week in Bombay in India waiting for an Australian ship. We boarded the old Duntroon, then called into Ceylon. The thing that got me the most during the whole time I was at the war, was the day we pulled into the harbour at Colombo. There were burning ships all round the harbour. They were all damaged and burning from bombing the day before. I think that would be the thing that hit me the most during the war. We didn t see too much of the destruction, but then when we did, it was a real shock. We only stayed a few hours. I was in the war for five years, nursing the whole time and only once I was attacked. We were on the way home the next day, 150 miles away. It was by a Japanese sub. They only fired once. The captain of our ship said that we were very lucky. It must have been his last torpedo, otherwise we would have gone down that day. It missed us by a couple of yards. The alarms went and we went up on deck. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

193 We had to do boat drill every day but we knew this was different as we could see them up in front dropping depth charges. We went right down south into the snow and ice to get away, saw big icebergs. The captain thought they might chase us. We called into Durban in South Africa for repairs for two weeks, where the locals really looked after us. They gave us food and took us on tours. It was a beautiful place. We spent a fortnight in a hotel and paid for nothing. We crossed with the roaring forties, went south of Tasmania and back to Sydney. I was happy to come home from the war but it was also one of the worst times. You not only had to nurse the injured people coming back, you also had to nurse all the people that were seasick including other nurses, so you were run off your feet most of the way home. I love rough weather on a boat. Nursing was bad in those days but you didn t get victims from all the car wrecks that you get now. My next post was in Western Australia, near Perth. Small hospitals were set up all along the coast and ships would bring in wounded from the islands. Next I went to New Guinea. In New Guinea, people would get scrub typhus. It wasn t the scrub typhus that killed them, it was the complication of pneumonia. The tenth day was the crisis and you either got better or you didn t. Then we got penicillin. We thought it was a godsend. It was at the end of 42 that we got penicillin. We had to wear trousers to protect us from the mosquitos so we didn t get malaria. We were told by the matron to cut our veils off short as they were too hot and got in the way. We made dresses for the Maoris. They didn t wear any clothes. The Red Cross donated the linen to make them. It was our decision. We didn t like to see the women naked. The men used to wear a piece of cloth but the women wore nothing. When I heard the war was over I don t remember being relieved or anything but I remember where I was. I was on Bouganville. The Duke of Gloucester came to visit us there. We had to line up and shake hands. He grunted at us. Uh, Uh was all he said. I was sent home on the first ship because I was married by then and married women were not allowed in the army. My last twelve months were at Bouganville. A Sister from the next ward come over and said, I have a sick Tasmanian on my ward. You had better come and visit him. They thought that I would love to nurse him because he was from my home. Anyway I had an American gentlemen friend and he d come in and I would talk to him lots. He was a lovely fella, about 55. When I got this Tasmania patient in I introduced him to my American friend. My American friend and my patient became quite good friends. The American fellow would come in and visit the patient everyday. One day I went to see my patient and he was surrounded by fruits and cigarettes. I asked him how he got them, as I knew he was only a private and I knew he could not afford it. He replied, Your lovely American friend. I figured out that was why he was always asking if my lovely American friend would be visiting him that day. Three weeks later the Americans moved. Before my friend left, he said, He s a very decent chap. You d better stick to him. I wonder if I would have married straight away without that advice. He was in hospital two weeks, one week s leave and one week training school, then he came 156 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

194 down to see Gracie Fields and Monty Banks who were touring around doing shows. We were going to meet when we came home. Then I got a letter from him. I ll be down to see you as soon as I can. We re getting married. It took seven days to get permission. When I was to be married, the Matron asked me if I had brought my Australian nursing uniform. I had and she told me I that should get married in that because it was much more pretty than what I had. After we were married I turned to my husband and said Hit me and I ll shoot you. I think that he understood that because he never hit me. I came back late October from the war and he came back just at Christmas. He arrived just as we were having Christmas dinner. We didn t know he was coming. We had a happy marriage. On my honeymoon night I was the only lady in a camp of 21,000 men. We stayed in a little cottage out the back (the General s cottage) and everyone was told not to disturb us and they never did. We only had a single bed. The dentist made my wedding ring. My husband once gave me some money to buy a proper wedding ring because he did not believe it was a proper one. When my husband brought a new car he would always give me money to go and buy a new ring. I liked this idea. He was a collector of cars, always had to have the newest one out. The colonel gave me away. He was our best man. I had about 150 at my wedding breakfast. The army supplied all the food. Two men rowed out to another island and picked wildflowers, orchids and violets, to make my bouquet. As my husband was a private and I was an officer we could not eat together in the mess, as there were separate ones for different ranks. In the little two-roomed cottage, they would bring us a nice breakfast tray and a cut lunch. We used to go out travelling all day in the jeep. I would take the thermos. At night another meal would arrive. I had my name down to go to the Occupational Forces in Japan and I always said he only married me to stop me from going. When I came home I first went to my parents home in Launceston. My husband was still in the army for two years. He was stationed at Brighton. I looked after a lady who had a stroke, in Jennings Street in New Town and he would visit and stay when he was off duty. Then he bought a cartage business and we bought a home in Hope Street. My parents lived there with us for a time. We each had separate areas. We sold that after I become Matron at Mary Ogilvy as he had emphysema. Later he worked for the Hydro, going around all the little Hydro towns. He was the buyer for the canteen at Strathgordon. I am still in touch with a friend I met in the war. Her name is Burbury. We see each other occasionally. She lives in Swansea. I like to see her. She is one of the nicest people I have ever met. I never learnt to drive properly. While I was in the war I learnt in this little jeep but I did not like it at all. I wanted to TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

195 give it up as soon as I got home but my husband insisted I had a few lessons from him and a couple from an instructor. I got my licence but I only drove in parts if we went on a long trip. He would leave the car for me to drive when he was away but I wouldn t drive it. He knew because he used to check the odometer. I got some corgis soon after the war and I showed them at shows and won lots of prizes, along with canaries. I showed lots of them. My favourites were the whistlers. Before I moved into the home I knew that I would not be able to have any more corgis. 1 had my last one put down around eleven years ago. I owned three dozen canaries and I would show them in shows. When my corgi was on the front of the newspaper my husband did not see it. He came home and I told him to check the paper and look for anything interesting and he missed the front page, looked right through the paper and told me there was nothing he could see. So I showed him. He then jumped up and ran to the local shop and brought dozens of copies of the paper and brought them all home and gave the picture to all his friends. He took it to show his friends at Strathgordon. All up I had about four or five corgis. My husband did not like them that much and when they went to sleep on his side of the bed he would tend to kick them off. My husband died through war service 22 years ago. We had no family. We tried but twice the pregnancies failed. I was thirty-seven the second time. It was too late. I didn t want a child at that age anyway. I don t regret having no children. I came in touch with the Mary Ogilvy home three years after the war. I became treasurer for eleven years. Then the government took over and you had to have a registered nurse as Matron. I was asked to leave the room at the Committee meeting and I thought it was a bit strange. I thought, At least I haven t pinched any of their money. They called me back and asked me to be Matron. I was Matron for seventeen years. Before that they only had a housekeeper. My husband said that since we would live at the home at least he wouldn t have to get up and take me there in the middle of the night if someone was sick. I ve met some wonderful people and had a great time. I now live at the home and have done so for the last seven years. When I first worked in the Mary Ogilvy home, I met the Reverend Bethune again. He did not remember me, but he did remember my mum and dad and we had a little talk about them. When I was the matron of Mary Ogilvy home I was never bossy, but I was fussy, very fussy. I was complimented on the way we laid people out when they had 158 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

196 passed on. They said we did things so well and did things some people would never do now. We washed them and did their hair, put on make up if they wore it and packed the openings. I was trained by an English Matron. I was only ever married once, and I don t intend to get married any more. I have a gentleman friend who takes me out a few times a week. We have some fun and I stay at his house but we are only good friends. We go to dinners and things and if I need a partner he will come with me and vice versa. Sometimes we go to a hotel for dinner at weekends. We went to Sydney, then to Adelaide and cruised down the Murray River, then last year went to Devonport, stayed with my sisterin-law Betty Bell, went up to Cradle Mountain and to Queenstown. We went down the Gordon River then back to Devonport to collect the car before coming home. I would never go back as a tourist to any places I visited during the war. I think it is because of the memories and things. I don t need them anymore and it would be a little too hard. If I was still a young nurse and the opportunity of going to war came up again I would definitely take it. There would be nothing I would change. I had a good time considering the circumstances. I only ever had one brother and he died about five years ago. He was three years younger than me. I had a wonderful cook when I was Matron and we would preserve enough fruit and make jams, enough to last till June. The trees were all in the grounds and we would pick the fruit. There was a walnut tree and one day I saw two boys up the tree with two giant buckets in their hand. So I got a bucket and walked outside, emptied the walnuts into my bucket and said, Thanks for picking the walnuts for me. They never said boo and they never came back. When I worked here, I had a flat in the bottom half of the dining room, then they built a new one in the sick bay. At the weekends we didn t have much staff and my husband would put on his sports trousers and a white shirt. He would put a towel over his arm and go in the dining room and wait on tables. He helped with the washing up and with the books and reports. We were here seventeen years then I thought I d give up. The home had a nice little cottage next door which they wanted to sell and we bought that. We were only there two years and my husband passed away. I was there a good many years on my own. Two years later, I had a coronary and then I was invited to have my meals here. The sister said I could afford to pay for it. I haven t cooked a meal in years. I played croquet till I moved in here about seven years ago. To keep myself busy now I do knitting, and I go in keno every week. I buy scratchies all the time. I had one very big win in Tatts. A few years ago I won $25,000. When I picked it up I was very secretive about it. I went to the bank and plonked a box in front of the teller and I said I would like to bank this please. He asked me how much it was and I said $25,000 and he would not believe me. Then I won $1,180 in keno. I worked out I have spent about $1,400 of it on scratchies! I love knitting but I only make rugs and things now. I enjoy living here. The ladies are very nice and they treat you very well. [The interview was conducted by Stephanie, a Clarence High School student, as a Negotiated Study project. Mary Ogilvy Home is at New Town, a Hobart suburb. Ed.] TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

197 NEW GENIE GUIDES!! IDEAL XMAS GIFT!!! Why not ask the fairies to buy you these for Christmas? YOUR OLD COPY IS SEVEN YEARS OUT OF DATE. The third edition of Tracing Your Family History in Australia A National Guide to Sources (in 2 volumes) has just been published by Nick VINE HALL, Resident Genealogist ABC Radio (since 1979). This definitive work is the only detailed national summary of Australian genealogical sources published in the past 40 years. The main Guide pays close attention to the main genealogical Internet sites in Australia and includes many more footnotes and record examples than earlier versions. This helps enliven a substantial text of some half a million words. The total print run to date is 30,000 copies. The new edition is more than twice the size of the previous 1994 edition. The main Guide has 885 pages and the Bibliography 275 pages. The Recommended Retail Prices of each volume are AUD$75 and AUD$35 respectively (posted). ORDER NOW online at or ring (02) I recently purchased your new books. Have been desperately waiting for them and am not disappointed. So, congratulations, wonderful, my new genealogy bible! Thank you again for your great contribution to those earnest researchers endeavouring to find their way through the record maze. Janice Brooks, Librarian, Parramatta Family History Centre, Sydney, 15 August TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

198 AN EARLY SETTLER OF VAN DIEMEN S LAND WILLIAM BURT WHITTLE Merle Whittle (Member No. 3846) W ILLIAM BURT WHITTLE was my husband s great-greatgrandfather from his first marriage. He was born to John and Elizabeth Whittle during 1789 and was baptised on 9 February 1790 at Frampton, Dorset, England. His very eventful life included two marriages, and ten children (seven of whom survived to adulthood), immigration to a new country, settling inland on a small island, survival of a bushranger attack and also insolvency. He passed away at Evandale when he was in the 89 th year of his life, on 10 August 1870 and burial took place at the Church of England cemetery. William Burt Whittle and his wife Elizabeth WEAVER had four children: Emily born 1811 at 12 noon. William (Junior) Elizabeth John born 1817 Sunday morning at 9 o clock Elizabeth died as an infant of only 5 months on 31 March 1817 and Emily died aged 15 years and 11 months on 15 October 1827 of fever to the great grief of her afflicted parents. (Entries in Elizabeth s prayer book printed 1811.) After many losses in business, W. B. decided to emigrate to Van Diemen s Land with his wife and two sons. Why that destination was chosen is unknown. Perhaps there were other relatives who had made the voyage; perhaps they needed a change after the death of their young daughter. The List of Passengers from the Tasmanian Archives of the Thomas Laurie from London on 31 August 1830 which arrived at Launceston lists Mr William Whittle, Mrs Whittle, William Whittle Junior. (Notice no John Whittle, but the next entry is for a Mr John Nokes.) The voyage from London to Launceston took a period of five months. The Launceston Advertiser dated Monday, 7 March 1831, under Shipping Intelligence, listed the cargo of the Thomas Laurie and included: 2 cases furniture, and 3 casks ironmongery, 3 North Devon Calves, to --- WHITTLE. A notation was also made that the Thomas Laurie was one of six ships remaining in the harbour. William Burt Whittle was among the first pioneers to import the Devon cattle to Van Diemen s Land. There are many schools of thought on who was the first to bring the cattle. However, The Story of Port Dalrymple page 69, gives the information that: John Batman, who seems to be in partnership with J. T. Jellibrand (sic), recently dismissed from his post as Attorney-General, on January, 11 th 1827, they wrote a letter to Sir Ralph Darling, the Governor of New South Wales, asking for a grant of land at Westernpoint. We are in possession of some of the flocks of sheep, highly improved, some the merino breed, and others of the pure Southdown; of some Devon cattle imported from England and also of a fine breed of horses. It is sometimes said that William Burt Whittle, who arrived in 1833, was the first to bring North Devon cattle to Tasmania. George Hobler, however, distinctly states in his memorial to Lord Bathurst your memorialist has also secured some cattle of the highest blood in the North Devon breed, so TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

199 valuable for drought. Students of pedigree stock will remember his cow Fairmaid from which many of the pure Devons in Tasmania trace their descent. The Advertiser 10 December 1827, in a report of the Launceston Agricultural Show listed Best Bull for Mr George Hobler, and also entries from the diary of Mr George Hobler [Launceston Museum. Actual diary kept at the Mitchell Library]. March 1833: Devon cattle purchased from Nowland. 26th September 1834: - 3 calves - cross of Devon bull and Hereford heifer bought of Mr. Cox. Everyone who sees my bull declares him to be the best ever bred in the country. 2nd December 1834: First cattle show under the auspices of Cornwall Agriculture Society at White s, won three premiums. These entries seem to prove that W. B. was not the first but certainly one of the first to breed the Devon (breed of) cattle in Tasmania. The interest has endured through the TRETHEWIE family and W. B s great-grandaughter Ann Trethewie and her husband Max are still breeding Devons at West Wagin, Western Australia. W. B. Whittle presented his credentials to Governor Arthur and deposited 106 with Kemp and Co. Hobart Town, Merchants and Shippers. He appeared before the Land Board on 1 May 1831 stating that he was married with two sons and intended to reside on land and improve property. The Land Board gave him a grant of 1000 acres. Major FAIRCLOUGH 63 rd Regiment, Affleck MOODY (D.A.G General) and George FRANKLAND, Surveyor General, signed the authority. The Land Grant (LSD 409/2 page 39) was duly issued 9 February 1832 date of the order was 27 April 1831, consisting of 1000 acres in the Morven District. Situation: At a place called Sutherlands Run, a little above McDonalds Grant on the North Esk River. W. B. was in residence at Toller Farm on the North Esk at Blessington in 1833, and it is reported that he had a fair area under cultivation. About the middle of 1833 W. B. wrote to the Colonial Secretary (John Burnett) for the need for Police protection in the district. At that time there were Aborigines and bushrangers who roamed and raided at will, and he stated there had been an increase in stealing. His petition was enclosed with testimonial as to his suitability for the post of pound-keeper and special constable for the Police Magistrate, Launceston, (Capt. William Lyttleton). This was supported by surrounding landowners. Capt. Lyttleton reported that W. B. had built a large, secure pound on the southwest corner of his acreage, Toller, North Esk, adjoining the land of Henry Clayton. A correspondence from the Police Office at Launceston dated 19 March 1834 addressed to the Chief Magistrate and noted to have been transmitted to the Colonial Secretary with reference to his letter of the 28th ultimo numbered is as follows: Sir, With reference to the appointment of Mr. William Whittle as pound ----perent, Special Constable, I have the honour to acquaint you, that he has erected his pound at Toller Farm, North Esk River, bounded on the south point by land in possession of Henry Clayton, and on the other points by land in his own occupation, and that the same is dry, spacious and secure in all respects and the entrance gate furnished with a lock. I have the honour to be sir, your most obedient humble servant. W. Lyttleton. On 12 April 1844, the Launceston Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (page 228 column 1) included this story: 162 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

200 ATTACK BY BUSHRANGERS Bushranger Shot: On Sunday night 3 armed runaways visited the house of Mr. Whittle at a place called The Ballroom about 12 miles from Evandale. A conflict ensued between them and the men belonging to the establishment; one of the bushrangers was shot dead upon the spot, and another wounded and apprehended. The others affected their escape. The following day (page 236) it reported: Another Bushranger Apprehended: We reported in our last, that three armed men visited the residence of Mr. Whittle, one was killed on the spot, another apprehended, but the third escaped and has since been captured at Perth. They were sent into Launceston gaol yesterday, fully committed for trial. A further account of the attack was printed in the Cornwall Chronicle of 17 April 1844: THE LATE AFFRAY WITH BUSHRANGERS IN THE EVANDALE DISTRICT We are favoured with the particulars of the attack made by bushrangers upon Mr. Whittle at Toller Estate, which are as follows: On Sunday the 7th April instant, about 5 o clock in the afternoon, three armed bushrangers visited Toller, about 15 miles from Evandale township, the residence of Mr. William Whittle. This gentleman was in a parlour with his wife and servant woman when two men rushed in, and presenting muskets at Mr. and Mrs. Whittle, ordered them to leave the room. Mr. Whittle demanded of them the object of their rude intrusion, when they replied that they were bushrangers, and wanted something to eat - and without further ceremony cleared the room. On reaching the outside, Mr. Whittle discovered his son William, and his two servants named Saunders and Wilkins tied, and in the custody of, another bushranger. Mr. Whittle then directed his servant woman to give the bushrangers something to eat immediately, which she proceeded to do. Two of them then entered the house, and brought from it two double-barrelled fowling pieces, the property of Mr. Whittle, which they gave in charge to the third man who was standing sentinel over the son and the two servants; they returned to the house and proceeded to a general pillage - bringing outside from time to time - flour, tea, sugar, tobacco, slops and various other property, which they secured in convenient parcels for removal. After examining the pockets of Messrs. Whittle and servants, two of the bush-rangers forced the door of Mrs. Whittle s bedroom, and ransacked every box, drawer, and other place, in search of jewellery and money. Perceiving that one bushranger engaged in tying up a sack of flour outside of the house, had left his piece carelessly against the sack, Mr. Whittle, snr. went out and snatched at it - when the robber on guard called out to his comrade - Take care of your gun! Mr. Whittle renewed his attempt to get possession of it, when a scuffle ensued between them, which, alarming the fellow inside the house, he came out, and wrenching the gun from Mr. Whittle, struck him repeatedly on the head with its butt-end; overpowered by his antagonists, and stunned from the blows he had received from them, Mr. Whittle, snr. must inevitably have been killed, had not his son most fortunately slipped his hands from the cord from which they were bound, and gone to the rescue of his father. A death-struggle now ensued; the father and son - and the three outlaws were engaged in real earnest, for some time, and with varied success; - sometimes, as Mr. Whittle expressed himself, we were undermost, and sometimes uppermost - when, as though the hand of Providence TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

201 watched the righteous cause of the neglected, abused, and peaceful settler - Mr. Whittle, jnr. was enabled, by a momentary advantage he had gained, to relieve himself from the grasp of his adversary, when he seized a piece, and discharging it at him, wounded him in the head which occasioned him to turn pale, and although he still continued the conflict, Mr. Whittle jnr. discovered that he was much weakened from the wounds. Mr. Whittle snr. was at this time materially assisted by his servant woman, who sprang upon the bushranger with whom he was engaged, and seized him by the leg, while Mrs. Whittle drew from his hands the gun he held, and which he was attempting to discharge into the body of her husband, a moment s respite ensued, both parties having gained their legs, the bushranger stepped aside to reach a loaded gun, which being perceived by the servant woman she pushed him from it, when Mr. Whittle got possession of it - he desired the bushranger to stand or he would shoot him - he replied, Shoot and be damned, and made a rush at Mr. Whittle, who fired, and the bushranger fell dead with the contents of the piece in his throat. Mr. Whittle then hastened to the assistance of his son, whom he found still struggling with the bushranger, who he struck on the head with his piece and knocked him senseless - handcuffs were then put on him. An attempt was made to secure the third bushranger, who however, on seeing his two comrades put hors de combat, threw down his firearms and run off. The body of the bushranger killed, was taken into Morven, and an inquest held upon it the following day, when a verdict was returned of, Justifiable Homicide. The third bushranger, who escaped, was captured on the following Tuesday about 7 o clock in the evening on Perth Bridge by a constable of the Morven Police, who escorted him to the Police - Office, where he was identified by Mr. Whittle, jun. and his servants, and with the man previously captured, was fully committed to gaol for trial. The newspaper commented: It is impossible that bushranging be adopted by prisoners if the settlers generally act in the manner recorded of Mr. Whittle and his son, and the gentlemen of Campbell Town. Bad men can only be induced to take to the bush, from a knowledge of the unaccountable sort of apathy which in so many instances has affected the settlers on the occasions of collisions with them - that feeling - perhaps it can be called passive resistance, seems now to be getting out of fashion, and some of the settlers and country gentleman are showing that their lives are worth risking in defence of their property, and are not worth retaining at the hands of a set of lawless cowards, and it is really needful to support the national character, that residents in the interior should check the bad, disposed in a career of villain and violation which has latterly increased to so alarming an extent, and which never would have reached an evil worth consideration, but for the passive resistance (que encouragement) [sic] of the settlers. It has been proved that neither military nor constables are of much use in the pursuit of absconders in the bush, and it is proved how decisive is the resistance of the settlers themselves, when they have determined to resist the outlaws. A few more such instances of brave resistance as we have had the opportunity of recording, will strike terror into the hearts of bushrangers and destroy the system! A Government Notice, No. 103: Colonial Secretary s Office, 27 April 1844, (page 506) in The Hobart Town Gazette stated: The Lieutenant Governor having had before him a report of the circumstances connected with the capture of two armed runaways who attacked the house of Mr. 164 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

202 Whittle at Morven, His Excellency feels it his duty to thank Mr. Whittle and his wife and son, for their very gallant and determined conduct on that occasion. By His Excellency s Command: J. E. Bicheno. Another report in The Launceston Examiner Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser of 17 May 1844, (page 308, column 1), appeared to complete the story. On Thursday last, about 2 o clock in the afternoon, three armed bushrangers, visited the sheep station of Mr. Williatt, at Mussleborough Creek, only 1-1/2 miles distant from Mr. Whittal s (sic) (and 14 from Evandale), where it will be remembered, one bushranger was shot and another captured. They were civil and did not attempt violence, but carried off all the provisions they could find, which, unfortunately was considerable, as a large supply had been furnished the previous day by Mr. Williatt. They had the appearance of gentlemen; indeed so much so, that three young men who were in that neighbourhood, cattle hunting, observed them making for the hut, and thought they were a pleasure party. The bushrangers made particular enquiry as to who these young men were, and expressed their regret, at not being up in time, or they would have dispossessed them of their horses. All three men well armed, having two double-barrelled guns, one single ditto and three brace pistols. Immediately on the information reaching Evandale, two parties of constables were dispatched in pursuit, and a third party followed from Perth, and we hope ere long to hear of their capture. They are supposed to be runaways from Port Arthur. The Launceston Examiner Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser of Wednesday, 3 July 1844, (page 420 column 3) reported the trial of the bushrangers: Supreme Court: The criminal sessions commenced on Tuesday, on which day nearly the whole of the business was disposed of. The only case of interest was the trial of two bushrangers for the robbery at Mr. Whittle s. The statements of the father and son were unimpeachable and conviction followed. His honour did not pass sentence, but in remanding them remarked that well he knew the anxious desire of the Lieut. Governor that justice should be tempered with mercy; to one of the prisoners he could hold out no hope. With respect to the other, his honour thought the state of the colony required the infliction of the law, but the prerogative of mercy was vested in higher ad better hands, and it was not for him to say what conclusion the executive would arrive at. Nothing occurred out of the usual course of business deserving of particular comment. A full report of the proceedings will appear in our next. The evening edition continued (page 431 column 1), with: Supreme Court: Wednesday July 3 rd -- Pickford and Melvin, convicted of the capital offence of bushranging, were next brought up for judgment, and thus addressed by his honour: - He had told one of the prisoners at the time of his conviction that he need entertain no hope of his life being spared, but his honour had further considered the matter, and had compared it with other convictions, which induced him to think that the executive would not order them for execution. His honour then referred to certain features in the case from which a presumption might be raised, that they did not contemplate violence at the time of the robbery. His honour also briefly recounted the substance of the evidence, and remarked that as mercy had been extended to more aggravated offenders, he should recommend that mercy be extended to them. The executive in their wisdom had spared the lives of many, for TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

203 offences which a few years ago would inevitably have been punished with death; he said, in their wisdom, because he sincerely believed course pursued would ultimately lead to the benefit of the colony. But whether or not wisdom guided their decision; it would be worse than mockery to hold out no hopes to a culprit, when there was reason to believe the executive would exercise the prerogative of mercy in their favour. On the score of consistency alone, therefore, he should recommend them for pardon, for it would do harm to the colony if one offender were punished, and another pardoned for similar offences. Punishment to be efficacious should be certain, and not dependent upon lot or choice. Inconsistency destroyed the effect of justice: for that reason and that reason alone (here his honour paused, and cast his eye at the reporter s box) he should not pass upon them sentence of death. His honour warned the prisoners against the consequences of continuing their course of crime, and concluded by advising them to be prepared for the worst, for his humble recommendation might not perhaps be complied with. The sentence of death was recorded against both the prisoners. I have not been able to uncover any details of their executions. At the particular time involved and until 1854, executions took the form of hangings on the gaol wall where the criminals could be observed by the public, if they so desired, looking down the Tamar River and from whence they came and perhaps thinking of their homeland and family across the seas. The Burial Register of 1844 for the Parish of Evandale No. 56 is of bushranger Stephen Casey [who was the person W. B. shot]. He was buried on 10 April and the Chaplain was G. Wilkinson. The payment of the reward money that was offered by the Government took five years to be finalised. The following is a copy of a letter to the Right Hon. Earl Grey from Lt Gov. Denison. No. 191 dated 23 September 1848, with a duplicate sent 20 March Government House, Van Diemen s Land, My Lord, I have already adverted in my Despatch No, 715 of the 3rd July, last, to the sum of 100 pounds inserted in the Estimates of the present year as an intended Grant to Mr. Whittle a resident of the District of Morven in this Colony, but I deem it proper to bring the subject specially under your Lordship s notice: In the year 1844, three armed bushrangers rendered themselves objects of terror to all the Settlers, whose neighbourhood they infested from the many outrages which they had committed and from their determined character. They attacked Mr. Whittle s house after having first secured all his servants, but with the aid of his Wife and Son, only he not only succeeding in resisting the attack but in putting an end to the career of one of them, and in capturing the other two. The Attorney General felt it to be his duty officially to call Sir Eardley Wilmot s attention to this heroic conduct on the part of Mr. Whittle, who was informed that should the Secretary of State favourably entertain the recommendations Sir Eardley Wilmot had made in the similar cases of Mr. Harrison and Miss Keach, the Lieutenant Governor would mark his approval of Mr.Whittle s conduct by a like reward. The rewards to the parties above named have been approved of, but it would appear that Sir Eardley Wilmot omitted to report to Your Lordship the case of Mr. Whittle. 166 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

204 Your Lordship is aware from my Despatch above quoted that I differ in opinion from Sir Eardley Wilmot as to the propriety of rewarding those who are merely taking care of their own property, yet as the promise was made, and similar rewards have been granted, and as long a time has been suffered by the Government to elapse since the occurrence without obtaining a decision from Your Lordship, I submit this Grant for your Lordship s approval, merely observing that there is no doubt that it would have been noted by the Council, as it has been inserted in the estimates prepared by the Majority of the Members already forwarded. I have the honour to be, My Lord, Your Lordship s most Obedient Humble Servant, (Signed) W. Denison. Pages 1 and 3 of Earl Grey s reply from No. 74 Downing Street, 18 May 1849, notes: Acted on 8 October. Sir, I have received your Despatch no. 191 of the 23 September, last, explaining the circumstances under which a sum of 100 pounds had been inserted in the Financial Estimates of Van Diemen s Land as a reward to Mr. Whittle for his exertions in putting I do not see any reason to disapprove of that grant. The Estimates which have since the date of the Despatch been sanctioned by the vote of the Legislative Council, are under the consideration of Her Majesty s Government. I have the honour to be, Sir, Your Most Obedient Humble Servant, (and Signed). Grey. William Burt Whittle married for the second time on 12 September 1854, to Miss Ann Whittle, a spinster who was the daughter of William Whittle and Ann GOSLING. There was no blood relationship between them. Ann was aged 24 years and employed as a governess at Franklin Village near Launceston at the time of her marriage to 73 years old William Burt Whittle, widower of Toller in the United Church of England and Ireland, at Morven, the chaplain was Rev. A.C. Thomson. The Licence NS 373/1 No. 123 dated 9 Sept It is interesting enough to mention that the witnesses of the ceremony were Richard and Emma CHUGG. Some Chugg family members had property at Franklin Village at the time and there have been links to that family through the years, so perhaps that was where Ann worked. William Burt and Ann Whittle had six children. All lived to adulthood except George who at only 4½ years, sadly, died as a result of scalding. Burt Henning Whittle Annie Whittle Agnes Julia Whittle Edward Whittle Frances Whittle George Arthur Whittle W. B. became too old to farm Toller. It was sold to the Cameron family and he and his family moved to Evandale, where they lived in a house in Barclay Street called Toller Cottage. The electoral roll of the Morven District for the years 1866,1867, and 1869 shows Wm Burt Whittle freehold estate Evandale, House and Land Annual Value 20 pounds. W. B. died August 1870 aged 90 years. Rev. John Chambers conducted the funeral, no. 48, on 10 August He was buried in the Anglican cemetery, Evandale, beside his first wife, Elizabeth. Toller property was offered for sale by auction 19 December 1979 and again 16 April 1993; the house was burnt down in the 1960s. Currently Randall Trethewie who owns the land has dropped the historic name of Toller and re-named it TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

205 Mountain Creek and it is a resort for fishing with overnight accommodation. The Tasmanian Directory and Gazeteer for the Evandale District for 1887 lists Mrs Whittle, Evandale, a dressmaker. The earliest Tasmanian Postal Directory of and that of 1898 lists Ann Whittle, dressmaker, Evandale. A map of Evandale of 1911 shows A. Whittle at Barkley Street, nearby to White Hills Road and opposite a little water tower. Ann s five Stevenson grandsons were born at Toller Cottage, where she lived until her death at 90 years of age, and died 18 September She was buried at Evandale. Her obituary notice in The Examiner newspaper of 20 September described her as a highly respected resident of the Evandale district. Her funeral was well attended, many travelling long distances to pay their last tribute of respect. The headstones of Elizabeth, George, William Burt and Ann were lost when the cemetery at Evandale was turned into a park during the 1970s. Bibliography IGI Family Records of Ann Trethewie and Aubrey Whittle Shipping Records AOT Wayn Card Index AOT Personal Card Index AOT Shipping Arrivals and Departures, , Ian Nicholson Launceston Advertiser newspaper Colonial Times newspaper Cornwall Chronicle newspaper The Story of Port Dalrymple, Bethal Diary Entries of George Hobler, Launceston Q.V. Museum Colonial Secretary Correspondence AOT Hobart Town Gazette Tasmanian Pioneers Index and AOT records Tasmanian Government Gazette Tasmanian Directory and Gazetteer Tasmanian Postal Directory of Tasmanian Electoral Roll THE GENEALOGIST You see them everywhere you go, Hunched over glowing screens In libraries and reading rooms, Chasing elusive genes. With pencils poised, (pens not allowed!) They write down all the names Of relatives in censuses, As well as streets and lanes. In graveyards cold, or so I m told, They teeter on the brink Of finding facts which truly prove That vital missing link Those of them with cash to burn Will venture overseas, Armed solely with a burning lust For genealogy. The Internet has proved a boon. From mailing lists they seek Those kinsmen who might yet be found, If not today next week. The convict lists, the migrant ships, Each has its own appeal To those who seek an ancestor, What might they not reveal? Their eyes agog, they search each log, Directory, film and fiche. With bated breath they scan each page, Hoorah! It s found! they wish! The crushing blow when search reveals What should have been there, isn t! What was it that dear grandma said? If only they had listened. But in the end there is no-one So much an optimist, Than those of us who call ourselves A genealogist. Estelle Ross (Member No.4614) 168 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

206 STANDARDS FOR USE OF TECHNOLOGY IN GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH Recommended by the National Genealogical Society M INDFUL that computers are tools, genealogists take full responsibility for their work, and therefore they learn the capabilities and limits of their equipment and software, and use them only when they are the most appropriate tools for a purpose. refuse to let computer software automatically embellish their work. treat compiled information from online sources or digital data bases like that from other published sources, useful primarily as a guide to locating original records, but not as evidence for a conclusion or assertion. accept digital images or enhancements of an original record as a satisfactory substitute for the original only when there is reasonable assurance that the image accurately reproduces the unaltered original. cite sources for data obtained on-line or from digital media with the same care that is appropriate for sources on paper and other traditional media, and enter data into a digital database only when its source can remain associated with it. always cite the sources for information or data posted on-line or sent to others, naming the author of a digital file as its immediate source while crediting original sources cited within the file. preserve the integrity of their own data bases by evaluating the reliability of downloaded data before incorporating it into their own files. provide, whenever they alter data received in digital form, a description of the change that will accompany the altered data whenever it is shared with others. actively oppose the proliferation of error, rumor and fraud by personally verifying or correcting information, or noting it as unverified, before passing it on to others. treat people on-line as courteously and civilly as they would treat them face-to-face, not separated by networks and anonymity. accept that technology has not changed the principles of genealogical research, only some of the procedures. Copyright 1997 by National Genealogical Society. Permission is granted to copy or publish this material provided it is reproduced in its entirety, including this notice. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

207 DO YOU RECOGNIZE W. COX? M EMBER Earl Howard has found a photo of a man he believes might have been a friend of his father. His father served on Gallipoli. The photo is post card size 138mm x 86mm Kodak Australia, and was taken by D.I.C. PHOTO, 173 Elizabeth Street Hobart. Handwritten on the back of the photo is: W. Cox. 139 Manners Street Opp. Kings Theatre WELLINGTON. No state or country is shown. Wellington could be NSW, New Zealand, UK or? [In a directory DIC Photo is listed at 173 Elizabeth Street 1923 c1926. The proprietor was William Fellowes. Ed.] Earl has found that there are two servicemen by the name of W. Cox in the Tasmanian War Records He believes that the photo could be W. E. Cox. Name Remarks Enlisted/Dis/Service Cox W. Pte. 40 Bn 20/03/16 3y 5m Pte Cox W.E. Lt. 6 F.A.B. W.M.C. 11 F.A.B. 20/10/15 3y 10m Maj Earl would like to pass the photo to descendants of W. Cox and can be contacted at: Earl G Howard PO Box 68 Currie, King Island TAS 7256 Phone/Fax (03) or him at 170 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

208 A BEATTIE FAMILY GATHERING Allison Carins (Member No. 668) O VER Easter 2002, a special family event took place, when fifteen New Zealanders (three generations of one family) met with eleven Tasmanians at our home at Fernbank, Winnaleah. Only two of the New Zealand folk had been here before. All present were descendants (and their spouses) of a pioneer family, David and Christian BEATTIE, who migrated in 1884 from Burnside in the Parish of Inverkeilor, Angus, Scotland. This was my husband s mother s family. Two brothers, John and David Beattie, and their large families, sailed in the cargo boat Abington loaded with railway iron for Western Australia. The deck was fitted out with temporary cabins no luxury liner. Seven children, aged from 21 to 8 years, came with John and his wife Agnes. David and Christian had 11 children aged from 16 years to 18 months. They arrived in Hobart on 1 May. There David s daughter, 11 year-old Christian died from blood-poisoning. Both families stayed in Hobart for some time and the older members found employment. They were then advised to go to the north-east so they could take up the land granted by the government, which amounted to one acre per one pound ( 1) passage money. They left Hobart in the small coastal vessel, Dorset, sailing up the east coast, and were forced by severe storms, to shelter in Musselroe Bay for three weeks. Food supplies almost ran out; the little amount of bread was kept for the children, and for the rest, the diet consisted mainly of crayfish. They landed at Bridport and proceeded by dray and wagon to Jetsonville, where John settled at Viewbank. (The original house and farm are still in possession of his descendants.) David and his family took up their land at Springfield. There were three more children born in Tasmania. Christian died aged 46, as a result of the harsh conditions and privations (possibly of peritonitis), leaving six children under ten years old, with 16 year-old Jessie to housekeep. My husband s mother, Agnes CARINS, was one of the younger ones born in Tasmania. She recalled a girlhood memory of her brothers, James and Andrew, kissing her goodbye when they went off to the Boer War. They did not return home, but settled in New Zealand, and they did not marry. She did not see them again. Her oldest brother David, went to New South Wales and in 1950, Agnes visited his home, not having seen him for 50 years! Other family members moved to the mainland, Catherine and John to New South Wales (the Premier of Queensland, Peter Beattie is descended from John), William, Jessie (Mrs ROSS- ANDERSON), Florence (Mrs THURSTUN) lived in Victoria. Oliver died aged 24. Ralph married Irene LESTER of Springfield, and they eventually went to New Zealand and the family all live there. Three remained in Tasmania. Alexander was a dairy farmer at Lileah, in the far north-west of Tasmania. He died at 48, leaving his wife Rose to rear eight children and manage a dairy farm. They knew great hardships, but did well and were well-known on the north-west coast. (Some still live there and are the only ones in Tasmania from David s line with the name Beattie.) All eight were present to help Rose celebrate her 90th birthday in TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

209 Alan married Miss Annie BALD of Scottsdale, and farmed at Winnaleah. They had daughter Joan LEFEVRE (dec.), Dorothy GIBSON, and Gwen BRISCOE. The only son, Keith, died when nine years old. Agnes married Tom Carins of Nabowla. They moved to Winnaleah in 1918 where Tom engaged in saw milling and farming. His sons Don, Lyn and Peter were all farmers, daughter Jean, a nurse. Grandsons are now continuing on all three farms. In the north east now, there are only the descendants of Agnes Carins. They gathered on this special occasion to meet the descendants of Ralph and Irene from New Zealand who were travelling together around Tasmania, and who also had LESTER relatives in the north east. There were four first cousins present, two from each family. Jean and Peter Carins (children of Agnes) and Esther GIBSON and Joseph Beattie (children of Ralph). (While travelling, the New Zealand party were able to meet Dorothy Gibson at her home at Don, and Gwen Briscoe in Hobart, also first cousins). We had a great display of photos of all the original family and other memorabilia. There was much to talk about and share. It was hard to say goodbye. The New Zealanders also travelled to Springfield, visiting the two cemeteries where the pioneer Beatties and Lesters are interred, and drove to where David Beattie s farm was, though the house is no longer there. It is of interest that that farm is now owned by Karl Beattie, a descendant of John Beattie who settled at Jetsonville. Karl s father, Bill, now retired, was a member of the Tasmanian House of assembly for many years. So it was a memorable, historic occasion with a warm feeling of kinship that will remain, though such distances separate us. 172 INITIALS AND TERMS EXPLAINED D O you wonder about the significance of initials following your ancestor s name when reading old wills or documents? The following explanations may be useful. a.a.s. anno aetitis suae died in the year of her/his age (56 y/o died in year 56) d.s.p. decessit sine prole legitima died without issue d.s.p.l. decessit sine prole mascula supesita died without legitimate issue d.s.p.m.s. decessit sine prole mascula supersita died without surviving male issue d.s.p.s decessit sine prole supersita died without surviving issue d.unm died unmarried d.v.p. decessit vita patris died in the lifetime of his father d.v.m. decessit vita matris died in the lifetime of his mother Et al et alia and others Inst instans present month Liber book or volume Nepos grandson Nunc Nuncapative will an oral will, written by a witness Ob obit she/he died Relict relicta/relictus widow or widower Sic so or thus, exact copy as written Testes witnesses Utl ultimo late Ux or vs uxor wife Viz videlicet namely TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

210 CAPTAIN IVOR STEPHEN MARGETTS Marjorie R. Margetts (Member No. 950) I VOR STEPHEN MARGETTS was born in Launceston, Tasmania on 4 September 1891, the third of five sons born to Stephen Ward Margetts and his wife, Charlotte (nee HOUSE). Stephen and his family later moved to Wynyard, where he was a well-known storekeeper. Ivor was appointed a junior master at Hutchins School in Hobart in He was a tall, athletic young man, one of Tasmanian s best athletes and footballers, and was selected in all combined TFL sides from He was ruckman with the team contesting the inter-state carnival in Sydney in 1914 when World War I broke out. As a reservist in the Derwent Infantry Regiment, he immediately joined the AIF on his return to Tasmania. He left Hobart with the first contingent in October 1914, aged 23. Hanging in the Gallipoli gallery of the Australian War Memorial is one of the best-known Australian war paintings George Lambert s Anzac, the landing Depicted in the centre of the painting are Australian soldiers, crawling and scrambling their way up a steep, scrubby cliff. At midnight on Saturday, 24 April 1915 the destroyer Ribble, steamed quietly past the island of Imbros to Gaba Tepe on the Gallipoli Peninsula. On board were thirty officers and some 950 men of the 12th Battalion AIF, part of the 30,000 volunteer Australian and New Zealand Army Corps ANZAC. Ivor was the officer in charge of one of the landing boats with thirty six men aboard and was the second to land. However, before it reached the beach, three men had been shot dead by the Turks. In his diary, Ivor wrote: As we neared the peninsula of Gallipoli, the Captain of the Destroyers gave the order for silence and for the men to stop smoking. And thus in the darkness and in silence we were carried towards the land which was to either make or mar the name of Australia. On either side we could dimly see other destroyers bearing the rest of the third Brigade. I am quite sure that very few of us realized that at last we were actually bound for our first baptism of fire, for it seemed as though we were just out on one of our manoeuvres, but very soon realized that it was neither a surprise party nor a moonlight picnic. Minutes later, when they were about 200 yards from the beach, Commander WILKINSON gave the order to man the boats. As the first boats from the Ribble moved away they heard the firing of a Turkish machine gun and bullets began hitting the water around them. Margetts watched the 12th Battalion s Com manding Officer, Lieutenant Colonel Lancelot CLARKE, head off in the first boat. And from his diary: I turned around to get the second tow ready, when a man just in front of me dropped, hit in the head. This was the first casualty and very soon there were several others hit. There was some difficulty getting the second tow ready, but eventually when a naval cutter came alongside we got in and started for the beach. Three men were hit before the TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

211 boat struck the shore. When she hit the beach, I gave the word to get out and the men got out at once, in water up to their necks and in some cases men actually had to swim several strokes before they got their footing. It was almost impossible to walk with full marching order, absolutely drenched to the skin and I fell twice before I got to the dry beach where I scrambled up under cover of a sand ridge. I ordered the men to dump their packs off, load their rifles, and waited a few seconds for the men to get their breath. It was just breaking dawn and, as we looked towards the sound of firing, we were faced with almost perpendicular cliffs about 200 feet [60 metres] above sea level, and as we were of [the] opinion that most of the fire was coming from this quarter, it was evident that this was the direction of our attack. Therefore, after a minute or two, having regained our breath, we started to climb. Australian war historian C. E. W. BEAN in his History of the Great War, mentioned Ivor Margetts a number of times. 25 April: About 8.30 a.m. Robertson and Lalor ordered an advance up Baby 700. Lieutenant Margetts, with his platoon, worked his way up the middle of the ridge where the Turkish line had been. Several Turks were lying dead. Margetts moved straight over the summit. Margetts turned his field glasses upon the trench which ran down the seaward side of Battleship Hill. The word went up the line: The left are retiring. It reached Margetts and his party on the summit. Margetts and his men withdrew for about 150 yards down the back of Baby 700, and there pulled up. some of the original line which had charged so gaily with Margetts and Patterson with old Colonel Clarke in the morning were still there. Yet Margetts and a few others hung with these newer arrivals of the 1st Brigade. as with most of the others, it was Margetts first experience of war. So far as he knew, there was no one supporting him no one to assume authority; no one to inform what had happened elsewhere Almost every officer was killed or wounded, but Margetts still remained. Presently word came again that the line of the 2nd Battalion on the seaward slope needed reinforcements. Lalor turned to Margetts: Take your men up, then, No, I ll go. I ll go forward, sir, said Margetts. You ll do as you re told, was the reply. Margetts descended the deep gutter of Malone s Gully, putties trailing in the mud. It was about 3:15 p.m. when Margetts left Lalor. Ivor also received mention in Gallipoli by Les CARLYON. Ivor was promoted to Captain in the field, and remained at Gallipoli until the Allies withdrew in December. He was said to be the only officer either English or colonial, to remain at Gallipoli throughout the full eight months of the campaign there. After the hell of Gallipoli, the Australian diggers, including Captain Ivor Margetts, were sent via Egypt to the incredibly bungled Battle of the Somme in France. It began on 1 July 1916, and when it ended five months later, 46,000 Australians had died in France. Ivor Margetts was in the battle of the French village of Pozieres, totally destroyed by German heavy artillery. In forty five days of fighting in the area of Pozieres, 24,000 Australians were killed. Charles Bean wrote of Pozieres as being 174 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

212 more densely sown with Australian sacrifice than any other place on earth. On the night on 23 July 1916, Ivor Margetts luck ran out. At 10:00 p.m. a shell exploded within yards of the trench. Capt. Margetts, Sgt J. A. CLARKE of Launceston and Pte L. J. BROWN of Ulverstone, were killed by shrapnel. From the hospital on 22 September, Regimental Stretcher Bearer, Pte G.A. McKENZIE of Hobart, wrote a long, but simple letter to Ivor s father. A line to let you know how your son, Capt Margetts, met his death, as I feel it is my duty to do so. I was attached to his Company at Somme we went over the parapet in the early hours of the morning of 23rd of July, Sunday, to capture what is known as the village of Pozieres which we got with very few losses at that time. It was about between 9 o clock and a ¼ past when Capt Margetts was sitting in a shell hole giving orders to a sergeant by the name of Clarke and one shell burst right in among us. It took me about half a minute to get over the shock of it and I heard your son calling me. I crawled off to him and he said, I ve got one at last. He lived for about 29 minutes. I stayed with him to the end and these were the words he said before he went, is that you McKenzie (Yes Sir). If you get through this stink lad, which I hope to the god above that you do, let my people know how I got hit and died thinking of them His property he had very little on him as he had left it at our Battalion headquarters before going into action. The only part of his property that I buried him with, with of course, his clothes, was a ring on his little finger which I could not get off. I got hit myself on the night of the 25th of July and have been in bed since I am only a Private myself, but that is my fault, but there was never a better Officer lived than Capt. Margetts. He was the most popular man in the Batt and he never done a bad turn to anyone since we left Hobart shore. It is the worst shock the 12th Batt has had since the war started. Anyone would of gave there life for to save his little toe. I don t think I can tell you any more The village of Pozieres was completely obliterated during the battle in which the 24 year-old Ivor Margetts and 24,000 other Aussie Diggers were killed. The grave over which Stretcher Bearer McKenzie erected a small cross could not be traced by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, but his name is commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneus Military Cemetery Memorial near Amiens, France. Appreciation is expressed for permission to use extracts from an article by Kerry Pink, which was published in The Advocate on 24 April DEVONPORT BRANCH CHANGE TO MEETING TIMES Devonport Branch meetings will now be held at Meeting Room 2, Devonport Library, Fenton Way, Devonport at 7:30 p.m. on the last Thursday of each month except December. Building entry is from the Town Hall car park. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

213 NOAH S ARK ENCOUNTERS THE MAYFLOWER W. Robert Chapman I N my job as a reference librarian I frequently encounter people who are searching for their family roots. One thing I ve noticed is that most of these amateur genealogists say they are descended from a single ancestor. My people came over on the Mayflower, the researcher might say, seemingly oblivious to the enormity of such a claim. All of your ancestors? one might reasonably ask. Not likely. The Mayflower wasn t big enough. An aircraft carrier might not hold all of one s 17th-century ancestors. If I were to try to fit in all of the people from whom I m directly descended who were alive in 1620, I d need an ark that could hold 512 pairs of eighth greatgrandparents. And only a handful is likely to have the surname CHAPMAN. What they really mean is that they are searching for a single ancestral line. Often it is the researcher s paternal line, or they are trying to prove their lineage in order to qualify for membership in a hereditary society. Having done such a narrow search, the person can now confidently claim to being descended solely from something like the ancient and noble house of St Swithins in the Swamp. The fact that one is also descended from grave robbers, muleskinners, or librarians seems irrelevant once one has qualified to join the Sons of [fill in the blank]. In fact, the researcher has only scratched the surface of his or her ancestral research. We are descended from a lot more people than most of us can imagine. That shouldn t be all that surprising when you consider that ancestry is exponential. You 176 start with two parents, each of whom also had two parents (now we re up to four ancestors), etc. Five generations back, each of us is descended from eight pairs of second great-grandparents (sixteen lines). Each of us is ten generations removed from 256 pairs of seventh great-grandparents. By the time we are fifteen generations removed, we are descended from 16,384 couples. Twenty generations back each of us theoretically can trace our ancestries to 524,288 sets of seventeenth great-grandparents (that s 1,048,576 lines). What does this all mean? For the statistically inclined, it is likely that each of us could be related to a lot of strangers, possibly including the folks next door or the person we took to the high school prom (giving new meaning to the term kissing cousins ). The likelihood of being at least distantly related to a neighbour greatly increases with each generation as we spin off new branches, particularly in societies that unlike the American were relatively stable and homogeneous, such as 15thcentury England, 17th-century New England, and 19th-century South Carolina, areas where many of my ancestors lived. Folks in such areas tended to marry neighbours and cousins. Family trees work both upward and downward. If going back sixteen generations means that one is descended from 32,768 people, think how many descendants each of those ancestors has. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

214 In researching only one line from my wife s family, I have uncovered more than 1,500 people descended either by blood or marriage from a 16th-century Englishman. Assuming he is representative of most heads of Elizabethan English families, multiply those 1,500 descendants by the 32,768 people representing thirteen generations, and one is faced with the possibility of being related to more than 49 million people. Using that arithmetic, one could easily be related to a friend, a neighbour, a coworker, or that cute young thing you ve been working up the courage to ask out on a date. So if you were wondering why we tend to marry people who look and act a lot like ourselves, this might offer at least a partial explanation. Maybe now the term family of mankind makes a bit more sense. [W. Robert Chapman is a reference librarian at the Hartford Public Library, USA.] Written by W. Robert Chapman, Previously published by Julia M. Case and Myra Vanderpool Gormley, CG, Missing Links: RootsWeb s Genealogy Journal, Vol. 4, No. 34, 18 August RootsWeb: BURNIE BRANCH LIBRARY HAS MOVED The library is now located at 58 Bass Highway, Cooee (Bass Bakery building). NEW RELEASE An index to Launceston Examiner This new series covers the personal announcements from the Launceston Examiner from its inception on 12 March 1842 until 31 December 1899, after which the name was changed to The Examiner. There are Birth, Death and Marriage notices as well as deaths and marriages gleaned from news items. In the early years of this first volume Police Reports were detailed and give a graphic picture of the social conditions prevailing, as do the Police Intelligence, Supreme Court & Quarter Sessions reports, which in many cases culminate in the report of an Execution. Selected News items of interest to family historians have also been included. Volume 1, Available from TFHS Inc. Launceston Branch PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS 7250 Price $30.00 plus $7.30 p&p TFHS Inc. Members $27.00, plus $7.30 p&p Members and visitors may park adjoining the library. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

215 VICTORY FOR THE AFFHO CENSUS LOBBY Official handover of the last roll of microfilm of the 2001 Australian Census for safekeeping in the National Archives in Canberra 24 September L-R: Nick Vine Hall, Chairman Australasian Federation of Family History Organisations Inc. (AFFHO) Census Working Party; Dennis Trewin, Australasian Statistician; Anne-Marie Schwirtlich, Acting Director-General National Archives of Australia; Stephen Mutch, Member AFFHO Census Working Party and former Federal member for Cook. T SA 52.1% QLD 51.2% NT 48.9% Therefore the following can be calculated. HE result of question 50 from the 2001 population census has been released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The question gave everyone the option for the first time of having their census return microfilmed and stored by the National Archives of Australia, in a time capsule, and publicly released in 99 years time. The result was that 52.7% (or just under 10 million) said yes, 31.9% said no, and 15.4% left the question unanswered. If the question was left unanswered that was regarded as a no vote. On a state and territory basis the results for the yes vote were: ACT 60.2% TAS 57.7% NSW 53.3% WA 52.7% VIC 52.4% 2001 total population = 18.9 million YES 52.7 percent = 9,998,428 NO 31.9 percent = 6,029,100 That is 84.6 percent of the population responded to the optional question. Total respondents = 16,027,526 Therefore 62.4 percent of respondents said YES and 37.6 percent said NO. The unanswered (or don t care) vote was 15.4 percent = 2,910,600. The next population census is due to be held in The government has not yet decided whether people will once again be given the opportunity of having their census returns kept. 178 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

216 TWENTY YEARS AT THE DRAFTING TABLE FAMILY TREE DESIGN AN INSIGHT INTO THE WORLD OF A CALLIGRAPHER I N this world of high tech equipment one wonders if there is still a living to be made from this field of work. The answer is yes. But not many people realize exactly what is involved in creating a Family History to hang on a wall. It is one of those things, along with building a house, getting married and dying you only really want to do once in your lifetime. You hope to get it right the first time. Let me take you on a journey into my past to explain why I took this course in my life. Then I will attempt to enlighten you on what you need to do should you wish to organise a family tree for yourself or as a surprise for someone else. After a history of teaching primary school and English as a second language in Europe from I knew there was something else in store for me. In 1982 I made the decision to specialise in the creation of custom- designed family trees. At the time I was following an instinct. I believe it was in my genes to do this, as my father was an architect, my aunt a calligrapher and sculptor of artistic gravestones, my great aunt a porcelain painter, and my paternal great uncle went to Paris to paint in the 1920s. I was combining my love of lettering with my intense interest with what not only my ancestors did, but in fact with everyone s ancestors. After seeing a tree when I was 15 which had been designed in Switzerland in the early 50s for my mother s family, I knew this was what I would specialise in. The immense pleasure received by my cousin Patricia Barth when I presented him with my first family tree for his marriage in 1984 confirmed my conviction to pursue this field of calligraphy. I travelled regularly to attend summer schools in England to improve my lettering skills. Each commission I received had its own set of challenges and as there was no text book on the subject I had to find the solutions to all the problems that arose, myself. I soon realised that I wanted to change the standard format of family trees. (I had the privilege of being taken into the archives of the Society of Genealogists, London in 1995 to see their collection of family trees. Many were very old and very fragile. They all featured coats of arms and were of the landed gentry. There is not such a big demand for that in Australia. Australians may have gentry in their distant past but most have tales of immigration to tell. I wanted to bring their tales of hardship back to life. Our ancestors, after all are only physically absent but to the researchers, their descendants, they are very much alive. As the designer I wanted to make this possible. Another of my objectives when designing was to make the layout easier to follow so that the younger generation can understand where they are in relationship to everyone else. This is often where much time is spent when designing. For example, to position first cousins on the same level when there are 6 there is no problem, but when there are 66 new layout ideas have to be found! TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

217 To breathe life into a family tree, I need information. I encourage the client to leave as much of their files with me so I can study the details and create a picture in my mind. Often I do some background reading (research) if nothing is supplied. This involves time but it results in a more interesting design. Each design is given a number and I retain a copy of each in case of loss or the need for further copies after framing. To date I have done circa 115 professional commissions. Amongst these there are about twelve different layouts, the most popular being the Drop Line, the Ancestral, the Circular and the Direct line. They range from three to thirty-two generations, and range in overall size from A4 (210x297mm), to AO+ (1500x1500). Some have been published in books, one has been custom sewn into a restored family bible, one has replaced an original done by machine on a canvas blind in 1920, one was printed on a tea towel and distributed at a family reunion. Some were prepared for reunions to be displayed and added to and then returned with donated memorabilia and extra information. Most of the commissions are proudly displayed in Australian homes. Of all the designs very few include every person found up the tree. This is where the computerized chart comes into its own. I advise to concentrate on the section of the tree that is most relevant to your immediate family. Of course there are methods by which the design can include the full extent of the family but through my short-cut methods of layout, I am able to condense some areas whilst featuring others. It is a most wonderful feeling to prepare a family tree. The challenge of formulating a pile of names and dates, photos and sundry graphics into a pleasing and yet logical format, can keep me at the drawing board for more hours than my chiropractor would care to know about. All the time I am making compromises space versus graphic content. Often the inclusion of a particularly interesting photo is made at the expense of a design principle. Experience has given me the skills to know very quickly how much space something will take and which layout method will suit. Ideally it is best to work on one project at a time, as the design is an evolving process and my lettering can change if large gaps occur in the working process. Usually work does not begin until a deposit is paid and all the components have been received. The initial design is usually followed, however it has been known to change due to an error that cannot be corrected or a better idea has come to mind. Most clients leave the design up to me so this is never a problem. The use of home computers was rare in the early 80s. The demand for hand lettered charts was significantly higher. There was no other method available. By the late 90s this situation had changed markedly as home users discovered the family-tree software packages that enabled them to DIY. Those of you who are familiar with the computerised B&W charts and hand-drawn/lettered charts would agree that there is no comparison between the two. A machine cannot replace the hand of a skilled calligrapher. Each of the two methods achieve a 180 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

218 different aim. The computer assists those who have no skills in family tree layout. It enables the user to include a lot of details into a small area, by using compacted fonts. The user simply has to key in the correct details and the formatting is automatic. Computer skills are a must. The longevity of this chart is however questionable due to the papers used. The hand lettered chart requires the skills learnt over many years in order to write very small, and to illustrate with coats-ofarms maps, diagrams etc. Many people have an unrealistic idea about the cost of a family tree. The cost can vary enormously. I have done them from as little as $50 to as much as $5000. Each tree is a unique work. What are the deciding factors in the final cost of a commission? There are many stages involved in organising a family tree. The calligrapher requires the cooperation of the client, especially in the early stages of the project. If the client understands the process they are more likely to comply with the calligraphers terms. The collection of literary copy 1 Names and dates, anecdotal information, (e.g. Aunt Essy died in Zhianzou dancing the highland fling), short biographical histories and graphic copy (photos, maps, memorabilia). 2 Although I advise that the more organised the client is, the cheaper the overall cost will be, I still find I am often held up because some information has not been delivered on time. When I begin a commission it is always better if I can complete it without large gaps caused by such delays. The involvement I experience while I work can be compared with being on a journey ideas flow, the pen flows the lettering maintains a certain uniformity which delays can effect. However I understand with our busy lifestyles, it can take some organization to get the material to the calligrapher for me it is easier to keep things in house and work at it as time allows. As the design takes shape I gradually feel part of the family. 3 The information should be presented ideally in typed format so that there is no confusion with spelling of names. Handwritten copy that is hard to decipher will be returned for reformatting or I will reformat it at the client s expense. 4 Most people request a quote. In an ideal world the client presents all the material up front. However experience has shown that there are almost always extras that appear during the production. The initial quote does not cover these! Most of us know that Time is Money however for some reason, in my experience, it is assumed that a calligrapher s time is not worth very much money at all. To run a successful business one has to have a work plan, a schedule. This is not possible if the material to do the work is not delivered on time. 5 To cover all the possible problems that have ensued over the years 1 have drawn up an Agreement which outlines the manner in which the project is organised and my expectations of the client. This has to be signed so that I know that the client is clear about these issues. It covers payments, material presentation, copyright issues, proof reading, alteration/additions, also framing. I find I have to add extra points as new issues crop up each year. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

219 On occasions, I find whilst working on the project that I have a better design idea (or the initial idea is not working). If this happens I would discuss it if I know the client wanted to be part of the design process. Generally most clients give me carte blanche when it comes to design. This is very satisfying for the designer. The greatest restriction in family tree design is space. I find myself constantly juggling for space. If a client is forceful with demands to include more and more elements the designer has a dilemma at hand. The more freedom you give a designer the better he/she will work. When it comes to costing individual elements, it should not require too much understanding to know that the more items that are included the more it will cost. For example people often ask if I can include place names and/or full dates of course it is possible. If it is in your budget, is my response! A coat of arms is an intricate piece of artwork. As people are able to produce almost anything in computer graphics these days with the flick of the mouse, they seem to expect the same from a calligrapher. Unfortunately the old hand skills take time. But then the end result is more pleasing. I can draw portraits, reproduce maps, flora and fauna drawings, but at a price! Photos are very popular. Ten years ago a photographer produced passport size photos for me individually on good quality photographic paper (some taken from group photos). Today no-one will do this for any price. The Photoshop software skills have replaced that technology and some of my clients can supply the portrait/full length photos to the size I stipulate. However many rely on me to produce them. There is a lot of work to organise this and I have established a fee per photo to cover this. There is a huge cost saving if you supply these yourself but there is no doubt that photos bring your family history to life! When I exhibit my work most people ooh and ah and express a desire to have a tree. The most often expressed deterrent to signing up is the need to get one more piece of information or that the family is so big it couldn t possibly fit on the wall. There is an answer to both those issues. There will always be one more thing you will have to find. Particularly as more information becomes available on line etc. If there is an important family occasion coming up (anniversary of immigration, wedding, birthday etc.) prepare for it at least three months in advance. The person who commissions a handlettered chart usually wants to put it up in the living room for all to admire it is not to show off the 2,000 relatives they have spent twenty years to find. That is where the computer software is ideal. My designs are usually a concise picture of where your family stands in relationship to your closer relatives, i.e. the direct line back as far as possible but not every cousin and their offspring as well. This is part of my design brief. To include as much as possible without creating a cluttered effect. The final consideration is the presentation of the tree in a frame. It is important that original artwork is framed in archival (acid free) materials. I encourage my clients to follow a certain style of framing that will extend the life of the artwork. Framing costs, like artwork costs always seem high, but that is because again in 182 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

220 this field, most people underestimate the skill levels involved, the time involved and in the case of framing the materials involved (mostly imported from USA!). You get what you pay for is a true adage in this field. So if you have been planning to have a tree done with your hard earned research, and you have a celebration coming up, you could always drop a hint and hope that someone will take it up. Patricia Barth 1st & 2nd Prize winner Acorn Award, GSV 2001 LAUNCESTON BRANCH CHANGE TO MEETING TIMES Meetings will now be held at the Branch Library 2 Taylor Street Invermay bi-monthly on 4th Tuesday of each even month commencing in February 2003 at 7:00 p.m. Meetings are not held in December. RECENT RELEASE CEMETERIES OF SOUTHERN TASMANIA VOL VI Hobart s early churchyards and other monuments Part 1 Congregational Cemeteries Included in this publication are records for the three early Congregational cemeteries in greater Hobart. The burial ground in Upper Davey Street, South Hobart was closed in 1927 and houses have since been built over the site. The Congregational cemetery situated in Main Road New Town has very few headstones now standing. The third cemetery is located behind the Hestercombe Congregational Chapel (later Uniting Church) at Ten-Mile Hill, between Austins Ferry and Granton. Brief histories of each cemetery are given as well as indexes which include names and dates from all available Congregational burial records, TAMIOT dates, and death dates found in the Tasmanian Pioneers Index Full transcriptions of headstones, as taken from our branch TAMIOT cards, are also included. In many instances valuable identifying family information can be found in the Other Information column. All names recorded for the three cemeteries have been combined into one index at the back of the book. A4 Book 76 pages Price $19.80 plus p&p Available from The Librarian TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch GPO Box 640 Hobart TAS 7001 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

221 Lost, Stolen or Strayed New member Jim HALSEY is willing to share information about his ancestors. His great great grandfather, Henry Edward EXCELL, was transported from Woolwich in December 1845 (10 years for felony) in the Joseph Somes arriving Hobart Town May Jim has a list of fellow convicts on board the transport. His other names of main interest are: HALSEY (Canterbury, Ramsgate, Lowestoft and Gt Yarmouth) , CLARINGBOULD (East Kent) , KEMBER (East Kent) , TRUMP (Beaminster, Dorset and Chelsea) , McKAIN (Suffolk and London) (and spelling variants). Other names which appear in his tree but on which he has done little research are ROAF, MATSON, FARRETT and WHITE in East Kent. HONEYWOOD in Norfolk and NOCK and CAPP in Suffolk. Jim can be contacted at 18 Parkhill Road, Blackwater, Camberley Surrey, UK G17 ONB. or by on The Kiama Ancestral Research Society Inc. New South Wales has issued a Media Release in which they are seeking contributions from descendants of families who lived in the Kiama area up until They plan to publish a book titled Pioneers Who lived in the Kiama and District Area to 1920 and hope to include all the families. In 1867 the Kiama Police District covered a much larger area than the present day. The area included Albion Park, Shellharbour, Kiama, Jamberoo, Gerringong, Gerroa and Broughton Vale. Today the area starts at the Minnamurra River and finishes at Gerroa. To obtain a 184 biographical submission form contact the Kiama Ancestral Research Society Inc. PO Box 303 Kiama, NSW Members of the Lindisfarne Historical Society, Tasmania have recently celebrated the society s tenth anniversary. The main celebrations included displays of local photographs from their collection, early twentieth century school artefacts, and photographs taken by Henry (Harry) Wildred THOMAS who was a professional photographer in Lindisfarne in the 1920s and early 1930s. A special exhibit lent for the occasion was an oil painting by the late Mary Augusta WALKER, sister of James Backhouse Walker, and members dressed in period costume were available to answer questions from visitors. A special afternoon tea was held on the final day where members and guests were invited to enjoy the tenth birthday cake. Recently while browsing through LDS Film No covering St Andrews/St Leonards in Fife Scotland, Barbara Kolle, an alert Victorian member, found reference to baptisms in Hobbertown [sic] in the 1820s for six children of John and Margaret (nee WISHART) THOMSON. Only three of these children, John, Agnes and Helen all baptised at Bothwell, are listed on the Tasmanian Pionees Index. The three not listed are: David baptised 9 June 1827 Hobart Town, registration year 1827, registration no. 2437, RGD no. 32; Eliza baptised 17 January 1825 Hobart Town, registration year 1827, registration no. 2436, RGD no. 32; Hannah Wood baptised 6 August 1823 Hobart Town, registration year 1827, registration no. 2435, RGD no 32. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

222 and Found! A Memorial has been designed and is to be built in the Botanical Gardens in Ballarat which will honour and identify Australia s 34,737 Prisoners of War from the Boer War, World Wars I and II and the Korean War. The monuments design uses the basic idea of a journey through and an experience of time and place. The design incorporates a reflective pool and a pathway parallel to a polished black granite wall, 130 metres long, etched with the names of all the Australian POWs. An appeal is being conducted to help finance the memorial. For further information or donations ($2.00 and over are tax deductible) contact: Australian Ex-Prisoners of War Memorial Appeal, c/o Ballarat RSL, 2 Lyons Street South, Ballarat, Vic The Western Australian Genealogical Society Inc. has released Baptisms Uniting Church of Australia Synod of Western Australia. The CD contains details of Baptisms recorded in registers that have passed through the Uniting Church Archives up until 1999, consisting of approximately 72,000 entries. The system requirements are: Windows 95 or higher, 64mb RAM, CD-Rom drive, Microsoft Access based. If Access is not on the computer, RUN TIME will auto install allowing full access to the data on the CD. The CD is $70 (including GST) and $5 postage and is available from the Bookshop Officer, Western Australian Genealogical Society Inc. 6/48 May Street, Bayswater. Western Australia 6053 If you are travelling to the United Kingdom, the following changes to opening hours may be of interest. The Northamptonshire Record Office: Monday a.m. to 4.45 p.m., Tuesday and Wednesday 9.00 a.m. to 4.45 p.m., Thursday 9.00 a.m. to 7.45 p.m. and Friday 9.00 a.m. to 4.15 p.m. At the Lancashire Record Office the practice of closing during the first full week of each month has been discontinued. New hours of opening are: Monday, Wednesday and Friday 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m., Tuesday 9.00 a.m. to 8.30 p.m. and Thursday a.m. to 5.00 p.m. The Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) has an Aboriginal Family History Unit. The Unit began as an Aboriginal Biographical Index of names, at which time, its aim was to provide a brief biographical entry of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people referred to, or depicted in published or unpublished material held in the Institute s collections. Today the Unit s primary function is to undertake family history research on behalf of clients. Staff do not undertake the compilation of family trees, nor can they provide opinions on whether individuals will be deemed eligible for benefits such as Abstudy by virtue of Aboriginality. The Family History Unit may be contacted at: GPO Box 553, Canberra ACT 2601; phone , Web: TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

223 GENES ON SCREEN Vee Maddock (Member No. 3972) D O you subscribe to an mailing list? Perhaps to more than one? Do you find it confusing when comes in sorting out the mail list messages from those addressed to you alone? Maybe you are sick of s offering you mortgages or to increase the size of certain bodily attributes? There are ways to take control of your . Every program has the ability to create mailboxes or folders for sorting and storing your . You can sort your mail manually, putting all the s from cousin Bob in a folder called Bob, or all family history s into a folder called family tree. You can even create folders within folders, for example a family folder with bob, check this out and Smith folders. You can, however, make your program do a lot of this sorting for you automatically using filters or message rules. Pick something that all the messages you want sorted together have in common it may be the sender s address, or the recipient (in the case of mail lists) or a word or phrase in the topic line, then set up the filter rules. For instructions on setting up filters in Eudora see either /eudora/eudora-filters.html torials/win_filters.html If you use Outlook Express for your then see uals/mailfilter/oe.html ters.html If you use another program then try searching the web for filters in Maybe you are not sure why you d want to join a mailing list? Rootsweb alone hosts a mail list for most areas in the world as well as for many ethnic groups, subjects, regions and a variety of other topics. Many people on these lists are willing to swap research, do lookups from local resources and dispense helpful advice for your problems. To get an idea of the sort of messages on a mailing list either subscribe and just watch for a few days or check out the message archives. To find the archives, click on the mail list you are interested in and read down the how to subscribe information. Archives information is generally listed at the bottom. Most people are by now aware of the family search site produced by the Church of the Latter Day Saints. The main screen allows you to Search For Ancestors in all the LDS online databases. However, this blanket search is limited to 200 names in the results screen. For those searching more common surnames, this limit can be frustrating. While you can refine the search to just search the Ancestral File, Family History Library Catalogue, web page or IGI, or to specific regions you are still quite limited to a maximum of 200 results at any one time. However, the LDS has organised the records in the IGI into batches. These batches relate to TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

224 how and when the information was extracted from source material. As a result, each group of parish records that have been extracted is assigned an overall number. Christening records from the parish are then assigned a C at the beginning of the parishes batch number. Marriage records are recorded with a batch number that starts with an M. A search by last name only is not permitted unless you search within a single batch of records at a time or, at minimum, across the entire country. This might work with a rare name but not a very common one. The following site makes searching by batch number easy. m/~hughwallis/igibatchnumbers.htm #PageTitle.htm After the introduction, are the country links. Choose a country, then your county or state. Select the batch to search, then fill in the surname at the top right of the next screen. This is hot linked to the IGI search and will pop up a search complete with all details entered (I found I had to enter a region too). Just click search. Easy. MacBeth s site offers a few free indexes on their site, Assisted immigration to Victoria, Divorces in Victoria and Immigration to Victoria. vsearch.html For Victorian deaths see ath.html a list of deaths in Melbourne hospital to A site full of links concerning ships including picture of ships and ports. Not actually genealogy, but the search site to end all searches. Take a few minutes to get used to the site layout it s not as confusing as it first appears. There s a link or a search engine for just about every purpose to assist in extending your knowledge or finding out just what that strange word means as well as links to the latest news, the best of the best in search engines and regular featured sites. Two sites for those searching Irish ancestors, especially useful if you have some snippet of family folklore ( he was in the rebellion you know ) in order to ascertain which rebellion and when. - Irish chronology hist.html - Irish history. While we are talking Ireland, if you re lost, here is a great map site. Click a county for more detail. Interesting information on streets in Edinburgh edweb/streets/ Old papers in New Zealand Those searching in Devon should be keeping a close eye on this project ensus.1891/, the transcription of the 1891 Census for Devon, sections of which are available online already in text form. For links to a mass of genealogical graphics try SoHo/Gallery/2681/genealogy.html TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

225 Don t let your family history fade away! historyenlarge fadeyouraway! old photos! made in minutes in our store! Superb photo quality. No negatives required! Your precious originals never need leave your sight Made from old sepia-tone, B/W and colour photos Enlargements can be made up to 20cm x 30cm (8 x 12 ) Substantial savings available to Tasmanian Family History Society Inc members at Moonah Camera Centre, 111 Main Road MOONAH Devonport Camera Centre, 9 Oldaker St DEVONPORT Picture Plus, Shop 20 Meadows Mews KINGS MEADOWS Winters Camera Centre, 45 Wilson St BURNIE TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

226 TASMANIANA LIBRARY, STATE LIBRARY OF TASMANIA NEW ACQUISITIONS This is a select list of books on history and genealogy which have been added to the Tasmaniana Library between July and September They are mostly, but not all, new publications; the Tasmaniana Library often acquires older works which relate to Tasmania and which it does not already hold. The list has been kept as brief as possible; normally only author, title and the Tasmaniana Library s reference number are given. If you would like further information about any of the books listed, please contact the Tasmaniana Library at 91 Murray Street, Hobart 7000 or by telephone on (03) , by fax on (03) , or by at Further information is also available on TALIS, the State Library's on line information system. TALIS is available in city and branch libraries throughout Tasmania and through the World Wide Web; its URL is Please note that, while all of these books are available for reference in the Tasmaniana Library, they are not available for loan (although copies of some of them may be available at city and branch libraries). Alexander, Alison, Putting people first: Island State Credit Union, (TL ALE) Anderton, Brian (Buck), Harvest of the sea: a biographical collection from Tasmania s east coast fishermen and others in the fishing and aquaculture industries. (TLQ AND) Annear, Robyn, The man who lost himself: the unbelievable story of the Tichbourne claimant. (TL ANN) Beard, Katherine, Miss Australia: a retrospective (TLQ BEA) Blake, Gregory J, Farrell times: the story about the life and times of Thomas Hubert Farrell. (TLQ FAR) Bye, Ismay, A shepherd and his flock: James Bye : a family history. (TLQ BYE) Chick, Neil (ed), Van Diemen s Land heritage: a biographical and genealogical index to the families of Tasmania, Interim edition, first series: Family records Volume 4 (TLR VAN v. 4) Clarke, Peter, The families of James Vanham and Edna May Clarke (a history of the Clarke and other families). (TLQ CLA) Collins, Hilary, Reflections on life with the Westbury Day Centre and around the Meander Valley district (1). (TLQ v. 1) Collins, Hilary, Reflections on life with the Westbury Day Centre and around the Meander Valley district (1). (TLQ v. 2) Connor, John, The Australian frontier wars (TL CON) Coupe, Robert, Australia s convict past. (TLQ COU) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

227 Cubit, Simon and Jim Russell (eds), Assessing cultural values in natural areas: the Upper Mersey Valley: Volume 3, Part 2: historic values assessment- thematic analysis and site reports. (TLQ CUB) Cullen, Geoffrey, Three for a bob: Queenstown in its heyday. (TL CUL) Graeme-Evans, Alex, Brewsters: a short history of Brewster Ltd (TLQ BRE) Greaves, Jack and Chris Earl, Legends in brass: Australian brass band achievers of the 20 th century.[includes Alex Lithgow] (TL PQ GRE) Hirst, John, Australia s democracy: a short history. (TL HIR) Hordern, Marsden, King of the Australian coast: the work of Phillip Parker King in the Mermaid and Bathurst, (TL KIN) Irvine, Susan (photography by Simon Griffiths), The garden at Forest Hall. (TLQ IRV) Jabour-Green, Julia and Marcus Haward (eds), The Antarctic: past, present and future. [Proceedings of a conference celebrating the 40 th anniversary of the entry into force of the Antarctic Treaty] (TL ANT) Kaye, Bruce (ed), Anglicanism in Australia: a history. (TL ANG) Kellett, Robert N, A photographic record of the descendants of Richard & Phyllis Hickman: early pioneering fruit growers, jam makers, orchardists, wine makers, shopkeepers, educationists, joiners, artists and musicians of Van Diemen s Land from (TLQ HIC) Lake, Marilyn, Getting equal: the history of Australian feminism. (TL LAK) Lunn, Lorna Pattison, When childish eyes were smiling. [Reminiscences of life in Launceston and Stanley] (TL PAT) Liell, Pam, Messages from the war: postcards from World War I. (TLQ LIE) Mackenzie, Julian (ed), The Taurus collection: 150 collectable books on the Antarctic: a bibliography. (TLQ TAU) McLaren, Alex C, John Barclay McLaren and his descendants. (TLQ MCL) McMahon, Robert, Hollow lands & hilly lands: wanderings in Iceland, Ireland, Germany, Switzerland, Australia, and America. (TL MCM) McNeill, Barry and Leigh Woolley, Architecture from the edge: the 20 th century in Tasmania. (TLQ MCN) Mercer, Peter, A most dangerous occupation: whaling, whalers and the Bayleys: Runnymede s maritime heritage (TL MER) Michael Shield and Associates in conjunction with Don Goldworthy and Associates, Richmond cultural resources management plan: a plan for managing the cultural resources of the township of Richmond, Tasmania. 2 v. (TLQ MIC) Pearce, Kim and Susan Doyle, New Town: a social history. (TLQ PEA) Pybus, Cassandra and Hamish Maxwell-Stewart, American citizens, British slaves: Yankee political prisoners in an Australian penal colony (TL PYB) 190 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

228 Shackelton, EH (ed), Aurora Australis. [Facsimile of the first book published in Antarctica]. (TLQ AUR) Sheridan, Gwenda and Austral Archaeology, Historical landscape assessment report: Queens Domain Hobart. (TLQ SHE v.2) Smith, Brian F, Off the record: The Western Herald story. (TL SMI) Snowdon, Diane, Richmond cultural resource management plan. v. 3: a thematic history of the cultural resources of the township of Richmond (TLQ SNO) Tasmanian Family History Society Inc., Burnie Branch, Early coastal newspapers : births, deaths & marriages index. (TLR TAS) Tasmanian Family History Society Inc., Devonport Branch, The North-West Post ( ): an index for family historians. Volume 5, 1908 (TLQ NOR) Tasmanian Heritage Council, Cultural landscapes: consolidated proceedings of a series of three workshops on cultural landscapes in Tasmania, held in July (TLQ TAS) Terry, Ian and Austral Archaeology, Queens Domain cultural management plan. Part 1. (TLQ TER) Tiley, Robert, Australian navigators: picking up shells and catching butterflies in an age of revolution. (TL TIL) Webb, Peter, A century of the Competitions: a history of the Launceston Competitions Association Inc (TL WEB) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

229 FROM THE EXCHANGE JOURNALS Thelma McKay (Member No. 598) Melbourne Metropolitan Cemeteries by Barbara Coe in The Ancestral Searcher, the journal of the Heraldry and Genealogy Society of Canberra Vol.24, No.4, December 2001, pp Cemeteries in the Melbourne area are listed in this issue with details including date when opened, addresses and contact phone numbers. The first cemetery in Melbourne was on Flagstaff Hill with burials between The Old Melbourne Cemetery opened in 1837 but it no longer exists and the site is now the car park at the Queen Victoria Market. There are four articles with connections to Australia in the Irish Family History Society journal Vol Those Elusive Herberts and the Boileau Connection by Lefayre Heslehurst Palmer, pp An interesting article on the Herbert and Reid families and their connection with the Boileau line, with families in Scotland, India, Canada and Australia. Another connection was Thomas Livingston Learmonth a pioneer in Tasmania and Victoria. Family trees are included. 2 My Irish Connections by Carol Harding, pp John and Mary O Brien and their family arrived in Victoria in 1857 on the ship Hotspur. Brief details are given of each of their children s birth, death and marriage. 3 Margaret Drury pp Margaret was tried in Ireland in 1833 and sentenced to transportation to Sydney aboard the ship Neva in May The ship was wrecked off King Island in Bass 192 Strait and an account of the inquiry is recorded here. Only twenty-two people did not perish, including Margaret Drury, one of the twelve convict women to survive. They were later rescued and taken to Van Diemen s Land where Margaret married Peter Robinson. 4 Register of Freeholders, County Wexford by Helen Murphy pp These lists are a continuation from the previous issue of the Irish Family History journal [Vol.17, 2000], and contain freeholder s names with addresses, plus dates and places where registered in the Barony of Shelmalier, Ballaghkeen, Gorey and Scarawalsh. Beginner s Corner by Kathleen Smith on Irish Research. Links N Chains No.62, February 2002, pp.8 11 in the Liverpool and District Family History Society s newsletter. A time line showing records available to help with Irish research from 1536 to These include probates, muster rolls, poll and hearth taxes and where to find them. Ipswich Journal Saturday 8 April 1837 page 3 by Ken Finch and Philip Cooper in Suffolk Roots the journal of the Suffolk Family History Society Vol.27, No.4, February 2002, pp Stepbrothers John and William Ling were transported to VDL per Susan in 1837, William dying on the voyage out. Their trial in Ipswich for stealing a pig is related in this article. John had married Charlotte Crouch in 1827 and had three children. After his departure his family were sent to the Union Workhouse at Wickham TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

230 Market. John Ling served his sentence at Richmond and Bagdad. A son, John Ling, born in VDL in 1845, was married in 1866 and had nine children. John senior died in 1865 and is buried at Bagdad. Scottish Research from England by Dan Muir in The North Cheshire Family Historian Vol.29, No.1, February 2002 issue of the North Cheshire Family History Society journal. This article was taken from a talk given by Dan Muir on researching his Scottish ancestors. Information found on BDM certificates is noted e.g. the death of a woman is registered under both her married and maiden names (but in burial records usually only her maiden name is recorded); maiden names of both mothers are shown on marriage certificates. A list of sources is included. [Royal] Adelaide Hospital Indexing Project in The South Australian Genealogist the journal of the South Australian Genealogy & Heraldry Society Vol.29, No.1, February 2002, p3. The Royal Adelaide Hospital records have been indexed by this society. It covers the years 1840 to 1909 and contains name, date of admission & discharge, where born, length of time in the colony, plus name of ship of arrival, if applicable. Two articles on transportation to Australia can be found in The Essex Family Historian the journal of the Essex Society for Family History No.103, February The Great Escape from Chelmsford by Sue Comrie-Thomson, pp What happened to them next? is Sue s question when six escapees from the Chelmsford Gaol, plus three members of the Elsenham gang, were transferred to the hulk Retribution at Sheerness in May William Hayden and John Remnant were transported to NSW per the Ocean in 1818, the others having arrived on the Larkins in A brief summary on each man is given in this article, with one, Henry Clarke, arriving in Port Dalrymple in 1823 with Lachlan White, to whom he had been assigned in Sydney. 2 Gone at Last! by Mary Tertiuk, pp James Brooks was tried in Chelmsford for stealing money in 1790 and transported for fourteen years arriving in NSW per William & Ann with the Third Fleet in His trial in England, recorded in this article, tells of the theft of money from a Club Box held at the Coach & Horses. Members of the local parish had formed a savings club for their hardearned money. To date, no record has been found of James s life (or death) in Australia. Reading Borough Police Registers at Sulhamstead by John Bowley in the Berkshire Family Historian the journal of the Berkshire Family History Society Vol.25, No.3, March 2002, pp The Reading Police Force was established in The Thames Valley Police Training College at Sulhamstead in Berkshire holds many records relating to policemen which contain their personal details and duties. The earlier records are being indexed and will be added to the Berkshire Name Index held by the BFHS. Adoption by Ms Petrina Slaytor in Descent the journal of the Society of Australian Genealogists Vol.32, No.1, March 2002, pp Records relating to adoptions and where to find them are listed in this article. They include hospital records, institutions and former state TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

231 wards in NSW. Other states, including Tasmania, are also listed with contact addresses. The Burial Places of Battersea Inhabitants by Keith Moore. The journal of the East Surrey Family History Society Vol.25, No.1, March 2002, pp After several queries were received by the East Surrey Society regarding burials in Battersea between 1854 to 1860, research on this period has revealed that, after two local cemeteries had closed in 1854, burials took place in the City of London at Little Ilford, Lambeth and Brookwood cemeteries. The Genealogist Vol.10, No.5 March 2002 issue of the Australian Institute of Genealogical Studies journal has two interesting articles. 1 Horatio Cooper: Forgotten Pioneer by C Stewart Ross, edited by Claire Williams, pp Horatio Cooper arrived in Tasmania from Port Jackson in The following year he married Jane Ramsdale in Launceston, sailing to the new colony in Melbourne in January 1837 where he was the clerk at the first land sales in June that year. Information has been handed down by his family, and also noted in diaries by his son-in-law Rev. C. S. Ross. Horatio brought two brick-makers from Tasmania to build more durable homes in Melbourne for the more affluent. He also bought land, naming one property Norris Bank, part of which is now a reserve. 2 New Zealand War Medals (Colonial) by Lucille Van Andel pp A list in the Public Record Office in Victoria contains the names of sixty five men who were entitled to receive the New Zealand War Medal (Colonial). These men had previously served in New Zealand but by 1873 were living in Victoria. Their 1874 addresses (where known) are recorded here. Some medals remained unclaimed by May THE HOBART TOWN GAZETTE, and SOUTHERN REPORTER SATURDAY, MARCH 21, Public Notice. POLICE OFFICE, HOBART TOWN, Monday, 16th March, WHEREAS Thomas McCarty, a convict, 5 feet 6½ inches high; florid complexion, reddish-brown hair, brown eyes, 34 years of age, native place Cork in Ireland, has a Masonic figure, prick d on his left arm, by trade a plaisterer, tried at Cork in Sept. 1816, transported for 7 years, came from Ireland in the ship Pilot 1817, & here in the Duke of Wellington (now lying in the Port), has absconded from the Public Works at Hobart Town; and Valentine Wood, a convict, about 5 feet 6 inches high, 19 years of age, fair complexion, brown hair, black eyes, sent from Sydney to Port Dalrymple in the brig Elizabeth Henrietta, has absconded from Port Dalrymple. John Harvey, a convict, about 5 feet 5¼ inches high, fair complexion, about 27 years of age, was sent from Sydney in the brig Elizabeth Henrietta, to Port Dalrymple. Page 1 column TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

232 BOOK REVIEWS Federation of Family History Societies (Publications) Ltd. Available from FFHS (Publications) Ltd., Units Chesham Industrial Estate, Oram Street, Bury, Lancs., BL9 6EN, England, or Online Bookshop at Quoted prices are exclusive of postage and packing, the cost of which may be obtained from either the FFHS website or, in most cases, the catalogue held by our Society. The first two books are by Stuart Raymond. Both are A5 (landscape) with glossy soft covers. Family History on the Web 2002/3 edition. 87 pp., Contains addresses of many hundreds of internet websites used by family and local historians on a daily basis. Some of the headings are Search Engines, Libraries and Record Offices, Mailing Lists and Newsgroups, Message/Query Boards, Surnames, Occupational Information. There are three excellent indexes under Subject, Institution and Place. Mostly relating to England and Wales, although a few overseas countries appear in the Place Index. A book of this nature constantly needs updating and the author requests to be advised of any new websites of which readers might be aware. Scottish Family History on the Web, 63 pp., 4.95 (2002). Similar to the above, but dealing entirely with Scotland. A wonderful addition to the bookshelf of any researcher with Scottish interests. Next, a booklet in the Basic Facts About series Lunatics in England and Wales for Family Historians, by Pamela Faithfull, A5, glossy soft cover, 16 pp (2002). To quote the author, to define madness is about as difficult as defining normality. At a meeting using "Hospital Records" for its topic, it was interesting to note that most of the records brought or stories told by members referred to ancestors or connections who were Asylum patients. People were incarcerated in such institutions because of the then lack of understanding of both medical and physical problems and if you are able to find any existing records they can be most illuminating. This booklet, although small, does give a good grounding on the subject, together with a number of addresses and websites where further information may be obtained. Recommended reading for all. In the series An Introduction to, Tracing Your German Ancestors, second edition, by Peter Towey, A5, glossy soft cover, 68 pp., 4.50 (2002). In three parts, dealing with German ancestors, first in England and Wales and second in the German-speaking parts of Europe, sections of this book could also be of use to researchers whose ancestors migrated to other countries. Part 1 contains a section on the history of German migration, followed by the types of records one might expect to find in the UK and covers, amongst others, German churches in the UK, Jewish records, the British Armed Services, Ships Passenger Lists and Aliens Certificates and Internment in both World Wars. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

233 Part II relates to records which may be found in other European countries, together with useful information on such matters as civil registration, LDS filmings, registrations with the police, parish registers and many more. Details and whereabouts of repositories in the UK, Germany and other European countries are given, together with a number of websites to help in your search. An excellent map is used to show the commencing dates of civil registration in the various parts of the former German Empire, the publication concluding with a bibliography in Part III. Genealogical Resources with the Jewish Home and Family, by Rosemary Wenzerul, A5, glossy soft cover, 112 pp., 5.95 (2002). Extremely good value, well set out, this book is eminently readable by everyone, with or without Jewish content in their background. Most sections would be of help to readers engaged in general research and mentions, in addition to records specifically Jewish, many of the kinds of documents and papers found in most homes and how to use them when writing about family stories. Ephemera such as a bus ticket or a first pay packet can be used in your story, along with Naturalisation Certificates, driving licences or sports certificates. The book is full of ideas and suggestions. Record Offices: How to Find Them. Ninth (2002) Edition, compiled by Jeremy Gibson and Pamela Peskett, 64 pp., For anyone with a trip to the UK in mind this book would be a boon. Easily slipped into a pocket or handbag, it begins with a few pages of good advice. Time is usually of the essence and full preparation should be made well before the trip commences. England and Wales, the Isle of Man and Scotland are covered, with most county and diocesan record offices and archive departments included. Each one is shown individually with a small sketch map showing its whereabouts, together with nearest bus stations, car parks and other relevant information to enable the researcher to find the destination with as little trouble as possible. Addresses, telephone numbers, addresses, websites are all given, along with such details as Proof of ID required, Get Permit for Parking, CARN ticket required, etc., etc. So much information contained in one small book an absolute necessity for those lucky enough to be travelling to the UK with research in mind. The Gibson Guides, all A5, glossy soft covers. Local Newspapers, : Second edition., compiled by Jeremy Gibson, Brett Langston and Brenda W. Smith, 72 pp., 4.95 (2002). A select location list in the usual county format for England and Wales, the Channel Islands and Isle of Man, published fifteen years after the first edition, some references having been simplified. It is very easy to find details of both early and later newspapers and their whereabouts. Even small towns and villages often had their own local paper and consulting this book will in most cases show where surviving copies may be located. This is particularly useful if you need to employ a researcher to inspect the newspaper(s) on your behalf. Probate Jurisdictions: Where to Look for Wills Fifth Edition, compiled by 196 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

234 Jeremy Gibson and Else Churchill, 71 pp., 4.50 (2002). There is no doubt that extremely valuable confirmatory (or otherwise!) information may be obtained from wills. However, because of the vast number of ecclesiastical courts and confusion about the boundaries of the areas they covered, much time and money can be spent on trying to track down pre-1858 wills. The task may be made so much simpler after reference to this book, which covers all of the United Kingdom and the Channel Islands. Every county is shown together with a map outlining all probate jurisdictions contained in that county. In each case, the various repositories are listed, together with details of their holdings. The beginner would no doubt find the Introduction most helpful this is followed by a Glossary of Terms to assist in acquiring a better understanding of the subject, which can be quite daunting at first. A welcome new edition of one of the basic books on any researcher's bookshelf. Jo Keen. The State of Tasmania: Identity at Federation Time by Michael Roe. Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Hobart, 2001 (250 pages, 20 illustrations, bibliography & index), $25 from booksellers, or, including postage, from THRA PO Box 441 Sandy Bay 7006 With the publication of this history, commissioned by the National Council for the Centenary of Federation, Michael Roe has produced yet another illuminating work on early twentieth century history in Tasmania. As the title foreshadows, he provides a rich context for the social, political and cultural climate within which this great constitutional change impacted on Tasmanians, exploring the paradoxes of hope and apprehension, optimism and disillusion. There was justified concern about its effect on the economy. The broad picture is enlivened by many fascinating details and the colourful and varied personalities involved. The author zooms in on several notable public events which illustrate the prevailing enthusiasm. The Boer War was greeted with rapturous jingoism, and the visit of royalty to mark the new federalism aroused an imperialistic fervour. The contrast with our own age is striking, and a useful insight into the attitudes of our forebears which must be of interest to any serious family historian. At the same time, the popular views were not shared by all, and dissident opinions were voiced by a number of independent thinkers, and the cheeky and refreshing Clipper. Tasmania's volunteer troops staged a mutinous strike to achieve equality with their mainland counterparts, refusing to provide a guard of honour for the Governor and provoking bouts of apoplectic rage in major-generals and colonels. The state itself maintained a strongly individualistic stand in relation to the new Commonwealth, refusing to yield up its Tattersall's sweep which the Commonwealth sought to destroy by interfering with the postage. There is so much material in this book to which a short review cannot possibly do justice. Read it if you want to broaden your understanding of the many aspects of Tasmanian identity at this time. The illustrations are pleasing several in colour. Audrey Hudspeth [The author has donated a copy of this book to the Hobart Branch library Ed.] TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

235 A Photographic record of the Descendants of Richard & Phyllis Hickman by Robert N. Kellett (2002). The book (with CD-Rom) may be purchased for $25 from the author at 1 Walker Street Rosetta, TAS 7010 (03) The book is A4 soft cover format of 226 pages, and contains a useful index. A CD-Rom of Hickman photographs is included. The title aptly describes the book which has a large number of photographs of Hickman family members and their relatives. The sub-title tells us that they represent early pioneering fruit growers, orchardists, wine makers, shopkeepers, educationists, joiners, artists and musicians of Van Diemen s Land from There are also references to early Lenah Valley and nearby suburbs. Included with the photographs are dates of births, deaths and marriages and lists of children from the marriages. The author states that some details were unavailable at the time of publication but he hopes that this can be remedied in a later edition. Many of the photographs are accompanied by anecdotes about the subjects. Candid comments on some of the individuals add richness of character and interest to some photographs. Jeannine Connors [The author has donated a copy of this book to the Hobart Branch library Ed.] NEW RELEASE THE ARCHIVES OFFICE OF TASMANIA A Guide for Family Historians Neil Chick FTFHS Research Note Series No.7 4 th edition, October 2002 [First edition 1986 with Lilian Watson] A5 format of 90 pages divided into two sections Part one contains General Advice on the where, when and what, plus procedures and charges. It explains Requests by Mail and useful preparation before your visit. Lists Records and Indexes available including Family/Correspondence Files and Series Title lists. How to request documents or film and how to handle and use them. Part two lists Archives records useful to Family Historians including Tasmanian Civil Registration, Non-State Records, Church Registrations, TAMIOT and Funeral Registers, Newspapers, Convict, Military, AJCP, CSO Records, Police Force, Orphanage and Child migrants, Medical, Government Employees, Lands Department, Wills, Letters of Administration, Naturalization, Musters, Censuses, Education, Publicans and Inns, Municipal, Company Papers and Printed Records. Published by Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. Hobart Branch Cost $12.00 plus p&p Available from the Librarian TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch GPO Box 640 Hobart TAS TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

236 COMING EVENTS TASMANIA Unless otherwise notified, all Tasmanian Historical Research Association (THRA) meetings take place on the second Tuesday of the month at 8:00 p.m. in the Royal Society Room, Customs House, Davey Street, Hobart (enter from the car park). 10 December 2002 THRA Members Night Some Tasmanian Events and Their Ephemera, Mr Graham Vertigan; and 1 St Canice Avenue: The Story of a House, Mrs Leone Scrivener. 18 February 2003 THRA Please Alison Alexander on for details of the speaker and topic. 11 March 2003 THRA Please Alison Alexander on for details of the speaker and topic April 2003 A Tilyard Family Reunion will be held at Glenorchy, Tasmania, over the Easter weekend April 2003, for descendants of Thomas Tilyard who arrived on the convict ship Sir Godfrey Webster in Anyone interested in attending who may have information and photos for a book to be published (a CD- Rom will also be available), please contact: Karen Foster (03) or Ken Tilyard (03) or Rod Tilyard on 21 February 2004 Descendants Day St David s Park, Hobart, Tasmania. Organised by the Hobart Town (1804) First Settlers Association. Contact Mrs Freda Gray (03) or Mrs Margaret Andersen, (03) March 2004 Beams Family Gathering, Sunday, 7 March 2004 at the Village Green, Westbury, Tasmania. Contact Marjorie Porter, Acacia Park, RMB 1425 Boards Road, Strathmerton, VIC 3641 or (03) INTERSTATE AND OVERSEAS April th Australasian Congress on Genealogy and Heraldry, Discovery 2003, to be held in Melbourne April To register interest, write to Discovery 2003, Conference Consultants Australia, Level 1, York Street South Melbourne VICTORIA 3205 or Bev Williamson (03) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

237 LIBRARY NOTES State Microfiche Roster 18/11/02 24/2/ /5/03 18/8/03 24/11/03 21/2/03 16/5/ /8/03 21/11/03 20/2/04 Burnie Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Devonport Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Hobart Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Huon Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Launceston Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Set 1 GRO BDMs Index Set 2 Griffith s Valuation for Ireland Series GRO Consular Records Index Old Parochial Records and 1891 Census Indexes for Scotland Set 3 GRO BDMs Index and AGCI Set 4 National Probate Calendars Set 5 GRO BDMs Index Exchange journals Members Interests and One Name Studies Index BURNIE Accessions Books North-West Post, The ( ) Vol , TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch * Trasported beyond the Seas, Ken Griffin An Index to The Advocate Tasmania, Personal Annoucements , GST Inc. Devonport Branch An Index to The Advocate Tasmania, Personal Annoucements Deaths in Memoriams, GST Inc. Devonport Branch 1995 An Index to The Advocate Tasmania, Personal Announcements Engagements Marriages Anniversaries, GST Inc. Devonport Branch An Index to The Advocate Tasmania, Personal Announcements 1995, GST Inc An Index to The Advocate Tasmania, Personal Announcements 1996, GST Inc. Devonport Branch An Index to The Advocate Tasmania, Personal Announcements 1997, GST Inc. Devonport Branch * Caught In The Act, Unusual Offences of Port Arthur Convicts, Phillip Hilton and Susan Hood Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol V1, Hobarts early churchyards and other mouments, Part1 Congregational Cemeteries, TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch * Edward Braddon, Kerry Pink How to Find Shipping and Immigration Records in Australia, Cora Num 200 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

238 In Loving Memory, A Transcription of the Chudleigh & Mole Creek Cemeteries Tasmania, TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch * Irish Holdings of the Society of Australian Genealogists, Heather Garnsey, Merry McIntyre and Angela Phippen Leven Parish Church of England Marriages , Ulverstone Local History Museum 1999 Leven Parish Wesleyan/Methodist Marriages , Ulverstone Local History Museum 1990 * Of things that used to be, Paul Bathurst Edwards * Off The Record The Western Herald Story, Brian F Smith Presbyterian Marriages recorded in the Ulverstone District , Ulverstone Local History Museum * The Jordans of the Three Isles, Alma Ranson * The So Called Good Old Days In The Coalmines, Trevor Williams * Tracing Scottish Local History, Cecil Sinclair Accessions Microfiche Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol V, Cornelian Bay Cemetery Hobart, TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch TFHS Members Interests , TFHS Inc Accessions CD Roms Cemetery Transcriptions, Australian Institute of Genealogical Studies Inc. Kent Parish Records Volume 1, S&N Genealogy Supplies Kent Parish Records Volume 2, S&N Genealogy Supplies * Indicates items donated DEVONPORT Accessions Books * Buttons, Bodices, Braces & Britches The Story of Slater's Country Store, Sheffield, Tasmania, Alan F. Dyer Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol. V1, Hobart's early churchyards and other monuments. Part 1 Congregational Cemeteries, TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch Index to Launceston Examiner. Vol March December 1851, TFHS Inc. Launceston Branch Index to The Advocate Personal Announcements 1998, TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch In Loving Memory: A Transcript of the Chudleigh and Mole Creek Cemeteries, Tasmania, TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch * Of Things That Used to be Five and a Half Years a Gunner 2/8th. Australian Field Regiment B Australian Naval Bombardment Group, Paul B. Edwards * Indicates items donated Accessions CD Roms Convicts to NSW Harrietville (Vic.) Cemetery London 1891 Census TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

239 London 1891 Census Index (Part) * Public Record Office, Northern Ireland, Index to Church Records held Stanley (Vic.) Cemetery Yorkshire 1891 Census Accessions Microfiche Queensland Death Index * Indicates items donated HOBART Accessions Books The Alexander Laing story District Police Constable of Pittwater, Tasmania Guide to the State Archives of NSW No.16: Immigration Index to Assisted Immigrants arriving Port Phillip ; State Archives of NSW. Monumental Inscriptions in West Fife (pre 1855); JF & S Mitchell. * Of things that used to be: five and a half years a gunner, Paul Bathurst Edwards * The Bank of Van Diemen s Land in Liquidation (1891) a list of contributors. a decent set of girls : The Irish Famine orphans of the Thomas Arbuthnot ; Richard Reid & Cheryl Morgan. * Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol VI, Hobart s early churchyards and other monuments: part 1 Congregational Cemeteries; TFHS Inc Hobart Branch. * Stock Thieves and Golfers: a history of Kangaroo Bay and Rosny Farm, Tasmania ; Peter McFie. Church Registers held in the Archives Office of Tasmania updated 24 June 2002; Archives Office of Tasmania. * Joseph Somes Convicts (250 males) embarked Woolwich for VDL 18 December 1845; JE Halsey. An Index to The Advocate, Tasmania: Personal Announcements 1998; TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch. In Loving Memory: A transcription of the Chudleigh & Mole Creek Cemeteries, Tasmania; TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch. * Researching London Ancestors, Part 1; Lillian Gibbens Accessions CD Roms British Isles Vital Records Index: England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales; L.D.S. Church. Accessions Microfiche St Bartholomew the Less Marriages ; Banns with index; Society of Genealogists. St Bartholomew the Less Burials with index; Society of Genealogists Census Northumberland Tynemouth Reg District Longbenton Pts 1 & 2; Northumberland & Durham FHS. * Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol. V: Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart; TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch. Immigration to Victoria: Index to Inward Overseas Passenger Lists, British Ports ; Public Records Office, Victoria. *Australian Family Tree Connections index: ; AFTC. * Indicates items donated 202 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

240 LAUNCESTON Accessions Books Angus Dundee & Broughty Ferry Monumental Inscriptions Pre 1855 Volume 4, edited by Alison Mitchell The Upper Ward of Lanarkshire Monumental Inscriptions Pre 1855, Shelia A. Scott M.A. * In the path of the Roaring Forties Memories of King Island, Freda Jones and Tom Sullivan Angus Monumental Inscriptions Pre 1855 Volume 2, edited by Alison Mitchell The Second Fleet Britain's Grim Convict Armada of 1790, Michael Flynn Air-Photo Atlas of London No. 1: Tower to Trafalgar Square, Commonwealth Bank of Australia * Of things that used to be Five and A Half Years a Gunner, Paul Bathurst A Transcription of the Chudleigh & Mole Creek Cemeteries, TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch An Index to The Advocate Personal Announcements 1998, TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch Hobart's early churchyards and other monuments Part 1 Congregational Cemeteries (Cemeteries of Southern Tas Vol VI), TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch Dumbartonshire monumental inscriptions pre 1855, John F & Sheila Mitchell * Cato Records in Australia, Joy Whaite * Matthew Flinders The Ultimate Voyage, State Library NSW * Leatherwood Honey for Gall, Mary Reddrop * Honoured Grave Hector Charles Long DCM, Roger V. McNeice In the Blink of an Eye A Glimpse of Districts within the Meander Valley Municipality, compiled by Virginia Greenhill East Perthshire Monumental Inscriptions pre 1855 Strathmore & The Carse of Gowrie Volume 1, edited by Alison Mitchell West Lothian Monumental Inscriptions pre 1855, Sheila & John Fowler Mitchell * Index to Launceston Examiner Volume 1 ( ), Muriel & Betty Bissett TFHS Inc. Launceston Branch Genealogical Research Directory 2002, Keith A. Johnson & Malcolm R. Sainty Accessions Microfiche Military Courts, Naval Marriages, Directory of Members Interests, 2001 NFHS Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Volume 5 Accessions CD Roms The Yorkshire 1891 Census British Vital Records Index, 2nd Edition The Gentleman Magazine Library Compendium London 1891 Census Index release 1.1 * Indicates items donated TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December

241 SOCIETY SALES The Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. (formerly the GST) has published the following items which are available from the Sales and Publications Coordinator PO Box 191 Launceston TAS Microfiche TAMIOT 2nd edition (inc. postage) $ /98 Members Interests (inc. postage) $ /99 and 1999/2000 Members Interests (inc. postage) $5.50 The Tasmanian War Memorials Database, comp. Fred Thornett, (22 fiche) (p&h $2.00) $66.00 Books My Most Interesting Ancestor, Manuscript Award $9.00 Van Diemen s Land Heritage Index, Vol. 2 (p&p $4.20) $11.00 Van Diemen s Land Heritage Index, Vol. 3 (p&p $4.20) $17.60 Van Diemen s Land Heritage Index, Vol. 4 (p&p $4.20) $27.50 Tasmanian Ancestry, current volume $9.90 Tasmanian Ancestry, last volume $8.25 Tasmanian Ancestry, second last volume $5.50 NEW BRANCH PUBLICATIONS Please note that items advertised are only available from the branches as listed. HOBART BRANCH Archives Office of Tasmania, a guide for Family Historians, 4th ed. Neil Chick. $12.00 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol. VI, Hobart s early churchyards and other monuments. Part 1 Congregational Cemeteries $19.80 Available from The Librarian TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch GPO Box 640 Hobart TAS 7001 LAUNCESTON BRANCH Index to Launceston Examiner Vol $30.00 Plus postage $7.30 Available from Sales Coordinator TFHS Inc. Launceston Branch PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS 7250 For a complete listing of Branch and State sales please ask your local branch for a copy of the current Sales List. Discount of 10% applies to members on State and Branch publications. 204 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

242 BRANCH LIBRARY ADDRESSES, TIMES AND MEETING DETAILS BURNIE Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library 58 Bass Highway, Cooee (Bass Bakery building). Members may park adjoining the library. Tuesday 11:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Saturday 1:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. The library is open at 7:00 p.m. prior to meetings. Meeting Branch Library, 58 Bass Highway, Cooee 7:30 p.m. on 3rd Tuesday of each month, except January and December. Day Meeting 1st Monday of the month at 10:30 except January and February. DEVONPORT Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library Rooms 9, 10 & 11, Days Building, Cnr Best & Rooke Sts, Devonport Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. Wednesday 10:00 a.m. 1:00 p.m. Thursday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. Meeting Meeting Room 2, Devonport Library, Fenton Way, Devonport at 7:30 p.m. on last Thursday of each month, except December. Enter from Town Hall car park. HOBART Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library 19 Cambridge Road, Bellerive Tuesday 12:30 p.m. 3:30 p.m. Wednesday 9:30 a.m. 12:30 p.m. Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:30 p.m. Meeting Rosny Library, Bligh Street, Rosny Park, at 8:00 p.m. on 3rd Tuesday of each month except January and December. HUON Library Meeting Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Soldiers Memorial Hall, Marguerite Street, Ranelagh Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Wednesday 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Branch Library, Ranelagh, at 4:00 p.m. on 1st Saturday of each month except January. Please check Branch Report for any changes. LAUNCESTON Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library 2 Taylor Street, Invermay, Launceston Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Wednesday 7:00 p.m. 8:30 p.m. Closed Wednesday night during June, July and first two weeks of August. Saturday 2:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Meeting Branch Library 2 Taylor Street, Invermay, at 7:00 p.m. bi-monthly on 4th Tuesday each even month, except December.

243 MEMBERSHIP OF THE TASMANIAN FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC. Membership of the TFHS Inc. is open to all interested in genealogy and family history, whether resident in Tasmania or not. Assistance is given to help trace overseas ancestry as well as Tasmanian. Dues are payable each year by 1 April. Subscriptions for are as follows:- Ordinary member $39.00 inc. GST Joint members (2 people at one address) $49.00 inc. GST Australian Concession $27.00 inc. GST Australian Joint Concession $37.00 inc. GST Membership Entitlements: All members receive copies of the society s journal Tasmanian Ancestry, published quarterly in June, September, December and March. Members are entitled to free access to the society s libraries. Access to libraries of some other societies has been arranged on a reciprocal basis. Application for Membership: Application forms may be obtained from the TFHS Inc. State Secretary, or any branch and be returned with appropriate dues to a branch treasurer or sent direct to the TFHS Inc. Treasurer, PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania Dues are also accepted at libraries and branch meetings. Donations: Donations to the Library Fund ($2.00 and over) are tax deductible. Gifts of family records, maps, photographs, etc. are most welcome. Research Queries: Research is handled on a voluntary basis in each branch for members and nonmembers. Rates for research are available from each branch and a stamped, self addressed, business size envelope should accompany all queries. Members should quote their membership number. A list of members willing to undertake record searching on a private basis can be obtained from the society. The society takes no responsibility for such private arrangements. Advertising: Advertising for Tasmanian Ancestry is accepted with pre-payment of $27.50 per quarter page in one issue or $82.50 for four issues including 10% GST. Further information can be obtained by writing to the journal committee at PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania ISSN Printed by The Franklin Press Pty Ltd Hobart Tasmania Print Broking Terry Brophy and Associates

244 QUERIES CAMPBELL/DINHAM/WRIGHT Seeking information or living relatives of Leo CAMPBELL born 9 September 1899, Hobart. Leo s parents were George Campbell and Minnie Gertrude (nee DINHAM) and his grandparents were James Campbell and Amelia Jane (nee WRIGHT). I am trying to verify if my great-grandfather William Campbell was Leo s father s brother. Miriea Matthews, PO Box 149 Melton VIC 3337 or CLAMPETT/GARDINER Dorothy CLAMPETT (c ) married John Williams GARDINER ( ) at Don, Tasmania, in They had four sons: John Williams, Robyn Alexander Edwin, Wallace Douglas and Lou. Details on the marriage registration of her parents Rev. Joseph Clampett and Catherine Clampett, identify Dorothy as a sister of Margaret Mary (Clampett) CUMMINGS, my g-grandmother. Dorothy stated she was born in Adelaide. However, research into the family of Rev. Joseph and Catherine shows daughters Catherine b.1865, Margaret Mary b.1867, Josephine b.1869 and Mary Ann b.1885, but no Dorothy. Was Dorothy originally either Catherine or Josephine? Both seem to disappear from records. Can any GARDINER descendants or connections offer any information about Dorothy s origins, please? (Mrs) Jennifer Croxton, 232 Nelson Road, Mt Nelson TAS 7007 (03) or CRAWFORD Seeking any information about or descendants of Abraham CRAWFORD and Mary CASH, who arrived in 1857 from Lincolnshire and eventually settled at Hagley. Children were Mary Ann, married John BINGHAM 1857; William Cash, (arrived separately); John Smith, married Martha WARREN 1866 and had a large family; Robert Hunsley, d.1858; Fanny, married Christopher INGAMELLS 1860; Betsy, married Joseph Donald KING 1861; Sarah Jane married John HOULDER 1869, Henry, married Mary PAGE 1872; George, married Sarah Ann JORDAN 1884 (my g- grandparents); Samuel Tasman, d. infant. I am especially interested in the families of John Smith, Fanny and Sarah Jane, but all information is welcome. (Mrs) Jennifer Croxton, 232 Nelson Road, Mt Nelson TAS 7007 (03) or FORD/MURRAY/HORNE/ROBINSON Louisa Mary Jane FORD b.26 September 1986 (dau. of Edward Giles and Jane nee YOUNG) married twice m.1 Richard MURRAY (c April 1909) in Hobart 4 May Three known children: Richard John (3 June November 1954) m 1914 Una Gertrude TOWNSEND; Louisa Jane (10 October 1887?) m.1917 Horace COOLEY; Eliza Mary (29 May November 1891). After the death of Richard, Louisa remarried some three months later to m.2 John Axel HORNE (c August 1931) (Axel Charles HORNE at his death), four known children: Gertrude Ruth (20 October December 1970) married three times m.1 A.J. (Jim) ROBINSON; m.2 Clarendon James REID (c June 1953) m.3 Joseph William Steele ROGERS TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002 i

245 (1900 October 1970); Frederick Axel (October February 1902); Lila Ruby ( March 1981) married twice m.1 Thomas Henry McLAUGHLIN on 3 May 1920, m.2 Frank SHAW; Hermaine Eva (1903 twin of Lila Ruby). Any information about these families would be appreciated, particularly about John Axel HORNE, his birth and parents, also Gertrude s husbands. Leonie Brooks, 16 Ferntree Road, Eaglehawk Neck TAS 7179 JONES/SARSFIELD Seeking contact or information about descendants of two convicts, Charles Henry JONES and Mary Ann SARSFIELD who married in Hobart in After receiving his Ticket-of-Leave Charles Henry was sent to Fingal, where he was a district constable for several years, and later took up farming. He and Mary Ann had four children: Mary Amelia b.1852, Henry William b.1853, James Michael b.1856 and Esther b Esther married John BAKER at Bothwell in Charles Henry died at Oatlands in Please can anyone help with the history of this family? Sylvia Macleod, 151 Tranmere Road, Howrah TAS 7018 (03) or KENNEDY/KEOGH Who were the parents of Mary KENNEDY of Westbury? She married Jeremiah KEOGH at Westbury in 1856 and was aged sixteen. They lived at Red Hills and Deloraine. The married names of four of their daughters were: ANDERSON, CLINCH, FLYNN and LAMB. The first three went to Victoria and Hannah Lamb, my grandmother, came to Beaconsfield. Was Mary the daughter of a Westbury Military pensioner? Her death certificate has Ireland as her birthplace. Any help would be appreciated. Margaret McKenzie, 33 High Street, Beaconsfield TAS 7270 WATTS/LANGLEY/COWDERY William WATTS (born England), married Isabella RIDDLE (born Scotland), in 1855 at St George s, Hobart. Records show eight children: male b.1855 Hobart, male b.1857 Hobart (probably Thomas, d.1881 Hobart), male b.1859 Hobart, John Apsley b.1861 Glamorgan, Isabella d. infant, Elizabeth b.1866 Hobart, Annie b.1868 Hobart, Emily Leslie Stuart b.1872 Hobart. William was a joiner. Elizabeth, my g-grandmother, married Anthony COWDERY in Annie married Charles Curtis LANGLEY in 1895 in Hobart; children found are Ethel Maud b.1896 Launceston and Charles Curtis b.1897 Launceston. Emily Leslie Stuart may have married a HANWELL. Any information about descendants of this family would be appreciated. (Mrs) Jennifer Croxton, 232 Nelson Road, Mt Nelson TAS 7007 (03) or Queries are published free for members of the TFHS Inc. (provided membership number is quoted) and at a cost of $11.00 (inc. GST) per query to non-members. Members are entitled to three free queries per year. All additional queries will be published at a cost of $ Only one query per member per issue will be published unless space permits otherwise. Queries should be limited to 100 words and forwarded to The Editor, Tasmanian Ancestry PO Box 191 Launceston TAS 7250 or ii TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

246 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME PLACE/AREA TIME M SHIP NO. ANDREWS, Harry Wesley Vale TAS AUS ANDREWS, Harry Northdown TAS AUS ARCHER HEF ENG ARCHER TAS AUS ATKINS, Lewis TAS AUS 5788 AYRES, Isaac ENG BAKER Green Ponds TAS AUS 1800s 5777 BALL, Marian Southend-on-Sea ESS ENG 1800s 5795 BALL, Marian Southend-on-Sea ESS ENG 1860s BARNES, John S BARNES, Sarah SAL ENG BAULCH, Charles Evandale TAS AUS BETTERMAN, Harriet Adelaide SA AUS BLADES Horsington LIN ENG BLYTH, Edward P TAS AUS 5788 BOUCHER, Mary Co Cork IRL BROWN FIF SCT BURDEN, Jane TAS AUS BURDEN, William TAS AUS BURGESS, John Geeveston TAS AUS BUTLER, Edward W Launceston TAS AUS c BYERS, William Ecclesmachan SCT c CAMPBELL Legsby Nettleham LIN ENG CLYNE, Peter Launceston TAS AUS COLLIE KCD & ANS SCT CONRADES, Augusta GER CONWAY Hamilton TAS AUS 1800s 5777 COOPER, Joseph ENG COUSINS, Edward LAN ENG pre CREELY IRL All 5787 CRONICAN, Ellen LIM IRL CROSS, William Vernon Rochester ENG DALLAS Morey SCT DALLAS TAS DANN Grasby Ulceby LIN ENG DARCEY, Cora C Launceston TAS AUS mid 1900s 5790 DARCEY, Josephine Theresa Launceston TAS AUS mid 1900s 5790 DAVIES, Elizabeth Llantwit Fardre WLS DAVIES, Elizabeth Pontypridd GLA WLS DEANSHAW Hamilton TAS AUS 1800s 5777 DELASY-SIMPSON SCT c DONNELLY Lancashire ENG DOXFORD, Walter Newcastle-on-Tyne ENG DRAKE TAS AUS All 5791 EBERHARDT, Johan Hamburg GER EDWARDS, Richard James WLS EDWARDS, Thomas Jericho / Oatlands TAS AUS EMMERSON, Walter VIC AUS EMMETT, Skelton Buckley Stanley TAS AUS EXALL Mid-Kent KEN ENG EXALL TAS AUS TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002 iii

247 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME PLACE/AREA TIME M SHIP NO. EXCELL Mid-Kent KEN ENG EXCELL TAS AUS EXELL Mid-Kent KEN ENG EXELL TAS AUS FAIRMAN, Edward Walthamstow LND ENG 1880s FAIRMAN, Edward Walthamstow LND ENG FEIL TAS AUS FOREMAN, Elizabeth Hobart TAS AUS FOREMAN, Elizabeth Geeveston TAS AUS FOREMAN, Richard John Hobart TAS AUS GARTH, Sadie Sandy Bay TAS AUS GARTH, Sadie Upper Norwood SRY ENG GILLIE, William TAS AUS GOSS, Leaver Henry Southsea ENG GREEN, Solomon Huon area TAS AUS HARTNOLL, William Bristol ENG pre HARTNOLL, William TAS AUS HAYES, Agnes STS ENG HEASHAM, Ann Hartfield SSX ENG HELLESSEY Green Ponds TAS AUS 1800s 5777 HIGGINS Bothwell TAS AUS 1800s 5777 HUDSON, Henry John Launceston TAS AUS IRELAND ENG JACOBS, Aaron London ENG JACOBS, Charles London ENG JACOBS, Charles Lymington TAS AUS JAMES, William Hobart TAS AUS c JONES, Ann Braunton DEV ENG JONES, William Braunton DEV ENG KINDER Hertfordshire ENG KINDER TAS AUS KING, Simon CLA IRL KITSON, William Launceston TAS AUS LAMONT, Robert Rothesay SCT pre LAYTON, Fred John George Town TAS AUS LE FEVRE, Michael Pyengana TAS AUS? LENNON IRL c LOCKLEY TAS AUS LUCK Green Ponds TAS AUS 1800s 5777 LYON, Matthew YKS ENG MANSFIELD Longford TAS AUS MARNEY, John London Eng MARNEY, John Colebrook TAS AUS MAYNE, John Colebrook TAS AUS McARTHY, Eliza WAT IRL McCARTHY IRL All 5787 McGEE, John IRL McVILLY, Laura IRL MILES, Edward Hartfield SXX ENG MILES, Henry Hartfield SSX ENG MILES, Thomas Hartfield SSX ENG iv TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

248 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME PLACE/AREA TIME M SHIP NO. MILES, William Hartfield SSX ENG MONKS TAS AUS NEWBY Harrowgate ENG OATES, Charles Bentley YKS ENG pre OLIVER, Alice Codford WIL ENG PAGE, Amelia Huon area TAS AUS PALMER ENG PALMER, Wilfred Osborne Manchester ENG PARK Glasgow SCT PEEVER All All 5784 PETRIE, Gairden ENG, SCT, IRL or WLS PIERCE, John Green Ponds / Dysart TAS AUS PILLING, Charles Castle Forbes Bay, TAS AUS PORTER, Elizabeth Launceston TAS AUS PORTER, Samuel Launceston TAS AUS POULSON, Walter Cox Adelaide SA AUS PREST YKS ENG RANCE, Ellen Walthamstow LND ENG RANCE, Ellen Walthamstow LND ENG RAVENSCROFT, Frederick Manchester ENG RODMAN All All 5784 ROOKE HEF ENG ROOKE TAS AUS ROSS MLN SCT ROTHWELL, Edith Ormskirk ENG SALTMARSH TAS AUS All 5791 SAMS LND ENG SAMS BKM ENG SAMS TAS AUS SAMS NZ SARGENT, Elizabeth STS ENG c SAUNDERS, James ENG SAUNDERS, Richard Henry Blaenavon MON WLS pre SHEA, Matthew KER IRL SMITH TAS AUS SMITH, John Newcastle NBL ENG SMITH, John Marchington ENG SOLOMON, Judah Sheerness KEN ENG STONEHOUSE, Thomas Beaconsfield TAS AUS STUBBINGS, William All All 5788 SUTTON, Ada Sorrento VIC AUS TAIT, James Launceston TAS AUS TAIT, Mary Ann Launceston TAS AUS TAYLOR, James Devonport TAS AUS TAYLOR, James STS ENG c THETFORD, Alfred Islington MDX ENG THETFORD, Charles H Islington MDX ENG THETFORD, Edwin Islington MDX ENG THETFORD, Elizabeth Clerkenwell MDX ENG THOMPSON, Sarah Hobart TAS AUS THYER, Mary Ann Middlesex ENG TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002 v

249 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME PLACE/AREA TIME M SHIP NO. TOTTENHAM, Stanley LND ENG pre UNDERWOOD, Albert Southend-on-Sea ESS ENG 1800s 5795 UNDERWOOD, Albert Southend-on-Sea ESS ENG 1860s VERNON, Henry IRL WADDELL, John Launceston TAS AUS WADDELL, Margaret Launceston TAS AUS WALKER, Henry Richmond TAS AUS WALSH Thomas Patrick Westbury & Launceston TAS AUS WALSH, Chris James Westbury TAS AUS WALSH, Elizabeth Frances Westbury TAS AUS WALSH, Joseph John Westbury & Launceston TAS AUS WEBB, Judith Hobart TAS AUS WEBB, William Stowey SOM ENG WESTICOTT, Mary Ann Campania TAS AUS WHITE, Captain Joseph Hobart TAS AUS WILLIAMS, Joseph TAS WILLIAMS, Thomas TAS WILLIAMS, Thomas Green Ponds / Kempton TAS AUS WILSON, Margaret Ecclesmachan SCT c If you find a name in which you are interested, please note the membership number and check the New Members listing for the appropriate name and address. Please enclose a stamped self addressed envelope and don t forget to reply if you receive a SSAE. All names remain the property of the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. and will not be sold on in a data base. vi TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

250 NEW MEMBERS On behalf of the Society, a warm welcome is extended to the following new members MILES Mr Lee G 1 Bath Street BATTERY POINT TAS SHEA Mr Terence 262 Carella Street HOWRAH TAS SHEA Mrs Patricia 262 Carella Street HOWRAH TAS O'DWYER Ms Patricia 4 Monash Avenue BALWYN VIC GRIFFITHS Mrs Ellen PO Box 988 DEVONPORT TAS GRIFFITHS Mr David PO Box 988 DEVONPORT TAS TAYLOR Mr Robert 2 Waniora Street DEVONPORT TAS WALTON Mrs Sylvia Ivy House, Wheelock St Middlewick Cheshire, UK CW10 9AB 5752 GRUBB Mrs Margaret 125 Madden St DEVONPORT TAS JACOBS Mr Lindsay PO Box 245 MOWBRAY TAS PALMER Mr Graham 3 Nile Road EVANDALE TAS SPROULE Mrs Denise 14 Bird St BURNIE TAS SPROULE Mr Daryl 14 Bird St BURNIE TAS RUTHERFORD Mr Gerald 42A View Rd BURNIE TAS RUTHERFORD Mr Ben 42A View Rd BURNIE TAS AUBERT Mrs Heather 82 Princes St SANDY BAY TAS BARNES Mrs Bonnie 71 Pawleena Road SORELL TAS BENDER Miss Ann 75 Nelson Road SANDY BAY TAS DONNELLY Mr Phil 660 Nelson Rd MT NELSON TAS LONG Mrs Joan 19 Walker St ROSETTA TAS STANLEY Miss Katherine 5 Cameron St SOUTH HOBART TAS WHITE Mr Gerald 44 Carella S t HOWRAH TAS COSSTICK Mrs Carol 75 Valley Road DEVONPORT TAS SHEEHAN Mr Timothy PO Box 619 FORTH TAS LOCKLEY Mrs Dianne 391 Sandfly Road MARGATE TAS PREST Mr George 854 East Yolla Rd YOLLA TAS PREST Mrs Margaret 854 East Yolla Rd YOLLA TAS WILLIAMS G Graham 113 Jansens Rd SOUTH RIANA TAS HALSEY James 18 Parkhill Rd Blackwater Camberley SURREY UK GU17 0NB 5773 CAMPBELL Mr David 12 Neagarra St DODGES FERRY TAS 7173 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002 vii

251 NEW MEMBERS 5774 CAMPBELL Mrs Helen 12 Neagarra St DODGES FERRY TAS CRANFIELD Mrs Tammy 3 Volcanic Drive PONTVILLE TAS EMMETT Mr Reginald 725 Acton Rd ACTON PARK TAS FORSTER Karen PO Box 192 BRIGHTON TAS HANEL Elizabeth 103 Molle St WEST HOBART TAS HODGMAN Mr John 71 Leura St ROSNY TAS HODGMAN Mrs Jane 71 Leura St ROSNY TAS MCGEE Mr Alan 43 Nicholas Drive KINGSTON BEACH TAS MCGEE Mrs Suzanne 43 Nicholas Drive KINGSTON BEACH TAS MCLENNAN Mr Shane 2/20 Rosny Esplanade ROSNY TAS COUTTS Mrs Carol PO Box 359 JIMBOOMBA QLD CHITTY Mrs Yvonne 2/2c Delamere CrescentTREVALLYN TAS GRIFFIN Mr Robert Unit 4/ 23 Clyde St INVERMAY TAS MATHEWSON Johanne 433 Burnside Rd SCOTTSDALE TAS OATES Mr Clyde 145 Westwood St BRIDPORT TAS WARD Ms Jennifer PO Box 49 MEANDER TAS ROBINSON Mrs Julie Lissadell' Shop Lane Goulceby Louth LINCS UK LN11 9UW 5791 BRADLEY Mrs Dona 1 South St BRIDPORT TAS BRADLEY Mr Keven 1 South St BRIDPORT TAS PRINCE MS Sheridan Lightfoot 29 Esplanade SWAN POINT TAS SAUNDERS Mr Jean 7 St Albans Court GRINDELWALD TAS BEVILACQUA Mrs Christine 56 Corinth St HOWRAH TAS BRIGGS Mrs Barbara 19/13 St Canice Av SANDY BAY TAS CROSS Mr Leaver 148 Black Snake Lane GRANTON TAS GOURLAY Susan 320 Sandy Bay Road SANDY BAY TAS WALKER Mrs Marion 27 Salacia Ave HOWRAH TAS 7018 CHANGE OF DETAILS/CORRECTIONS 1861 SHORT Mr Wally PO Box 236 MOONAH TAS MESECKE Coralie 4880 RILEY Mr Christopher 5153 STEWART Mrs Patricia 37 Allunga Rd CHIGWELL TAS STAGGARD Mrs Mary viii TASMANIAN ANCESTRY December 2002

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253 TASMANIAN FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC. formerly Genealogical Society of Tasmania PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania 7250 State Secretary: Home Page: Patron: Dr Alison Alexander Fellows: Neil Chick, David Harris and Denise McNeice Executive: President Peter Cocker (03) Vice President Anita Swan (03) Vice President Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Executive Secretary Miss Muriel Bissett (03) Executive Treasurer Miss Betty Bissett (03) Committee: Judy Cocker Rosemary Davidson David Harris FTFHS Isobel Harris John Gillham Libby Gillham Peter Holloway Mr Alan Leighton Beverley Richardson Helen Stuart By-laws Officer Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) eheritage Co-ordinator Peter Cocker (03) Exchange Journal Coordinator Thelma McKay (03) Home Page (State) Webmaster Peter Cocker (03) Journal Editor Leonie Mickleborough (03) Journal Despatcher Leo Prior (03) LWFHA Coordinator Anita Swan (03) Members Interests Compiler John Gillham (03) Membership Registrar Judy Cocker (03) Projects & Publications Coord. Rosemary Davidson (03) Public Officer Denise McNeice FTFHS (03) Registrar General BDL Coord. Colleen Read (03) Research Coordinator Mrs Kaye Stewart (03) State Sales Officer Mrs Pat Harris (03) Branches of the Society Burnie: PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania 7320 Devonport: PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania 7310 Hobart: GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania 7001 Huon: PO Box 117 Huonville Tasmania 7109 Launceston: PO Box 1290 Launceston Tasmania 7250

254 Volume 23 Number 4 March 2003 ISSN Contents Editorial President s Message Branch News Privacy Act Records of Displaced Persons National Archives of Australia, Kerri Ward Anthony Fenn Kemp: A New Appraisal, P. B. Edwards Sad Irish Connections, Leon Hugh O Donnell Queries, New Members Interests and New Members Insert Annual General Meeting Notice Insert The Long Journey Home: Clan Macfarlane Loch Lomond, Glenda Mason Names, submitted by Allen Wilson Soldiers Walk, Queens Domain, Hobart Weights and Measures 1849, submitted by David Hodgson Letter to the Editor Bruny Island Historical Society Variety Bay Project, Kathy Duncombe Ride Family Gathering notice Lost, Stolen or Strayed and Found! Genes on Screen, Vee Maddock Tasmaniana Library, State Library of Tasmania, New Acquisitions From the Exchange Journals, Thelma McKay Book Reviews Coming Events Library Notes Society Sales New Branch Publications Deadline dates for contributions: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October

255 Editorial My request for articles for the journal has happily brought several responses, some of which you will find in this issue. We would like to make the September issue one with a sporting theme, and towards that aim, I would appreciate an early indication from members who think they will be able to contribute an article, whatever length. This journal continues with a wide range of articles, and it is hoped that each member will find much of interest. The article on Anthony Fenn Kemp is an example of the extensive research that some of our members undertake, whilst the list of soldiers who had a memorial tree planted in their honour bears reflection. Such wide diversification is borne out by the very welcome letter to the editor, and the many s expressing satisfaction with the journal. The article on the Variety Bay Project is just one illustration of the many and varied achievements of volunteers. The successful and extensive work of a dedicated group on Bruny Island has culminated in stabilising an historic church for future generations. On page 211 there is a brief article from our President concerning the Privacy Act. It is important that we all take particular note of his request. Happy reading. Leonie Mickleborough Journal Committee Leonie Mickleborough Rosemary Davidson, Jeannine Connors, David Hodgson, Charles Hunt, Vee Maddock, Denise McNeice, Cynthia O Neill, Leo Prior, Kate Ramsay and Colleen Read. Journal address PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania 7250 or Articles are welcomed in any format handwritten, typed or word processed, on disk, on CD Rom, or by . Disks and photographs will be returned on request. Deadline dates are: 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October The opinions expressed in this journal are not necessarily those of the editorial committee nor of the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. Responsibility rests with the author of a submitted article and we do not intentionally print inaccurate information. The society cannot vouch for the accuracy of offers for services or goods that appear in the journal, or be responsible for the outcome of any contract entered into with an advertiser. The editor reserves the right to edit, abridge or reject material. If you wish to contact the author of an article in Tasmanian Ancestry please write care of the editor, enclosing a stamped envelope and your letter will be forwarded. The contents of Tasmanian Ancestry are subject to the provisions of the Copyright Act and may not be reproduced without written permission of the editor and author. Cover: Meagher s cottage, Lake Sorell, Tasmania, drawn by John Mitchell. See Sad Irish Connections page TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

256 PRESIDENT S MESSAGE I trust everyone had an enjoyable Christmas and a good start to the New Year. All branches have had their branch libraries open for a month or so for the start of It is probably an opportune time to check through your branch holdings to see if you have any records that may be in conflict with the Privacy Act. The changes to the Act have been in place since December 2001, and may have a huge impact on our Society. Unfortunately it is very difficult to get clarification as to exactly what information we may keep that is accessible to the general public, either in the form of publications or in branch holdings. As best that can be interpreted from the Act, any details of living people cannot be made available to other persons unless written permission has been given. Family history information that branches publish or may acquire as from 2002 must not contain details of living persons, unless this permission has been granted. The State Executive will continue to pursue this matter, and branches will be advised on details as they become available. Our two big projects are continuing. The eheritage project is well under way with all TAMIOT data now uploaded onto each respective branch computer. Headstones are being photographed and the images added into the database. All the records from our branches plus the records from the other 24 societies involved in the project can now be viewed online at A couple of tips for photographing hardto-read-inscriptions: try sponging the headstone with clean water. Often the lettering will be the last to dry and become clearer, and dusting with talcum powder is worth trying. It may work well on grey granite headstones. Our BDM Indexing project with the Registrar General s Department is about to start with a pilot group in the south. Initially it is anticipated that all Indexes of BDMs be transcribed up to Thanks to Colleen Read for her role as coordinator for this project. Next year Tasmania will be celebrating its bicentennial. The government is planning a whole range of activities, and has allocated money to be made available to individuals, societies and other interested parties for financing worthwhile projects/activities. Our society will be involved with the celebrations. I would ask you to consider what project or activity you think is worthwhile, and pass on to your branch delegates so that it may be considered. Most of us are aware of the huge amount of material now available on the Internet. Just because a search did not turn up anything last month, do not despair, as when I have used the same search criteria a few weeks later, new sites have turned up. The amount of material being added is increasing daily. As the Internet makes family history research easier, our society may suffer as members tend to drift away. Our society must remain exciting and interesting for all members. If you have any ideas about what we should be offering please advise your branch committee. Some overseas history societies have put in broadband highspeed Internet facilities for their members. You can download megabytes of information in seconds rather than six minutes per mb. Peter Cocker TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

257 BRANCH NEWS Burnie geneal/burnbranch.htm President Vernice Dudman (03) Secretary Peter Holloway (03) PO Box 748 Burnie Tasmania A big thank you to our library volunteers who report regularly to do duty and assist researchers who visit our library. They are the life-blood of our Society and we would be lost without their assistance. In December last, our library coordinators, Judy and Elaine, held a thank you morning tea for our members who have assisted in library duty in the past year. I urge any member who wishes to assist us as a duty librarian during this year to contact Judy or Elaine. Once again we are coming up to branch elections and I ask all members to give consideration to standing for election to the branch committee. Our monthly meetings commenced in February, and the next meeting will be on 18 March. The next day meeting will be on 3 March. Devonport President David Harris (03) Secretary Elaine Garwood (03) PO Box 587 Devonport Tasmania The last few weeks of 2002 was a busy time with not only our usual Christmas break-up evening which included competitions and supper, the drawing of the major raffle and a counter meal for members and friends, but also the removal of the entire Library contents to temporary premises. During the holiday break, another move took place to our new rooms which are brighter and more roomy. The Library is now located on the second floor of Day s Building in rooms 37, 38 and 39. Access to the second floor is via the lift or the stairs. The lift is staffed by an operator and is available at all times during our opening hours. It is anticipated there will now be two Library Assistants on duty and therefore it has been found necessary to open the Library on two days each week. The Library will be open each Tuesday and Thursday from a.m. until 4.00 p.m. The first activity for the new year was an outing to Deloraine. After a meal at Scooters Restaurant, members proceeded to the Deloraine Museum for a guided tour. Two new publications have been completed. The fifth volume of the In Loving Memory series was launched at the January meeting held at Deloraine. This volume covers the cemeteries at 208 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

258 Forth. The other publication which is due to be released in April or May, is the first book in a new series entitled A Cemetery That Was Mersey Bluff Pioneer Cemetery. Hobart President Beverley Richardson (03) Secretary Cynthia O Neill (03) or GPO Box 640 Hobart Tasmania This year will see some changes to our branch organisation. Cynthia O Neill as secretary has given outstanding service to the branch, willingly taking on many tasks which have made the branch operate more efficiently and effectively, but this has meant her workload has grown enormously. To help Cynthia, a New Members Liaison Office and a Media Liaison Officer will be appointed. Maurice Appleyard s title has been changed from Librarian to Branch Resource Manager, to more correctly reflect his role, and Marjorie Jacklyn will become the Librarian. There will be no change to their present duties. As day meetings have proved popular and attracted members who cannot attend night meetings, we will continue them, each meeting being at a different location. We no longer pay for the hire of a venue for the WISE meetings and so the Branch Committee has decided to waive the membership fee for After the success of last year s courses for beginners, we will run these courses again, but with a limit of 40 people. Maree Ring and Dianne Snowden have kindly agreed to assist with the courses. Many people would like to write their family histories but are unsure how to begin, and fear the difficulties that they may have to face. The wealth of knowledge among our members could help those who want to begin writing. To meet this perceived need, and to provide information and support, an informal Family History Writers Group will meet on 17 April at 2.00 p.m. at our Library. If successful, it will be a regular event. There will also be a series of workshops for library assistants to familiarise them with the library s extensive range of Australian and overseas resources. Joyce Purtscher has indexed the Grangegorman records, which are on long-term loan from Marianne and Richard Davis. This will be a great help to those tracing Irish convict women (see Tasmanian Ancestry Volume 23 Number 2, September 2002, pages 97 98). The Family History Competition for Schools will be run in Term 1. The competition will include all southern schools. The Huon Branch is joining with us in this project. We were very pleased with the response to our call for volunteers, but we still need assistance with library duty, indexing library books, and photographing headstones. It is not necessary for you to be an expert, as training will be given for each task. If you can help, could you please phone or the President. Any members who would like to receive our regular newsletter by should contact the Secretary at TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

259 General Meetings: Rosny Library Bligh Street Rosny Park 3 rd Tuesday in the month (except December and January) 8.00 p.m. 18 March: Beverley Richardson, Royal Derwent Hospital: A personal perspective 15 April: Major John McMahon, Largest Military Execution in Australian History 20 May: Eve Mills, A Tasmanian Aboriginal History 17 June: Janet Fenton, Growing up out of town Day meetings: Kingborough Council Chambers, Kingston, 13 March 2.00 p.m. Thelma McKay, Researching Land Records Further meetings are planned for 12 June (possibly at Sandy Bay), and 2 September (possibly at Sorell). Computer Users Group: Branch Library 4 th Wednesday of the month, 7.30 p.m. WISE (Wales, Ireland, Scotland and England) Interest Group: Branch Library 1 st Sunday of February, May, August, November 2.00 p.m. Family History Writers Group: Branch Library 3 rd Thursday in the month, 2.00 p.m. starting in April Huon President Betty Fletcher (03) Secretary Libby Gillham (03) PO Box 117 Huonville TAS Following the Christmas break the branch is looking forward to working on the eheritage project. The project will be much easier due to the generosity of a member who has for the last year been photographing all head stones in the local cemeteries, and is making the photos available to the branch. Meetings and library opening days will commence in February. Launceston launcestongensoc President: Anita Swan (03) Secretary Muriel Bissett Phone/Fax (03) PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS On Saturday 7 December we met for a delicious Christmas luncheon at Abel Tasman Motor Inn. A highlight of the gathering was the presentation of Branch Certificates of Appreciation to Anita Swan and Alan Leighton. Anita has been our president for the past three years and during this time has given freely of her time and expertise. Features of her time in office have been fostering a closer relationship with the BIG members and taking an active role in each of the subcommittees that are necessary to make 210 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

260 the branch function efficiently. Congratulations to Anita for this year wearing the additional hat of State Vice President. Alan has served on the executive committee since 1995, holding the positions of Vice President, Treasurer and Alternate State Delegate and presently State Delegate. He makes the valuable contribution of maintaining the microfiche/film readers for both our Library and for the LDS library, and we are grateful also that Alan always makes himself available for advice on business and maintenance matters connected with the running of the branch. I must not forget Cindy and Tom I m sure those who sat through the skit will not. Cindy and Tom appeared and not content with their invitation, invited Sis, Sissy, their fairy Godfather and to top it off, a Producer! Congratulations to those who were brave enough to present this hilarious comedy! Library duty: are you interested in participating and learning more? Training sessions are being provided. Contact Barrie Robinson on Research: volunteers would be appreciated to help Marie. Programme Tuesday 15 April: 2 p.m: The British Interest Group meet at Windmill Hill Memorial Hall. Tuesday 22 April: 7 p.m: Launceston Branch Annual General Meeting at 2 Taylor St. Saturday 21 June: 10 a.m: Morning Tea & Registration at Quercus Rural Youth Park, prior to the speakers associated with the State AGM. See the centre page brochure for application form and full details of the Saturday and Sunday programme. Tuesday 24 June: 7 p.m: to be advised. PRIVACY ACT O N the Society s membership forms for this current year an additional option was included in the form of two boxes, of which one was required to be ticked. The option would then indicate if the member authorised the publication of their contact details in Tasmanian Ancestry. This was included so that we complied with the requirements under the Privacy Act. If we receive a renewal form or a new application form with neither option selected, the Society will not publish details of that member in Tasmanian Ancestry until advised otherwise If research interests have been filled out on the back of the form, but the box on the front of the form has not been ticked, then we cannot publish your contact details. If you have renewed your membership for and you are not sure whether or not you ticked the box (several forms received so far have neither box ticked), would you please advise in writing to the Membership Registrar indicating whether or not you give permission for your contact details to be published in Tasmanian Ancestry. Please address to either: Membership Registrar PO Box 191 Launceston TAS 7250 or Peter Cocker President TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

261 RECORDS OF DISPLACED PERSONS HELD BY THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF AUSTRALIA Kerri Ward I F you have a relative who migrated to Australia from Eastern Europe between 1947 and 1953, there is a good chance that they arrived under the Displaced Persons Scheme. At the end of the Second World War, thousands of people from all over Europe found themselves dispossessed and far from their homeland. Most were in Germany itself, many having been brought from occupied countries as labourers for German industry. They were unable or unwilling to return to their homeland (mainly Poland, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, as well as Hungary, Czechoslovakia, the Ukraine and Yugoslavia) because of occupation by military forces of the USSR. These people came under the administration and care of the International Refugee Organization (IRO). They were screened to establish their refugee status and for health concerns. They were then given the status of displaced person and housed in camps in Germany, Italy and Austria awaiting resettlement. On 21 July 1947, the Commonwealth Government entered into an agreement with the IRO covering the resettlement of many of these displaced persons in Australia. The agreement resulted in Australia s first major planned intake of non-british immigrants and perhaps the beginning of Australian multiculturalism. In the years between 1947 and 1953 approximately 170,700 displaced persons were brought to Australia, most travelling by ship, some by plane from Germany and Italy, although a small number travelled via China and the Philippines. As part of their registration and acceptance under the IRO scheme each person had to complete two forms, i.e. 1. A screening card which recorded the displaced person s name, date of birth, sex, nationality, educational standard, fluency of languages, IRO eligibility, address of relative in Australia, religion, particulars of dependents, civil offences, literacy test, date of arrival at the processing centre and from where, the reason for coming to the centre, employment in the past and suggested employment, signed undertaking, acceptance, and signature of selection officer. 2. The International Refugee Organisation Medical Examination Form which included the displaced person s name, date of birth, colour of eyes and hair, weight, height, name of camp and location, place of birth, passport photograph, signature and a medical questionnaire including x-ray negative. Other records that were sometimes (but not always) included were copies of interviews held with IRO officers, application for IRO assistance, various IRO resettlement forms, good conduct statements, certificates of identity and sometimes correspondence written by the displaced persons themselves. 212 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

262 THE DISPLACED PERSON S PROJECT The National Archives of Australia has preserved all this documentation, which includes information for virtually every displaced person. However, until recently, it was very difficult to locate the documentation for individual displaced persons. The documentation had been received from the Department of Immigration at various times and in various states of disorder. To access the documentation, a researcher needed to know the name of the ship and the date of the voyage. The aim of the DP (Displaced Persons) project has been to the enter the documentation for every displaced person onto the Archives online catalogue RecordSearch and, in addition, to repackage all of this documentation into archival quality containers to ensure its long term preservation. As these records had been transferred to the Archives with no uniform system of control, it was necessary for us to impose one. We began by allocating a specific reference (or series) number to every voyage or flight. That way we have a unique reference for each group of displaced persons who travelled together on the same ship or aircraft. A typical series looks like this: A11522, Migrant selection documents for displaced persons who travelled to Australia per Castelbianco departing Naples 18 February 1949 For each voyage or flight the Department of Immigration compiled a nominal roll. Since the correspondence records of the Department indicate that it was standard practice to refer to individual displaced persons by their nominal roll number the Archives adopted this same number as the basic reference for these records. The nominal roll number is thus the basic control symbol for each entry in RecordSearch. Where a succession of persons listed on the nominal roll constituted a family group, the documents for each of those persons have been housed together in the one folder. They constitute one item and are represented by one entry in RecordSearch, the control symbol in this case being a range of numbers, not a single number. For example, a control symbol of indicates a family group of five people with nominal roll numbers 112, 113, 114, 115 and 116. Names and dates of birth of each person appear in the title for that entry. The information that has been entered onto RecordSearch includes the full name and date of birth in the following format for a single person: BALODIS Ilmars 9 October 1924, and for a family: BALODIS Jekabs born 11 September 1906; Lidija born 22 March 1910; Ruta born 1 January It often happened that there were some vacancies at the last minute due to selected persons being unable to travel, usually due to ill health. These vacancies were filled by taking people from a pool of reserves. The reserves were added to the end of the nominal roll and numbered in a new sequence with an R [reserve] prefix. FINDING THE DOCUMENTATION FOR A DISPLACED PERSON As part of this project we have identified 175 voyages and 28 airflights covering the period from 1947 to 1953 and entered individual items relating to each ship or flight on RecordSearch. Now that the listing and reboxing of all displaced persons documentation is almost complete, it is a straightforward task to find the documentation for a TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

263 particular person. All you have to do is log on to the Archives website ( go to RecordSearch and then enter the surname and first name under the heading Keywords. However, you should be aware that the records themselves sometimes contain variations in the spelling of names. We have attempted to cover all spelling variations on RecordSearch, and are still checking to ensure all variations have been included. Even so, you may need to use your imagination and try different searches if you cannot find the record you want on your first attempt. You may also find other records relating to your family by doing a name keyword search on RecordSearch. SEEING THE RECORDS Once you have found the relevant reference number, you can access the records in several ways. If you wish to see the original record, you will need to visit our reading room in Canberra. You can however, request a photocopy for a fee, or request a digital copy which will be loaded to our website at no charge. As most of these records have not previously been released to the public, there may be some delay while the Archives examines them to ensure that they do not contain information of continuing personal sensitivity. We recommend that you contact the national reference service at least a week before you visit to ensure the records will be available for you to view when you arrive. National Archives website: National Reference contact details Tel: Fax: TTY: (02) WHAT IS LEFT TO DO? The final phase of the project consists of merging and intersorting several runs of separated documents back into their original order. This process involves a lot of careful checking and re-checking to ensure that the documents are matched with the correct individual or family s records. By the time you receive this journal, we will have restored all of these documents to their original nominal roll order within a complete series for each voyage. We are planning several future activities to celebrate the completion of this project. If you would like to be advised of these events and/or share your stories about displaced persons please contact Kerri Ward at the National Archives of Australia on (02) or Kerri Ward Project Officer Collection Development National Archives of Australia PO Box 7425 Canberra BC ACT TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

264 ANTHONY FENN KEMP A NEW APPRAISAL P. B. Edwards* (Member No. 3329) SUMMARY New information fills in many gaps in our knowledge of Anthony Fenn KEMP and his family, and reveals more about his strange, unstable personality. The bogus nature of his first Marriage and the fact that the first two of his eighteen children were ex-nuptial was dealt with in the author s 1994 book. 1 In June 2001, an article Kemp & Potter 2 by Nicholas SHAKESPEARE ** who is considered one of the best British writers of his generation 3 showed other aspects of Kemp s character. Shakespeare holds Potter family papers from the periods 1789 to 1791, and 1811 to They came from the estate of his grandmother, the last of the POTTERs by name. There are many letters to and from William Potter, the second husband of Kemp s sister, Amy Elizabeth, the widow of Henry HIGHAM, chymist, of The Haymarket, London. 4 Potter became the partner of Antony 5 Facer Kemp, a brandy and wine merchant, of 87 Aldgate, London. After a period of unspecified early vice and infamy, 6 Anthony Fenn Kemp disappeared as a penniless refugee on the continent (and possibly America) for nearly two years. On his return, he apparently declined a partnership with his father, and on 24 July somehow acquired an Ensign s commission *** in the 102 nd Regiment (The New South Wales Corps). Kemp s reputation and character are not enhanced by the new findings rather very much to the contrary and it will be shown that he was The Great Escaper. On many occasions he escaped from situations of his own making, generally without penalties, thinking only of himself and not of the effect his actions had on others THE PRODIGAL YOUTH Anthony Fenn Kemp was born on 16 December and christened at St Botolph s Without Aldgate on 16 January According to J. E. CALDER, he was educated at the well-known school of Dr JAMES in Greenwich where he acquired a taste for the belles lettres, which never forsook him. 10 Kemp and Kemp state he was educated at Greenwich by Dr KNOX. 11 Kemp s education ended before he was fifteen and was probably at the pre-matriculation level in today s terms. It is entirely possible that he could quote odds and ends from the classics as mentioned by Calder. 12 (So can the author whose formal Latin studies also, ended at the tender age of fifteen.) I deem that Kemp had a limited education, which may have been well suited to his lowly position as a junior clerk in his father s business. Two and a half years after he left school, in mid 1791, Kemp was so impecunious that he borrowed twelve crowns ( 3?) from one F. PAGE. Kemp acknowledged the debt but refused to pay it. Instead he paid some poor type of woman to go to Page s coffee house and denigrate Page s character. There is a rather convoluted undated letter in the Potter Papers from F. Page to Kemp Jnr, Tobacconist, Aldgate. It seems to have been written mid 1791 and on its reverse is written First Elopement. Quotes from the letter are: It is now too late to deny that I have a TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

265 claim on you, for your first letter says You are very sorry to inform me that it is not in your power to pay me at present & as the debt is small, you hope that it will make no difference to me. This is followed by a request: That I will not send any more letters, as you fear if your father should see them he will not pay me a farthing. These words contain d in letters now before me, (& which I most carefully preserve, to produce if occasion should require), fully establish that you are my debtor. And I judge too highly of your father to believe he would oppose your payment of a claim, besides which I think too well of yourself to suppose you are quite serious, when under your hand you report so unfavourably of your parent, to whom I would not willingly refer our difference. Mr. Kemp, I had not the leisure till just now to call at B way for your reply to my letter, and was much astonished to hear that a very shabby, insolent low-bred woman had been there from whose conversation they understood she came from the writer of that letter, and desired me to mention his Name, that they might know who commissioned any wretch to utter impertinences in a Coffee House of the first rank. 13 Kemp fled to Margate to escape from Page and his other creditors and from his father s wrath caused by his profligacy, stated as his early vice and infamy. This is revealed in a letter to him from his father. 14 Son, Already complaints having been brought me of your endeavours to procure cloths of Mr. Chapman, with money both of Mr. Shiddy and Mr Griffiths (whose wife you have obtained a guinea from), it is become necessary, now that you are without money credit, that you should reflect upon your situation your early vice and infamy has placed you in, & lament the grief and sufferings you endure whilst you continue to reject the use of that reason given you to restrain the violence of your guilty passions. If your present distress has brought to you a due sense of your evil conduct, and you can return with all compunction and sincere resolution, making ample confession of your faults, upon these terms your return home will be welcome to your father and mother, and you may return with Captain Kidd. If this overture is rejected, I shall take speedy and effective public measures to prevent further injury. Yours, A. Kemp. Kemp replied, making a tongue in cheek apology to his parents for his past conduct. He refused his father s offer of reconciliation and quite arrogantly detailed how he felt and what he intended doing. He then fled to France, which action was, it is assumed, his First Elopement. To Mr. Kemp, 87 Aldgate, Hon. Sir and Madam, I duly receiv d yours and mark the contents, and humbly ask forgiveness of my past conduct, but can never think of returning home to make any stay for many reasons. I shall be happy to embrace an opportunity of going out as clerk to some merchant abroad, and am in some expectation of going to Ostend. I mark you say. If your present distress has brought you to a true sense of your evil conduct and you can return with compunction and sincere resolution of amendment, making ample confession of your faults, your return home will be welcome. Behold my reply! At present I am not sensible of what distress is, nor pray God I ever shall, and as to returning with compunction, I hope when I do come, I may. You mention 216 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

266 about advertising me in the print which will be no manner of service, as there is a packet sails every week to Ostend, which I shall certainly embark in should that be the case. If I have said anything by any means unpleasant, I hope you will excuse it. Mr. King, Attorney at law will bring you this. Pray give my duty to my mother. Your affectionate son, Anthony Kemp 15 Kemp s movements and actions from September 1791 until July 1793 when he obtained his commission, are quite unclear, the little that is known coming from J.E. Calder reporting on talks he had with an ageing Kemp in his nineties. 16 Kemp said he was in France during the most stormy period of the Great Revolution, when he was an involuntary witness of some of the wildest excesses of that period of anarchy. 17 He walked through a country in mid-revolution and in Liege was dancing the Marsellaise around the cap of Liberty. 18 Kemp asserted he spent the next year in America as a pleasure seeking traveller and that he had a brief, if unlikely, meeting with the only man he ever admired, George Washington, at his property in South Carolina where he had the honour of dining with General Washington. 19 This last statement rang an alarm bell in the author s mind, and rightly so, because Mount Vernon, Washington s property is in West Virginia, not South Carolina. 20 Kemp s assertions about his travels in France and America may or may not be true. It is difficult to believe that a penniless refugee from England could find the means to travel as much as he said he did. And as for meeting and dining with George Washington, I take that with a grain of salt. Washington was so busy with presidential duties in the capital that he often greatly regretted rarely having the time to undertake the long ride to his home and a penniless young Englishman would hardly have been welcome so soon after the American Revolution. 21 The conclusion to be drawn from what is now known about the first twenty years of Kemp s life is that he showed very early signs of mental instability, of lack of honesty and of complete disregard for everyone but himself SOLDIER/MERCHANT & MISS CRAWFORD Kemp, presumably, did some army training before leaving for Australia. An arrival date at Sydney Cove on 13 June 1795 on the Coramandel is shown on his record sheet, 22 but this is obviously wrong and is a duplication of his second arrival in He was on HMS Reliance with incoming Governor HUNTER, 24 arriving on 7 September His stay at Sydney was brief, for in October he went to Norfolk Island on HMS Supply, arriving on 31 October. 26 Nothing is known about his stay on the island and he is not mentioned in Lieut- Governor P.G. KING s Second Journal, He returned to Sydney on the schooner Francis, arriving on 13 November In March 1797, Kemp achieved the rank of Lieutenant. 28 Whether this was by purchase or promotion is unknown, probably the latter, automatically, due to satisfactory service on Norfolk Island and nearly four years in the most junior officer s rank. On 18 October 1799 he was granted a lease on a town lot which is now known as The Golden Corner and built a shop thereon. 29 A map, Early Sydney, : The Principal Residents, names this as belonging to Kemp, and shows TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

267 two buildings, one presumably a dwelling and the other a shop. 30 About September 1799 he had an affair with Judith SIMPSON, a convict, who became pregnant. 31 His record sheet shows he was then detached to Lieut.- Col. Paterson at Parramatta, where he remained until late On 4 June 1800 Emily Eliza Fenn Kemp was born at Parramatta 33 and on the same day her mother received a remittance of the balance of her sentence, thus: I, John Hunter Esquire, Captain General and Governor in Chief in and over the said territory of New South Wales and its dependencies, in consequence of the Decent Deportment and Good Conduct of Judith Simpson as represented to me by Several Officers of the Colony, Civil and Military, do hereby Absolutely Remit the Short Remainder of Her Term or Time which is yet unexpired of Her Original Sentence or Order of Transportation passed on the said Judith Simpson in November One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety Four. Given under My Hand and Seal of the Territory, at Sydney, in New South Wales, this Fourth Day of June in the Year of our Lord, One Thousand and Eight Hundred. (Signed) JNO Hunter. 34 Governor Hunter must have been hard pressured; firstly to grant an absolute pardon for the short remainder of her term or time which, at eighteen months, was not exactly a short remainder of a seven year sentence; and secondly for Simpson to get a much sought after berth on one of the rare sailings for England. It must have been Kemp, presuming on his acquaintance with Hunter on the voyage from England in 1795, and aided by his friend, PATERSON, who applied the pressure, representing Simpson as essential to his scheme for taking his daughter to his people in England. Lieutenant Anthony Fenn Kemp London, 1801 By kind permission of Professor Murray Kemp Anthony Fenn Kemp, Junior, died on 22 December 1824 aged 23 years and six weeks. 35 He was, therefore, born about 31 October 1801, and must have been conceived aboard the HMS Buffalo, which left Sydney for England via Norfolk Island on 21 October with Kemp, his mistress and his daughter on board. In the 1822 muster, Kemp Junior is stated to be the son of Judith Simpson. 37 Unlike P.G. King who acknowledged his two children by Ann INNETT (and they were accepted by his wife), Kemp did not have enough courage to acknowledge his two children by Judith Simpson. Instead, he set about inventing a Miss CRAW- FORD and sent his cousin, Captain Tom SECCOMBE, to his father with a letter dated 19 January 1802 about her. His father was not interested, and told Seccombe to tell Kemp to do as he pleased. 38 It is certain that the Miss Crawford episode was deliberately concocted by Kemp. But she didn t 218 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

268 come on the scene until after the two children supposed to be hers were born. On 18 November 1801, Kemp purchased his Captaincy v(ice) Rowley retired, 39 and on 24 December he drew 365 days pay in advance (to 24 December 1802) on your embarkation to join the Corps in New South Wales. 40 Kemp made out a Power of Attorney dated 29 December 1801 in favour of his brother in law, Francis HEASLOP, and Mr John ROSS of Gray s Inn, to receive Kemp s pay, but it wasn t produced until 12 April 1803, after which date Heaslop drew all the pay except minor allowances. 41 Doubtless this was to be used towards the maintenance of his daughter, Emily, who was left in London, in the charge of Kemp s sister, Amy Elizabeth. At some time between the arrival of the Buffalo and his buying his Captaincy, Kemp had his portrait painted in miniature. He is in lieutenant s uniform. The initials JTB appear on the portrait, representing John Thomas BARBER ( ). Barber exhibited at the Royal Academy during the period and was miniature painter to the Dukes of Kent and York. The painting apparently belonged to Emily Kemp who married Captain John Alexander HUNTER. Emily s daughter, Louisa, took the miniature to England and it remained in the possession of the de HAMEL family, into which Louisa married, until the last de Hamel, Claire, died about She bequeathed it to Professor Murray KEMP, a distant cousin. 42 Mrs Elizabeth Kemp Possibly London, circa 1813 By kind permission of Mrs Zelda Dick On 18 February 1802, Kemp left Spithead on the Coramandel, which was carrying prisoners, and reached Sydney June The muster roll covering the period 25 May to 24 June 1802 confirms this, stating Kemp joined from England vice Rowley. 44 It is of interest to note here that at the head of the first sheet of Kemp s record is written A notorious bully THE RUM REBEL The Reverend Samuel MARSDEN married Kemp and 16- year old Elizabeth RILEY at Sydney on 25 July 1802, by special licence issued by Governor P.G. KING. 46 He met, wooed and married her in undue haste (a maximum of six weeks), and could not have known her before her arrival at Sydney on 26 June The probable reason for the hasty marriage was the imminent arrival of exconvict, Judith Simpson and his son, with whom he did not want to be associated. On 17 September 1802 Kemp was made a Master Mason on board the French corvette, Le Naturaliste, by a Triangle in accordance with customary French practice, consisting of Bros St Cricq, Bellasis and Bellefin. He was passed through the three lowest degrees (Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason), but was not entered into the eighteenth degree of Masonry in the Grand Orient system, namely the Rose Croix, as has been previously thought. 47 Just before this event, Kemp had been spreading rumours about Lieutenant TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

269 Jacques LACROIX and other French officers selling spirits, 800 gallons of which had been supplied to the expedition for its own consumption. He had done this in a fit of pique because he had wanted the spirits for his own nefarious practices. The French officers made satisfactory explanations to Governor King, but they were very annoyed, hinting at demanding personal satisfaction of Captain Kemp for injury to their honour. Kemp hastily backed down and apologised to them in writing. That his apology was accepted seems to be proved by Kemp s admission to their Masonic circle soon afterwards. No record has been found of Kemp ever attending a Masonic meeting or practising Masonry, which proves that his entry into Masonry was done to save his own hide. 48 Kemp and Governor King were soon at loggerheads. King s main mission was to stamp out the hold that the officers of the NSW Corps had on the trade in spirits in the colony. Kemp had been made Acting Paymaster of the Corps and was making large profits from his shop on The Golden Corner. He was first on board ships that entered harbour, bought their cargoes of spirits with a combination of promissory notes drawn on Kemp & Potter and the Treasury Bills with which he was supposed to pay the Regiment, then sold the spirits for huge profits. Kemp was not alone in his unscrupulous trading, but was probably the best operator, and his efforts were foremost in earning the Regiment the name of The Rum Corps. 49 Kemp continued to harass Governor King. He spread further rumours about BAUDIN s expedition that were entirely without foundation and then issued a Pipe containing two verses of doggerel 50 and some drawings of King, some of which found their way into King s hands. EPITAPH 51 Dejected, here forlorn, by all despised Of every human turpitude possest He sinks beneath those sins, to none disguised, A wretch to whom all pity is bereft. Two years or more triumphant did he reign And practised deeds Ah! horrid to relate Tyrannical, unjust, oppressive, not to name Such cruel acts as savages outshame To every law he, boasting, did defiance, Made local laws to suit his own occasion; On honest men he never placed reliance, 52 As fools and rogues are open to persuasion Deluded wretch, whose acts so basely tend, Who envies happiness that springs from vice, 53 Whose vile career was far too vile to mend Who knows no joy beyond a sacrifice. Satan, his friend, the sneaking cur unfurled, Who cheated friend and foe and all deceived, And to the hottest flames who, soon was hurled The royal mandate being thus decreed. EXTEMPORE ALLEGRO My power to make great O er the laws and the state Commander-in-Chief I ll assume; Local rank, I persist, Is in my own fist, To doubt it who dare shall presume. On Monday keep shop 54 In two hours time stop, To relax from such kingly fatigue, To pillage the store And rob Government more Than a host of good thieves by intrigue. 220 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

270 For infamous acts from birth I d an itch My fate I foretold but too sure; Tho a rope I deserved, which is justly my due, I shall actually die in a ditch And be damned! King was so furious that he arrested Kemp and brought him before a court martial, which was a farce because the members were all Kemp s cronies from the Rum Corps. So Kemp was acquitted. But Governor King had the last laugh. He had been urged by the Colonial Office to start a settlement in northern Van Diemen s Land, so on 15 October 1804 King left his sick bed to farewell a colonising expedition led by Lieut-Col Paterson, with Kemp as second in command. The Governor must have been extremely pleased to see the back of both Paterson and Kemp, as he signalled their departure with an eleven-gun salute. King had rid Sydney of Kemp for almost three years. Paterson s choice of the settlement site was poor. Not only was the soil poor and the water supply meagre, but it was several miles from the nearest ship s anchorage. In August 1805 Paterson went to Sydney, leaving Kemp in charge as Acting Lieutenant-Governor, a position he held for some eight months until Paterson returned. The settlement was desperately short of food, so much so that in February 1805, Kemp sent the harbour master and four men to sail a long boat the seven hundred miles to Sydney for help. The boat crew was never heard from again. In the same month, he sent an expedition under Lieutenant LAYCOCK to Hobart Town also to ask for help, which was denied because the southern settlement was in the same food shortage predicament. As a last resort, Kemp armed convicts and sent them hunting for game. Some of them stayed in the bush to become the first bushrangers in Van Diemen s Land. In 1807, Kemp complaining of ill health after the privations of the previous three years, was granted leave by Paterson, 55 and in September with his wife and eleven months old son, George Anthony, returned to Sydney. 56 On 25 January 1808 Kemp was the senior officer present at the Criminal Court trial of John MACARTHUR for sedition. When Macarthur addressed the court stating that Judge Advocate Atkins was unfit to appear in the case, he was supported by Kemp and the five other officers of the court. ATKINS said that he would commit Macarthur to gaol, whereupon Kemp said: You commit? No, sir, I will commit you to gaol. 57 This began a series of events, culminating in Major George JOHNSTONE writing to Governor BLIGH, telling him that he was accused by the most respectable inhabitants of crimes which rendered him unfit to exercise the supreme authority and calling on him to resign that authority and submit to arrest. Bligh refused, and the next day Johnstone sent a party led by Captain Kemp to summon him to resign his authority. Bligh again refused and was arrested. 58 On 28 May 1808 Johnstone appointed Kemp to the position of Acting Judge Advocate. On 30 May Kemp presided over the trial of Provost Marshal William GORE on trumped up charges of perjury alleged by several officers of the NSW Corps, including Kemp, as the main accuser. The court also included three officers who had been initial accusers. This was a most improper court and Gore denied its jurisdiction and refused to plead. Kemp then said: I transport you, William Gore, like a dam d rascall as you TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

271 are, for seven years to the Coal River, thus showing his complete lack of judicial impartiality. 59 This is in complete reversal of a letter Kemp wrote to Provost Marshall Gore shortly after his return to Sydney from Van Diemen s Land. My Dear Sir, May I request the favour of you to acquaint me if you think there is any likelihood of my succeeding to remain in Sydney? Gov. Bligh has the power to nominate any officer for a particular duty, without any reference to the Commanding Officer or the Roaster. Gov. King received a letter to that effect from the Duke of York, in consequence of Maj. Johnstone s refusing to go to Norfolk. I trust I shall be able to make my appearance in public on Sunday, and myself and Mrs. Kemp purpose doing ourselves the pleasure of waiting on Mrs. Gore. Yours faithfully, Anthony Fenn Kemp Friday Morning. I would by no means wish you to press Gov. Bligh respecting me, as he has behaved in so handsome a manner towards me that I trust I shall ever entertain a grateful remembrance of. 60 This letter was written when Kemp was in line for a post on Norfolk Island and he was trying to ingratiate himself with Gore, who had Bligh s ear, so that he could avoid that duty. 61 One amusing and possibly apocryphal story is about Kemp s performance when conducting eleven wedding ceremonies. Through a combination of impatience and drink, he married the wrong couples and the Parson/Captain, on being later applied to, told them to settle it amongst them, for he could interfere no further! 62 In December 1808, Kemp relinquished his position of Acting Judge Advocate following his appointment as Captain Commandant at Parramatta. During 1808 and 1809 he received two land grants at Cabramatta totalling 800 acres and one of 1 acre and 25 roods as rewards for his services. 63 In 1809, Paterson granted each of Kemp s two daughters (Elizabeth and Frances) 599 acres, making Kemp s total grant 2000 acres. 64 On 12 May 1810, 65 Kemp returned to England on HMS Dromedary 66 when the Regiment was recalled following Governor Lachlan Macquarie s arrival. His wife and children went with him BANKRUPT IN LONDON Very little is known about Kemp s life in London during the five years he was there. In May 1811 he was a witness at Major George Johnstone s court martial. Examination of the report of Kemp s evidence 67 shows that he was a rather slippery witness. His evidence re Gore has already been shown to have been selfseeking. His reply No to a query from the President of the Court as to whether Bligh s allowance to him of only five gallons of spirits in four months might be an influence on Kemp s conduct towards Bligh was in direct contradiction of his well known antipathy towards Bligh for curtailing his merchanting activities. An 1826 account of Kemp s reply about what grounds of complaints he had against Bligh is: He may be a very good man, and I dare say he is a religious man but what do you think he told me? Yes! Told the oldest merchant in the colony that he came here to protect the poor. That is not the Governor we want! 68 On several occasions during his evidence, when Kemp s credibility as a witness was questioned, he threw himself on the mercy of the court saying that he 222 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

272 preferred not to answer because of pending law suits against him in Sydney. None of the law suits, supposedly being brought against Kemp by one PALMER, ever eventuated. Kemp was a main target of Bligh s, and somehow escaped being court-martialled himself for his part in Bligh s deposition. He was deprived of his 2000 acre grant, but in 1816, Governor Macquarie restored 500 acres to him in recognition of his early efforts at Port Dalrymple. 69 In 1811, he entered into a partnership with one PRICE as commercial and shipping agents. 70 In 1814 he was trading under the name Anthony Fenn Kemp, Junior and Company when he was declared bankrupt. There are two references to this: Nov bankruptcies: A. F. Kemp; Austinfriars, Merchant, Nov. 19, Dec. 3, 24 at Guildhall; attorney Mr Hackett, New Court, Swithin s Lane The Creditors who have proved their debts under a Commission of Bankrupt awarded and issued against Anthony Fenn Kemp, of Austinfriars, in the City of London, Merchant 72 In an undated letter 73 from Mrs Heaslop to Mrs Potter is: I am not at all surprised of our brother s creditors being clamorous after the time that s elapsed. No signs of remittances, attended by false excuses which only exasperate creditors to look to themselves for further redress. There s no knowing what they might do when enraged. It s complete swindling to fly one s country for speculation. And in another undated letter 74 from the same source: If our brother don t mean to go to France He is a strange man for we seldom exchange a word. He seems very proud. Kemp apparently disappeared for a time, for in an 1813 letter 75 from the same source, indicates this: I have not seen my brother at Brompton since my return. I hope Mrs. K. and the children are well. It is such a distance and unless I have something to bestow, I don t think I ensure a welcome among so many orphans. Lieut-Gov. SORELL s claim in his evidence to Commissioner BIGGE that Kemp s effects long after his return to these colonies remaining under dividend as seen in The London Gazette of 31 January cannot be substantiated as there are no entries in the Gazette. Kemp s claim to Bigge that his certificate was signed before he left London in 1815 is confirmed by his certificate will be allowed unless cause be shown to the contrary on or before the 11 th day of April next. 77 Nevertheless, Kemp s claim on arrival in Van Diemen s Land in 1816 that he had 5000 capital was false, though he came with goods worth that amount. He conveniently omitted to state that he owed considerably more on the goods to Kemp & Potter probably more than 6000 and was, therefore, technically and actually, bankrupt. It follows that his eligibility for a grant of land and for other benefits were based on an untrue statement. The Kemps had taken their children, George, Elizabeth and Frances, to London where they lived at West Square, Southwark, Surrey. George and Elizabeth (she for the second time) were christened at St George the Martyr, Southwark, on 10 July 1812, as was Maria who had been born at West Square on 8 November Another son Charles, who was born there on 5 July 1813, died soon after his christening on TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

273 15 November 1813 at the same church. Amy, also born at West Square, was christened on 18 April Kemp decided to escape from England for the third time (a third elopement?) and somehow prevailed on William Potter to let him have goods on credit to the value of 5000 which was about two thirds of the capital value of Kemp & Potter. 79 These goods were shipped on two vessels Hebe and Dowson. Kemp and his family, less George and Elizabeth, who were left in London to be educated, sailed on the Dowson. 80 The ship struck trouble at Paraiba in Brazil, losing an anchor and needing repairs. Kemp ran out of money and wrote to Potter: I have been under the necessity of drawing on you for sixty pounds ( ) to enable me to prosecute the voyage, which I trust you will duly honour and place the sum to the account of Riley and myself. 81 And in the same letter: I wrote to you from Pernambuco a few weeks ago to (c/o) the Heart of Oak, Capt. Read, which I hope you receiv d safe, since which we have been under the necessity of repairing to this place to join the ship, the expenses and difficulties we have experienced have not been trifling. Mrs. Kemp acquaints me she has written to Mrs. Potter fully on the unpleasant subject I have sanguine hopes of recovering from Sindry (i.e. Captain Edward Sindrey) the additional expenses I have been put to in coming to this place and shall litigate it in Sydney to Sindry I must look for all losses experienced by detention he appears to me to be a little deranged We are well, thank God, and expect to sail in two or three days for the Cape of Good Hope and hope to be there in about six weeks. Kemp wrote from the Cape of Good Hope on 4 November We arrived here about a fortnight ago and expect to sail from hence in about a week for New South Wales. The delays we have experienced on our voyage have been truly vexatious, but hope on my arrival in New South Wales to meet good markets which may in some measure compensate for the severe trials I have lately experienced. I am not aware at present of how the unfortunate business at Pernambuco will be settled, It is an affair to be settled between Sindry and the owners of the Dowson, and I can inform you nothing on that head till we reach our destined port MERCHANT AND TROUBLEMAKER Kemp wrote to William Potter from Sydney on 22 March After a few months passage I have arrived here, having touched at the Derwent in Van Diemen s Land, 84 where I have left Mrs. K and the family, intending to commence my commercial pursuits there as I think there is a greater possibility of succeeding. The market is completely gutted with spirits and all other goods and I have made up my mind to proceed immediately to the Derwent. The freight and half my passage money of upwards of a thousand pounds I fear I shall be forced to give long credits, as the market for that article (i.e. tobacco) is at present in the most deplorable state owing to large importations from the Brazils, America etc The enormous expence of my coming out here will put me back, I fear, on making my remittances so punctual as I would wish, and the glutted state of the market is such as to force sales would be ruinous for knowing this colony as I do, I have no doubt things will come round therefore time must be allowed. Before Kemp left for the Derwent, Governor Lachlan Macquarie made him a Justice of the Peace and a Magistrate for the County of Buckinghamshire in Van 224 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

274 Diemen s Land. His commission bore the date 4 April In a letter dated 6 April 1816 to Anthony Fenn Kemp Es., proceeding on the Lynx to Hobart Town is: 86 I have also to inform you that in conformity with the Prayer of your Memorial to be permitted to remain at the settlement on the River Derwent with the indulgence usually intended to Free Settlers, His Excellency for the bearers you have assigned and in consideration of your having a large family to provide for and of your former services in this colony, is pleased to accede to your said request of becoming a settler in Van Diemen s Land; and I have to inform you that in furtherance of His Excellency s views regarding you, instructions will be conveyed by this opportunity (the brig Lynx) to His Honor Lietnt. Gov. Davey to order a location of eight hundred Acres of Land to be marked out and put into your possession and also that Four Government Men shall be assigned to you for the Cultivation of the Said land, as soon as they can be spared, to be victualled from the King s Stores at Hobart Town for the term of Eighteen months, and that you and your family shall be victualled for the same term. 87 On 7 June 1816, Kemp wrote to William Potter: I arrived here about six weeks ago and have commenced my mercantile pursuits You can easily conceive how anxious I must be to make remittances were it practical, as the interest accounts will considerably increase the demands against me. But you may rely on it that there is no cause for alarm, to force sales at the present moment would be ruinous for all concerned & yet I do not despair that things will come round and I shall be able to do the needful My store is situated in the middle of town in Macquarie Street and I have given a person a share in the concern who is a complete man of business and lives in it to supervise the retail departments. 88 The complete man of business was one George GATEHOUSE, a former convict who, having served a seven-year sentence for stealing an eyeglass, had returned to England. He came back to Van Diemen s Land on the same ship as Kemp the Dowson as a free man with a good deal of capital. Later, he was responsible for three brothers settling in Van Diemen s Land, the brothers becoming prominent graziers. In 1820 he became a brewer. He was accepted by Lieut Governor Sorell at Government House. 89 The Kemp & Gatehouse partnership was in action as early as 1 July 1816 when a notice in the Hobart Town Gazette offered a few hogsheads of tobacco to be sold on liberal Credit till next harvest, to approved Purchasers. The firm also acted as shipping agents, debt collectors and tenderers for meat to be supplied to the Commissariat (Gazettes 8 March June 1819). In the Gazettes of 2 and 16 August 1817 and 26 June to 14 August 1819 they advertised if debts not settled, legal measures will be taken. The last mention of Kemp & Gatehouse in the 1819 Gazettes is on 14 August William Potter wrote to Kemp on 21 November 1817 and inter alia he said: It is now three years since the Hebe sailed and about two and a half years since the Dowson sailed -& no remittance for either of them except a bill for for four pieces of brandy Messrs Riley and Jones sent for sale to Calcutta, & badly sold were they, and charges extravagantly. I do not consider Kemp & Potter has anything to do with it, only to receive the money in part payment as we look to you and Mr. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

275 Riley for the amount of the invoice of the Hebe and interest for that amount after 9 months as per our agreement with your good self. I have only received one letter from Messrs Riley & Jones since you left England, dated 5 November 1815, to say the ship Hebe had arrived safe and that part of the goods ship d by us were sold and 4 rum bdy sent to Calcutta for sale & that they should shortly remit us the amount, but not a farthing has arrived from them, which I am most astonished at I am now completely sick of shipping goods to you We are sorry to hear that Mr. Riley is so unwell and should he come to England we will be pleased to see him but I am not pleased at his so long neglecting to remit us for the two shipments for the Hebe and the Dowson Mr Hewson and Mr Robson, executors of your father s will, paid up the legacy duty last week statement as under. Your share will be less than 5000 We have a heavy sum in bad and doubtful debts According to Sydney Shipping Arrivals and Departures, Hebe left London on 1 March Kemp was, therefore, trading illegally because he was a declared bankrupt at that time. This is probably why the goods on board Hebe were consigned to George Riley although they theoretically belonged to Kemp, who had borrowed the cost of the goods from Kemp & Potter. On 4 May 1817, Kemp wrote to Potter: 91 I should wish all my bills should be honoured made payable at your house with the money left me by my father Two letters from Susannah Heaslop to her sister, Amy Potter, are of interest. 92 The first, circa 1817: Mrs. Kemp wrote me a cool letter as if she was compelled to write after having mine for 6 months. They had all they could get out of my father, and thought that too little As my brother s a magistrate, I hope he may prove an upright one. The second, dated 8 July 1817: No doubt there must be a letter soon from New South Wales. I think it is very distressing to all concerned. It s unfortunate business there are characters in life who care very little for each other, self consideration their first and justice their last. On 28 May 1820, giving evidence before Commissioner BIGGE, against those who rightly claimed he had brought no capital into the country, Kemp claimed he: brought goods into the colony by the Dowson amounting to upwards of five thousand pounds, freight alone 852 My certificate was signed before I left London in 1815 Those who have been base enough to inculcate the malignant falsehood that I am an uncertified bankrupt, will, I trust, ere long have cause to repent their moral turpitude 93 The moral turpitude belonged to Kemp because, as previously mentioned, although cleared of bankruptcy in 1815, he was theoretically bankrupt, having brought goods into the colony worth 5000 on which he owed some 6000, a debt that he had no intention of paying and which, indeed, he did not ever pay. His claim to be treated as a free settler and his receipt of a land grant of 800 acres plus other benefits were, therefore, fraudulent. Kemp found that merchanting at the Derwent was quite unlike his early Sydney experiences during the immoral monopolistic dealings of the officers of the Rum Corps. There was an abundance of goods coming into the colony and much competition for the business of the small population. 226 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

276 In his usual bullying manner, he went aboard ships before they had been cleared by the Naval Officer; he ran a public house to dispose of his stock of spirits at high prices; and he even sentenced a competitor to prison. 94 He was extremely insulting to Davey at Government House and only got away with recrimination by humbly apologising. 95 Davey came close to suspending Kemp from the magistracy after a series of quarrels with him. 96 Kemp also tried this on with Sorell, who suspended him in May Sorell wrote to Governor Macquarie reporting this and said that Kemp, in his opinion, was the most seditious, mischievous and least deserving of favour or indulgence of any colonist in the entire settlement. 98 The immediate cause of Kemp s suspension was his public advocacy of Sorell s overthrow by means similar to those used against Bligh in Kemp seems to have taken delight in annoying Sorell by all means, petty and otherwise, among which was his refusal to touch his hat to the Lieutenant-Governor. 100 Shades of Kemp s bullying of George Caley in the Sydney area some fifteen years earlier, when he: threatened to lodge a complaint with the Governor about me; and that he would make me pull off my hat to him equally as I would to the Governor, and treated me very insolently. I plainly saw that he was a conceited coxcomb and said but little to him farther than letting him know that I would not pull my hat off to him. 101 Sorell further described Kemp: as a turbulent, sordid and mischievous man, with a slanderous tongue and a black heart...his conceit and arrogance have at all times been equal, to which may now be added a total disregard for the truth. 102 Macquarie s reply to Sorell gave his own opinion of Kemp. He fully supported Sorell s action and described Kemp as insolent and turbulent and the cause of unprovoked hostility, and said that The conduct of Mr Kemp is certainly so violent and offensive that, in my opinion, suspending him is too slight a Punishment. Macquarie thought that rather than taking the wily and obsessive Kemp to a court of law, it would be better: to treat his malicious slander with silent contempt whenever Kemp considered his economic interests to be threatened in any way, or his right to do as he liked checked or curbed, he reacted with explosive violence. 103 Kemp was dismissed from the Magistracy in October When Kemp was fined 5 for boarding a ship before the Naval Officer had inspected it, he ranted that he would expose Sorell s administration to the House of Commons. He said that he was a British merchant and would board a ship with goods consigned to him when and where he pleased and be damned to the government. 105 Between March and November 1818, Kemp complained about Sorell to Henry Brougham in London (Brougham had been Lieut Kent s advocate in his case against Sorell), to the Bishop of London, twice to Lord Bathurst and to Macquarie. He protested against the spectacle of the Highest Authority in the Island living in a public state of Concubinage. 106 He said later in evidence to Commissioner Bigge that he had sent the letters conceiving it a Duty he owed his family. He felt it unnecessary to impress on the four influential men how important it was that a good example should prevail in the infant settlement. Kemp called the TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

277 attention of the four men to the fact that Sorell was living in open adultery with Mrs Kent in Government House; that they had four or five children, one or two of whom were the children of Mr Kent; that they were publicly parading about in the Government Carriage and that Sorell was introducing Mrs Kent to the civil and military officers as Mrs Sorell. 107 After Kemp s return from Sydney where he gave evidence to Bigge, he circulated The Times report of the Kent versus Sorell court action. This was extremely hypocritical of Kemp in the light of his affair with convict Judith Simpson which produced two illegitimate children. Kemp also complained of alleged influence of Sorell in the law courts and his being arrested for not complying with a government order to make police returns of people living with him on or before 20 August Kemp s manner before the magistrates was very disrespectful and he stated he would see if the magistrates would Dare to do their Duty. They did, and along with others Kemp was fined 1 and spent an hour in gaol THE AGEING YEARS After losing his fights with Sorell and Macquarie, Kemp seems to have realised that he had been bested. The rebellious fire seemed to leave him and there are few later records of his coming up against authority. One example concerns his interest as a shareholder and President of the Bank of Van Diemen s Land formed on 11 August Anthony Fenn Kemp by Thomas Bock Circa 1850 by kind permission of the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery Within a few years the directors of the Bank found themselves in an excellent economic position of having achieved the establishment of a monopoly whereby only they and their cronies and creatures could buy cargoes. Thus they held the whole community at bay by a very contracted private and publicly irresponsible monopoly until competition emerged in the form of new banking establishments. The directors of the Bank also turned their attention to politics, as is the way of such men, to safeguard what they had...indelicacy and grossness characterized their attacks on the officers of the government and the upshot was the establishment of the Derwent Bank. 109 Those connected with the old bank included the irascible and hard bitten person of Anthony Fenn Kemp, who caused a shake out when he made private representations to Huskisson, Secretary of State for the Colonies Anthony Fenn Kemp was an extremely dangerous adversary But Arthur was also a very experienced politician. He took swift steps to counter Kemp s influence by discrediting him, making sure that the Colonial Office knew that Kemp continually wrote to friends in London misrepresenting the circumstances and framing statements for the purpose of getting effusions in London papers under the guise of A Correspondent. 110 In 1830, the Legislative Council passed an Act usually described as the Usury 228 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

278 Act that excluded from operation in Van Diemen s Land the laws of England relative thereto, and in 1830 a petition protesting against usurious rates charged for lending out of money was presented to London by several prominent citizens including Kemp. Their plaint was that during Arthur s administration lending at greedy rates of interest was the scourge and reproach of the colony. Certain of the local authorities had by practice and example contributed to violation of the statute against usury, and indeed the framers of the act legalizing usury were the parties principally implicated in the practice of lending money at criminally high rates of interest. 111 These seem to be the last recorded actions of Kemp against authority, so at the age of 57, his sting appears to have gone! So did his excessive uxoriousness, as at the age of 54 he sired the last of his sixteen legitimate children on his poor wife, Elizabeth, then aged 41. There is little recorded of Kemp s activities after his final spat with Sorell, and he appears to have confined his activities to his merchanting and to chairing meetings. When rumours of Sorell s recall reached Hobart, a meeting was called for 30 October The chairman of a committee appointed by the meeting was none other than Anthony Fenn Kemp, who with supreme cheek stated that he had for seven years witnessed Sorell s unremitting attention to the duties of his office and his high talent for public business, and sinking all remembrance of private feeling, he cheerfully joined with his fellow colonists in forwarding a public measure from his deep conviction that his fellow colonists personal rights and general security of property would hardly find a more able and upright protector than Sorell. 112 It has been alleged that Kemp s attitude to Sorell had changed because of Sorell s son s marriage to Kemp s daughter, Elizabeth. But this is not so, as William Sorell, Junior, did not arrive in Hobart until December 1823 and his first meeting with Kemp s daughter took place on or about 16 June He was on another committee appointed by a meeting of colonists on 13 March 1827 which had as its main objective to seek representative institutions and trial by jury. Arthur refused to accept the resulting petition as he discovered an implicit insult in that the document was copied out by a convict writer. 114 There were also meetings on 23 May 1831, 9 June 1833, 12 July 1833 and 28 February 1835 on the subjects of free institutions and the jury system. Kemp was prominent among those attending. 115 On 31 July 1845 under the chairmanship of the veteran Anthony Fenn Kemp, then about 72 years of age, a public meeting endorsed a petition against a proposed Highway Bill concerning the imposition of tolls on the main road. This resulted in the Bill being defeated. This appears to be the last recorded appearance of Kemp at a public meeting. 115 According to his obituary, in his declining years Kemp spent much time at Mount Vernon where he delighted in showing people hospitality and talking about old times. He had already married off two of his daughters, Elizabeth and Frances in 1825 and 1827, and doubtless spent much time and money on marrying off the other eight which he did between 1835 and There are still rumours around that he was strapped for cash during his declining years, but I have been unable to substantiate this except by TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

279 stating that his will was proved for probate at only It is assumed that what was left of the Mount Vernon property was at some time before his death transferred to his oldest son, George, who, I doubt, was much of a farmer. The family, though comparatively impoverished, continued to live in some style. This is illustrated by the signatures of the witnesses to the third codicil of Kemp s will made on 20 July 1860 Isaac Harlow, (Farm?) Superintendent and Richard Mills, Butler. Towards the close of his life, in extreme old age, he came to live, or rather to die, in Hobart Town. Nature was nearly exhausted, his energies gone, and memory lost. His departure was peaceful and painless. He has gone to his rest full of years, and not unhonoured by those who remember him in his days of youthful energy and political activity. 116 He died on 28 October 1868 and was buried in the old St George s Cemetery. This has since been recycled and is now the site of the Albuera Street Primary School Playground. His headstone has long since disappeared. SOME NOTES ON THE KEMP FAMILIES 1 The Family of Antony Facer Kemp Antony Facer Kemp, son of Isaac and Martha (nee SCATTERGOOD) Kemp, was born circa 1730 and christened at St Stephen s, Middlesex, on 28 August His wife, Susanna FENN, was born circa They were married in It appears they had nine children, only three of whom survived to adulthood. The three were: Amy Elizabeth, born 1769, christened 15 December 1769 Susanna Sophia, born 1771, christened 24 March Anthony Fenn, born 16 December 1773, 120 christened 16 January Those who died young were: Martha Maria born Anthony born 1772, christened 20 August 1772 Frederick born 1776, christened March 1776 Mary Ann born 1776? christened 19 February 1777 Frederick, born 1777, christened 30 July 1777 William and Amelia Kemp, mentioned several times in the ledger of Anthony Kemp 124 as being my brother and my sister are not to be found. 2 The Children Of Anthony Fenn Kemp A Illegitimate, by convict Judith Simpson Emily Eliza Fenn, was born at Parramatta, New South Wales, on 4 June 1800, 126 and taken to England by Kemp and her mother on HMS Buffalo, which left Sydney for London on 21 October 1800 via Norfolk Island. 127 Governor Hunter was also on board. Emily was, apparently, given over to the care of Amy Elizabeth, Kemp s sister, who was married to, or about to be married to, Henry Higham, Chymist, 128 of the Haymarket. She married James Smith, Licensed Victualler, had a family of about five sons and four daughters, and died at 225 Maida Vale, Paddington, on 22 June 1849 aged 49 years. 129 Some of Emily s descendants live in Tasmania Anthony Fenn Kemp, Junior, was born in London on or about 31 October 1801, having been conceived on the Buffalo on the homeward trip. 131 His mother brought him to Australia on the Atlas II arriving at Sydney on 30 October He lived with his mother and died in Cumberland Street, The Rocks area, Sydney on 22 December TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

280 B Legitimate, by his wife Elizabeth (formerly Riley). 1. William, born 27 June 1803 at Sydney, NSW 134 died 20 October George Anthony, born 13 September 1806 at York Town, Van Diemen s Land, 136 christened at St George the Martyr, Southwark, London, on 10 July and died at Moonah, Tasmania, on 30 July He married Helen Maria Morrison MIDWOOD at Hobart on 17 May George was taken to England by his parents in 1810, and is mentioned in letters as follows: a. How does my dear little boy, George, like his school? It certainly was in the first instance a great change of life for him to undergo at his tender years. I trust in providence he is by this time reconciled and enjoying Good health. I anxiously look forward to receive letters from you on my arrival in New South Wales to acquaint me of the welfare of my dear children, b. It would afford me great pleasure on my arrival in New South Wales to receive letters from you acquainting me of the health of my dear children, who are ever uppermost in my thoughts. c. I hope my dear children are well. 139 d. My dear children, George and Betsy, are ever uppermost in my mind. I am sure that you and my sister s goodness of heart will not let them want for anything until I have it in my power to make remittances, which I trust and expect in about Christmas, How does George and Betsy improve in their learning? I hope they enjoy good health as without that blessing, nothing can succeed. I flatter myself I have laid the foundation of independence to myself and my dear children. 140 e. I hope Betsy improves and is a good child. I have been much disappointed at never having heard from my dear boy since we left England Does Betsy grow tall? Her ninth birthday is just past. I hope as she grows abler, she will mend in every respect. 141 f. Your children are well & have written to you inclos d. George is growing a fine boy & is forward in his learning. Betsy is very healthy, and improves. 142 g. I am anxious to hear if George gets stronger and is able to bear up against the rough manners of the Blue Coat School 143 When Kemp and his wife returned to Australia in 1815, they left George and Elizabeth, (Betsy) in London with a Mr and Mrs Roe of Battersea. 3. Elizabeth Julia was born at Parramatta on 13 April 1808 and baptised on 14 September She was taken by her parents to England in 1810 (see The Potter Papers quoted in the notes on George) and was christened again on 10 July 1812 at St George the Martyr, Southwark, London (see Bankrupt in London ). She was beautiful, passionate, tempestuous, a termagant and was temperamentally unsuited to her husband, William Sorell, The Registrar, with whom she had three daughters and two sons. She took the children to Europe and after leaving them with their paternal grandfather in Brussels, decamped to India with Lieutenant-Colonel George DEARE of the 21 st Regiment, whom she had known in Hobart. She is dealt with in the author s book. 145 After the news of William Sorell s death reached her, she married Deare at St Martin s in the Fields, Westminster on the 18 August The only trace of them after this was the sighting of a Major Deare, almost certainly their son, in Ireland in Frances Sophia was born, on 19 November 1809 at Sydney, New TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

281 South Wales and christened there on 15 April She was married at Hobart on the 13 February 1827 to William SECCOMBE, later Senior Colonial Surgeon. There were two daughters of the marriage. Sophia died at Mount Vernon on 7 July Maria was born in London on 8 November 1811 and christened at St George the Martyr, Southwark, London, on 10 July 1812 (see Bankrupt in London ). I have found out nothing about her other than she married a Mr Baker, and was alive on 10 November Charles was born at West Square, Southwark, Surrey on 5 July 1813, was christened at St George the Martyr, Southwark, on 15 November 1813 and died soon afterwards (see Bankrupt in London ). 7 Amy was born on 4 December 1814 at West Square, Southwark, Surrey, and baptised at St George the Martyr s, Southwark, on 18 April 1815 (see Bankrupt in London ). She married twice: 1 On 28 May 1835 at Hobart to Lieut. Wharton Thomas YOUNG, 21st Regiment, 151 who was drowned in a boating accident at Little Swanport (East Coast) early in July There were no children of the marriage. 2 On 6 February 1840 at St James, Sydney, to Edmund UHR. 153 There are many descendants of this union but as they have no relevance to Tasmania, I leave them out of this note. Some may be found in R.R.M. King s family tree, The House of Kemp. Amy was wrongly given a second name, Fenn, by R.R.M King, there being no justification for his so doing. She died at Leichardt Street, Brisbane, on 11 May Fanny Edith was born on 20 November 1817 at Hobart and baptised on 27 September 1818 at Hobart. She married Algernon Burdett JONES, Police Magistrate, at Hobart on 6 June They had about twelve children, several of whom went to Maryborough, Queensland. One daughter, Edith, became the second wife of Dr John COVER- DALE in Fanny died at Battery Point on 24 September Alexander was born on 17 August 1819 at Hobart and christened on 7 September He died on 26 July 1895 at Constitution Hill (now Dysart). He did not marry Anna Georgina was born on 6 April 1821 at Hobart, christened on 28 April 1821 at Hobart and married Lieutenant George Elliot ASHBURNER of the 8 th Bombay Native Infantry at Green Ponds on 6 February Edward was born on 30 December 1822 at Hobart and christened at Hobart on 28 January He married Agatha RANDALL at Hobart on 14 December Arthur was born on or about 30 May and married Sophia Caroline BLOXHAM, a schoolteacher, at Albury, New South Wales, in They had a family of three sons and four daughters. R.R.M. King errs in stating that Arthur was first married to a Miss OCHTERLONY, just because Ochterlony occurs several times as a second christian name in some descendants. Sophia Bloxham s mother s maiden name was Mary Hope Ochterlony. 161 Arthur managed properties in South Australia, New South Wales and Victoria, before becoming a school-teacher. He last taught at Mount Pleasant State School, near Elmore and retired from there on a pension about TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

282 13 Margaret Louisa was born probably in early 1825 and was married to Samuel BARROW, Barrister and Assistant Police Magistrate, Bothwell, at Mount Vernon on 25 June The Barrows had five children. 164 R.M. King lists Cecil and Seymour DUNCAN plus Emily (who married MONEY) 165 and two other boys. Cecil Montefiore, born 1843 at Hamilton and Seymour Duncan born 1845 at Bothwell, 166 were entered at The Hutchins School, Hobart, in October 1852 and July 1854 respectively. 167 In August 1845, Barrow was posted to Norfolk Island as Stipendiary Magistrate. 168 Barrow had been sent to the Island to break up The Ring, a group of hardened convicts who almost ran the place. He was: a brutal bumptious fellow whose arbitrary assertions of authority caused great resentment among the free officials Rogers, the Anglican chaplain at the time, and others ascribed much of the discontent to his harsh punishments and brutal methods of his convict police. Christ-killer was Barrow s name among the men of The Ring and Barrow was to be the first victim of their hate if the opportunity came. 169 The opportunity came soon enough. Barrow was appointed Superintendent of Imprisonment, Melbourne. Going ashore in 1854 in rough conditions from a ship in the bay, an ex-convict from Norfolk Island recognised him and pushed him overboard, whereupon he drowned. Margaret Louisa was married again to Charles Louis COMBE Emily was born on 26 July 1826 at Hobart and was christened on 20 September 1828 at Hobart. 171 She married Captain John Alexander HUNTER at St Lawrence Church, Sydney, New South Wales, on 10 February 1846 according to Richmond JEREMY, but the NSW records state they were married at the Church of England, Norfolk Island. 172 According to Richmond Jeremy, she died at Victoria Barracks, Sydney, on 23 April 1852, but NSW records state she died at Camperdown, aged 26 in According to NSW records, there were two children of the marriage John A. Hunter born 1849 and Emily P.B. Hunter, 174 born Anthony Fenn Kemp s will only mentions one daughter, Louisa Hunter, so perhaps the other two died early in life. 15 Jessy was born on 20 July 1828 at Hobart, christened at Hobart on 20 September 1828 and married Captain Edward King ELLIOTT at St Mary s, Green Ponds, Tasmania, on 16 April She died at Nice, France, on 9 January Rosa Matilda was born on 5 August 1830 at Hobart, was christened on 16 September 1830 and married Augustus Meyer LOCHNER, ADC at Hobart on 24 November NOTE The Australian Dictionary of Biography mentions Ellen Kemp as being a daughter of Anthony Fenn Kemp. This is not so. Elsewhere in the A.D.B she is stated to be the daughter of Major William Kemp, 80 th Regiment of Foot. CONCLUSION Kemp s good qualities are hard to assess, especially in his younger days. He took steps to try to protect his daughter, Emily, from the shame of illegitimacy and he showed signs of some pretensions to leadership when in charge of the starving Port Dalrymple colony in In his later years he became a good family man and saw to it that his numerous daughters made good marriages and supported TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

283 various causes that he thought to be worthwhile: Mr Kemp was ever foremost in any political movement designed to advance the good of the people, or protect the liberty of the subject from the encroachment of official despotism. Thoroughly unselfish and fearless in all his public actions, Mr. Kemp, by his independent conduct, made himself many enemies amongst the supporters and adherents of the Government Every man has his peculiarity, and Mr. Kemp s peculiar peculiarity has been the expression, on all occasions, of his hope to see Van Diemen s Land with her irons off, enjoying freedom, not in mere theory, but in reality. 178 These statements are as may be. They seem to apply to his public actions in his declining years but do not apply to his self seeking actions pre There is no doubt that Kemp was The Great Escaper thinking only of himself and disregarding any effect of his actions on others. He escaped from his father s wrath and from his creditors in 1891 by disappearing from England for two years. He escaped again by joining the New South Wales Corps. He escaped his obligations to the mother of his illegitimate children by hastily marrying a 16 year old girl. He escaped from the ignominy of being accused of having illegitimate children for nearly 200 years by inventing the Miss Crawford saga until the author exposed his fraudulent claim. He escaped the wrath of French naval officers by humbly apologising and accepting entry into Masonry, which he had no intention of practising. He escaped from being penalised for his leading role in the Rum Rebellion and he escaped Governor Davey s anger by again humbly apologising. But he met his match in Governors Sorell and Arthur, both of whom stood up to him and at the age of 50, he became relatively tame. Kemp broke the law in 1815 before he was discharged from bankruptcy by engaging in trade, getting round the law by buying and consigning goods in the name of George Riley of Sydney per the Hebe. He quite fraudulently received a grant of 800 acres and other privileges in 1816, by claiming he brought goods worth upwards of 5000 into the colonies, conveniently omitting to state that he owed at least 6000 on them. There is also no doubt that Kemp was completely amoral. His escapes and his refusal to pay his brother-in-law, William Potter, the 6000 he owed him, thus closing down Potter s business, 179 all point to his having no social conscience. Endnotes * PB Edwards is 3xg grandson of Kemp through his oldest legitimate daughter, Elizabeth Julia, who married William Sorell, The Registrar. ** Shakespeare not only descends from Amy Elizabeth, Kemp s sister, but also from the brother of William Shakespeare. He spends part of each year in Tasmania and has generously allowed the author access to some of his Potter Papers material. *** Probably bought by his father who, doubtless, would have been pleased to see the back of his son. 1 Of Yesteryear and Nowadays, P.B. Edwards, pp Granta 74, Summer 2001, Granta Publications, 2001, pp /shakespeare/essay.html 4 The will of Antony Facer Kemp, signed 16 March 1804 and proved 20 February 1816, specifically mentions my son and his two sisters, Amy Elizabeth Higham and Susanna Sophia Heaslop. R.R.M. King in his 234 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

284 House of Kemp Tree (Gen. Soc. Vic. Ref Kem/Kin 599) mistakenly lists three sisters, Amy, Elizabeth and Sophia. No reference has been found for Higham s death which must have happened after Kemp signed his will and before 22 July 1811, as a letter of that date in the Potter Papers is addressed to Mrs Potter, Aldgate. 5 In his will only Antony is used and his son is named as Anthony. 6 Potter Papers. See letter father to son dated 2 September A Colonial Regiment, ed. Barbara Statham, p Obituary, Tasmanian Times, 4 November I.G.I. 10 Obituary, loc. cit. 11 Captain Anthony Fenn Kemp, Murray C. Kemp and Thérèse B. Kemp, J.R.A.H.S., 51, Pt. 1, March Obituary, loc. cit. 13 Potter Papers. 14 ibid., letter dated 2 September ibid., letter sent through Mr King, Attorney of Clements Inn, who marked on it words to the effect Received 9 September 1791, delivery kept back by AFK his order until he got to Calais. Also written on the back is First Elopement. 16 Shakespeare, loc. cit., p Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit., p.10 quoting Calder. 18 Shakespeare, loc. cit. 19 Obituary, loc. cit. 20 Internet search soon confirmed this. 21 This is referred to in biographies of Washington. 22 Statham, loc. cit. 23 Shipping Arrivals & Departures, Sydney, , Cumpston. The Coramandel s first voyage was in Proceedings of a General Court-Martial for the Trial of Lieut.-Col. Geo. Johnston Neely and Jones, 1811, p Cumpston. loc. cit. 26 Norfolk Island and Its First Settlement, Raymond Nobbs, pp. 196, 214. Nobbs gives 16 October as the departure date from Sydney. 27 Ibid, pp.215, Statham, loc. cit. 29 Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit. p.10 states he was granted a lease in November 1799 for 14 years at a rental of half a crown a year on what is now the north east corner of King and George streets. 30 Nathaniel and Olivia, The Lucas Family, Kroehnert & Taber, end piece. 31 Edwards, loc. cit., p Statham, loc. cit. 33 Entry in the Bible of Joseph Francis Smith, grandson of Emily. 34 AONSW, S276, Vol.3, Inscription on Headstone #D612, The Pioneer Memorial Park, Botany Cemetery, Matraville, NSW. 36 Cumpston, loc.cit. 37 Edwards, loc. cit., p ibid.,, p Statham, loc.cit., p.81-entry in a Cox & Greenwood ledger. 40 ibid. 41 ibid. 42 Information by courtesy of Professor Murray Kemp. 43 Cumpston, loc. cit. 44 Statham, loc. cit. 45 ibid. 46 Register of Births, Deaths & Marriages, NSW, # M1802, 302/4. 47 Australia s Oldest Masonic Document, A Factual Interpretation, Alan M. Sharp, Ars Quator Coronatorium: Transactions of Quatyor Coronati Lodge No. 2076, Vol. 104 for the year 1991, Butler & Tanner, 1992, pp Captain Anthony Fenn Kemp: His Masonic Certificate Issued in The New South Wales Freemason, Vol. LI, No. 7, 2 July 1956, pp Shakespeare, loc. cit., p H.R.A. 1, IV, 9 May 1808, pp Note by Governor King. The original paper from which this is copied.was found in the yard of Capt. Kemp s barrack, which enjoins Ensign Bailey s, and could only have been placed there but with the knowledge of someone belonging to either of these families. 52 Note by Governor King. If the more than suspected author of this production calls TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

285 himself an honest man, the public has much reason to rejoice that I never troubled him for an opinion. 53 Note by Governor King. My unpopular exertions in obeying and enforcing King s instructions to prevent officers from selling drams has never induced me to Envy the happiness that springs from vice of those who have made fortunes by such infamous and disgraceful means. 54 Note by Governor King. Mondays are the days for performing a duty very pleasing to my feelings, viz: in obeying my instructions, by selecting proper objects to take of the bounty of Government, in being supplied, by my orders to the Commissary, with necessaries from the stores in exchange for grain. How well myself and the Government is rewarded for the unwearied exertions used to rescue the inhabitants from the oppressive monopolies and extortions they have laboured under 55 Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit., pp Statham, loc. cit. 57 Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit., endnote 15 quoting H.R.A, I VI, pp. 225/6. 58 ibid., pp ibid., p Proceedings of a General Court-Martial, loc. cit., p Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit., p Shakespeare, loc. cit., p Statham, loc. cit. 64 Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit., p Cumpston, loc. cit. 66 Obituary, loc. cit. 67 Proceedings of a General Court-Martial, loc. cit. 68 Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit. Endnote 16 states that this account is at least third hand and obviously suspect, but may throw some light on the attitude of officers to Bligh. 69 ibid., p Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit., quoting letter Kemp to Darcy Wentworth of 15 August The Times. Notice of Proceedings. 72 The London Gazette, 6 December 1814, p Potter Papers. 74 ibid. 75 ibid. 76 Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit., p The London Gazette, 21 March 1815, p Information from Richmond Jeremy, a 2xg grandson of Amy Kemp. 79 Potter Papers. Deduced from a ledger beginning 25 March Potter Papers. 81 ibid. 82 ibid. 83 ibid. 84 Shipping Arrivals & Departures, Sydney & Hobart. The Dowson arrived at The Derwent January 1816 and left there on February for Sydney where it arrived on 7 9 March. 85 Government & General Orders, Saturday 5 April 1816, Civil Department. 86 Shipping Arrivals & Departures, Sydney & Hobart. The Lynx left Sydney 8 April 1816, arriving at The Derwent 20 April. 87 Secretary s Office, Sydney. Signed by Thomas Campbell. 88 Potter Papers. 89 Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol Potter Papers. 91 ibid. 92 ibid. 93 H.R.A. 94 Shakespeare, loc. cit., p Robson, A History of Tasmania, Vol. 1, p A.D.B., Vol Hobart Town Gazette, 30 May L. Mickleborough, M.A., Unpublished Thesis, University of Tasmania, 2002, p Robson, loc. cit., p ibid. 101 Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit., p.17 and endnote ibid., p Robson, loc. cit., p Hobart Town Gazette, 17 October Mickleborough, loc. cit., p Kemp & Kemp, loc. cit., p Mickleborough, loc. cit., pp ibid., pp Robson, loc. cit., p TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

286 110 ibid., p ibid., p ibid., p Edwards, loc. cit., pp.79, Robson, loc. cit., p ibid., pp ibid., p Obituary, loc. cit., 118 I.G.I. 119 R.R.M. King, The House of Kemp. Gen. Soc. Vic., KEM/KIN 120 ibid. 121 Obituary, loc. cit. 122 I.G.I. for details for these three. Christenings at St Botolphs Without Aldgate 123 R.R.M. King, loc. cit. 124 Potter Papers. 125 Edwards, loc. cit., 126 Entry in Bible of Joseph Francis Smith, grandson of Emily Eliza. In possession of Mrs Judith Humphries, Launceston, Tas. 127 Nobbs, loc. cit., p Will of Antony Facer Kemp, loc. cit. 129 RGD., District of Kensington, Paddington and Fulham. 130 Edwards, loc. cit., pp.110, ibid., p ibid., p ibid., p Mutch Index of B., D and Ms Sydney Morning Herald, 6 March 1999, quoting St Phillips burial register and a recently found headstone. 136 R.R.M. King, loc. cit. 137 I.G.I. 138 Tasmanian Pioneers Index. 139 Potter Papers. Letters Kemp to Potter. 140 Tasmanian Archives, Letter Kemp to Potter of 17 June Potter Papers, Letter Mrs Kemp to Mrs Roe, Battersea, of 3 May ibid. Letter Potter to Kemp of 21 November ibid. Letter Kemp to Potter of 4 May Register of BD & M, NSW. 145 Edwards, loc. cit., pp I.G.I. 147 Letter from England of 29 September 1898 from Jessie M. Sorell to her mother. 148 Frank Uhr, loc. cit. 149 R.R.M.King, loc. cit. 150 Kemp s will, first codicil of 10 November Tasmanian Pioneers Index. 152 The Journal of Charles O Hara Booth, ed. Dora Heard, pp.212, 213, 272 & note R.R.M. King, loc. cit. 154 Information from Richmond Jeremy, 4xg grandson of Kemp through Amy. 155 Tasmanian Pioneers Index 156 ibid. 157 ibid. 158 ibid. 159 Death Certificate NSW 146/12666 states he died 5 November 1907 aged 83 years 5 months and 6 days. 160 RGD. V1584, 381, 141B. 161 Information from Mrs Mary Spitall, a 4xg granddaughter of A.F. Kemp. 162 Obituary, Bendigo Advertiser of 6 November Tasmanian Pioneers Index. 164 Will of Kemp, fourth codicil of 6 December R.R.M. King, loc. cit. 166 Tasmanian Pioneers Index. 167 The Hutchins School Roll of Scholars Norfolk Island and Its Second Settlement, , Raymond Nobbs, p Punishment Short of Death, Margaret Hazzard, p Will of Kemp. 171 Tasmanian Pioneers Index. 172 RGD. NSW, V1846, 61444B. 173 RGD. NSW, V1852, 225, 39B. 174 RGD. NSW, V1849, 1285, 35 and V1852, 321, 38A. 175 Tasmanian Pioneers Index. 176 R.R.M. King, loc. cit. 177 Tasmanian Pioneers Index. 178 Obituary loc. cit. 179 Shakespeare, loc. cit., p.239. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

287 SAD IRISH CONNECTIONS Leon Hugh O Donnell R EVISITING some old areas of research I had done on my Irish interests, I came across an article in Tasmanian Ancestry, Volume 19 No.2. Something I had missed initially jumped off the page at me. One of the orphan girls from Clare, shipped per the Calcutta to Van Diemen s Land (Tasmania) in 1851 ended up in the employ of a gentleman, who had been part of my 20 year pursuit of the seven political prisoners, confined to sentence in Van Diemen s Land a year or so earlier. They were of course the Young Irelander Group:- William Smith O BRIEN (of Clare), John MITCHELL, Patrick O DONOHOE, Thomas Francis MEAGHER, Kevin Izod O DOGHERTY, John MARTIN and Terence Bellow McMANUS. My pursuit of the Young Irelanders has included visiting several countries, leaving me with a feeling of affinity with both the people and their cause. Back to the story of the orphan lass, Biddy PHILLIPS from Killadysart. Biddy was taken into the employ of Bryan BENNETT of Stoneyfield, New Norfolk. I have not had the time as yet to pursue Biddy s personal story, but I have Thomas Francis Meagher Uniform of 69th Reg. Irish Brigade a fair bit on Bryan Bennett. Bryan was born c.1788 in County Cavan. He was charged with stealing the mail in Trim and sentenced to transportation for life. He arrived per Minerva His record of imprisonment is dotted with minor infringements, missing musters and church etc. He received his conditional pardon 1 March 1831 and was fully pardoned (No. 682) 27 February He was obviously an industrious and wellrespected person as evidenced by the prominent support he received when making application for land grants. One supporter was Sir Robert OFFICER, a government surgeon and future politician. (Sir Robert had the original grant on my property.) Bryan and wife Marie (WOOD) along with their children enjoyed a pleasant life with reports of a strict Catholic home full of music and Irish talk. No doubt Biddy Phillips would have appreciated this. The daughters of the household, Margaret and Catherine, were of similar age. All the Young Irelanders visited the Bennett home. Catherine Bennett, Bryan s refined and pretty daughter, took a position as governess to the children of Dr Edward Swarbreck HALL, a government surgeon 238 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

288 of note, and unusual for the times as both he and his wife, Mary, whilst English, were very staunch Catholics, both recognised as biblical scholars. There were five daughters and one son so Catherine had her hands full. During the period of her employment with Dr Hall, Catherine met and was romantically pursued by the younger of the Young Irelander political prisoners, Thomas Francis Meagher. They were to marry at the doctor s residence at Ross, Bishop WILLSON officiating (in attendance the escaping Young Irelander, Terence McManus on his way to freedom in San Francisco, USA). Thomas Francis Meagher had a cottage built at Lake Sorell in the central highlands of Tasmania. He had a sixoared boat built in Hobart and dragged by oxen through the rugged terrain to the lake. Here in the isolated idyllic setting Meagher and his wife entertained the Young Irelander colleagues and many of the prominent settlers who had become so friendly with the Irish exiles. Father William J. DUNNE, a Kilkenny man, was often in tow (and in my opinion was the bag man for the Young Irelanders generally during their incarceration). Meagher s opportunity to escape to America came and he was away. Catherine was left pregnant and unwell. For a period the eldest of the Hall girls, Mary Agnes (who was to become a nun) stayed at Lake Sorell with Catherine, who was eventually to return to the home of her parents at New Norfolk for her confinement. Henry Emmett FITZGERALD, son of Catherine and Thomas Francis O Meagher (the prefix O was used by Meagher during his incarceration), was born at New Norfolk 7 February 1852 and died at New Norfolk 8 June His grave is situated outside the doors of St John s Church, Richmond, Tasmania. A poignant reminder of his illustrious father and sadly illfated mother, St John s is the oldest Catholic Church in Australia. In June 1852 William Smith O Brien wrote a poem for Catherine Bennett Meagher on Catherine (Bennett) Meagher the loss of her baby son. When, snatched from ills that years await, a sinless infant dies Sweet babe! How happy is thy fate, the pious pastor cries. Though of thy first born here bereft, fond mother, weep no more! Grateful that he this world has left, through realms of bliss to soar. Wouldn st thou to sin and paths consign, this darling of thy love? Wouldn st thou in mould of clay confine, the heir of joys above? Ah no! let faith console thy breast, by nature s sorrow riven. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

289 Since now thy babe amongst the blest, has found a home in heaven. Father William J. Dunne, the Parish Priest of Richmond, had arranged the burial of Meagher s son. He also arranged for Catherine to sail to Ireland to the home of her fatherin-law, Thomas Meagher of Waterford. On Catherine s arrival in Waterford she was formally welcomed by the Mayor and 20,000 people. (I have a copy of the Mayor s welcome and Catherine s responding address.) After a period at the home of her husband in Waterford, Catherine, accompanied by her father-in-law, sailed to America for a reunion with her now prominent Irish rebel escapee, who was, with Bryan Bennett, father of Catherine his brilliant oratorical skills, in great demand among American emotion for me. society. New York must have been a daunting experience for the young lass from the back blocks of Tasmania. Her reunion was short-lived and a decision was taken for Catherine to return to Waterford with her protective father-in-law. The reasons are clouded regarding the decision not to stay with her husband. He could not leave the protection of America, but one would have assumed he would have desired the company of his wife. Did he feel she lacked the sophistication of his New York society mix? She was again pregnant. Did he want the child to be born in Ireland? Letters exchanged still expressed love. (But I personally feel Thomas was not always truthful in correspondence.) Back in Waterford, Catherine gave birth to another son, Thomas Francis Meagher II. Six weeks later on 9 May 1854, Catherine died of typhus fever aged 22. Five years ago I sought out the burial place of the young lass from my home town of New Norfolk. Faithlegg cemetery is just outside Waterford. Among the Celtic crosses and aged gravestones I found the rectangular tombstone of the Meaghers and there at the last enclosed was Catherine. It was a moment of great joy and This young lady had left the comfort of her parents and home, given birth to two children travelled the seas to three continents suffered bereavement of her first-born, and died so far from home at 22. The orphan girl from Clare, Biddy Phillips, who no doubt fraternised with Catherine (Bennett) Meagher, had a poorer start, but possibly lived a longer and more fruitful life. I ll endeavour to find out. 240 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

290 THE LONG JOURNEY HOME CLAN MACFARLANE MEMBERS SET OUT TO RECLAIM THEIR PAST IN LOCH LOMOND Glenda Mason F OR 559 years Clan MacFarlane held legal sway over the Parish of Arrochar, Scotland, from the tip of the sea loch Loch Long, down to Glen Douglas and north to the upper reaches of Loch Lomond, an area of great natural beauty but very meagre resources. The MacFarlanes therefore had to cling tenaciously to their very existence by supplementing meagre rations with illgotten gains from their richer neighbours to the south. That they became the best in the business at the Highland art of cattle rustling is underlined with the well documented local nickname for the moon, MacFarlane s Lantern. Such behaviour in the modern world would be totally unacceptable, however in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries in Scotland, the ritual of cattle stealing from each other was commonplace. The MacFarlanes were unfortunate that their skill emphasised their notoriety, and led to the inevitable attention of the authorities. Despite this, pride in their skill is shown in the name of their Clan Pipe Pibroch Thogail nam bo theid sinn (to Lifting the cattle we shall go), written by their 12th Chief, Andrew the Wizard. The MacFarlanes also engaged in more edifying activities through ive centuries, and always in defence of the Scottish Crown, as evidenced by their Coat of Arms with imperial crown and motto of This I ll Defend. They had strong participation at Bannockburn in 1314, Flodden in 1513, Pinkie in 1547, and most notably at Langside in 1568 and Bothwell Bridge in 1679, when their ferocious Highland charges won the day. They also supported the great Marquis of Montrose in the campaigns in the 1640s, when their defence of the crown led to the destruction of their island castles in Loch Lomond at Eilean-a-Bhuth and Inveruglas by Cromwellian forces led by General Monck during the Imperialist English invasions in the 1650s. In 1767 Walter MacFarlane, the 20th Chief, a respected Antiquary and Scholar and original Friend of Loch Lomond, and also the person who planted most of the magnificent oak trees in the area, died leaving debts. The situation was made worse by his brother William, 21st Chief. To settle the debts William had to sell the lands of Arrochar in 1784, leading to all MacFarlane people being evicted and scattered around the globe. The last chief died in 1866 in America. Today fortunes are looking up for the Clan under imaginative leadership through the international Clan MacFarlane Society, Inc. (originally founded in 1911 in Glasgow and London and re-established at Grandfather Mountain, North Carolina USA in 1973). They were granted Arms by The Lord Lyon King of Arms, making them the only chiefless Armigerous society and are thriving and striving to take the descendants of MacFarlane back where they belong. They are currently fundraising to set up the Clan MacFarlane Heritage Centre and Museum of Highland Life in Tarbet, Loch Lomond. The target TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

291 is $US400,000, and in a few months $US100,000 has been collected. The heritage centre will be located in the old Free Church at Ballyhennan on the Main Road between Tarbet and Arrochar. The churchyard holds mainly MacFarlane graves, including certainly one MacFarlane chief. The society seeks to create a focal point for all MacFarlanes worldwide and create a permanent institution so future generations will be able to enjoy their heritage. The Society is also working on regaining Islands of Inveruglas and Eilean-a-Bhuth (I vow) in Loch Lomond which house the ruins of their ancestral Castles with a view to future restoration. The museum will include not only information and artefacts from the Clan MacFarlane but will also tell the story of how life was for people throughout the West Highlands. Local schools will enjoy free access to the museum and future excavations, with the hope that children in Scotland will be able to learn more about their heritage. The centre will also house a genealogy database on the Clan MacFarlane, and will support archaeological surveys, excavations and restorations of historical MacFarlane sites, for example, the castles in Loch Lomond and the more than 50 ancient settlements in their ancestral homelands. The Clan MacFarlane Society urgently needs the support of all MacFarlanes and the Scottish community worldwide to brig this to fruition. To find out how you can help or join CMSI please visit: [Glenda can be contacted at: 6 Dawn Avenue, Mt Pritchard NSW 2170, phone (02) or by at Ed.] NAMES THE MERCURY 4 November 1919 Dr Courtney Dunn has collected an extraordinary miscellany on names: In the register at Hill Croome dated 13 June 1716, is the entry of a man named Tell No (Christian name) Lyes (surname). Daughter was a frequent affix to a surname in the sixteenth century. Geffrey daughter is in Leigh registry for the year In West Derby, Liverpool, on 19 December 1882, the child of Arthur Pepper and Sarah, his wife, was christened Ann Bertha Cecilia Diana Emily Fanny Gertrude Hypatia Inex Jane Kate Louisa Maud Nora Ophelia Quince Rebecca Starkey Ulysis Venus Winifred Xenophon Yeni Zeus. The United States possesses families with apparently insuperable difficulties in finding Christian names as appropriate for their offspring. A Mr And Mrs Stickney were driven to such a desperate course as to name their three sons One, Two, Three ; and their three daughters First, Second and Third. Another family managed with their first baby s name and triumphantly called him Joseph. When the next baby came the parents must have peeped into futurity, for they named him And. The anxiety was relieved by the appearance of another child whom they called Another. They had three more children, but were equal to the emergency and named them Addenda, Appendix and Supplement. Imp (an abbreviation for impubes, or one who has not arrived at puberty) was once a word in very common use. Royal-Imp has been used in a prayer for the son of a Monarch ( beloved son Edward, our prince, that most angelic imp Pathway to Prayer, Bacon). Allen Wilson (Member No. 1408) 242 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

292 SOLDIERS WALK QUEENS DOMAIN HOBART W ORK began on the Walk on 24 June 1918 when The Mercury reported that Probably the largest working bee afternoon yet witnessed in Hobart took place on the Domain on Saturday, when 500 to 600 soldiers, civilians, several of the weaker sex, and even a few small boys took part in digging holes for the 317 trees to be planted on July 27, in memory of men and officers belonging to the municipality of Hobart who had laid down their lives at Gallipoli, in Egypt and France in the defence of the Empire The avenue commenced to the right of the University Reserve, now near the entrance to the Hobart Aquatic Centre. The Council obtained two-year old cedars from Ballarat with each to have a permanent metal tag bearing the name of a fallen soldier, his unit number and battalion colours. On 3 August 1918, the first trees were planted (429) and the Walk became known as the Soldiers Memorial Avenue. Over the years many trees died and plaques disappeared. In 2001, history buff, Adrian Howard, formed the Friends of Soldiers Walk Inc. with the aim of restoring the area. Clean up days have been held with the discovery of some plaques and plans have been made to replant missing trees and plaques. Adrian would welcome information, or any corrections, on any of these fallen soldiers and may be contacted at 11 Franklin Street, West Hobart TAS 7000 Name and discharge rank Tree Death ABBOTT R N Pte ABSOLOM D L C Cpl ADAMS A J Pte ADAMS H Pte ADAMS R 2/Lt ADDISON B W Sgt AHEARNE T A L/Cpl AHERN R P Pte ALBURY A A Pte ALBURY T W Spr ALCOCK H L Pte ALEXANDER H L/Cpl ALLAN W P Gnr ALLISON N W L/Cpl ALLSEBROOK G G S Pte ANDERSON B Pte ANDERSON R J B Pte ANDREWARTHA W H Cpl APPLEBY A H Capt ATKINS G E Pte ATKINSON E H 2/Lt BAILEY G B Capt BANES F G Cpl BARCLAY D J Tpr BARNETT W J Pte BARROW C L Gnr BARTLEY A G Dvr BASHFIELD H D Tpr BATCHELOR V A Gnr BATES C L/Cpl BEARD N E Pte BENGER J D L/Cpl BENNETT E F 510 BENSON J E L/Cpl BENTIN C F Pte BEST G W Lt BIDGOOD H G Pte BILLINGHURST G Pte BINNS P Lt BIRDWOOD W General Sir 34 BIRKETT L J Sgt BLACKMORE A R Pte BONSER A Pte TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

293 Name and discharge rank Tree Death BOWDEN H R Spr BOWEN P J Cpl BOWERMAN J P Pte BOWMAN V Pte BRAIN J G BREWER E M Pte BRIGGS H C Sig BROOKE V C L/Cpl BROOKS L B Pte BROOKS L J Pte BROWNELL L Lt BRUFORD A T B Cpl BRUFORD H R B Lt BUCKPITT G K Pte BURGE S G Cpl BURT W Pte BURTON T A Spr BUTLER B N 2/Lt BUTLER E L A 2/Lt BUTLER R Pte CAHILL A R Pte CALVERT H E J Pte CANNON J J Spr CAPSTICK V Spr CARR W H Pte CARRICK S R Cpl CARTLEDGE A Pte CASBOURNE E E Pte CATO A B Gnr CAULFIELD H E Pte CEARNS C C Cpl CHALMERS L E Cpl CHAMBERS L T G Sgt CHANCE T W Pte CHARLES F J Pte CHESSELL R M Pte CHEVERTON R D K Gnr CHRISTIE R J H Pte CHUBB T 2/Lt CLARK C K L/Cpl CLARK C R Sgt CLARK T L Pte CLEARY E V Pte CLEARY J H Spr CLEARY W H Sgt CLEAVER L Gnr Name and discharge rank Tree Death COLLINGS L C Dvr COLLINS A C Pte COMBES A K Y Pte COMMANE M H Pte CONLAN P T L/Cpl CONLAN W A Pte CONNEL T Pte COOK J V Lt 507 COOK P Pte COOPER R Dvr COOPER W R Cpl COPCUTT W G Pte CORBETT L Gnr CORRIGAN L J Dvr COWEN C W Pte COWEN G Pte COX C T Pte CRAGG W L Pte CRANE W J L/Cpl CREED R C Sgt CROFT A W Pte CRONIN D F Cpl CROW J L Pte CURRIE A E W Spr CURTIS M E Pte CURTIS T H Pte DALCO C S Cpl DALE F Pte DALE G T DALEY S M Pte DALY J E J Pte DAVIS G E O Pte DAVIS J A Cpl DAWSON J W Tpr DELANEY W C Pte DEVINE R L Pte DICKENS C M Dvr DINEEN A L/Cpl DONALDSON F Pte DOUGLAS O H Pte DOVE B S Pte DRAKE E A Fireman DRAKE R H Gnr DRAKE V H Sgt DREW W G 2/Lt DUNKLEY A R 2/Lt TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

294 Name and discharge rank Tree Death DUNN T H Pte DWYER W J Dvr EDDINGTON G O C Sgt EDDINGTON O F Pte EDGECOCK A Pte EDWARDS A Pte EDWARDS A R Gnr EDWARDS H Pte ELLSTON H R Pte ELTHAM W K Lt EMERY P A Spr ENMAN A Pte ENSLOW N Pte 379 ESCOTT A R Gnr EVANS F H Pte EVANS N I Spr EYLES A S Pte FARRELL P Pte FINCH C R Pte FINCH J J Pte FISHER J C Pte FLANAGAN J E Gnr FLEMING A Pte FLEXMORE A Y Gnr FLOOD W W Tpr FORD A L Pte FOREMAN C B Pte FORSTER C W Pte FOWLER A G W Pte FOWLER P L Pte FOX T J Pte FRECKLETON J Spr FREEMAN T D Pte FRIER J T 489 FRIER J Y Pte FRY F Pte FULLER C S 2/Lt GADD L V Pte GARD J H Capt GARLICK L Pte GIBSON A G Pte GILBERT W E Pte GLENNON W R L/Cpl GLOVER R C Pte GOODEY W J L/Cpl GOUDIE J Pte Name and discharge rank Tree Death GOULD A D Pte GRAY C W T Pte GRAY V Pte GREEN J H Pte HALL E A Sgt HALL E W Pte HALL N J A L/Cpl HALTON W A Pte HAMMOND W A Pte HANEY J F Pte HANIGAN C H L/Cpl HARDING G E Pte HARE H P Lt HARREX A Pte HARRIS L R Pte HARRISON C V L/Cpl HARRISON J W Pte HARRISON P H Cpl HAWKESFORD H Tpr HAWKINS L Pte HAWKINS W C Pte HAY C W HAYNES W F Pte HAZELL F A Pte HEATON G F Pte HENDERSON J A Pte HENDERSON J Pte HENLEY C V Pte HERBERT W R Pte HERITAGE K Capt HERRON E G Dvr HEWITT B J Dvr HIGGINS R R Bdr HILL A C Pte HILL C W Bomb HILL R B Pte HILL T C W Pte HILL W P Sgt HILLS L F Pte HINCHCLIFFE S Pte HOBSON O Pte HODGE J E Pte HODGKINSON W H Pte HODGMAN A G Cpl HODGMAN H L/Cpl TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

295 Name and discharge rank Tree Death HOLMES H J Pte HOOD D T Sgt HORNE J W Pte HOWELL A H Gnr HUBBARD S M Pte HUMPHREY N W Pte HUNT G A Pte HUNTER M Dvr HURST W A Pte HUSBAND A E Pte HUTCHISON A J Pte HUTTON W Pte IBBOTT W G Pte JACK C T Pte JACKSON R N Pte JACKSON T C Sgt JEFFREY W O Sgt JOHANSON O W Pte JOHNSON H J Pte JONES A C Spr JONES C L Pte JONES L R Sgt JONES T Pte KEATS W V Lt KEEN C S Pte KEENAN W J Pte KELLY P J Spr KENNEDY H H Pte KENNEDY H H Pte KENSHOLE E S Pte KILMARTIN J D Bmdr KING F Pte KING H K Pte KING S B Pte KIRK E Pte LACEY J D L/Cpl LAKE S M Pte LANE N F S Pte LANGDON W Pte LANGE F E Pte LARKINS E W Cpl LARSEN A V Pte LATHAN H Pte LAWLER R J Pte LEE R S Cpl Name and discharge rank Tree Death LEVIS J W Pte LEWIS F W Spr LEWIS J H Pte LEWIS L Pte LEWIS R N Cpl LIDDALL E E L/Cpl LIGHTEN A Spr LIMBRICK G T A Pte LISSON V T Pte LIVINGSTON W J Cpl LONG H C/N C W Sgt LOPEZ F E Pte LORD H E L/Cpl LORD R S Pte LOVETT G T Cpt LUCAS C D Lt LUCAS L C L/Cpl LUTTRELL C E Cpl LYDEN A Pte LYNCH H Pte MACKEY J T Gnr MAHONEY T Lt MAINE C W Cpl MARGETTS I S Capt MARSH A L Pte MARSHALL R F 471 MARSHALL R T Pte MASON R St C Pte MASSEY H E M Capt MATZEN A N Pte MAXFIELD C E Pte McALLISTER W H Cpl McCREDIE G A Gnr McDEVITT J Pte McDONOUGH H Pte McDOUGALL W C Pte McGIVERON C G Pte McGUINNISS F W Pte McINDOE E J Pte 187 McINNESS S A Lt McKENDRICK AN Pte McLAREN L N Dvr McLEOD S D Dvr McNAMARA E A Pte McNEILL A D Spr McNEILL D J L/Cpl TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

296 Name and discharge rank Tree Death McPARTIN T P Gnr McPHERSON W Pte MEAGHER N R T Lt MEARS C W Pte MILLER J W Pte MILLS K D Pte MOATE P G Pte MONKS W G Staff Sgt MONKS W T Sgt MOORE E V Pte MOREY H H L/Cpl MULLIGAN A Gnr NADEN N C Pte NEWBOLD F K Pte NEWDEGATE F Sir 1 NEWDEGATE Lady 2 NICHOLSON F W L/Capt O BRIEN C E Pte O BRIEN H Pte O NEAL J T A Cpl OWEN A W Pte OWEN H E R Pte OWEN J T Pte PACE J S Spr PACEY H C Pte PAGE L F CSM PAGE O A Sgt PAGE R J Pte PALFREYMAN A E Capt PARKER C T Cpl PARKER R Y Pte PARSONS R G Pte PARSONS S C Pte PARTRIDGE C V Pte PATON H E Cpl PATTERSON G H Major PATTERSON H R Pte PAYNE T A Pte PEACOCK J E Pte PEARCE C B 2/Lt PEARCE H G Cpl PEARSON H G Pte PEDDER S L/Cpl PEGLER W Pte PELHAM F H Pte PFAU W J Pte PHAROAH H W C Gnr Name and discharge rank Tree Death PIESSE J S Sgt PIKE L C Pte PILCHER G Pte PITMAN T H Pte PITT A Cpl PLAISTER L J Pte POTTER H A 508 POULTNEY Z S/Sgt PURCELL C M Pte PURCELL J Pte QUAMBY J T Pte QUINN D A L/Cpl RAFTON H Pte RAY K G Spr READER A A Pte READING A Pte REID F W 2/Lt RENNIE R Sgt REX P H Pte REYNOLDS W J A Pte RIBBON C Tpr RISELEY J C E L/Cpl ROBERTSON A E Pte ROGERS J R Gnr ROLLINS L O Pte ROMETCH A E Pte ROMETCH F R Pte ROSS W G D F Sgt ROSSENDELL H A Pte RULE J C Cpl RUTTER W L Pte SALISBURY C N Cpl SAY D S Pte SCOLLICK A N Gnr SCOTT H T Pte SCULL W Pte SCURRAH A E Bmr SEABROOK C N Gnr SEABROOK E C Pte SELF E Pte SEYMOUR H A Cpl SEYMOUR T Pte SHARLAND C F Lt SHARP R R Pte SHEA J A Pte SHEARING H H Pte SIEDEL B F Gnr TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

297 Name and discharge rank Tree Death SINCLAIR R R Pte SLADE C A Pte SMART L E Pte SMITH C E Pte SMITH C G L/Cpl SORARN H G Pte SOWBY W Cpl SPEED G L/Sgt SPINKS A J S Pte SPROULE E F Pte STANTON A J Cpl STEWART E A Pte STIRLING R F L/Cpl STREET M B Pte SULLIVAN J Pte SUMMERS A A L/Cpl SWEENEY E R Dvr SWIFT J A S/Sgt SWIFT T W W Pte TALBOT A E Pte TAPNER W Pte TAYLOR A J G Pte TAYLOR W Y Pte TERRY E C Pte TERRY G W L/Cpl THICKENS W S Pte THOLLAR W M Pte THOMAS G H Pte THOMPSON J B Pte THOMPSON N Dvr THORPE R S Cpl THURSTANS A C 2/Lt TOLMAN A G Sgt TOLMAN O S Pte TRIFFETT V E Cpl TUCK F G Sgt TURNER J E Pte TURNER P B Cpl TURNER W J L Sgt UREN H F Lt VAUGHAN B Lt VAUGHAN O Pte VAUGHAN W Sgt VENUS H G Sgt WADSLEY L L Lt WALLACE H Pte WARD F H Pte WARD H J Pte Name and discharge rank Tree Death WARD J H Pte WARE J G F Pte WARREN A Pte WARREN J T Pte WATCHORN J FL/Cpl WATSON A E Pte WEAVER R N W Tpr WEAVERS J C L/Cpl WEEDING A G Pte WELLS A B Pte WERTHEIMER A T Lt WESTBURY R E Pte WHARMBY A Pte WHELAN F J Pte WHELAN W H Pte WHITMORE H G Pte WICKENS R G L/Cpl 486 WICKENS V J Pte WICKINS R G Pte WIGGINS R 222 WIGGINS R Pte WIGGINS R S Pte WILKIE C E CSM WILLIAMS A D Pte WILLIAMS E W Pte WILLIAMS G T C Gnr WILLIAMS H R T L/Cpl WILLIAMS R Gnr WILLIAMS W A Pte WILLIAMSON G F Pte WILLING C R Pte WILSON C Pte WINDSOR E H M Gnr WOOD G A Pte WOODLEIGH C A Pte WOODS A O Tmp Maj WOODWARD C C G Sgt WOOLLEY C L/Cpl WOOLLEY E C M Pte WOOLLEY G S Pte WRATHALL W Spr WRIGHT A Pte WRIGHT G S Pte WRIGHT W E Cpl WYLES J H Pte YAXLEY J K Pte YOUNG G S Pte YOUNG T L/Sgt TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

298 WEIGHTS AND MEASURES 1849 J. Wood (compiler), The Tasmanian Royal Kalendar, colonial register and almanack. Contributed by David Hodgson (Member No. 3726) T HE origin of all weights and measures in England was derived from a grain of wheat. The statutes passed in the reigns of Henry III, Edward I and Henry VII enacted that 32 of them, well dried and gathered from the middle of the ear, were to make 1 pennyweight (dwt), 20 dwt to make 1 ounce (oz.), and 20 oz. to make 1 pound (lb). It was subsequently thought better to divide the dwt. into 24 equal parts called grains. The word ounce is derived from uncia. Its precise weight was fixed by Henry III, who decreed that an English ounce should be 640 dry grains of wheat and that 12 ounces should be a pound. William the Conqueror introduced into England what was called Troy weight, from Troyes, a town in Champagne, France. The English were dissatisfied with this weight, because the French pound did not weigh as much as the English pound. Hence arose the term avoir du poids, which was a medium between the French and English weights. All measures of capacity were first taken from Troy weight, and several laws were passed in the reign of Henry III enacting that 8 lbs. Troy of wheat taken from the middle of the ear and well dried, should make one gallon of wine measure, and 8 gallons make a bushel. With measures of length, the various denominations were constructed from a corn of barley, three of which, well dried, from the middle of the ear, made an inch. Other terms were taken from portions of the human body, such as the digit (¾ of an inch, or a finger s breadth); a palm (3 inches); a hand (4 inches); a span (9 inches); a foot (12 inches) and a cubit (18 inches) being the length of the arm or bone from the elbow to the wrist. A pace was 5 feet, or two ordinary steps; a fathom 6 feet, from the extremity of one hand to that of the other, the arms oppositely extended. Henry I, in 1101, commanded that the uena or ancient ell, which answers to the modern yard,* should be made the length of his arm, and that the other measures of length were derived from this, whether lineal, superficial or solid. Weights and measures were invented in 869 B.C., fixed to a standard in England in 1257, regulated in 1492, and equalized in * The precise origin of our yard is uncertain. It is, however, likely that the word is from the Saxon term gyrd or girth, being anciently the circumference of the body, until Henry I decreed that it should be the length of his arm. VAN DIEMEN S LAND Imperial weights and measures were introduced into Van Diemen s Land on 1 January 1834, by Act of Council 4 Wm. 4, No. 3. The following standard weights and measures are deposited in the colonial treasury Hobart Town. Copies or models therof are deposited with the respective clerks at the several police offices in Van Diemen s Land, where persons who may be desirous of comparing or adjusting any weights or measures shall have access to all such copies or models of the standards so deposited, at all seasonable times, TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

299 upon the payment of three pence to such clerk for every weight or measure so compared, the respective clerks to compare the same with such copies or models. STANDARD WEIGHTS 56lbs., 26lbs., 14lbs. 7lbs., 4lbs., 2lbs., 1lb., ½lb., ¼lb., 2oz., 1oz., 8 drachms, 4 drachms, 2 drachms, 1 drachm. STANDARD MEASURES OF CAPACITY 1 bushel, ½ bushel, 1 peck, 1 gallon, ½ gallon, 1 quart, 1 pint, ½ pint, 1 gill, ½ gill, ½ peck, ¼ peck. MEASURES OF LENGTH Long Measure 3 barley-corns 1 inch 3 inches 1 palm 4 inches 1 hand 9 inches 1 span 12 inches 1 foot 3 feet 1 yard 5 feet 2 paces 6 feet 1 fathom 5½ yards 1 pole or perch 4 poles, or 100 links 1 chain 40 poles, or 220 yards 1 furlong 8 furlongs, or 1760 yards 1 mile 3 miles 1 league miles, or 60 knots 1 degree 2208 yards 1 knot or mile at sea 3 knots 1 league A link is 7 inches 92 hdts. A chain is 66 feet in length, and divided into 100 links. Cloth Measure Inches 2¼ 1 nail quarter of a yard yard Flemish ell English ell MEASURES OF SURFACE Square or Land Measures 144 inches 1 square foot 9 feet 1 square yard 272¼ feet, or 30¼ yards 1 rod brickw. 100 feet 1 sq. flooring 16 poles, or perches 1 chain 40 poles, or perches 1 rood 4 roods, or 4840 square yards 1 acre 640 acres 1 square mile 30 acres 1 yard of land 100 acres 1 hide of land 40 hides 1 barony The square chain 484 square yards, and 10 square chains 1 acre. MEASURES OF VOLUME Solid or Cubic Measure 1728 inches 1 solid foot 27 feet 1 yard 40 feet unhewn timber 1 ton 50 feet hewn timber 1 ton 42 feet 1 ton shipg 108 feet 1 stck wood 277¼ inches 1 imp. gall inches 1 imp. bushel MEASURES OF CAPACITY Liquid Measure 5 oz. avoirdupois of water 1 gill 4 gills 1 pint 2 pints 1 quart 4 quarts 1 gallon 8¼ gallons 1 anker 9⅛ gallons 1 firkin 14⅞ gallons 1 rundlet 18¼ gallons 1 kilderkin 34 ⅞gallons 1 tierce 36½ gallons 1 barrel 52⅜ gallons 1 hhd. wine, spirits, &c. 54⅞ gallons 1 hhd. ale or beer 60⅞ gallons 1 punch. wine, spirits &c. 73⅛ gallons 1 punch. ale or beer 104⅞ gallons 1 pipe or butt wine or spirits 109⅞ gallons 1 tun wine or spirits 109¾ gallons 1 butt ale or beer 250 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

300 Wine Measure Lisbon & Bucellas per pipe Gals 117 Port per pipe 115 Sherry 108 Malaga 105 Teneriffe, and Vidonia 100 Sicilian 93 Maderia and Cape 92 Tent, per hogshead 52 Claret and Hermitage 46 Hock, per aum 30 Spanish red, per tun 210 Dry or Corn Measure 2 pints 1 quart 2 quarts 1 pottle 2 pottles 1 gallon 2 gallons 1 peck 4 pecks or 8 gallons 1 bushel 2 bushels 1 strike 3 bushels 1 sack 8 bushels 1 quarter 4 quarters 1 chaldron 5 quarters 1 load 10 quarters 1 last The Imperial Gallon contains exactly 10lbs Avoir. of pure water. Consequently the pint will hold 1¼ and the bushel 80lbs. A bushel of wheat should weigh 60lbs. Six bushels of wheat which weigh 360lbs should produce one sack of flour, and should make 100 quartern loaves, each weighing 4lbs. A bushel of good oats should weigh 40lbs. The use of heap measure was abolished throughout the U.K. from 1 January 1835 and also the use of weights made of lead or pewter were forbidden. STANDARD OF SPECIFIC GRAVITY Avoirdupois Weight Drachms 16 1 Ounce Pound 7, Quarter 28,672 1, cwt. 573,440 35,840 2, ton 175 Troy pounds 144 Avoir. pounds, and 175 Troy ounces 192 Avoir. ounces. Wool Weight cwt qr lb 7 pounds 1 clove cloves 1 stone stones 1tod ½ tods 1 wey weys 1 sack sacks 1 last pack 240 pounds Hay and Straw Weight 36 lbs avoir of straw 1 truss 56 lbs avoir old hay 1 truss 60 lbs avoir new hay 1 truss 36 trusses, or 144 stones 1 load Troy Weight Grains 24 1 Pennyweight ounce 5, pound By Act of Parliament 4 & 5 Wm. 4, c.49, passed 13 August 1834, it is enacted that all articles are to be sold by the avoirdupois, except gold, silver, platinum, diamonds, or other precious stones and drugs sold by retail, and that such articles and some other may be sold by troy weight. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

301 Apothecaries Weight Grains 20 1 Scruple Drachm ounce pound MEASURES OF SPACE Angular Measure, or Division of the Circle 60 seconds 1 minute 60 minutes 1 degree 30 degrees 1sign 90 degrees 1 quadrant 4 quadrants 1 circle 360 degrees, or 12 signs 1 circumference, or great circle MEASURES OF TIME AND MOTION Measure of time 60 seconds 1 minute 60 minutes 1 hour 24 hours 1 day 7 days 1 week 28 days 1 lunar month 28, 29, 30, 31 days 1 calendar month 12 calendar months 1 year 355 days 1 lunar year 365 days 1 common year 366 days 1 leap year In 400 years, there are 97 leap years, and 303 common. Source: James Wood (compiler). The Tasmanian Royal Kalendar, colonial register and almanack. Launceston. Published by Henry Dowling, Reproduced with permission of the Archives Office of Tasmania. LETTER TO THE EDITOR Dear Editor, I joined the Genealogical Society of Tasmania in 1989 and, apart from one unforgivable lapse of four years (residence in NSW), have copies of Tasmanian Ancestry since that time. My research has been spasmodic due to time and motivational constraints. What a pleasure it has been of recent months to re-read these fascinating volumes and see how it has grown and matured; always full of information, the articles are very interesting and inspire the reader to put pen to paper. My husband and I look forward to each one. So congratulations to all the contributors for re-igniting a flickering flame, and the Editors for compiling an interesting and informative periodical. Helen White (Member No. 5565) 1880 CENSUS WASHINGTON COUNTY GEORGIA ED 126, family 246 BROWN, James B. head. Farmer BROWN, Emerline wife Keeping house MEEKS, John Oliver son-in-law Tramp, good for no body MEEKS, Nancy Elizabeth wife At home Previously published in Roots Web Review: Vol. 5, No. 48, 27 November TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

302 BRUNY ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY VARIETY BAY PROJECT Kathy Duncombe (Member No. 2012) A N Open Day will be held at Variety Bay on 13 April 2003 to celebrate the completion of the Church stabilisation component of the 2002 Cultural Heritage Projects Program. Since 1997, when the Bruny Island Historical Society negotiated a lease of the Church site, brick kilns and nearby Pilot Station [William Lawrence 1831], the Society has put in place a management plan. After nine submissions and four years of hard work a Grant was received in 2002 to stabilise the Church Ruins. The Conservation of Variety Bay Historic Sites was carried out with the assistance of funds made available by the Commonwealth of Australia under the 2002 Cultural Heritage Program. On 24 November 2002 about thirty volunteers took great pleasure in viewing the removal of the last supporting beams that were erected over fifty years ago, and revealed the full fabric of the Church ruin in its new stabilised form. It was only due to the foresight of Dr HAMILTON back in the 1950s in putting up this framework that the ruin has been preserved for so long. The present round of preservation work would not have happened at all without the driving force and inspiration of Bev DAVIS, the Co-ordinator of the Bruny Island Historical Society who, back in 1997, perceived the urgent need to do something now before it is too late. Many volunteers have worked on this St. Peter s Variety Bay Bruny Island (1998) St. Peter s Variety Bay Bruny Island (2002) project, including John LAMPKIN who has put in countless hours restoring and replacing faulty brickwork on the Church. 1. Pilot Station: One of the earliest Pilot Stations in Australia, being established in 1831 using convict labour. The site includes foundations of three discernible buildings, baker s oven, rock and brick lined cellar, circular rock walled watch tower and evidence of a garden in front of the homestead. 2. Kiln site: This is where the bricks used for the Pilot Station were made by TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

303 convicts and fired on site. Remnants of three kiln foundations and clay pit remain. 3. St. Peter s Church ruin: This was the first Anglican Church built south of Hobart Town. The church was designed by Bishop Russell NIXON, the first Anglican Bishop of Tasmania, and consecrated by him. From 1847 to the 1890s the Church served as the base for Anglican communities of Bruny Island and D Entrecasteaux Channel by an itinerant minister who travelled with the Parish Register recording marriages, births and deaths as he officiated along the Channel and on Bruny Island. Substantial remains exhibit a rare colonial bond design in the brickwork walls. A large brick kiln site, associated clay pit and water holes are located beside the Church. The Church, built 1846 was opened on 15 April The Church is neatly fitted up inside with font, pulpit, reading desk etc. The bell weighing more than 110 lbs. was cast in Hobart Town and is also a gift of Mr. Lawrence. [Hobart Town Courier 21 April 1847] 4. Burial site: There is a burial ground adjacent to the church which contains three to five known graves. The Church and Pilot Station are Heritage Listed with the National Trust and the Open Day is on the National Trust Heritage Calendar. This project has ensured that the extant fabric of the Church ruin has been preserved for at least another generation as an important component of the historic fabric of Bruny Island. For further information, contact either Bev Davis, Co-ordinator Bruny Island Historical Society phone , or Kathy Duncombe phone or Where in the world are YOUR Ancestors? England - Scotland - Ireland Wales - Europe - Australia and many other countries Discover over 10,000 genealogy products books - software, data CDs, microfiche - videos - maps & much more... For our full catalogue and many other benefits visit us at: GOULD GENEALOGY PO Box 675, Modbury SA 5092 Telephone (08) Fax (08) A FAMILY GATHERING will be held at Benalla Victoria between 2 6 May 2003 for descendants of REV. JOHN RIDE ( ) and MARTHA DONCASTER ( ) See Coming Events for further details. 254 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

304 Lost, Stolen or Strayed Cuimhnich air na daoine o n d thaining thu Remember the men from whom you are descended. In 1911 the original Clan MacFarlane Society was established in Glasgow and London. The secretary was the historian James MacFarlane. Due to World War I and the following economic depression the Clan faded out of existence by In 1973 The Clan MacFarlane Society Inc. was re-established at Grandfather Mountain, North Carolina and became heir to the original records. Members of the Society have the opportunity of having their MacFarlane ancestors added to the Clan Data Base. There are currently over 1,200 members. New members receive a brightly designed certificate, a membership card and the society s quarterly magazine. Glenda Mason has been appointed Commissioner for Australia for the Clan MacFarlane Society Inc. (International), and can be contacted at 6 Dawn Avenue, Mt Pritchard NSW 2170, phone (02) by Website For over ten years, the Oxfordshire Family History Society has published a wide range of parish register transcripts and monumental inscriptions, and census indexes and transcriptions, on microfiche. The Society advises that by popular demand, they are now making such data available on CD in the Adobe Acrobat format. The use of Acrobat means that this data can be accessed by PC and Mac users alike. The 1861, 1871 and 1891 censuses of Oxfordshire and North Berkshire have been fully indexed by members of the society. These continue to be available on microfiche, but are now also on sale on CD. Furthermore, an increasing number of our parish register transcripts are now available on CD, including those for the Oxford City and Wallingford areas. Further area collections will follow on CD in the near future. Another interesting gem now on CD is Volumes 1 to 11 of the Oxfordshire Family Historian, the society's journal, which has been published three times per year since the society's formation in The CD includes over sixty editions of the journal published over a twenty-one year period, and includes many articles written by its first editor, Jeremy Gibson of Gibson Guides fame. This is a treasure trove of data for those with Oxfordshire research interests. For further details of the society's CD publications and how to order them see Any queries about these CDs can be forwarded by to: Paul Gaskell Publicity Officer and Minutes Secretary Oxfordshire Family History Society Website Bega Valley Forebears NSW The Bega Valley Genealogy Society Inc. is pleased to advise of its recently published Bega Valley Pioneer Register Pre Federation. The Register has been a successful venture, and the second edition is now available at $40 a copy plus $9 postage and handling where applicable. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

305 and Found! The Register is a result of about three years effort by volunteer members of the Society, and records the names of a large number of early settlers of the Bega Valley, some of whom were ex-convicts, some later found their way to Gippsland, others to the northern Coast of New South Wales and even farther afield, some even to New Zealand. Those wishing to buy a copy please send a cheque or money order to: Bega Valley Genealogy Society Inc. PO Box 19, Pambula NSW 2549 Our September journal contained a request for information about female convicts in Van Diemen s Land. Those connected with the Female Factory Historic Site in South Hobart wish to thank all TFHS Inc. members who have so far responded to their request. They have a further request they now seek details of any written material by our female convicts. Their website is is and phone number In our December journal we reproduced a photo of W Cox in military uniform. Earl G Howard was seeking descendants of Cox, wishing to give them the photo, which was possibly taken in Hobart between 1923 and Earl has had a partial solution to his search. He has eliminated the photo as being of W E Cox, so therefore it is probably of W Cox who enlisted in the 40th Battalion which was raised in the south of the state. He has also received information that the address on the back of the photo is in New Zealand. NEW RELEASE An index to Launceston Examiner This new series covers the personal announcements from the Launceston Examiner from its inception on 12 March 1842 until 31 December In 1900 the name was changed to The Examiner. There are Birth, Death and Marriage notices as well as deaths and marriages gleaned from news items. In the early years of this first volume Police Reports were detailed and give a graphic picture of the social conditions prevailing, as do the Police Intelligence, Supreme Court and Quarter Sessions reports, which in many cases culminate in the report of an Execution. Selected news items of interest to family historians have also been included. Volume 1, $30.00 Volume 2, $25.00 Volume 3, Electoral Roll 1856 $20.00 Available from TFHS Inc. Launceston Branch PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS 7250 All volumes, plus $7.30 p&p TFHS Inc. Members less 10% discount, plus $7.30 p&p 256 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

306 GENES ON SCREEN Vee Maddock (Member No. 3972) B ELIEVE it or not, when I sat down to write this column I had enough ed and bookmarked links to fill a column four times this size, with some left over. Anytime I come across a site I feel might be of interest I pop it into a folder in my favourites. (If you don t know how to organise your favourites in Internet Explorer see /extreme/helpme/tutorial9.htm ) Some of these links are barely weeks old, some are months old and a few even date back a year or so. For this reason I always expect a proportion of them to have died or moved without leaving a forwarding link. Today however more than 75% of them seem to have vanished. Because of this I have spent a lot of time searching for some in the wilds of the internet. Searching the internet is not difficult, but it can be frustrating without a few simple rules. A good search engine (a search site) is a must. Many search engines are dedicated to certain topics or types of sites. Some search only for certain types of files, like images and graphics. Others search only within a certain location, like which only searches Australian web sites. Occasionally you may need to try a search in several different engines to get the results you want. A more likely scenario is that you can find anything, providing you word the search correctly. By far the best search engine currently online is google.com Millions of sites and a constantly expanding and improving interface seem to guarantee the best results in the fastest time. The first thing to remember when searching is to choose your keywords carefully. Google (and these tips apply to many other search engines also) will generally ignore words like how, to, why, where, is, etc in basic searches. Use words that might appear close together to narrow a search, for example dating old photographs rather than old pictures. Google automatically assumes the and command between words and will search for them all. It is important to remember that a majority of sites are American in origin and thus so is their spelling, so if looking for general information on favourite tyres for utes don't forget to try favorite tires for pickups as well. Google will search for sites containing all the words you list. However if you put them in inverted commas (a phrase search) it will find them in that order. For example how to date old photographs will bring up pages containing that exact sequence of words. This is an excellent way to find a page if you have a quote or printout from the web but not the URL (or the new URL if it is moved). Sometimes searching variations of words can be useful. Add an s or change the ending. If a word is of particular importance, but the order they appear in isn t, then add a plus symbol in front of the word, e.g. Wales castles +Madog will ensure that Madog is on the page about Welsh castles. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

307 On the other hand, it is often frustrating to find sites containing your search word, but about a different topic. To search for the surname Potter without getting every book and movie review on the planet try Potter -rowling - movie, making sure there is a space before the minus sign. Use or to expand searches, e.g. York or Yorkshire census. By the way, Google is not case sensitive so it doesn't MAtTeR how you TyPe. Google has many different search engines to allow you to customise the way you search. including a news search (current news is often the hardest to find in a search because of the frequency of updates of site listings in many search engines). Use the directory tab to search within categories. This can help to narrow searches, especially when it is hard to find criteria to use. For example if you search Magpies in the sports category you ll find football teams instead of birds. Browsing the categories is the best way to see how the sequencing works and the way topics link. You now have all the tools to find any site you may want. Happy searching. Australian World War nominal rolls WWI- database/133/index.asp WW2 - Melbourne General Hospital Deaths have moved to /~tfoen/meldeath.html Convicts links - A RECENT RELEASE UNDERTAKERS OF HOBART Vol II Index to Alex Clark & Son Funeral Records Compiled and published by TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch Available from The Librarian TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch GPO Box 640 Hobart TAS pp $48.00 (inc GST) plus $7.50 p&p printing press was brought to Van Diemen s Land by Lieutenant- Governor David COLLINS, and its first use was on 20 February 1804 for printing the General Orders. The colony s first printer was George CLARK, who, in 1810 produced the short-lived Derwent Star and Van Diemen s Land Intelligencer.* Our regular article Genes on Screens illustrates the difference in communications between 1804 and Ed. * (E Morris Miller, Pressmen and Governors, p.81) 258 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

308 TASMANIANA LIBRARY, STATE LIBRARY OF TASMANIA NEW ACQUISITIONS This is a select list of books on history and genealogy which have been added to the Tasmaniana Library between October and December They are mostly, but not all, new publications; the Tasmaniana Library often acquires older works which relate to Tasmania and which it does not already hold. The list has been kept as brief as possible; normally only author, title and the Tasmaniana Library's reference number are given. If you would like further information about any of the books listed, please contact the Tasmaniana Library at 91 Murray Street, Hobart 7000 or by telephone on (03) , by fax on (03) , or by at Further information is also available on TALIS, the State Library's on line information system. TALIS is available in city and branch libraries throughout Tasmania and through the World Wide Web; its URL is Please note that, while all of these books are available for reference in the Tasmaniana Library, they are not available for loan (although copies of some of them may be available at city and branch libraries). Abel, Gordon, Born in the great depression: life in Strahan and on the West Coast of Tasmania, (TL 920 ABE) Advocate Newspaper, Burnie: 175 years. (TLPQ BUR) Alexander, Alison, A wealth of women: the extraordinary experiences of ordinary Australian women from 1788 to today. (TL ALE) Anderton, Buck, More on football. (TLQ AND) Andrews, Brian, Creating a Gothic paradise: Pugin at the Antipodes. (TLQ PUG) Austral Archaeology, Sullivans Cove archaeological zoning plan. (TLQ AUS) Badcock, Josephene, Historic buildings of Devonport: pencil sketches of National Trust buildings in the Devonport Municipality. (TL BAD) Bain, Ethel, From then til now, 1840s [Philpott and Nutting families] (TLQ PHI) Bingham, Iris, A bright idea: 35 years of Burnie BPW history, (TLQ BIN) Burke, Christine and Len Kingston, The Barwick family tree: descendants of Joseph Barwick and Ann Graves. (TLQ BAR) Carter, Jennifer MT, Eyes to the future: sketches of Australia and her neighbours in the 1870s. (TL CAR) Casar, Claude, Der Beutelwolf: Thylacinus cynocephalus harris, (TL MOE) Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. V, Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart. [Microfiche.] (TLMFC CEM) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

309 Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania, Vol. VI, Hobart s early churchyards and other monuments: Part 1, Congregational cemeteries. (TLQ CEM) Chavanne, Josef, The literature on the polar regions of the earth. [Facsimile of original German edition] (TL CHA) Christie s London, Exploration and travel including the Bligh relics Thursday 26 September (TLQ CHR) Christie s London, The Freycinet collection Thursday 26 September (TLQ CHR) Christie s London, The Polar sale including the Neil Silverman collection Wednesday 25 September (TLQ CHR) Clark, Julia, Gardens of exile: the gardens of Port Arthur. (TLP CLA) Colligan, Mimi, Canvas documentaries: panoramic entertainments in nineteenth-century Australia and New Zealand. (TLQ COL) Collins, Paul, Hell s Gates: the terrible journey of Alexander Pearce: Van Diemen s Land cannibal. (TL PEA) Davis, Richard and Marianne Davis, The whistling Irish bushrangers: Tasmania and South Australia, (TLP DAV) Dean, Johnson, Shooting the Franklin: early canoeing on Tasmania s wild rivers. (TL DEA) Dixon, John and Geoff Pickard, J. Crichton & Co.: shipbuilders, Saltney and Connah s Quay. [Includes vehicular ferry steamer Lurgurena] (TLQ DIX) Draskovic, S., From farms to factories, the growth of Glenorchy. (TLPQ DRA) Edwards, Paul Bathurst, Of things that used to be, there s nothing left for me: five and a half years a gunner. (TLQ EDW) Evans, Graeme, The Hohnes at Nugent, (TLQ 920 HOH) Fisher, Leonard C, Wilmot: an historical overview. (TLQ FIS) Flanagan, Martin, In sunshine or in shadow. (TL FLA) Forth, Gordon (ed), The biographical dictionary of the western district of Victoria. (TL BIO) Glover, John Richardson, The family correspondence of John Richardson Glover. (TLQ GLO) Graeme-Evans, AL and AG Kemp, K & D: centenary history of Kemp and Denning Limited (TLQ GRA) Graham, John M., From British Titan Products to Huntsman Tioxide: a company history 1930 to (TLQ HUN) Highman, B. W., Domestic service in Australia. (TL HIG) Hosken, Graeme, Digging for diggers: a guide to researching an Australian soldier of the Great War, (TLR HOS) Howego, Raymond John, Encyclopedia of exploration to (TLQ HOW) Huon Valley Theatre Inc., A celebration of 10 years. (TLPQ HUO) Hutchins, Brett, Don Bradman: challenging the myth. (TL BRA) 260 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

310 Hutton, Pierre, The importance of being Ernst: the forgotten first Australian official overseas representative outside the British empire. (TLQ HUT) Johnson, Sue and Brian Winspear (eds), Tasmanians at war in the air, (TL TAS) King, Peter Wylie, Anare history notes. (TLQ KIN) Konkes, Claire, A job worth doing: ten stories from the Flinders Island Soldier Settlement Scheme (TL KON) Launceston (Tas.) Council, Launceston heritage walk. (TLP LAU) Launceston West Rotary Club, A glimpse at the past 30 years: (TLP 367 ROT) Leaman, David, The rock which makes Tasmania. (TL LEA) Lees, Kirsten, Votes for women: the Australian story. (TL LEE) Leggett, Kirsten, Sandy Bay Rivulet Catchment management plan. (TLQ LEG) Living on the land: glimpses of a community working with wool. [A Campbell Town District High School initiative] (TL LIV) Mason, Thais, From chains to freedom: supplement: corrections and additions to the Garth, Bellett, and Kidner families, (TLQ GAR) Morris, John, Dr. Clifford Craig: a man for all seasons. (TL CRA) Ogilvie, Gordon, Picts and porridge: an Ogilvie family history. (TLQ OGI) Palmer, Geoff, A new start: seeking a better future: from England, Scotland, and Donegal. (TLQ PAL) Penguin railway centenary, [Videocassette] (TLVC PEN) Poole, Denis, The story of a migrant family in Tasmania: Ludwig and Christina Dornauf, 1816 to (TLQ DOR) Proceedings of the Wild Cities/Urbane Wilderness Symposium, Launceston, (TLQ WIL) Purtscher, Joyce, Infants at Queen s Orphanage, Hobart, (TLPQ PUR) Richards, Paul AC, A history of Spurr Wing and Spurr Wing House (TL RIC) Richmond, BM, Survey of Tasmanian records, 2 Vols. [Manuscript compiled in the 1950s.] (TLQ RIV) Sackville O Donnell, Judith, The first Fagin: the true story of Ikey Solomon. (TL SOL) Sargent, John R., Cartela: 90 years service. (TLP CAR) Scheding, Stephen, The national picture. (TL SCH) Spreadborough, Robert and Hugh Anderson, Victorian squatters. (TLQ SPR) Tasmanian Family History Society Inc.Devonport Branch, A transcription of the Chudleigh and Mole Creek cemeteries Tasmania.(TLQ TAS) Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. Devonport Branch, Index to the Advocate Tasmania: personal announcements (TLQ IND) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

311 Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. Launceston Branch, Index to Launceston Examiner: Vol 1, 12 March December 1851 (TLQ IND) Tasmanian Parliamentary Library, Daylight saving time: historical notes and duration. (TLPQ TAS) Taylor, Rebe, Unearthed: the Aboriginal Tasmanians of Kangaroo Island. (TL TAY) Toft, Klaus, The navigators: Flinders vs Baudin. (TL TOF) The trouble with Merle. [Videocassette of the mysterious origins of Merle Oberon] (TLVC OBE) Watson, Reg A., Strange happenings over the skies of Tasmania and Bass Strait. (TLQ WAT) Whaite, Joy, Cato records in Australia. (TLQ CAT) Wright, Cindy, Mowbray Heights Primary School: (TLPQ MOW) 262 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

312 FROM THE EXCHANGE JOURNALS Thelma McKay (Member No. 598) Nottingham Transportees compiled by Phil Westwood in Relatively Speaking, the journal of the Family History Association of North Queensland Vol. 21, No.1, March 2002 pp A list of convicted persons (to the letter C) can be found in this issue recording their crimes, dates of conviction, and length of sentences to transportation. These names have been extracted from the Nottingham Borough Quarter Sessions 1784 to 1867 by Phil Westwood, Nottinghamshire, England. Phil wishes to make contact with any present day descendants and also provides a service offering more information for a fee. His postal and addresses are given. Further listings will continue in future issues. Five articles of interest appear in the Isle of Man journal Fraueyn As Banglaneyn Vol. 34, No.1, February Four articles feature the Boer War, and one lists an early census record. 1 The Boer War 11 October 1899 to 31 May 1902 by F Coakley, pp This article covers the history of the Boer War and the nine men from the Isle of Man Volunteers who served in South Africa. Their names are listed, and a cartoon depicts Major Stephens and the volunteers. The author owns the original coloured cartoon. 2 Manx Soldiers in the Boer War by F Coakley pp An alphabetical list of Manxmen on service at the front showing rank, Company, home addresses, and some next-of-kin. 3 Searching for a Soldier by Barbara Caine pp While researching the Gilmour family the author came across a side-shoot a soldier named John Joseph Cain, originally from the Isle of Man, who served in the New Zealand Auxiliary Corps He died of wounds and his medals were sent home to his mother on the IOM. 4 Peel Company, Northern Volunteers, 1803 p.31. A list of eightythree men of the Peel Company who were inspected by the Honourable Lieutenant- Governor Shaw on 31 October Census of the Town of Peel May 9 th 1814 on pp This early census lists the families in Peel recorded by the Rev James Gelling and Hugh Clucas in Details include the house number, name of the head of the house, plus the numbers in residence of adults and minors of both sexes. The Genealogists Magazine Vol.27, No.5 the journal of the Society of Genealogists March 2002 edition has two articles of interest. 1 Records of Thomas Coram s Foundling Hospital by Gillian Clark, pp Thomas Coram was a sea captain and trader before arriving in London where he set up an organisation to help abandoned children living in the streets of London. It was fifteen years before the hospital opened in Known as The Foundling Hospital, it was supported by a committee of four hundred wealthy governors and financed TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

313 by charitable donations. Records dating from 1741 are held at the London Metropolitan Archive. From 1760 any single woman could ask in writing for her child to be received. Some mothers left an identifying token or a note with her child and these can still be found with the records. Examples are given. 2 Transmission of Real Estate by Death in Queensland by Margaret Belcher & Merle Grinly on pp During the 19 th century persons from not only Australia but also many other countries invested in property in Queensland. By 1877 legislation was passed that declared that on the death of an owner, the transmission of property was to be advertised in the Government Gazette. The first entry was on 9 February Examples are shown of some of the entries which show name, address and date of death of deceased, and also the claimants names and addresses. Often the date of the will appears or, in the case of intestacy, letters of administration. Torpoint Archives in the Oxfordshire Family Historian Vol. 16, No.1, April 2002, the journal of the Oxfordshire Family History Society, p.15. The Torpoint Archives opened last autumn [UK] after being closed for refurbishment. The Archives now offers census records for Torpoint in Cornwall from plus some other areas for the 1871 census. Many parish and other records are also available. Postal and addresses plus phone/fax details are given. Two articles of interest in Metropolitan the journal of the London & North Middlesex Family History Society Vol. 24, No. 3, (93) April From the Parish Chest St John at Hackney Apprentices and their Masters pp These two alphabetical lists name local apprentices and their masters. Details include age, date of apprenticeship, and to whom indentured. Many girls are named in the apprentices list. The masters list includes their trades and places of residence. 2 Index to the Burial Register of St Andrew Enfield Part 7, 1 April to 20 June 1815, p.133. This list is a continuation from previous issues and will be continued in further publications. The index includes identifying family details, burial date, and the age of the deceased. There may be other information available regarding these burials but this is a service provided only for members of the above society. Basingstoke Union Minute Books by Roy Montgomery in The Hampshire Family Historian the journal of the Hampshire Genealogical Society Vol. 39, No.1, May 2002, pp Whilst searching the Union Minute Books some Notices of Marriage were found. These appear to be Marriage Banns mostly from Non-conformist places of worship and some are out of county. Thirty Notices of Marriage from March 1848 to September 1852 are listed in this article. Some individuals and families who received Assisted Emigration are also detailed in the Basingstoke Union Minute Books. Examples are given of some given money by the Union to buy their passage. Five entries are included for emigration to Australia 1849 to TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

314 The Transportation of Henry and William Perry by Walter A Perry in Suffolk Roots Vol. 28, No.1, May 2002 the journal of the Suffolk Family History Society, pp Henry and William Perry were born in Suffolk. Henry was found guilty of stealing and transported to NSW, arriving in August 1830 per Adrian. His nephew William Perry was also tried for stealing in Suffolk and was transported to Hobart, Tasmania in 1838 per Sir William Bentick (2). By 1842 William was working for Thomas Reiby at Entally House near Launceston. He later returned to Hobart where he married Ann Prestige in 1852, both departing for Victoria two weeks later. The Somerset and Dorset Family History Society journal of The Greenwood Tree, Vol. 27, No.2 May 2002 has a special edition on the Channel Islands. Some Guernsey References lists alphabetically many Guernsey surnames and gives a great variety of information. Immigration Control in the 18 th Century lists persons from Somerset and Dorset showing their length of residence in St Peter Port in 1827, naming the head of the house, age, origin, residence, occupation, and family size. Two additional lists record Marriages of Somerset Folk at St Helier and 'Dorset Folk marrying at St Helier Yon house that holds the Parish poor : Workhouses and their Records Part 1: Parish Workhouses by Tim Wormleighton in The Devon Family Historian the journal of the Devon Family History Society No. 102, May 2002, pp.4 7. This article, written by the Senior Archivist at the North Devon Record Office, describes the background that led to the Poor Law Amendment Act in An industrial site long forgotten by John D. Stevenson A.M.I.Mar.E. in The Scottish Genealogist the journal of the Scottish Genealogical Society Vol. 49, No.2, June 2002, pp Using the 1871, 1881, and 1891 census returns the author has extracted all employees who worked for shipbuilder John Key at Abden, Kinghorn in Scotland. The names, ages and birthplaces of employees living in Kinghorn in 1871 are listed in this article. Research undertaken by the author on John Key and his sons is also detailed. The first ship to be launched was the South Australian for Samuel White & Co of Adelaide in NEW RELEASE An index to Launceston Examiner Obituaries and Funerals Price $25.00 plus $7.30 p&p This is the second in this seriies. The first publication in the series, An index to Launceston Examiner Obituaries & Funerals is also available for sale Price $25.00 plus $7.30 p&p Both are available from TFHS Inc. Launceston Branch PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS 7250 TFHS Inc. Members less 10% discount, plus $7.30 p&p TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

315 BOOK REVIEWS Tracing Your Family History in Australia: A National Guide to Sources. Third Edition, by Nick Vine Hall. 896 pages $75 posted from the author at PO Box 735, Mt Eliza Vic Phone (02) Anyone picking up this tome and who then bravely wades through the Acknowledgements (six pages), Preface (two pages), and Introduction (42 pages), is rewarded on page 51 with the advice to obtain a copy of a general beginners guidebook about family history research in Australia. Following this gem of information, the author then takes 21 pages to say substantially the same thing he was able to say in five pages in the first edition of the volume. From this point onwards, however, the volume begins to live up to the subtitle A National Guide to Sources, and much valuable data is therein contained. The data is presented in sections for each state and territory, including a short section on Island Territories. New South Wales appears to be disproportionately represented, occupying as it does, some 314 pages whilst the remaining eight sections share less than 400 pages between them. It must be noted however that the New South Wales section has many pages where half or more of the page is taken up with voluminous footnotes, many being of particular reference to the author s ancestors. Throughout the volume the location of records is given by a code which no doubt serves to conserve space very well. The meaning of these codes is given in Appendix 5, but with 23 pages of Record Location Codes, the researcher may find they spend more time referring to the Appendix that in reading the book. Apart from those codes in consistent use, it would not be practical to try and memorize the whole Appendix. Overall the volume, at 896 pages, is of monumental proportions, and the amount of concentrated effort required to bring it to publication is willingly acknowledged. The work however is probably much better suited to the shelves of major reference libraries and family history societies than to the reference collection of any individual. David Harris FTFHS Tracing Your Family History in Australia: A Bibliography. First Edition by Nick Vine Hall. 275 pages. $35 posted from the author at PO Box 735, Mt Eliza Vic 3930, phone (02) Labelled as a companion volume to Tracing Your Family History in Australia: A National Guide to Sources, this volume is stated to have been separated from the foregoing volume due to the size of the former. That being the case the volume is disappointing. The alphabetical listing by author/compiler employed, results in 66 pages (25% of the actual listings) being listed as No Author and with no cross index to a listing by title or subject, it is difficult to use the volume as a finding aid for relevant material. In the explanation of the contents, reference is made to the underlining of titles for works that are separate publications in their own right. The underlining is regrettably conspicuous 266 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

316 only by its absence, perhaps due to a loss of formatting in the transfer from database to hard copy. Even as a companion volume it will be difficult for this volume to realise its potential and it is likely to remain a Libraries Only publication. David Harris FTFHS Federation of Family History Societies (Publications) Ltd. Available from FFHS (Publications) Ltd., Units Chesham Industrial Estate, Oram Street, Bury Lancs., BL9 6EN, England or On-line Bookshop at books.co.uk Quoted prices are exclusive of postage and packing, the cost of which may be obtained from either the FFHS website or, in most cases, the catalogue held by our Society. The first three books by Stuart Raymond are A5, with glossy soft covers. Surrey and Sussex: The Genealogists Library Guides, by Stuart A Raymond; (May 2002), FFHS Volume 1: Information Sources for Surrey and Sussex Genealogists, 48 pp., Volume 3: Surrey and Sussex Lists of Names, 48 pp., Volume 4: Administrative Records for Surrey and Sussex Genealogists, 88 pp., Many genealogists, when they begin their research, do not realize just how much information has been published, and is readily available in printed form. They head straight for the archives, rather than checking printed sources first. In doing so they may waste much time, and also impose needless wear and tear on irreplaceable archives. However, when faced with the vast array of tomes possessed by major reference libraries, it is difficult to know where to begin without guidance. These bibliographies aim to point in the right direction. They complete the 'set' for Surrey and Sussex. Current Publications on Microfiche by Member Societies, compiled by John P Perkins; (Fifth Edition 2002); FFHS; A5 paperback; 264 pp., Price, 7.95 Current Publications on Microfiche by Member Societies, compiled by John P Perkins; (First edition on CD); FFHS; Single CD pack; Price, $7.95 This is a much-extended listing of the member society projects available for purchase on microfiche. For the first time, it is also available in CD format. The systems running requirements are PC's running Windows 95 or later, with a minimum 10Mbytes of RAM and a CD drive. The data has been created using PDF files which can be read using Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 Software. For those who do not have the software installed, it can be downloaded from the CD or from the Adobe website. The CD version has a search engine able to take the viewer direct to the parish of choice, and 'links' to websites of the societies whose publications are included to enable viewers to download order forms and other details. Basic Facts About Descendant Tracing, by Tom Wood; (August 2002); FFHS; A5 paperback, 16 pp., Price, 1.75 This is the latest addition to the popular Basic Facts series. Descendant tracing is a branch of family history that is growing in popularity. It can become a research project once the usual avenues TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

317 of ancestral research are exhausted and is much favoured by overseas family historians keen to discover living cousins 'back in the old county'. Emigration to North America, Australia, New Zealand, Africa and Asia was big business in the 19th century and well into the 20th century, and many people tried their luck overseas. These emigrants and their children often kept in touch with their UK relatives by post. Once these generations had died out, contact was usually broken. Even within the British Isles, there has been a great deal of population movement with brothers and sisters moving from the family base and losing touch with their relatives. Finding these distant living relatives can be more difficult than the traditional backward process of ancestral research. However, it can be very rewarding as these distant cousins may have family information or heirlooms. This book tells you where to start and explains basic sources in detail. An Introduction to Using Computers for Genealogy, by David Hawgood; (Third Edition 2002), FFHS; A5 paperback; 54 pp., Price 3.95 A popular return for this book which aims to help anyone with little experience of computers to start using one for family history. The emphasis throughout is on using the computer, not understanding how it works! Surnames and Genealogy: A New Approach, by George Redmonds, (2002 previously published in USA); FFHS; 23.5cm x 15.5cm paperback; 292 pages; Price, Many readers will recognise in this book, the development of ideas that Dr Redmonds, a leading authority on English surname origins, local history and place names, has presented in seminars during the past decade. Surnames and Genealogy reflects Dr Redmonds analysis of the various methods by which surnames developed, particularly in Yorkshire. As Dr Ralph J Crandall notes in his foreword, the fundamental lesson of Redmonds' work is that each surname is unique, beginning with one person or family at a particular time and a particular place. Thus dictionaries of surnames may mislead when they provide a single origin as the explanation of a surname. Chapters include an introduction to the Old Approach, the English Surnames Survey and the New Approach; the Method; Origin and Meaning; Heredity; Changes of Name; the Linguistic Development of Surnames; and Surname Studies. Appendices include: Smith Aliases; Suffix Confusion; Surname Confusion; and a Dictionary of Difficult Names and Variants. There are also surname and place-name indexes. Was your grandfather a Railwayman? A Directory of Railway Archive Sources for Family Historians, by Tom Richards (Fourth Edition 2002); FFHS; 132 pages; 6.95 A very welcome new edition of this best seller that had been out of print for a period. It is a much expanded edition of the directory of records relating to staff employed by railways in the following countries with details of material and repositories: UK, Australia, Canada, Eire, India, New Zealand, South Africa, Tasmania, USA, and reference to Crown Agents for the Colonies. Taken from FFHS (Publications) Limited New Additions to Book List September TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

318 TASMANIA Tasmanian Historical Research Association Inc. meetings take place on the second Tuesday of the month at 8.00 p.m. in the Royal Society Room, Customs House, Davey Street, Hobart (enter from the car park). Please Alison Alexander on (03) for further details. Sunday 13 April 2003 Open Day Variety Bay Church North Bruny Island. An Open Day will be held at Variety Bay on site a.m. to 3.00 p.m. to celebrate the completion of the Church stabilisation component of the 2002 Cultural Heritage Projects Program. (Entrance via Great Bay gateway.) If you have visited in the past you will be keen to follow our progress. There will be an interpretation display and guided tours of the sites. Bring a picnic lunch or just drop in. No admission charge. Hope to see you there! BRUNY ISLAND SUNDAY FERRY TIMETABLE DEPART DEPART KETTERING BRUNY ISLAND 8.00 a.m a.m p.m 2.15 p.m Further information: Bev Davis Coordinator Bruny Island Historical Society, (03) or Kathy Duncombe (03) COMING EVENTS April 2003 A Tilyard Family Reunion will be held at Glenorchy, Tasmania, over the Easter weekend April 2003, for descendants of Thomas Tilyard who arrived on the convict ship Sir Godfrey Webster in A book will be published (a CD-Rom will also be available), please contact: Karen Foster (03) or Ken Tilyard (03) or Rod Tilyard on 21 February 2004 Descendants Day St David s Park, Hobart, Tasmania. Organised by the Hobart Town (1804) First Settlers Association. Contact Mrs Freda Gray (03) or Mrs Margaret Andersen (03) March 2004 Beams Family Gathering, Sunday, 7 March 2004 at the Village Green, Westbury, Tasmania. Contact Marjorie Porter, Acacia Park, RMB 1425 Boards Road, Strathmerton, VIC 3641 or (03) INTERSTATE AND OVERSEAS April th Australasian Congress on Genealogy and Heraldry, Discovery, Melbourne April To register interest, contact: Discovery 2003, TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

319 Conference Consultants Australia, Level 1, York Street, South Melbourne VIC 3205 or Bev Williamson (03) May 2003 Ride Family Gathering. Descendants of Reverend John RIDE ( ) and Martha DONCASTER ( ), the first Primitive Methodist minister in the Colony of Victoria, and their relatives are advised of a family gathering in Benalla from 2 6 May The gathering will coincide with the Benalla Uniting Church s celebration of the 150th anniversary of the bringing of Christian Witness to the district by Reverend Ride. To register your interest and receive further details, please contact John Ride (03) or by 28 June 2003 The 8th Yorkshire Family History Fair will be held at York Racecourse (Knavesmire Exhibition Centre) between 10 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. on Saturday 28 June All usual stalls associated with such a major event. Free car parking. Admission 2:50. Cafeteria facilities. The largest Family History event in the UK! (234 tables in 2002). Further details available from Mr A. Sampson, 1 Oxgang Close, Redcat, Cleveland TS10 4ND ENGLAND (01642) September 2003 NSW & ACT A.F.H.S. Inc. State Conference 2003 will be held at the Central Coast Leagues Club Gosford, NSW. The conference host is the Central Coast Family History Society Inc., and can be contacted at PO Box 4090 East Gosford NSW 2250, (02) fax (02) Expression of 270 Interest Forms for societies are available from Individuals may contact the Central Coast FHS Inc. directly, for a form, and to be included on the database. THE HOBART TOWN GAZETTE AND SOUTHERN REPORTER GOVERNMENT AND GENERAL ORDERS 13 February 1819 H IS Honor the LIEUTENANT LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR GOVERNOR considering it Necessary to direct a more strict Enforcement in Hobart Town of the Government and General Orders for keeping the Streets clear of Animals, which, to the Annoyance of Passengers and the Destruction of Cleanliness, are now frequently wandering throughout the Town; the inhabitants are cautioned not to allow their Horned Cattle, Horses, or Asses to be at Large in the Streets; and the District Constables are enjoined to put in force the Government and General Order of Date 31st August 1816, which directs all Cattle so found at Large in the town to be Impounded, and the Owner to be subject to a Penalty of Five Pounds for each Horse, Ass, or Head of Cattle so found at Large in the Streets, besides the usual Expences and Fees due to the Pound-keeper, and Five Shillings for each Head to the Constable or other Person who shall have seized and impounded them. The constables are further directed to execute briefly the Orders of the same Date, still in force, which require all Pigs and goats found at Large in the Town to be impounded, and to be Sold as therein provided. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

320 LIBRARY NOTES State Microfiche Roster 24/2/ /5/03 18/8/03 24/11/03 24/2/04 16/5/ /8/03 21/11/03 20/2/04 14/5/04 Burnie Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Devonport Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Hobart Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Set 3 Huon Set 3 Set 2 Set 1 Set 5 Set 4 Launceston Set 4 Set 3 Set 2 Set 6 Set 5 Set 1 GRO BDMs Index Set 2 Griffith s Valuation for Ireland Series GRO Consular Records Index Old Parochial Records and 1891 Census Indexes for Scotland Set 3 GRO BDMs Index and AGCI Set 4 National Probate Calendars Set 5 GRO BDMs Index Exchange journals Members Interests and One Name Studies Index BURNIE Accessions Books *Andrews, Graeme, A Log of Great Australian Ships *Skemp, J. R., History of the Deloraine Municipality *Reakes, Janet, How to Trace Your English Ancestors *Lewis, Kathleen, Early Launceston: the Marsden Story *Johnson, Keith A & Malcolm R. Sainty, Genealogical Research Directory 2001 *Pink, Kerry and Annette Ebdon, Beyond the Ramparts Flynn, Michael, The Second Fleet *Piggott, Michael, A guide to The Personal Family and Official Papers of C.E.W. Bean Vine Hall, Nick, Tracing Your Family History in Australia A Bibliography Vine Hall, Nick, Tracing Your Family History in Australia A National Guide To Sources *Currer-Briggs, Noel and Royston Gambier, Debrett's Family Historian Towey, Peter, Tracing your German Ancestors Second Edition *Montague, R. H., How to Trace Your Military Ancestors in Australia & New Zealand *Piper, Robert, The Hidden Chapters *McNeice, Roger, Helmets and Hatchets A History of the Hobart Fire Brigade *Tiberius: (John Firth), Blow, Bugle, Blow *Jetson, Tim, In Trust For The Nation: The first forty years of the National Trust in Tasmania TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

321 Accessions CD-Roms Ancestry.com, Scottish Parish Records: Scotland (Nth) Ancestry.com, Scottish Parish Records: Scotland (Sth) Accessions Microfiche *Essex Family History Society, Essex Parish Census Listings *Essex Record office and Essex Society for Family History, Essex Parish Census Listings, (Supplement), *Essex Society for Family History, 1851 Census Index for Essex Maldon *Indicates donated items DEVONPORT Accessions Books Chick, Neil, Archives Office of Tasmania, a guide for Family Historians, 4th edition *Raymond, Stuart A., Family History on the Web 2002/3 edition *Raymond, Stuart A., Scottish Family History on the Web Accessions CD-Roms Baptisms, Uniting Church of Australia Synod of Western Australia Census of South Australia 1841 Melbourne General Cemetery Index and Transcriptions to 1989 UK Info 2002 Rookwood Cemetery Transcriptions *Indicates donated items HOBART Accessions Books Adams, Warwick, Randwick General Cemetery *Baldock, Lindsay, It s all relative *Bairnsdale Shire Council, Bairnsdale Shire Council *Bairnsdale, Shire of, Shire of Bairnsdale *Barraclough, Linda & Squires, Debra, Finding Your Families Genealogical Resources in the Shires of Wellington and East Gippsland Bissett, Muriel & Betty, Index to Launceston Examiner Vol 1, 12 Mar Dec 1851 *The Bulletin, The letters of Rachel Henning *Canberra & District Historical Society Inc., Canberra Historical Journal *Chick, Neil, The Archives Office of Tasmania: A Guide for Family Historians *Emanuel, Cedric & van Sommers, Tess, Early Sydney Sketchbook *Faithfull, Pamela, Lunatics in England and Wales for Family Historians, basic facts about Gordon & Gotch Ltd, Glimpses of Australia, volumes I & II Grigg, Roland, The Principal Inhabitants of Cumberland & Westmorland with Furness & Cartmel 1829; parts 1 4 *Kapana Press, Gippsland Heritage Journal, No. 14 *Kellett, Robert N., A Photographic record of The Descendants of Richard & Phyllis Hickman Logan, Godden Mackay, A Thematic History of West Hobart West Hobart Heritage Review, Part TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

322 *Lylon, Louise, Voices of Old Ainslie *McAndrew, Alex, Memoirs of Mollymook, Milton and Ulladulla *Minck, May, Ten Years and we were Home *Newbury, Genevieve, Echoes On The Wind *Rennick, Elizabeth, A Family Portfolio *Roe, Michael, The State of Tasmania: Identity at Federation-time *Rule, Andrew, Thanks for the Memories Sheridan, Gwenda & Austral Archaeology, Historical Landscape of Queen s Domain, Hobart Queen s Domain Cultural Heritage Management Plan, Part 2 *Stewart-Clarke, Anne, According to the Grapevine *Sykes, Clyde, A man from Gelantipy *TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch, Undertakers of Hobart, Vol. II: Index to Alex Clark & Son Funeral Records, Terry, Ian, A Thematic History of Sandy Bay Sandy Bay Heritage Review, Part 1 Terry, Ian, A Thematic History of South Hobart South Hobart Heritage Review, Part 1 Terry, Ian & Austral Archaeology, Historical Overview of Queen s Domain, Hobart Queen s Domain Cultural Heritage Management Plan, Part 1 Webb, Cliff, London Apprentices Vol. 1 Brewers Company *Wenzerul, Rosemary, Genealogical Resources within the Jewish Home and Family *Young, Henry & Dixon, John, Butler s Wood s Point and Gippsland General Directory 1866 Accessions CD-Roms Archive CD Books, Devonshire CD Books The Family History Shop, Ireland s Royal Garrison Artillery Militia Attestations The Family History Shop, Kent Royal Garrison Artillery Militia Attestations The Family History Shop, Middlesex Regiment Militia Attestations LDS, Utah, 1881 Canadian Census LDS, Scandinavia Vital Records Index Leicestershire & Rutland FHS, Rutland 1851 Census Index & Rutland Pubs Index Mary Henry Publications, An Index to Marine Certificates of Competency issued by the Victorian Steam Navigation & Marine Board Oxfordshire FHS, Oxfordshire 1871 Census Index Oxfordshire FHS, Oxfordshire 1891 Census Index S&N Genealogy, Worcestershire 1851 Census S&N Genealogy, Worcester Parish Records (Marriages) Terry Pine, Dorset Records, Bishops Transcripts: Nos.1, 3 & 4 West Australian G.S., Uniting Church of Australia, Synod of WA; Baptisms, Sep 1840 May 1999 Wharfedale FHG, 1851 Wharfedale Census Index Yarram Genealogy Group, Gippsland Cemeteries: Rosedale, Gormandale & Stratford Accessions Microfiche Berkshire FHS, 1851 Census of Berkshire: volumes 1:3, 4:1, 4:2, 5:2, 6, 8, 8:2 and 11 Birmingham & Midland SG& H, 1851 Worcestershire Census, volume 1: Stourbridge Bristol & Avon FHS, Bristol Baptisms Indexes: volume 5, Central Parishes ; volume 6 South Glostershire Parishes *Glamorgan FHS, Ystradowen, Glamorgan Baptism & Burial Indexes : St Ow TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

323 Grafton FH Centre, Index of Passengers & Crew in and out of Sydney from Sydney Newspapers Vol , Part 1 Huntingdonshire FHS, 1851 Census of Huntingdonshire *Northumberland & Durham FHS, 1891 Census of Northumberland Index Kirk Whelpington Westgate (3), Newcastle-Upon-Tyne Suffolk FHS, Suffolk Marriage Index , volumes 7 13 S.A.G., Field of Mars Cemetery Transcriptions (NSW) Vine-Hall, Nick, Directory of Aberdeenshire 1837 West Australian GS Inc., Shipping Passenger Arrivals Albany Interstate West Australian GS Inc., Shipping Passenger Arrivals Fremantle Interstate *Indicates donated items LAUNCESTON Accessions Books * Bowles, Tom, From Sussex to Sweenies Creek. Bowles Family History * Desertcreat Parish Church. A History of Desertcreat Parish Church. Church of Ireland Diocese of Armagh *Gibson, J., Langston, B. & Smith, B.W., Local Newspapers England and Wales, Channel Islands, Isle of Man *Hingston, Meg & Parson, J., Forget Not Campbells Down Under. Revised edition *Leighton, Alan, History of the Probus Club of Launceston Tasmania. Founded August 24th, Years on, and Still Going Strong *Poulson, Joan, Old Cotswold Recipes Chick, Neil, The Archives Office of Tasmania A Guide for Family Historians Dunstan, V. S., Index to Kelso Chronicle Death Notices 1853 Dunstan, V. S., Index to Kelso Chronicle Death Notices 1854 Dunstan, V. S., Index to Scotsman Death Notices 1852 Dunstan, V. S., Index to Scotsman Death Notices 1853 Dunstan, V. S., Index to Scotsman Death Notices 1854 Hosken, Graeme, Digging for Diggers. A guide to researching an Australian soldier of the Great War, Mitchell, Alison, Kincardinshire Monumental Inscriptions pre 1855 The Mearns Mitchell, Alison, North Perthshire Monumental Inscriptions pre 1855 Volume 1. City of Perth & its Northern Environs Mitchell, Angus, Mitchell, Mary, Stewart, Marjorie. A List of Published & Unpublished Monumental Inscriptions, held by Scottish Gen. Soc Richards, P. A., Valentine, B. & Richardson, P., Voyages In A Caravan. The illustrated logs of Frank Styant Brown Swift, Michael, Historical Maps of Ireland The Central Plateau Oral History Project, What's the Land For? Volume 1. People's Experiences of Tasmania's Central Plateau Region The Central Plateau Oral History Project, What's the Land For? Volume 2. People's Experiences of Tasmania's Central Plateau Region The Central Plateau Oral History Project, What's the Land For? Volume 3. People's Experiences of Tasmania's Central Plateau Region The Central Plateau Oral History Project, What's the Land For? Volume 4. People's Experiences of Tasmania's Central Plateau Region 274 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

324 The Central Plateau Oral History Project, What's the Land For? Volume 5. People's Experiences of Tasmania's Central Plateau Region The Central Plateau Oral History Project, What's the Land For? Volume 6. People's Experiences of Tasmania's Central Plateau Region Accessions CD-Roms Calendar of Devonshire Wills and Administrations *Indicates donated items SOCIETY SALES The Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. (formerly the GST) has published the following items which are all (except the microfiche) available from branch libraries. All mail orders should be forwarded to the Sales and Publications Coordinator PO Box 191 Launceston TAS Microfiche TAMIOT 2nd edition (inc. postage) $ /98 Members Interests (inc. postage) $ /99 and 1999/2000 Members Interests (inc. postage) $5.50 The Tasmanian War Memorials Database, comp. Fred Thornett, (22 fiche) (p&h $2.00) $66.00 Books My Most Interesting Ancestor, Manuscript Award $9.00 Van Diemen s Land Heritage Index, Vol. 2 (p&p $4.20) $11.00 Van Diemen s Land Heritage Index, Vol. 3 (p&p $4.20) $17.60 Van Diemen s Land Heritage Index, Vol. 4 (p&p $4.20) $27.50 Tasmanian Ancestry, current volume $9.90 Tasmanian Ancestry, last volume $8.25 Tasmanian Ancestry, second last volume $5.50 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March

325 NEW BRANCH PUBLICATIONS Please note that items advertised are only available from the branches as listed. BURNIE BRANCH An index to Early Coastal Newspapers $30.00 TFHS Members $27.00 plus p&p TFHS Inc. Burnie Branch PO Box 748 Burnie TAS 7320 DEVONPORT BRANCH In Loving Memory A Transcription of the Forth Cemeteries Tasmania.. $15.00 The North-West Post ( ) an Index for Family Historians volume $20.00 In Loving Memory A Transcript of the Chudleigh & Mole Creek Cemeteries Tasmania $10.00 An Index to The Advocate Tasmania Personal Announcements $15.00 Members discount of 10% will apply when membership number is quoted. p&p on single volume $ volumes $8.00 TFHS Inc. Devonport Branch PO Box 587 Devonport TAS HOBART BRANCH Undertakers of Hobart Vol II. Index to Alex Clark & Son Funeral Records $48.00 plus $7.50 p&p Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol. V Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart, indexes to Headstones & Memorials Part I, microfiche $55.00 plus $2.40 p&p Cemeteries of Southern Tasmania Vol. VI, Hobart s early churchyards and other monuments. Part 1 Congregational Cemeteries $19.80 plus $1.50 p&p TFHS Inc. Hobart Branch GPO Box 640 Hobart TAS 7001 LAUNCESTON BRANCH Index to Launceston Examiner Volume 1 12 March 1842 to 31 December $30.00 plus $7.30 p&p Members $27.00 when membership number is quoted plus $7.30 p&p THFS Inc. Launceston Branch PO Box 1290 Launceston TAS 7250 For a complete listing of Branch and State sales please ask your local branch for a copy of the current Sales List. 276 TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

326 BRANCH LIBRARY ADDRESSES, TIMES AND MEETING DETAILS BURNIE Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library 58 Bass Highway, Cooee (Bass Bakery building). Members may park adjoining the library. Tuesday 11:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Saturday 1:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. The library is open at 7:00 p.m. prior to meetings. Meeting Branch Library, 58 Bass Highway, Cooee 7:30 p.m. on 3rd Tuesday of each month, except January and December. Day Meeting 1st Monday of the month at 10:30 except January and February. DEVONPORT Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library Rooms 37 39, Days Building, Cnr Best & Rooke Sts, Devonport Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. Thursday 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. Meeting Meeting Room 2, Devonport Library, Fenton Way, Devonport at 7:30 p.m. on last Thursday of each month, except December. Enter from Town Hall car park. HOBART Library Meeting HUON Library Meeting Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) 19 Cambridge Road, Bellerive Tuesday 12:30 p.m. 3:30 p.m. Wednesday 9:30 a.m. 12:30 p.m. Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:30 p.m. Rosny Library, Bligh Street, Rosny Park, at 8:00 p.m. on 3rd Tuesday of each month except January and December. Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Soldiers Memorial Hall, Marguerite Street, Ranelagh Saturday 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Wednesday 1:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Branch Library, Ranelagh, at 4:00 p.m. on 1st Saturday of each month except January. Please check Branch Report for any changes. LAUNCESTON Phone: (03) (Branch Secretary) Library 2 Taylor Street, Invermay, Launceston Tuesday 10:00 a.m. 3:00 p.m. Wednesday 7:00 p.m. 8:30 p.m. Closed Wednesday night during June, July and first two weeks of August. Saturday 2:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Meeting Branch Library 2 Taylor Street, Invermay, at 7:00 p.m. bi-monthly on 4th Tuesday each even month, except December.

327 MEMBERSHIP OF THE TASMANIAN FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY INC. Membership of the TFHS Inc. is open to all interested in genealogy and family history, whether or not resident in Tasmania. Assistance is given to help trace overseas ancestry as well as Tasmanian. Dues are payable each year by 1 April. Subscriptions for are as follows:- Ordinary member $39.00 inc. GST Joint members (2 people at one address) $49.00 inc. GST Australian Concession $27.00 inc. GST Australian Joint Concession $37.00 inc. GST Membership Entitlements: All members receive copies of the society s journal Tasmanian Ancestry, published quarterly in June, September, December and March. Members are entitled to free access to the society s libraries. Access to libraries of some other societies has been arranged on a reciprocal basis. Application for Membership: Application forms may be obtained from the TFHS Inc. State Secretary, or any branch and be returned with appropriate dues to a branch treasurer or sent direct to the TFHS Inc. Treasurer, PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania Dues are also accepted at libraries and branch meetings. Donations: Donations to the Library Fund ($2.00 and over) are tax deductible. Gifts of family records, maps, photographs, etc. are most welcome. Research Queries: Research is handled on a voluntary basis in each branch for members and nonmembers. Rates for research are available from each branch and a stamped, self addressed, business size envelope should accompany all queries. Members should quote their membership number. A list of members willing to undertake record searching on a private basis can be obtained from the society. The society takes no responsibility for such private arrangements. Advertising: Advertising for Tasmanian Ancestry is accepted with pre-payment of $27.50 per quarter page in one issue or $82.50 for four issues including 10% GST. Further information can be obtained by writing to the journal committee at PO Box 191 Launceston Tasmania ISSN Printed by The Franklin Press Pty Ltd Hobart Tasmania Print Broking Terry Brophy and Associates

328 QUERIES DOYLE/VINCENT/PHILLIPS Looking to make contact with any descendants of the children of Maria VINCENT (also known as Maria LEO) who, with Charles DOYLE, had the family of Sarah (1855), Mary Ellen (1857), Georgiana Annie ( ) and Albert Vincent ( ), all born in Hobart. Maria married James PHILLIPS in 1865 and their family was Charlotte (1866), James (1867), George Barclay (1869), William Henry (1871), Arthur Vincent (1873) and Ernest Leo ( ). The Phillips children were born in Hobart and in the St Marys district. Please contact Christine Woods, 136 Upper Hilton Road, Claremont TAS 7011 (03) or EAST James EAST, partner in Spearman & East, coach company, also hotel proprietor married Mary BRENNAN/BAKER 6 July 1831, St Johns Launceston. From where in the UK did he originate and on which ship did he arrive? Jacqueline Pike, 1 Perseus Street, St Helens TAS 7216 ELLIS/PUGH John ELLIS, per Lady Harewood and Maria/Mary PUGH, per Mermaid, were married in Tasmania in June Their children were James (1832), Thomas ( ), Sarah Ann (1836), Sarah ( ), Maria ( ) and Catherine Rebecca (1836). Any information on the descendants of John and Maria would be welcome. Please contact Christine Woods, 136 Upper Hilton Road, Claremont TAS 7011 (03) or EXCELL/EXELL/EXALL Seeking advice concerning Henry EXCELL and his Tasmanian descendants. Baptised at Yalding, Kent, England 15 April 1810, Henry married Avis GILES at All Saints, Maidstone in 1830, and was sentenced to 10 years transportation at July Sessions 1845, Maidstone. He was transported in the Joseph Somes arriving Hobart Town in May Henry, whose wife had died in 1844, left a young family in England, from one of whom I am descended. He then married twice in his adopted homeland and had a number of children at least some of whom, if not all, are listed in the Pioneers Database. He seems to have settled in New Norfolk and died in My thanks go to Fred EXALL of Merton Park, London, for alerting me to his fate! Jim Halsey, 18 Parkhill Road, Blackwater, Camberley ENGLAND GU17 0NB. FLEMING/MILLER/HODSON Agnes MILLER (b. 1833?) married Thomas HODSON (b. 1825? d. 22 November 1860 [247/973] aged 35 years, natural causes at Sorell) by Licence No. 115 on 16 May 1854 (362/37). They had two daughters: 1. Elizabeth Janet (Jannet) Hodson (b. 23 June 1855 [144/33] d.?) married Alexander GRIMMOND 18 October 1882 (350A/33) and 2. Alice Agnes Hodson (b. 7 August 1861 [4496/33] d.?) married James CUTHBERTSON 30 September 1879 (502/37). Agnes Hodson (nee Miller) (b. 1833?) TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003 i

329 married John FLEMING (b. 1838?) on 25 December 1861 (592/217). They had two children: 1. John Morris Fleming (b. 26 May 1863 [6150] d.?) Does anyone know of John Morris Fleming? Catherine Mary Fleming (b. 2 September 1865 [8020] d. 3 June 1955) who married Lennard WHITE (b. 13 January 1866 d. 23 August 1907) on 3 December (My grandparents.) Helen White, PO Box 207, Sorell TAS 7172 or HILL/JOY Seeking information on the descendants of George HILL, per Atlas, and Ellen SINGLETON, married at New Norfolk in Children were Elizabeth Ann (1836), John ( ), Ellen (1841), Maria (1843), George ( ), Celia ( ). The family lived in the Fingal Valley. I am particularly interested in making contact with descendants of George and Ellen's grandson, John Hill (born 1863) and his wife Lena Maud JOY who had sixteen children between 1896 and Please contact Christine Woods, 136 Upper Hilton Road, Claremont TAS 7011 (03) or PECK George Henry PECK, my GGGrandfather, arrived at Hobart Town on 27 June 1833, aboard the Warrior. According to an entry in the Dictionary of Australian Artists and also records in the Archives, he was a violinist, painter, carver, art dealer etc. On 28 June 1836 he married Sophia Winifred WILKINSON in Hobart and according to his death certificate they had four boys and three girls. When George died 24 September 1863, only one boy and two girls were living. Son Felix was the informant. My great Grandmother Rosetta Sophia was one of the girls. She married a Henry Thomas CLARKE. According to NSW BDMs a Henry George Brennan Peck was born about 1837 and died in 1863 possibly before his father. My problem is that I can find no records of Sophia Wilkinson before her marriage, nor anything about the children. Rosetta was born at sea on the Bardaster 17 March 1844, but were the Pecks coming or going at the time? After her marriage I have records but can find no official record of her birth, other than the family Bible. I would appreciate any information about Sophia and her children. Please contact Mrs June F. Burges 8/47 Owen Street, Port Macquarie NSW 2444 (02) or STEVENS Looking for descendants of George STEVENS, born 1820 in Gloucestershire, arrived in Tasmania in 1853 with his wife Elizabeth and children Mary Ann ( ), Rachael ( ), Joshua ( ), Emma ( ) and Jane ( ). Elizabeth died in 1853 and in 1856 George married Mary Ann McNAMARA. Their children were Samuel ( ), Amelia ( ), Albert Ernest ( ), George Edward ( ), Victoria Elizabeth ( ), Caroline Matilda ( ), Rosamond (1871) Please contact Christine Woods, 136 Upper Hilton Road, Claremont TAS 7011 (03) or ii TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

330 THOMAS/DAVIES/POWELL/CASEY/REYNOLDS James THOMAS married Catherine DAVIES at Chepstow, Wales. Children: Priscilla Ann, John born 26 July 1857, James born 30 October Priscilla married Benjamin POWELL, children: James born c.1897 died 1960, John married Ellen Jane CASEY children: Thomas born 3 March 1888, Gertrude Nellie born 18 May 1890 and one male born c John and James and their families migrated to Australia landing Melbourne A group photo is available. Any information on families please contact Roger Watkins, 5 Fairview Street, Springvale VIC 3171 AUSTRALIA (03) or International on TUNNICLIFFE/STEWART/ELLIS/REYNOLDS John TUNNICLIFFE married Sarah STEWART 23 January They were both convicts and had two daughters, Jane and Catherine. Jane married Daniel ELLIS 21 March 1867 and had six children. Daniel was a free emigrant from Scotland. Catherine married James REYNOLDS on 11 June 1880 and had one son James Herbert Montheith Reynolds. I am looking for any descendants from any of the abovementioned people. Please contact Melissa White, 44 Fitzherbert Street, Alicetown, Lower Hutt, Wellington NEW ZEALAND or WATTS Frank WATTS, coach driver, married Maria EAST on 16 August 1866 at the residence of Mr Spearman, Launceston Rites of the Free Church of Scotland. Where in the UK did he originate and on which ship did he arrive? Jacqueline Pike, 1 Perseus Street, St Helens TAS 7216 WHITE/ALLEN/ANTONIO/DOOLAN John WHITE was a convict from Frome Somerset England and was the local store keeper in Bothwell Tasmania. He married Mary ALLEN 1 October Mary was the daughter of Richard ALLEN and Julia ANTONIO. Together John and Mary had five children, John, Lennard, Ada, Vernon, Leonard. John was a jack of all trades and was well known in Bothwell. His shop is a historical building in Bothwell. Mary s father was a convict from Birmingham England and Julia s parents were Charles ANTONY and Mary DOOLAN. Charles arrived free into Tasmania from England and Mary was an Irish convict. I am looking for any descendants from any of the abovementioned people. Please contact Melissa White, 44 Fitzherbert Street, Alicetown, Lower Hutt, Wellington NEW ZEALAND or WINGROVE John Philip WINGROVE, engine driver, baptised as John at St Josephs, Hobart. Entered in BDMs as Thomas Henry, born to John Wingrove and Mary Ann MAHONEY 28 Sep 1855, married Elizabeth Ann HUBBARD, Tipogory/Tippogoree Hills, Georgetown District, at the house of James Hubbard 29 Oct Information on his education and occupations gratefully received. Jacqueline Pike, 1 Perseus Street, St Helens TAS TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003 iii

331 WORMLEATON/ROLLINGS/AINCHAM Humphrey WORMLEATON or WORMLEIGHTON was a convict from Birmingham England. He married Alfreda ROLLINGS on 18 April 1836 at Sorell, Tasmania. Together they had six children Samuel, John, Elizabeth, Mary, William and Thomas. Alfreda was the daughter of John Rollings and Catherine AINCHAM who were both convicts and had one sibling James Johnathon Rollings. Humphrey and Alfreda moved to NSW and died there. A few of their childen also moved to NSW. I do not know if this was a family move or all individual. I am looking for any descendants from any of the abovementioned people. Please contact Melissa White 44 Fitzherbert Street, Alicetown, Lower Hutt, Wellington NEW ZEALAND or Queries are published free for members of the TFHS Inc. (provided membership number is quoted) and at a cost of $11.00 (inc. GST) per query to non-members. Members are entitled to three free queries per year. All additional queries will be published at a cost of $ Only one query per member per issue will be published unless space permits otherwise. Queries should be limited to 100 words and forwarded to The Editor, Tasmanian Ancestry PO Box 1919 Launceston TAS 7250 or iv TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

332 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME PLACE/AREA TIME M SHIP NO ABBOTT Louisa TAS AUS ABBOTT Maj. Edward TAS AUS ANTONY Charles Bothwell TAS AUS ANTONY Charles ENG ANTONY Charles Hobart TAS AUS ARCHER Mary Abbott TAS AUS BARTEL Hilda TAS AUS BARTLETT Richard BASS William Thomas Bristol GLS ENG c BATES George Willy LEI ENG c BIGWOOD Chippenham WIL ENG pre BRODRIBB SOM ENG pre CLARKE George Campbell Town TAS AUS CLARKE James Campbell Town TAS AUS 5805 COOPER pre COUSINS Edgar Birralee TAS AUS pre EBERHARDT Campbell Town TAS AUS ELLIS John LKS SCT ELLIS John Macquarie Plains TAS AUS EXCELL, Betty Hobart TAS AUS GEALE Ulrick George Town TAS AUS pre GLENISTER Aylesbury BRK ENG all 5811 GRACE pre GRAVE Ellen Launceston TAS AUS GREGORY Charles Hobart TAS AUS HAMILTON Robert LND ENG c HARREX Frederick NSW AUS c HARREX Frederick TAS AUS c HEFFERNAN IRL pre HILL Rita TAS AUS pre HOWARD John Hobart TAS AUS c HOWELL Ernest Arthur Percival TAS AUS INMAN William Birmingham ENG JENKINS Sarah TAS AUS pre JILLETT Robert SRY ENG c KEOGH William WEX IRL KITCHEN Sarah Ouse TAS AUS KITCHEN Sarah Torrington NFK ENG LENDEY Catherine Launceston TAS Aus LOW Elizabeth Abbott TAS AUS MAHONEY Bridget Westbury TAS AUS MAHONEY Mary Westbury? TAS AUS MAHONEY Thaddeus IRL MARRIOTT W C ENG MARTIN John LIM IRL McCARTHY Mary IRL 1824/ MIDDLETON Samuel St Mary BDF ENG NOON Lavinia LEI ENG c NORTH William Bothwell TAS AUS NORTH William Chute WIL ENG O BRIEN Thomas TYR IRL c PENNY Louisa Abbott TAS AUS PERRIMAN Albury NSW AUS PERRIMAN Mt Pleasant SA AUS PERRYMAN Albury NSW AUS PERRYMAN Mt Pleasant SA AUS POWEL Ann TAS ENG or IRL ROACH Edward Dublin DUB IRL c SEYMOUR Gt Shefford BRK ENG all 5811 SHELLING Leah Pyle, Penybontfawr, Bridgend WLS SIMPSON Margaret Abbott TAS AUS TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003 v

333 NEW MEMBERS INTERESTS NAME PLACE/AREA TIME M SHIP NO. WALMSLEY John TAS ENG or IRL WALMSLEY Laurence TAS ENG or IRL WARE TAS AUS WHITE pre WHITE John Bothwell TAS AUS WHITE John Frome SOM ENG WORMLEATON Humphrey Sorell TAS AUS WORMLEATON Humphrey WAR ENG YEARSLEY Emily ENG c If you find a name in which you are interested, please note the membership number and check the New Members listing for the appropriate name and address. Please enclose a stamped self addressed envelope and don t forget to reply if you receive a SSAE. NEW MEMBERS On behalf of the Society, a warm welcome is extended to the following new members WEBSTER Mrs Elizabeth Ml PO Box 45 FRANKLIN TAS READER Mrs Shari E 51 Spencer Street BURNIE TAS HARDMAN Mr John J PO Box 443 GLADESVILLE NSW WHITE Miss Melissa C 44 Fitzherbert St Alicetown LOWER HUTT WELLINGTON NZ 5805 CLARKE Miss Amelia J 31 Laura St WEST LAUNCESTON TAS CRAW Mr William L 18 Farview Ave RIVERSIDE TAS CRAW Mrs Cynthia A 18 Farview Ave RIVERSIDE TAS ROGERS Mrs Eigan 132 Craythorne Rd ROSEVEARS TAS COLLINS Mrs Thelma A 222 Carella St HOWRAH TAS BRAMICH Miss Lila Loyce 4/41 Caroline St EAST DEVONPORT TAS BARRY Mrs Rita 97 Bideford Green LEIGHTON BUZZARD BEDS LU7 2TJ 5812 HARBACK Ms Ann-Maree 35 Cardigan St SOMERSET TAS BERARDUCCI Dino 375 West Tamar Rd RIVERSIDE TAS MORRISON Mrs Dearne S 1/31 Campbell St NEWSTEAD TAS CLIFTON-STEELE Mr Robert PO Box 1294 NORTH SYDNEY NSW STRUTHERS Mrs Diane 100 Federation Drive BETHANIA QLD BEVILACQUA Mr Peter Paul 56 Corinth St HOWRAH TAS COLUCCI Ms Antonietta PO Box 94 BATTERY POINT TAS HOWELL Mr Ernest Arthur 570 Main Rd ROSETTA TAS SWANTON Mary PO Box 1004 HOBART TAS 7001 CHANGE OF DETAILS 1985 BALMER MJ (Joan) 14/26 Channel Highway TAROONA TAS HUTCHINSON Richard 5030 GILLHAM John 5288 CAMM Robert GPO Box 3429 MELBOURNE VIC CAMM Carolyn GPO Box 3429 MELBOURNE VIC JOHNSON Erika Swan Island Retreat via Whitemark FLINDERS ISLAND TAS 7255 All names remain the property of the Tasmanian Family History Society Inc. and will not be sold on in a database. vi TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

334 HORRIBLE OCCURRENCE GEELONG ADVERTISER HORRIBLE OCCURRENCE 19 March 1847 D URING the recent passage of the Shamrock, steamer, from Launceston to this port a horrible occurrence took place, which we chronicle not more as a piece of news than as being an adjunct of the convict system, which Mr. Edward Curr and his coadjutors would force upon us. It appears that on the Saturday previous to the departure of the steamer from Launceston, a box, measuring about three feet square, was received on board, and deposited in the hold along with some hay, in the immediate vicinity of the ship s furnace. On the Monday morning following, when the vessel was at sea, a search was instituted owing to the existence of an offensive stench arising from the hold, and on examination it was found to proceed from the box referred to, which on being opened disclosed the body of a female, who had obviously died of suffocation, from the air holes in the case being stopped up by the hay. A man named Charles Roberts, who was a passenger by the steamer, acknowledged the body to be that of his wife, who had been brought on board the vessel in the case in order to escape from Van Diemen s Land, the authorities there having refused to allow her to accompany her husband because she was a prisoner of the Crown. The body was buried at George s Town on Monday morning. On Wednesday an examination took place before his Worship the Mayor, E. Westby, and Benjamin Heape, Esquires, Justices; when Charles Roberts was charged with assisting the escape of a prisoner of the Crown from Van Diemen s Land, and being afterwards accessory to her death. The above facts having been detailed in evidence, the prisoner was remanded. Yesterday Roberts was brought before C. Payne, Esquire, who remanded him until Monday next, it being considered necessary that communication should be had with Van Diemen s Land upon case. A REMAND 23 March 1847 Y ESTERDAY Charles Roberts, charged with aiding an escaped prisoner of the Crown from Van Diemen s Land, and being accessory to the death of his wife on board the Shamrock steamer, was brought before the Mayor s Court, but sufficient time not having elapsed to receive any answer from the Government of Van Diemen s Land upon the subject, the man was remanded for one week. [Roberts was in court again on 6 April, no answer having been received from Van Diemen s Land. No further articles appeared in the Geelong Advertiser about this case. Ed.] Members are reminded that subscriptions are due on 1 April. A renewal form was included in Tasmanian Ancestry December 2002, ask at your local branch library, or download one from the society s web site at If renewal is not received until after 30 April, delivery of the June journal may be delayed. Payment can be made at any branch, by post, or at our general meetings. TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003 vii

335 history fade away! Don t let your family history fade away! Enlarge your old photos! made in minutes in our store! Superb photo quality. No negatives required! Your precious originals never need leave your sight Made from old sepia-tone, B/W and colour photos Enlargements can be made up to 20cm x 30cm (8 x 12 ) Substantial savings available to Tasmanian Family History Society Inc members at Moonah Camera Centre, 111 Main Road MOONAH Devonport Camera Centre, 9 Oldaker St DEVONPORT Picture Plus, Shop 20 Meadows Mews KINGS MEADOWS Winters Camera Centre, 45 Wilson St BURNIE viii TASMANIAN ANCESTRY March 2003

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